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WITH the; 


. . , . AND OTHER - 







S E R I K G A P A, T A M^ . 

. BY THE .. 



M. B O M P ART: 

■WITH A ■ 


Trinted'hy Orier of the Right Honorable the Governor General inCouncil^ 

for all the Forces and Affairs of the Engli/h Nation, in the 
" . . ' Eafijndies,. &c, &c. 

: , C A L Q U.T T A:, ' - . 


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■ ^ - Page*. 

EXTRACT from a Letter from the Perfian Tranflator, to the Right Honorable the 
Governor General, - . - - - , - ** 


PROCLAMATION iffued by General Malartic, Governor General of the Ifle of 
France, updn the arrival of the Anibaffadors from Tippoo Sultaun, oir the 301b of 
January, 1798. '■"""" 

Extraa from a Minute of the Right Honorable the Governor General, dated the 12th 
Auguft,i798. - - - - 

Tranflatioris of Perfian Papers, found in the Paiace of Seringapatam. 

No. 1. 
Notes, contained 1n a Memorandum Book in Tippoo's hand-writing. 

Of the ftyle and title of the conftituted autfiorities of the French Government, &c. 

Names of the principal Officers, Civil, Military, and Marine, at the Ifle of France. 

Obfcure reference to the death of Charles I. ■» - - 

Names of the Sirdars appointed to treat with the French, for an Alliance, ofFenfive 
and defenfive, . • ' - 

Hints for opening a Negotiation with the French. - - • 

Queftion to the Heads of the principal Departments, refpeaing the conditions to be 
propqfcd \p ihe French, as the baas of the mediuted Treaty. 

Tippoo Sultaun's own fuggeftiops thereupon. - - - 

' No. ai ' 



Reply oC tlxe Mecr Mecraun (or MiUtarj^ Departmtnt), 



ib. ' 




.j^»-^,< j*%^Si,.^. 


( iv ) 
No. 3. Page; 

No. 4. 
Reply of the Meet Yem, {or Bead of the Marine Department). ^ • k6 

No. 5. 
Reply of the Meer Suddoor, {or Heads of Departments conneHed with Forts and Garrifons). 16 

No. 6. 
Reply of the Meet Khauzin^^ {or Treafurer). -, • ki » ij 

No. 7. 
Reply of die Mti^lickoo-1V)ojar, \pr Ga^ds of'the O^merjciitf Depm^mni^ - ift 

No. 8. 
Obfervations of the five Departments of Government to Tippoo Sultaun, on the fub- 
jeft of the propofed Negotiations, and on the charafter of .Ripaud; with a rough draft 
of the propofitions to be tranfwtted to the French, drawn up by the Sultaun himfelf, 19 

No. 9. 
Queries by the perfons appointed to proceed on an Embafly to the Ifle of France, with 
anfwcrs to the fame. - - - - -. - iKa 

No* xc. 
Heads of Articles to be propofed to the French, and copy of Tifs^oo Sultftm^fi ii*. 
flrudions to his Ambafladors^ dated 2d April, 1797. • - - . 2» 

- No. II. ' 
Copy of the fi<ftitious inftrudions to the Ambiffadors^ adapted to their aflumed charac- 
ter of merchants. - - - - - -28 

No. 12* 
. Queftibns propofed by the fix Departments to Ripaud^ * r - z^ 

No. 13. 
Original letters from Tippoo Sultaun to the Execiiiive Direftofy, aMl ^ %bc |>rincipal 
Members of Government at Mauritius. - - " *■ -4*, 

No. 14. 
Draft of a letter from Tippoo Sultaun to the Executive Power in ifee M^ of Fnmcie, 
with propofais for renewing his alliance with the French Nation, comprized in fourteen 
Articles. - -- - - - "31 

No. 15. 
Rough draft of four Letters addrelfed to the Repretentative Affembly ttf Maurkitw, 
General Malartic» General Mangalon, and Admiral Sercey^ concaiiMaig tLsad^ ot ioteUi- 
gtmce refpedinglhe country powers, and the £^gliih« 34 

No. 16. 
Letter from Tippoo Sultaun's Ambafladors, written from Mangalore, on their ^etwn 
from the Ifle of France. - - - - - 35 

No. 17. 
Tippoo Sultaun, in reply to the foregoing. - 1* ... - «y. 

No. 18. 
Huffan All's narrative of the proceedings of the Ambafladors from their embarkation 
at Mangalore^ until their departure £rom the Ifle^ Fraace. • «. ^8 

^ - m 

---* yj- * 

No. yjr* Page; 

Mobuii3fm\id Ibrahim's tiarrattve of the proceeding! ofthe Emkafly from its arrival at . 
the IQe of France, to its return to Mangirlore^ contained in feven chapters. - 45 

No. 20, 
Draft of a letter from Tippoo Sultaun, difpatched by M. Dubuc in quality of the 
Sultaun's Ambaffador, to the Executive Direftory of France, dated 20th July, 1798. .52 

No. 21^ 
Inftruftions of Tippoa Sultaun to iht Ambaifadors fent by him to Zicmaun Shah. 59 

No. 22. 

Draft of two plans to be laid before Zemaun Shah by the Arabafladors of Tippoo 
Sbltaun. - • , . - . , . ^ 6r»' 


No. 23. 
Letter from Tippoo Sulcaun to Zemaun Shah, Cent by the Ambafladors of the former. 6^ 

No. 24. 
Draft of St tetter from Tippoc^ Suitaun in anfwer to one received from MooUa Abdooi 
Ghuffar Khaui>, ,one of Zemaun Shah's principal Minifters. - - - * ^4 

No. 25, 
Draft of a letter from Tippoo Sultaun to Ghoolaum MoluHncnvid Khauni Agent of 
Zemaun Shah. - - , - - - - 65 

No. a6. 
Draft of a letter from Tipitoo Sultaun to Zemaun Shah, dated 5th February, 1797. 66 

No. 27. ' 
Draft of a letter from Tippoo Sultaun to Wuffadar Khan, one of Zemaun Shah's prin- 
cipal Minifters, dated 5th February, 1797. ' - ^ . • 6j 

No. 28.' 
Original letter from Zemaun Shah in anfwer to Tippoo- Sultaun's letter. (No 23.) ib. 

No* ^. * 

Draft of a-letter from Tippoo Sukaun^ to Zemaun Shah^ in reply to the foregoing. 6S 

No. 30.^ 
Draft of a letter from Tippoo Sultaun to the grand Seignior, dated the loth- of Fe* 
bruary, 1799* being a reply to the grand Seignior's letter to the Sultaun, dated 23d Sep- 
tember, 1798; of which a tranflation appears in the correfpondence between Tippoo SuU 
taun and. Government. (Divifict^ C.) - -^ - -^ - 69 


The letters in this divifion (tAc two loft excepted) are in the French 
language, and accompanied by, Tranflations^. 

LETTER from Tippoo Sultaoa to the Executive Power of the French Republic, dated 
Seringapatam, April 2d, 1797, - - - - ' - ' 79 


( v£ ) 

No. a. Page; 

Letter from Tippoo Sultaun to General Malartic^ dated ad April, 1797. - 86 

No. 3. 
Letter from Tippoo Sultaun to Gen. Mangalon, dated Seringapatam, 21ft Aprils 1797. 94 

No. 4. 
Letter from Tippoo Sultaun to the Citizen Reprefentatives, of the fame tenor and date. 95 

No. 5. 
Letter from the Ambaffadors, Huffan Alli Khan and Mohummed Ibrahim, to General 
Malartic, dated Ifle of France, 26th January, 1798. - - "97 

No. 6. 
Copy of propofitions from the Ambaffadors, offering 4o fupply the French Army with 
the neceffary provifions and ftores. - - - - ib. 

No. 7- 
Letter from the Reprefentative^ of the Colony of the Ifle of France, to Tippoo Sul- 
;taun, in reply to his of the 9th of D6.ober, 1797, (//• No. 15^. - - 98 

No. 8. 
Letters from the Ambaffadors to General Malartic, dated Ifle of France, 21ft Febru- 
ary, i798,,ftating the terms on which they will take the Recruits. - •"09 

No, 9. 
Letter from General Malartic to the Ambaffadors, dated Iflp of France, 27th Febru- 
ary, 1798, in reply to the foregoing - - - - - - ^^qo 

No. 10. 
Letter of recommendation from General Malartic to Tippoo Sultaun, in favour of 
Citizen Pitcher, dated Ifle of France, 8th March, 1798. - - j^qj 

No. II. . 

Letter from Admiral Sercey to Tippoo Sultaun, dated Ifle of France, 4th March, 1798, 
in reply to the Sultaun's of the 9th Oftober, 1797, (Div. Am No. 15^ - ^ ' jq^ 

No* 12. 
Letter from General Cofligny to the Ambaffadors, dated 5th of March, 1798. log 

No. 13. 
General Mangallon to Tippoo Saib, dated Ifle of France, 4th March, 1798, in reply to 
the Sultauo's of the 9th Oftober, 1797, (A. J^o. 15). ^^g 

No. 14. 

Letter from M. Defcomber, one of the Reprefentatives of the Affembly of the Ifle of 
France, to Tippoo Sultaun, dated 5th March 1798. - , . . ^^^ 

No. 15. 
Letter from General Malartic to Tippoo Sultaun, dated Ifle of France; 7th March 1798, 
' in reply to the Sultaun's of the 9th OSober, 1797. (A. No. 15}. . J ^ j, 

No. 16. 
Letter from Captain L'Hermite, commanding the Preneufe frigate, to Tippoo Sultaun 
dated Mangalorc 25th April 1798. - - - . - * iiS 

No. 17. ' 

Letter from General Chapuis to Tippop Sultaun. . - - ' ^^p 

( vii ) 

No. 18. Page, 

letter from Captain Dubuc to Tippoo Sultaun, dated Mangalore, 18th April, 1798, 121 

No. 19, 
Copy of the qucftions put to the French Generals, by the Chiefs of the Sirkar, with 
ihcir av/wcr» • - - - -* 124 

No. eo. 
, Table of the rates of pay, for the ofiBcers of the Marine, figned by Dubucu 1*5 

No 2U 

Dubuc's receipt for pagodas 278 x 5, advanced on account of the pay of his detach- 
ment. - - - « p- -j 12S 

No, 22. 

From Tippoo SuUaun, to the Executive Diredory, dated Seringapatam, 20th July, 
1798, - - . - -. - ib. 

^ No. 23. 

Dubuc's credentials as Ambafladbr from Tippoo Sultaup to the French Republic, dated 
Seringapatam, 20th July, 1798. - • - - 130 

No. 24. 
Copy of a letter from Dubac, to Tippoo Sultaun, dated Tranqucbar, 16th December, 
1798^ - . . . . „ - . 131 

No. 25. 
Letter from Tippoo Sultaun to M. Dubuc, dated Seringapatam, 2d January, 1799. ,135 

Letter from Ripaud to Tippoo Sultaun, dated Republican camp, a3d May, 179J'. 137 

I Intercepted letter from General Buonaparte to Tippoo Sultaun, dated in January 1799. '4^ 

Intercepted letter froni General Buonaparte to ihe Sherccf of Mecca, received at Jud- 
da> 17111 of February 1799* ---•.* ib» 


Correfpondence between Tippoo Sultaun and Governments 

Letter from the late Governor General Sir John Shore, Bart, to Tippoo Sultaun, dat- 
ed 7th March, 1798. - • • - ^43 

From Tippoo Sultaun to the late Governor General Sir John Shore, Bart» received 
ii6th April, 1798. - - - - - - ^44 

From Tippoo Sultaun to the late Governor General Sir John Shore, Bart, received 
aGth April 1798. - • - . - ib. 

From Tippoo Sultaun to the aSing Governor General Sir Alured Clarke, K. B. 145 

From the Right Honorable the Earl of Mornington, Governor General, &c. &c. Sec. 
to Tippoo Sultaun, dated 14th June, 1798. - - - - ib. 

From Tippoo Sultaun, to the Right Honorable the Earl of MornihgtOD, Governor ^ 
General, &c, &Ct received 10th July, ^798, ; - n HT 

vm )i 

From Ti'ppoo Sultauo to the Right Honorabfe th^ Governor General, dated rtth "9^^ 
July, receired 2d Auguft, 1798. ♦ * *. * :,i|7 

From the Right Honorable the Governor Generali to Tippoo Stiltaun/ dated 
7th Auguft, 1798, acknowledging receipt of the foregoing letter. - vi^l 

From Tippoo Sultaun, to the Right Honorable the Governor Generali dated 2d Se^-* 
tember, received »8th September 1798, acknowledging receipt , of ihe foregoing letter. 149 

Fnom the fame, to the fame— Received 24th of 0£k>beT| ^79^* - - i9^ 

From the Right Honorable the Governor General, to Tippoo Sultaun, fdated the 4tb of 
November. - .- . • - - - , ib. 

From the fame^ to (heTafne, dat^ 8th November^ acRnowlecJging fippoo Surtaun's 
letter received 24th Oftober, 1798. - .. - .• , - ,lgf 

From the fame to the fame, dated loth December 1798. ^ - . - - 193 

From Tippoo Sultaun to the Right Honorable the Governor General, dated 20t1i l^o- 
vember, received 15th December 1798. . . « . ilj. 

From the fame to the fame, dated 18th, received 25th December, 1798, in reply to 
the Right Honorable the Governor General's letters ot the 4th and 8th of NoVerrfbff* f54 

From the Right Honorable the Governor General ta Tippoo Sultaun, dated 9th Janir- 
ary .17991 acknowledging rpcpipt of the foregoing letter, and notifying bis JLordlbip's 
arrival at Madras, &c, ' ^ - - ^ . . >i^ 

Copy of the Proclamation at (he Ifle of France, cnclofed in the foregoing. ' 160' 

From the fame to thefame, and of the fame date, tranfmitting .a Perfian tran'flation 
of the Manifefto of the Ottoman Porte, on the Invafionof Egypt by the French. . i6t^ 

From Tippoo Sultaun to the Right Honorable the Governor General, dated 2d 
. January, received nth January. 17.99, acknowledging receipt of his JLordQiip's letter of the 
' 10th December, and referring to his former letter of the 18th of that month. ib. 

From the Right Honorable the Governor General to Tippoo Sultaun, dated the i6th 
January, 1799. inclofing a letter to the Sultaun, from the Grand Signior, tranfmitted ^ 
• through the Britifli Minifter at Conftantiriople* - - - 162 

Tranflation of the letter from the Grand Signior, to Tippoo Sultaun, referred to in the 
foregoing. - - - r - - 163 

From Tippoo Sultaun to the Right Honorable the. Governor General, received 13th 
February 1799, acknowledging receipt of his Lordfhip's. etters of the 9th and 16th Janu- 
ary, and of the Grand Siguier's letter, and defiring thac .his Lordfliip will fend Major 
Doveton unattended. - - - - - 16S 

Copy of the Perfian Original of the foregoing. . ib. 

Declaration of the Right Honorable the Governor General, on behalf of the Hon- ** 
orable Company and their Allies, dated 22d February, 1799. " - - ^^7 

From the Right Honorable the Governor General to Tippoo Sultaun, dated 22<1, Feb- 
ruary 1799, acknowledging receipt of Tippoo Sultaun's letter, received i3tb February. 169 

From Tippoo Sultaun to the Right Honorable the Governor Genera!, dated 16th Feb- 
ruary, received 3d Aprils 1799, tranfmitting a reply to the letter from tha Grand Seig- 
.nior, with a copy. - - - - ^ ^ - 170 

Tranflation of the copy.of Tippoo .Sultaun's anfwer to the Grand Seignior's letter, al- 
' ;luded to in the foregoing, dated 16th February, 1799. - - -- ib. 


.PROCEEDINGSofa Jacobin Club, formed at. Scrin^apatara. - - - 17$ 

lEXTRACT from a Letter from the PersiAK^ 
Translator to the Government, to the Right 
Honorable the Governor General, 

Dated Fort St. GeorgCy Augufi lo, i799# 

^TN obedience to your Lordftiip's diredtions, I have attentively exiamined 
•^ the documents which your Lordfliip has fele^fced from the mafs of papers 
•found in the Palace of Seringapatanj, and I have now the honor to fubmit to 
your Lordfhip the refult of my examination, ftating at the fame time, in conform* 
^mity to your Lordfliip's commands, fuch obfervatiohs as occafionally arofe froth 
(..the fubjed. 

■ The- tranfadtions which thefc papers elucidate may be arranged under the fol- 
: lowing heads: 

I ft. Deliberations, and opinions, refpeding the terms of an ofFenfiye and dc- 
^ ienfive alliance againft the Briti(h power, between Tippoo Sultaun and the 
* French^ in. the year 17157, 

adiy. The deputation of AmbafTadors to the lile of France and the Diredo^ 
ry, charged with fpecific propofitions/or an oiFenlive and defenfive alliance a« 
gainft the Brittih Nation. 

3dly. The proceedings of the AmbafTadors at the lile of France under th& 
i commiffion with which they were charged, and the refult of them* 

4thly. The (ccond Embafly of Tippoo Sultaun to France with M. Dubuc^ 
in 1798-9- 

5thly. The deputation of Ambafladofs to the Court of Zemaun Shah, for the 
purpofe of exciting that Prince to co-operate with Tippoo Sultaun, in th? fub- 
verfion of the powers of Hinduftan, denominated by him, Infidelis. 

6thly. AfcGond deputation of AmbafTadors from Tippoo SultaUn to Zemaun 
Shah, in 1799* 

7ChIy. A deputation from Tippoo Sultaun , to Conftantinoplci m 1799* 




Pag« SS. 

C X ] 

ift. Head. — It appears that Tippoo Sultaun had, for many years, entertained 
the defign of calling in the aid of the French, for the extermination of the Brt^ 
tifh power in India. 

' It was the immediate object of his Embafly to the Court of France in 1783, 
and he feems never to have relaxed his^ endeavours to obtain it. The means 
however of negotiating this favorite obJICl appear to have been but feldom 
within his reach, and he eagerly availed himfelf of the opportunity afforded hy 
the accidental arrival of an obfcure individual, by nanie Ripaud, to profecute 
his. views. This man, who comniat^ded a French Privateer, was obliged by 
ilrefs of weather to put into Mangalore in the early part of 1797 ; he was there 
apprehended, fent to Seringapatam, and placed under reftraint. 

It appfears that Tippoo Sultaun interrogated this man, with irefpedt to the 
difpofition and ability of the French, to co-operate with him in his projedled at» 
tack of the Company's pofleJa5ons; and that Ripaud, who is a violent Repubr 
lican, with a view both to excite the Sultaun to hoftilities againft the Englifh, 
by encouraging hinj to expe;5t the efFedlual co-operation of the French, and to 
effeift his own delivery, magnified the rcfources of his nation, and induced the 
Sultaun to believe, that a very con fider able force was already afTembled at the 
Ifle of France, and only waited his fummons. This cifcumftance appears tq 
have fuggcfled to Tippoo Suhaun's mind the policy of again deputing Ambaf.. 
fadors to that Ifland, and eventually to .France; and to have given rifb'to the 
deliberations alluded to under the prefent head. It will be remarked, that the 
queftions propofed by the Sultaun to the fcveral departments of his Government 
for their opinions and advice \yas, not whether an ofFenfive and defenfive alliance 
Ihould be formed with the French but, what fhould be the terms and condir 
tions of fuch an alliance, which it appears the Sultaun had abfolutely determined, 
to form. Notwithflanding this determination of th?ir IVfailer, fome of his prin- 
cipal Officers have ventured to exprefs their difapprobation of the plan; mofl 
of them have exprefTed their opinions of the little dependence to be placed upon 
the faith of the French Nation; andlthey all mention Ripaud in terms of abufe 
and contempt the moft unqualified and undifguifed, and forcibly difluade Tip- 
poo Sultaun from conducing a negotiation of fuch importance, thro* the agency 
of a man of fo low and defpicable a charadterr Tippoo Sultaun himfelf, evi- 
dently fhews his diflruft of the French at the moment he folicits their aflif- 
tance, by the guarded ftipulations which he makes, and particularly by his letter 
to the Governor and Reprefentativcs of the Mauritius, of the 2d of April 
X797» His eagernefs however, to profecute his favorite plan of ruining the 

. ' Pritifh 


Britiih Power, rendered him regardlefs of the admonitions of his Counfellors, 

and of the doubts which his own mind fuggcfted to him of the faith and honor 

of the French Nation. It is curious to trace the plan from its origin to its 

maturity; from its firft formation in the mind of the Sultaun, through its feveral 

modificatipns, until its completion under the form of regular articles, and its 

being carried into effeft by the deputation of Ambaffadors. In the courfe of 

thofe genuine eftufions of his mind,, he indicates that his fole motive is to P«ge to. Art. ». 

revenge the injury anvl repair the loffes he fuftained during the war which 

terminated in 1792, In his letter to the Executive Dircftor/, dated the 

>joth of July 1798, he exprefsly writes, ** It is therefore my defire to obtain P«ge53- 

•* full redrefs from the Engli{h for that outrage, (the privation of ireafure 

** and territory at the conclulion of the war in 179^,) It has indeed long 

** been my dcfign to ftate this affair to the French, and profecute my revenge** 

He (hews that he is fully aware of the probable confequencc of the difclofurc 

of his intrigues; for he obRrvcs, ** The fending of the four Sirdars of the p^e n. 

*' khoodadaud Sirkar therefore, on a deputation to the French nation, is my 

•* own adt, and the publicity of it would be proJudlive of difturbance.** page25&i6« 

Hence the ftridl injunftions which he gives to his Ambaffadors, to keep 

their miflion and the objedl of it a fecret from all but the perfons with whom 

they were to negotiate^ and not to difclofe it even to them without particular 

precautions: and hence alfo, the meafure offending the Ambaffadors under 

the affumed charafler of merchants, for which purpofe fidlitious inflrudions Page %%. 

were prepared and delivered to them. But cither the inadvertency, pr defign- 

ing policy of M. Malartic, fruflrated the Sultaun's caution, (by the proclamation 

at the Ifle of France, by means of which thefe intrigues were firfl difclofed 

to Government,) and incurred the very confequencc of which Tippoo Sultaun 

had expreffed his apprchenfion, with an implied confcioufnefs ofits juflice. 

It is further to be remarked, that the Sultaun's views were not confined to 
the annihilation of the Britifh power alone, but involved defigns equally hoflilc 
to the Mahrattas and the Nizam; for he exprefsly flipulates, that the Mahrat- Fa« 33. Art. 14^ 
tas and the Nizam fhall be confidered as Enemies, if they fulfil their defen five 
engagements with the Company; and the hoflile defigns of Tippoo Sultaun, 
againfl thofe two Powers, are expreffed in a more direft and unqualified man- 
ner in fcvcral parts of this colledion. The extirpation of the Mahrattas, 
under the term Infidels, is frequently mentioned in the correfpondehce 
Ivith the Court of Zemaun Shah, and defigns of the mofl hoftile nature 
againfl the Nizamt are flrongly indicated in the following pafTages ; *' With Pa«e 19^ 
*' refpeCl to the conquefl of Nizam Ally's country, pleafcGod, at a proper 

** opportunity 

86. Arc, S4« 

[ Xll J 

*^ oppertunity you muft fp manage, that it may fall into your hands, and alfo that "^ 
rtft «• «« the other two powers may be ma4c to repent their ^efigns.*' Again; •* how- 

<* ever, if we Uy hands on the dominions of Nizam Ally, the other two Infi- 
" dels will ftill unite.'* For the inten4cd attack upon the Portuguefc poffef- 
fipns the Sultaun has not thought it neceffaryto aflign any reafon whatever *; 
except thsit of convenience; and it is to be remarked,, that the attack upon Goa ' 
ncceffarily involves the Invafion of the* Mahratta dominions. From the 
whole of the foregoing it is evident, that Tippoo Sultaun was aftuated by 
a fpirit of bigotry, revenge, and overweening aihbition, which induced him ^■ 
to profccute his objed by the facrificc of every principle of faith, truth, and " 

2d, Head.— With refpedl to the fecondhead, the deputation of the Ambaf- 
» ladors to the Ifle of France and to the Diredory, and the fpecific propofitions. 

with' which they were ^barged, little remains to be remarked. It appears that 
Tippoo Sultaun had been led to expedl^ not only large military fuccours from^ 
the Ifle of Fiance, but, that the Government there were authorized formally to ^ 
contrad an ofFenfivc and defenfive alliance with him on the part of the* 
French Nation. With the view however, to confibrm and to fecure the benefits 
of the alliance to be eontrafted at the Ifle of France, the Sultaun refolved to 
extend the deputation to Europe. * The fpecific propofitions with which the 
T.» Ambafladors were charged are fully detailed in Tippoo Sultaun^s letters ta^ 
3i.*» 34* the Governor of the Ifle of France and the Direftory, of the 2d of April 1797,. 

79* 10 9a* 

and in the preceding papers.. 

3d. Head. — With refpeft to the third, head, viz. the proceedings of the- 
Ambafladors at the Ifle of France, and their refult; thefe are fully developed 
Vu 3S. to 5u in the two narratives of the Ambafladors, and in the other papers noted in 
Viu%i'<^. the margin. From thefe it will appear, that the coincidence between the 
views of Tippoo Sultaun as detailed in the papers antecedent in date to the 
departure of the Ambafladors to the Ifle of France, and their negotiations at 
that Ifland, is complete, and the validity of thofe papers, and the a6tuat 
tranfmiflSon of letters in conformity to the terms of the drafts^, are folly afcer-^ 
tained from the record of their proceedings. The Ambaffadors a<5tcd upon* 
the ground of that fuppofition under which they had been cjeputed, that a 
confiderablc force was ready at the Ifle of France to be tranfported to the 
Sultaun's dominions, and they exprefs their own, . and their matter's dif- 
appointment, when undeceived upon this fubjedt. They reprefent them- 
v^r 44. felvefto have addreffed General Malartic in the following terms:, ** It is very 

« The cbftoge of the perfoM originally compoiiog tbt EmMTy U fully czplaind io tht pfcambk to No» 13^ page 30. 


[ xiii ] . , 

•'^wcll known to you Sir, that the objcd of our coming hither was to carrr 
•* with us the fuccour of a large and efFcdive body of troops. Pcrfons of 
•' your nation reprefented to the Prefehcc, that a confidcrable body of troops 
** was adually ready at the Mauritius for the affiftance of the Sirkar; and that, 
" fofoon as Ambafladors (hould be fen t to the Sirdars of the Mauritius on 
•* the part of the Khoodadaud SirkaV/ an efficient' body 'of men would be 
«• fent back with them, whereby the cofrtmon Eijeifty vould be chaftifed;" and 
.-^again, after adverting- to the recrdits which General- Malartic propofed to 
them to receive/ they obferve, *' But the" object of the Sirkar will not be ^^t^^ 
•* anfwered by fo-fmatl a body of meh, neither are we infiruded to carry with 
•« us recruits from the -Mauritius/' " The letters from thc^fevcral Members u^Zffa^l^ 
of the Government; and'principal officers of the Ifle of France, bear teftimony ^^b*"f* ^i' 
to^the zeal of the AmbafTadors in profecuting the objefts of their miffion, and £";iVciu 
the a<afual arrival ifa^ Tippoo Suhaun^s '* dominions of the officers/ recruits, "^' 
and artificers, is in exad conformity to the record of the proceedings of the 
Ambafladors/ and aB4nconteftible proof of its validity. *^' 

' It farther appeaTS,'^from the fotlowintg paflage in a letter from General ' 
Cdffigny to Tippoo Sultaun, dated ihe 5ih of March i798,,and forwarded by 
his Ambaffadors' on their return from the lile of France, that Tippoo Sultaun 
had found means to convey propofitions for an offen five alliance with the 
French to Europe, through the agency of his French connexions at the Ifle of 
France, even prior to the departure of his Ambaflfadors for the Ifle of France 
in 1797- There is reafon to believe that Monfieur Monneron was the bearer 
of-thofe propofitions, at leaft as far as the Mauritius. ^-^ Upon this fubjed Ge- 
•neral Coffigny writes as follows,- under date the 5th "of March 1798. '"' •' I Ps«« 103^^104* 
•* give him (Tippoo Sultaun) my word, ,th»tr faithfully tranfmitted^ at the 
^ lime when i received them, his propofitions and his letters to the French- 
** Government,- and l am certain that the whole is arrived in duplicate; 
" agreeably* alfo to his recommendation, I obferved the greatefl: fecrecy, that 
•* he might not be committed' with the Englifli, and becaufe the French 
** GovernmetTt itfdf is not in the habit of publifliiftg the fecrets of its opera-- 
" tions. The proof that the propofitions of Tippoo Sultaun have been re- 
•* ceived is, that they have remained fecret even in France; perhaps it is not 
•^ convenient for France to fend an Expedition to India, as it muft depend 
^ upon the prof ped of Peace, more or lefs diftant, with the Englifli ; but I 
^ •^affure the Padiha, that he will have no feafon to repent of this firfl: ftep, nor 
^ of the confidence he has repofed in me.'* 

k kkewife appears, that foon after the arrival of the Ambafladors at the life 


of France, a deputatio|i was fent to Europe by the Government of that Iflancf^ 
charged with the letter and propofitions of jhe Suhaun to the Diredory. 

Page 4*. The fad is thus dated in the narrative of Huffun Alii, one of the Anmbaffadors, 

•« Thefe four Sirdars have each written fcparate letters to different people, to 
'* procure a large force for the affiftance of the Sirkar, and have deputed two 
'* confidential peffons, one Mens. Seguin^ the head Aid-de-camp, the other 
*^ Moris. Magon, a Captain, in order to reprefent theexcefs of your Highnefs.*s 
«* friendfhip and attachment^ and charged with your Highnefs^s letters, ad- 
** dreffed to General Malartic, &c. and accordingly on the. 23.d*^of January, 
** iJgS, they were difpatched to Europe on two fhips of war with the utmoft 
" caution :" And among the papers relating to the proceedings of the Ambaf* 

Pik«97.No.d. f^^Qps at the Ifle of France is one^ purporting to be f* Copy of the llipu- 
*' latipns and propofals of the Prince Tippoo Sultaun, which his Ambafla-i 
". dors Affen Ali Khan and Mahomed Hibrahim have difpatched to Europe 
" from the Ifle of France, by two Frigates which failed from thence on the 
•' 5th of February, 1798, for eftablilhing an offenfive and defcnlive alliance 
** with the French Republic, and for foliciting the afllftance of France to fub- 
*Vdue our common Enemy the Englifh^ and to drive them out of India ^ if pof- 
**^fible. Again, General Malartic in his letter to Tippoo Sultaun dated 7th 

rase ii». of March, 1798, writes as follows r *' Not thinking myfelf authorifed by my 
" powers to conclude this alliance with you, I immediately difpatched two 
** frigates .to France, with your propofitions to the Executive Diredlbry. I 
** have not the fmallcft doubt but that they will take your propofal into their 
" moft ferious confideration; and I am perfuaded that they will fend you as^ 
•• fpeedily as poffible, the fuccours of men which you demand, and which 
*• you require for the purpofe of attacking your Enemies, who^ arc alfo the. 
•* Enemies of the French Republic.** 

The aftual arrival of the officers,, recruits^ and artififcers entertained at the 
Mauritius for the feWice of Tippoo Sultaun, and his receiving them into his 
ragcjs.No.i6. pay, appears by a letter from his Ambafladors on their return from the Em» 
paj€ 118 to 126. bafly^ which contains a. lift of them;, and. by other papers noted ia the margin. 

4th. Head. — But the proof of Tippoo Sultaun' s inimical defigns againft the 
Britilh. Nation do not even reft here; for it appears that, diffatisfied with the 
refult of his Etrvbafly to the Ifle of France, he projcded and executed a fecond 
deputation, to France under the condu6l of Mons. Dubuc, who had been ap*- 

* The Fiigatei vhich carried this deputation actually failed- on the 5th of February, as appears from the fabieqaenr 
quotation. ' This miQake of the date might naturally be made by the writer of the narrative who probably afiumcd the 
dale o£ the iiominatm of the Embafly to France as ihtc of iti aSual deiarturt* 


( XV ) 

pointed by Monfieur Malartic to command the Marine of the Sultaun, and 
who had arrived at Mangalore with the Suhaun s firft deputation, on its re- 
turn from the Mauritius on the 26th of April 1798, and two native Ambaffa-- 
dors charged with the fame propofitions as the former, to the French Repub- 
lic, The powers from Tippoo Suhaun to Dubuc, conftituting him his Am- p^^^ 
bafTador to the French Republic, and the letters to the Diredlory of which Pageias.etfcq. 
he was to be the bearer, are dated the 20th of July, iVgS, (at which time no 
• military preparations hiid been made in the Carnatic under your Lordftup's 
orders dated at Fort William on the 20th June) although he did not 
fail from Tranquebar until the 7tL of February 1799, at which place he 
arrived on or about the 21ft of Auguft 1798. His detention there is amply 
accounted /or in the letter from him to Tippoo Sultaun dated the i6th of page 13,. 
December 1-798, and in the Sultaun's reply dated 2d of January 1799. P««e *3S- 
It Will thenceappear, that his departure was not deferred in the hope that 
the necefllty of it would be precluded by an amicable accommodation; on the 
contrajy, Tippoo Sultaun was moft anxious for his departure; Dubuc him- 
felf was impatient of the delay, and the letter of the Sultaun to tne Diredlory 
originally intended to be forwarded by Dubuc, was that which Dubuc actually 
' carried. This Embafly mull therefore beconfidered as independent of all re- 
lation to the defeofivejneafures adopted by the Com-pany and their Allies, and 
confequently as an additional a6l of aggrcffive and unprovoked hoftility agaihft 

the Britilh Nation. ' ; 

». ■ * 

As coming within the fcope of your Lordfliip's dife(9tions, t now proceed 
to contrail the hoftile condud: of Tippoo Sultaun with the amicable ^nd can- 
'did negoci^tions of the Britifli Government with that Prince and the friend- 
ly profeffions with which his letters abound, at the very time when he was em- 
ploying " every energy of his niind and his faculties/* as he himfelf exprefTeS' 
it, to accomplifh our 4^1lrudion. .On the very day 'of the^ return of his l^f^^^^^' 
Ambafladors from the Ifle of France, a letter was received [from Tippoo 
Sultaun in reply to one from the late Governor General Sir John Shore 
dated the 7th March 1798 notifying yoiir Lordftiip's fucccflion to the 
ftation of Governor General, wherein he requefts Sir John Shore to im- 
prefs your Lordftiip with a ferife of the friendfhip and unanimity fo firmly fub- ^^ »44* 
jBfting between the two States. The coincidence of date is no otherwife remark- 
able, than as it indicates a period in which Tippoo Sultaun mull have expedl- 
cd the early arrival of thofe auxiliary troops, by whofe aid he hoped to fub- 
vert the foundations ^of that Po.ver towards which he was profeffing the moft 
sroicablc fentiments. In the fame fpirit of treachery Tippoo Sultaun, in his 

anfwcr . 

[' xvi 1 

Pt%t 147. anfwcr to your Lordfliip's addrcfs, dated the ioth of July 1798, only ten dayd 
prior to his letter to the Diredory forwarded by M. Dubuc, congratulates 
your Lordlhip in the warmeft terms on your acceffion to the Government^ 
and renews with additional ilrength the expreffion pf his difpofition to main- 
tain the relations of amity and concord, aiid to adhere to'thc obligations of 

p»ge 147. 148. exifting treaties- On the 18th of July^ only two days prior to the date of the 
letter to the Diredory of France before alluded to, when it muftbe fuppdfed he 
had plantied the deputation of M. Dubuc and the other Ambafiadori to France, 
headdrefled to your Lordftiip another letter, in reply to your Lordftiip's of the 
14th of June, in which he accedes to the propolition which your Lordfiiip had 
made for a conference of deputies to decide the exifting territorial difpi^tes, 
and repeats his profeffions of inviolable friendfhip. Your Lordfhip's next letter 

.P««« i4i' to the Sultaun of the 7th of Auguft announced to him the ceffion of the dif-^ 
tridt of Wynaad, after an inveftigation impartially carried on by the fervanta 
of the Company without the intervention of his deputies. But, while fo folici- 
tous to afford to Tippoo Sultaun every proof of the juftice and pacific difpo- 
fition of the Britifti Government, the circumftances of his treacherous and 
hoftile conduft rendered it iieceflary for the Company and their Allies to arra^ 
either to fupport their juft demand of fatisfaftion and fecurity, or to defend 
their rights. As the intentiotis of the Britifli Government were fincerely 
pacific; as it merely required fecurity, when the circumftances would have 
warranted an unconditional recourfe to hoftilities, there was evidently nothing 
inconfiftent between the pacific and amicable language of its letters and its 
military, preparations. Thecondudt of Government towards Tippoo Sultaun 
was^ in ftrift conformity to its profelFions ; but no law of juftice, honor or policy 
could require the Britifti Government, either to omit military preparations 
effentially neceflary to its fecurity, or to communicate their objeft to Tippoo 
Sultaun, until it Ihould be out of his power to render them abortive. In your^ 

pige 1st. Lordftiip's letter of the 8th November 1798 to Tippoo Sultaun, your Lord- 
fhip candidly explained to him the ground of complaint agairift him, the 
caufe and objedt of the^ military preparations, and propofed to depute, to him 
an Ambaflador, for the purpofe of effeding an accommodation of exifting 
difficulties^ and of eftabliftxing peace and harmony between the two States upon a 
. firm and durable balis. Tippoo Sultaun *s reply to that letter, and to another 

Pwe 150. which your Lordftiip had written to him on the;, 4th of the fame month 
communicating the defeat of the French fleet at Aboukir, received by him the 
a5th of December, exhibits a fingular compound of meanncfs, uiffimulation^ 
and treachery. The French nation which he extols for ** Their obfervance 
•• of faith and finccrity,*' with which, he wiflies '*^ to renew and ftf engthcK 


' '[ xvii ] ' 

^* the friendfliip which hasTubfifted wkh it from the time of his late father/' 
with which he foHcits to enter into " the moft inviolable cngagen^ents and p«. 53- 
** alliance, to eftabli(h a union of interefts and a friendfhip that fhall not be im- 
•* paired though the foundation of the earth and the (kies be fhaken ;'* that na- 
tion he ftigmatifes as ** faithlefsand enemies of mankind/* at the very time his 
Ambafladors arc proceeding to France to implore its aid; and he extols the 
(incerity, friendfhip, and good faith of the Englifli nation, at the moment 
that he aims a blow at their exiftence in India. The explanation which he 
wakes of his connexion with the French is a Angular inftance of prevarication 
and fubterfuge. The detedlion of his fchemes produced no relaxation in the 
plofecution of them. The notification of his willingnefs to receive Major 
Doveton, and the departure of M. Dubuc from Tranquebar on his Embafly 
to France, were circumftances nearly coincident in point of date, I take the 
liberty in this place to remark to your Lordfliip, the exad conformity of the 
circumftances ftated in your Lordftiip's minute of the 12th of Auguft 1798, 
refpeding the EmbafTy of Tippoo Sultaun to the Ifle of France and his inimi- 
cal defigns againft the Company, with the fads now fo inconteftibly eftabliflied. 

5th. Head.— The fifth head refpefts Tippoo Sultaun's deputation of Am- . 
bafladors to Zemaun Shah. This Embaffy took place in the year 1796, and 
the negotiations were carried on, as opportunity offered, to the end of January 
1799. His intercourfc indeed^ with Zemaun Shah is to he traced by letters 
in the pofTcffioft of Government as far back as 1793; and with Timour Shah, 
the father of Zemaun Shah, to a much earlier period. The objedt of all is 
the fame; to extirpate •* Infidels" from the country of Hindoftan. Although 
the name * of the Englifh does not octrur in the papers ^prior to his letter 
toZemauti Shah of the 30th January 1799. yet they are evidently the prin- 
cipal objeds of the co-operation which he- propofes to form; a circum- 
ftance which is further confirmed by the concluding part of the articles inferted 
at the comnr^encement of the narrative of HufTun Alii, where it is ftated that, 
*• Zemaun Shah, king of the Afghauns,, and the greater part of the powers of 
<* India are united with theSultaun, and will not ceafe until they (hall have 
•* driven the Englilh out of India.** Of the negotiations of the Ambafladors 
at the Court pf Zemaun Shah, there is no Jrecord-r-Their inftrudions for con- 
ducing the negotiation with Zem^unrShah appear to have been merely ver- 
bal, and in the letter from Tippoo Sultaun to WufFadar Khan it is exprefsly ^^ ^^ 
^fiatedfo; but the general refult of the EmbafTy appears in the anfwer of 


pi. 69. 

pa. 39. 

fa. 61^ 

f xviii J 

^emaun Shah to Tippoo Sultaun's letter, fcnt by the Ambaffadors on their 
return, in. which he exprefles his concurrence and intended co-operation in 
the views of Tippoo Suhaun, It appears that on the 5th of February 1797 
Tippoo Sultaun addreded additional letters to Zemaun Shah and his Minif- 
ters, differing but little in fubilance from, the former, but ia more urgent 
terms:. by what channel^ thefe were fent|,,itdoes.not appear^ 

6th;. Head.— In confequence of the mcafures^ adopted By the BVitilh Govern- 
ment, it appears that Tippoo Sultaun refolved to depute the fame Ambaffadors a 
fecond time to Zemaun Siiah, ^nd he. accordingly prepared Tetters, (bearing 
date :30th of January 1799,) which ha difpatched with thofe Ambafladors, 
whofeaiSlual departure with the letters is afcertained from written documents 
in the. poffeffion of Govemmeirt,. and from verbal teflimony. In this letter 
your Lordfhip will obferve,. that Tippoo Sultaun ^afcribes the military prepa- 
rations, of the Britifli Government againft him to his deputation of Ambaf- 
fadors to the Court of Caubul. It is not cafy to dtvife terms of catbmny and 
rancour more, virulent, than thofe contaihedTn this and the following letter 
againil the Englilh nation. But neither in this letter, nor in any other, has he 
fiated.any ground of. complaint againfl the Britilh nation, as applicable to 
himfelf. Where he has been candid, he has ftated his motives to be thofe of 
bigotry, an d revenge, and where he has been otherwife, he has been obliged 
to have recourfe tp the groITefl and maft unfounded calumny; whick only 
ferves to fhew his want of motives to ju(!ify his. implacable hatred and 
unwarrantable defigns againfl the Kritifh nation. If any proof were required of 
the infidious views of Tippoo Sultaun in flgnifying his tardy acquiefcence to 
the deputation of Major Dt)veton in his^ letter received 13th February 1799, 
it is amply afforded in this letter, written, as appears by the date» fomc days 
before the tranfmiflion of the letter to your Lordfhip lafl mentioned » in which 
hedeclares that, , *^ hais prepared to exert the energies of his mind and of 
" his faculties,, inwardly and outwardly, to carry on a holy war." This 
cannot be interpreted' to mean merely, that he is prepared for reliflance if com- 
pelled ta take. up. arms, for he well knew that peace and war were at his 
option :;- this cjxpreffion therefore could only mtsmr, efther that he was determin- 
ed, to take up arms againft the EnglifK under any circum(lances,^pr, at altha- 
zarda to rcfufe the jufl dimands which he expefted ther Company and their 
Allies would :makQ ufKMi .hincirz, He acquiefcied^ therefore in the deputation of 
Major Doveton with a determined refolution to rejeft the prdpofals which hfe 
fhould be inflrud^ed to make, and with no other view than to benefit by the dt-* . 
laiy he th)creby hoped to.occafioa ia.thevoperations of.theaimy in the fi^ld.. 




[ xix ] ^ 

This argument is farther corroborated by his correfpondence with M. Dubuc 
at Tranquebar. Iberc take the liberty to remark the cxaft coincidence of , 
the facls with the reafoning upon this fubjedt, contained in your LordAiip's 
declaration of the aad of February, 1799. 

7th Head. — ^With refpeft to the feventhhead, Tippoo Sultaun's Embafly 
to the Grand Signior. The fadl is afcertained by records in the poflcffion of 
Government, as well as by the papers upon this fubjeA amon g thofe feledcd 
by your Lordftiip* The letter with which the Ambaflador was charged, is 
dated loth February, I799» This letter is a fecond reply to that from the fu 69. 
Ottoman Porte to Tippoo Sultaun dated in September 1798, forwarded 
through the Britifli Envoy at Conftantinople to Fort St. George, and by your 
Lordfliip tranfmitted to Tippoo Sultaun, with your Lordfhip^'s letter under 
date 1 6ih January « 

Your Lordfliip will recoHed, that another ktter from the Sultaun, purport*- 
ing to be a reply to that frorh the Grand Signior, w^as tranfmitted by Tippoo SuJ-- 
taun to your Lordftii[^ to be forwarded, and was received on the 3d April-^ 
1799. There is little to remark upon this extraordinary produftion, except 
its extreme virulence and infincerity , and the gro(s,^though ridiculous, calumnies 
which it contains. In this letter" Tippoo .Sultaun aflfe£ts to confider the 
French Nation as his Enemy, although it will be remembered, thatM. Dubuc 
and the Sultaun's native • Arabaflkdo^- failed^from Tranquebar for France 
tlfecday^' before the date of it, charged with a commiffion to contrail an ofFen-- 
five and defenfive alliance with that nation^ and to obtaia from them milita- 
ry fuccours. The Sultaui^^ adapting his language to his purpofes without re-- 
gard to truth or confiftency, in this letter afcribes the war of 1790 to his hav- 
ing deputed ^an^ EmbaiTy to the Ottoman Porte; and in his letters to the 
French, he imputes it to the cotuieflion he had formed with France. The^ 
cbjeA of this letter is to prejudice the Grand Stgnior^s mind ag^inft the Eng^^ 
)i(h^ and to g^inf^fome afliftance through hi^ means. 

Among the papers felcflid lyy your Eordfliip are three^^ iiottd in the mai^ 
gin, which do not properly come under any of the heads before enumerated. 
The obfervations upon Ripaud's letter to Tippoo Sultaun contained in Lieut. 
CcL Kirkpatrick's:^ letter to yous: Lordfbip^^ * preclude the neceffity of any 

remarks ' 

^^*Ci^Ta6)rof a fcitlef -from Lieutenant CoIooehKiKKPiCTRiai tOj the Right HonarABtk the Govbrnor 

GcNIRAt, 26th JuI/9 1799* 

^.' AmoDg.ihefc JeitecBr ilbete ii-eocdated in 'May 1797 particoUrly bfcreAingi. ■• clearly proving the 

imeccoorre * 

, . remarks on my part. — The intercepted letter from Buonaparte to that Prince 

appears fo far important, that it tends to confirm the fufpicions, which have 
always been entertained, of the , ultimate objcifl of Buonaparte's expedition 
to Egypt. 

A True Extraft, 

• • (Signed) N. B. EDMONSTONE, 

P. T. to the Government. 

int^conrfo which fabfifted between M. Raymond, formerly Commaoder of the Nizam's regular Infimtir. 

I ^ and Tippoo Soltaan. This document is the more important, as it is extoemely doubtful whether we ihall 

I .ever be able to afcertain any farther particolars relative to the nature and extent of this connedion ; M« 

" I Dompard, through whom it feems to have been formed and mainuined, and who commanded the French 

• Party in the Sultaun's fervice, (ufually^ denominated Lally's Corps.) having died abc^t the fame time 
with Raymond, and his papers being probs^ly loft, or without our reach. Enough howeveri is eftablifhed by 
the letter in queftion to demonftrate, that tne danger which menaced the Britifh interefts in India from the 
French Party at Hyderabad was of the moft ferious kind: and that, had hoftilities occurred between the 
Company and Tippoo during its exiftencei there is good reafbn to believe the Sultaun would ha?« been 
openly joined by that Part//^ 

I— I, in 























Egalite,- Liberty. 





jlntu Jofepb HyppoliU-MalarSic^ General en 
Chef 9 Governeur-general des I/les de France 
&f. de ta Reunion, £5? Commandant-general 
4es Etablifsements Fran^ais^ a l' EjlduCap^r 
ic Bonne EJpcrance^- 


C>NNAISSANT dcjpuispluficurs annces 
voire zelc & voire attachment pour les 
interets & la glpire de notre Republique, 
nous fommes tres empreff6s & nous nous fai- 
fons un devoir de vous donner connaiflance 
de toutes les propofuions que nous fait Tipoo 
Sultan, par deux ambaffadeurs qu'il nous a 

Cc prince a 6crit des lettres particuli6res 

a rAffemblte Colonial©, a tous les Gen6raux 

qui font employes dans ce go.uvernement,. 

* & nous a adreffe un paquet pour le Direc<» 

toire Executif. 

iV II demande a faire une alliance of- 
fenfive et d6fenfiye avec les Franijais, ca 
propofant d'entretenir a fes frais, tant que la. 
guerre durera dans I'lndc, les troupe* qu on 
pourra lui envoyer. 

2". II promet de fournir toutes les chofcs 
neceflaires pour faire cette guerre, except^ ' 
le Vin & TEau de Vie, dont il fe trouvc 
abfolument denufc 

3*. II affure que toue lespreparatifs font 
fails pour re^evoir les fecours qu'on lui don«» 
nera, Sc qua I'arrivce des txoupes, les Chefs 
& Officiers trouveront toutes les chofes ne- 
ceflaires pour faire une guerre a laquelle les 
' Europecns font peu accoutum^s. 







jime Jofefb Hyppolite Malartic, Commander iif 
Chief and Governor General of the Ifle of 
Prance and Reunion, and of all the French ej^ 
tablifhments to the eaflwird ofthiCap^iif 
Good Hope • 


HAVING for fev^ral years known your 
zeal and your attachment to the interefts,. - 
and to the glory of our Republic, we are ve- 
ry anxious, and we feel it a duly to make you 
acquainted with all the propofitions which 
bs^ve been made to us by Tippoo Sultaun^ 
through two ambafladors whom he has dif* 
patched to us. 

This prince has wrictei? particular letters 
to the Colonial Affembly ; to all the generals 
employed under this government ; and has 
addrefled to- us a packet for the Executive 

1. He deflres to form an oflPenGve and 
defenfive alliance with the French, and pro* 
pofes to maintain at his charge, as long as the 
war (hall laft in India, the troops which may 
be fent to himt 

2. He promifes to furnifh every neceffary 
for carrying on the war, wine and brandy 
excepted, with which he is wholly unprovid- 

3. He declares that he has made every 
preparation to receive the fuccours which 
may be fent to bim, and that on the arrival 
of the troops, the commanders and officers* 
will find every thing neccflary for making a^ 
war, to which Europeans are but little ac- 

4? In 


4*. Enfin il n'attend plus que le nfoment 
ou les Fran^ais vicndront a fon fecours, pour 
declarer la guerre aux Anglais, defirant avec 
ardeur poiivoir les chaffer de Tlnde. 

Comme il nous eft impoflible de diminuer 
le nombre des fbldats des io7e. Sc io8e. 
regimens, & de la garde fold6e du Port de 
la Fraternite, a caufe des fecours que nous 
avons envoyds a nos alli6s les HoUandais; 
nous invitcms tous les citoyens de bonne 
▼olont6, a fe faire infcrire dans leurs muni- 
ci^alites refpeflives, pouraller fervir fous les 
drapeaux de Tipoo. 

Ce prince defirc auffi avoir des cito>?ens 
de couleur, libres, & nous invitons tous ceux 
qui voudront aller fervir fous fes drapeaux, 
a fe faire auffi infcrire. 

Nous pouvons affurcr tous les citoyens 
qui, fe feront infcrire, que Tipoo leur fera des 
traitements advantageux qui feront fixes avec 
fes ambafladeurs qui s'engageront en outre, 
au noni de leur fouverain, a ce que les Fran- 
f ais qui auront pris parti dans fe3 armeeSj^ ne 
puiflent jamais y etre retenus quand its vou- 
dront rentrer dans leur patrie. 

Fait au Part Nord-Oueft, le lo Pluviofe, 
Van fix de la R^publique Franfaife, une Si 

{Signc) MALARTIG. 

4, In a word he only waits the moment 
when the French fliall come to his aOiftance, 
to declare waragainfl: the EngKfh, whom he 
ardently defires to expel from India. 
, As it is impoflible for us to reduce the 
number of foldiers of the 107th and to8th 
regiments, and of the regular guard of Port 
Fraternitc, on account of thefuccours which 
we have furniihed to our allies the Dutch ; 
we invite the citizens^ who may be difpofed 
to enter as volunteers, to enroll themfelves. 
in their refpedive municipalities, and to ferve 
under the banners of Tippoo. 

This prince defires alfo to be affifted b^r 
the free citizens of colour, we therefore m- 
vite all fuch who are willing to ferve under 
his flag, to enroll themfelves* 

We can affure all the citizens who flialt 
cnroH themfelves, that Tippoo wilt allow 
them art advantageous rate of pay, the terms of 
which will be fixed wkh his ambafladors, who 
will farther engage in the name of their fove- 
reign, that all Frenchmen who fliall enter 
into his armies, fliall never be detained after 
they fliall have exprefled a wifli to return to 
their own country. 

Doneaf Port North JVed^tbt ^tb January; 




EXTRACT from the Right Honorable ^A^ Governor General's 
Minute in the Secret Department, dated the 12th of 

' Avguji, 1798. 

THE firft regular authencicaiion of the proclamation which I received, was contained xn 
theletier from Lord Macartney of 28th March, and in that from Sir Hugh Chriftian of 
the fame date, received on the i8tb of June. It could now no longer be doubted, that the 
proclamation adually had been iflued by the Governor General of the Ifle of France. What- 
ever may have been the motives of Montieur Malartic in this tranfaflion, the obje6t of Tip« 
«poo Sultaun was always plain and clear* although fortunately for our interefts, his fuccefs 
has not yet beeh anfwerable to the exteat of his defign. Of the objeft of that defign I foon 
poflefled ample proof, arifing from the bed evid&nce which the nature of the cafe could 
admit. In the firft place it appeared by the general tenor of the letters from the Cape, as 
well as by ev^ry public account which had been given of the tranfa6lion, to be an undifput- 
ed fad, that Tippoo difpatched two ambafTadors to the Ide of France^ and that the procla- 
mation in queftion was publifhed fubfequenc to iheir arrival, and during their refidence ia 
that ifland. Thefe fads woivld perhaps have been fufiicient without further enquiry to war- 
rant a Arong preiumption^ that this proclamation, purporting to declare the objed of the 
embafly^ nvuit have b^en framed with the confenc and knowledge of the ambafTadors of 
Tippoo then on the fpot, and muft have correfponded with their inftrudions from their fo- 
vereign, whofe orders they would fcarcely have ventured to exceed in a matter of fuch 
ferious confcquence as the conclufion of an alliance offenfive and defenfive with the French. 
In order however to obtain the moft accurate information with qefped to the circuitiftan- 
ces attending the reception of the embalTy, the publication of the proclamation, and the 
condudl of the ambafTadors, I ^examined upon oath fome refpedable perfons, who were pre- 
fent in the Ifle of France during the r^fidence of the ambafladors at Port Nord Ouefl; 
from the concurrent teftimony of tbefe perfons^ (ince corroborated by intelligence from va- 
rious quarters, I obtained a connedfd account of the whole tranTa(^ion. 

Tippoo difpatched two ambafladors, who embarked at Mangalore for the Ifle of France, 
and arrived there at the clofc of the month of January 1798. They hoiiied Ttppoo's co- 
fours upon entering >tihe harbour of Fort Nord Oueit, were received publicly and formally by 
the French government, with every circuinllaoce of diilindion and refped, and were eii« 
^tertained during their continuance on the ifland at the public expence. Previotifly to their 
.arrival, no idea or rumour exifted in the iUand of any aid to be furnifhed to Tippoo by the 
French, or of any profpedofa war between him and the Company, The fecond day af- 
ter the arrival of the ambafTadors an advertifement was publilhed of the fame purport as the 
jDCoclamation, and immediatejy afterwards^ the proclamation was fixed up in tlie mo(t public 
places, and circulated through the town. The ambafladors (far from protefting againft the 
matter or flylf? of the proclamation,) held without referve in the moft* public manner the 
ifame language wfafich it contain! with refped to the offenfive war to be commenced a{;ainlt 
the Britifh poifeflions in India; they even buffered the proclamation to be publicly diflributed 
at the place of their refidence. In confequence of thrfe circumftances, an univeifal belief 
, prevailed in the ifland, that Tippoo would make an immediate attack upon the Britifh pof-^ 
leffions ia India; which opinion had gained To much force, that the perfons who gave this 
evidence, and all thofe who arrived at that period in India from the Ifle, of France, expeded 
to find us at war with Tippoo. The ambafladors were prefent in the ifland, when the French 
jjovernmenc proceeded to ad under the proclamation in queftion, and they aided and a(fifted 
^he execution of it^ by making promifes in the name of Tippoo for the purpofe of inducing 

* Although tb« ambtiradort on their ^tft tnival tl the Mfturitiui were irery folicitoui. according to the lenor of iheir ioft.uc- 
iipnt TvideNo. io« and naiiaiiveorHuflua AJIi| No* iK) to keep tb« obie6^ o( %ht\t miflion fecrec, yec when the gDveromeBt 
pt^\t&fA x\\% precautioo a«d gav^ thcoi i }>ubu( ucc^iiop, Qic condudl ct ifae aab. flaJori became e^uaUjr public, and ihe object 
^ibcij nuMtOti ((juallj uaufj^utM* 

* iC- u a 



recruits tp cnlift; they propofed to levy men to any prafticable extent, dating their powen 
-td be unlimited with refpeft to the numbers of the force to be raifed. The ambaffadors aid* 
cd and affirted in the Itevy df 150 officers and privates for the fervice of Tippoo, under the 
•^ terms and for the purpofes Rated in the proclamation. Few of the officers are of any experi- 
ence or Ikill, and the privates are the refuse of the democratic rabble of the ifland : fomc 
of them ar^ volunteers, others were taken from the prifpns and compelled to embark, feveril 
of them are Coffrees, and people of half-caft. . With futh of thcfe troops, as were volun- 
teers, the ambaffadors entered into, fcv^ral ftipalatipos and engagements in the namfc of Tip- 
pdo. v . • . 

On the 7th of March 1798, the ambafladors embarked on hoard the French frigate La 
Preiieufe, together with the force thus raifed, and they publicly declared an intention of 
proceeding to the Ifle pF Bourbon, with the hope of obtaining moi'e recruits for the fame 

The proclamation therefore originated in the arrival of the ambaffadors ^t the Ifle of France, 
was diftributed by their agents, was avowed in every part by their own public declaration, 
and finally was executed according to its tenor by iheir peffonal affiftance and co-operation. 

The proclamation itfelf fornifhcs - the moft powerful internal evidence of tho.concurrence 
of the ambaffadors in all its eflcntial parts, the principal fafts dated therein are : 

" That Tippoo Sultaun through tWo arnbaffadors, difpatched for the purpofe to the Me of 
" France, had addreffed letters to the Colonial Affembly of the Iflc of France, to all the Ge- 
*' nerals employed there, ,and to the Executive Direftdry of France, and had made the fol- 
'^* lowing propofitions : * 

ift. ** That he defire'd to form an alliance offenfive and defenfive with the French, and 
** offered to maintain at his expence, during the continuance of the war in India, what- 
.'* ever troops ihould be furnilhed by the French, and to fupply (with the exception of ccr- 
•* tain ftores) every neceffary for carrying on the war," 

2d. " That he had given affurances that all his preparations were already completed, anfl 
** that the Generals and Officers wouW find every thing neceffary for carrying on a fpeciea 
'* of war, to which Europeans have not . been -accuftomed in their contcfts with the native 
'•' powers in India/* . « . 

3d. " That he only waited for the fdccour of France to declare war againft the Englifii^ 
" arid that it was his ardent defire to €xpel the Englilh from India.". ' 

Upon j.he,gro"und of thefe faSs, the proclamation recommends a general levy df men for 
the.fervice of Tippoo, and -it concludes by affuring " all the citizenis ivho (hall enlift, th^t 
" Tippoo will give them an advantageous rate of pay arid allowances, which will be fixed 
** by his ambaffadors, who will alfo engage, in the nanie of their Sovereign, that the French- 
«" men who ftiall have enlifted in his army, fliall never be detained there, after they "fliall 
^* have expreffed A defire of returnirig to their native country/' 

The avowed purpofe of this proclamation is to acquaint the iiihabitants of the inind, with 
the propofitions made by Tippoo Sultaun through his ambaffadors on the'fpot. It enumerates 
thofe propofitions with a particularity of detail, which could never have been hazarded in 
the prefence of the ambaffadors, if the faSs ftated had not been corTeQIy true, or if the pro* 
pofitions enumerated had varied in fubftance from thofe communicated by the ambaffadors 
under the orders of their fovereign. But thelaft paragraph .of the proclarnatioii, conneSed 
with the i^ondud pf the ambaffadors as already, defcribed, eftabliOies in the cleared manner 
their participation in the whole tranfaftion. That paragraph contains a dire6l reference to the 
powers of' the ambjatffadors, and engages on their behalf, that they Ihall enter into certain ftipu- 
.lations in the name of their fovereign, with refpeft to the pay and final , difcharge of fuch 
French fubjefts as fliall enlift in, his army under the conditions of the proclamation. The 
accounts which T have received from the Ifle of France concur in ftacing, that the ambaffa- 
dors openly a6led under this part of the proclamation, and in the name of Tippoo, entered in- 
io engagements and ftipulations \yith the recruits, according to the affurances fpecrfied in 



•-T* •m^r- ' 


. '\he proclamation. Monfieur Dubuc now matter attendant at Mangalore. dated to one of 
"the witnefles whon[i T examined, the whole fubftance of the engagements which hadpafled per- 
fonally between him and theambaffadors, all of which engagements referred immcciiately to 
Tippoo's intention of commencing war upon the Company with the aid of the French force, 
then aboiit to be levied. It appears from the evidence which I have collefied, that the am- 
baffadors liad not brought to the Ifle of France a fupply of treafure fufficient for advancing 
bounty money to the recruits : it was dated that an apprehenfion* of the Englifh cruizers had 
prevented the embarkation of treafure for this purpofe ; and no doubt was enterlaincdj that if 
the ambafladors bad been belter provided with money, they might have raifed a much greater 
number of men, who refufed to engage on the mere fccurity of promifes in the name of 

The ambafladors together with the force thus colleftcd during the time of their tniffibn in 

'the Ifle of France, landed from the frigate La Preneufe at Mangalore on the 26th of April 

1798. Accounts vary with refpeft to the exafl: humber of the force landed; the mod prb- 

^bable are, that it did not exceed two hundred perfons. Tippoo, (far from manifeding the 

lead fymptom of difapprobatipn of the conduft of his ambaffadors in any part of the tranf- 

a£lion,) formally reiceived them and the officers and leading perfons fo landed, with public 

marks of honor and didinftion : one of his ambaffadors refided for fome time with the^ f'rench 

recruits in a fortrefs near Mangalore; and the Sultaun has admitted the whole levy of officers 

-and men into his fervice. . > , • 

Referring therefore to the conduft of the ambaffadors in the Ille of France, to their arri- 
val at Mangalore with the force levied in confequence of their miffion, and finally to the 
reception of the ambaffadors and of the French recruits by Tippoo Sultaun^ the following coti<- 
^ clufions appeared to me to be incontrovertibly edabliftied : 

Fird. That the ambaffadors difpatched by Tippoo Sultaun to the government of the Ifle of 
France, propofed to that government an alliance offenfive and defenfivc againd the Britilh 
poffeflions in India, which alliance was accepted* by that government, and its acceptance 
formally liotificd by a public proclamation. 

Secondly. That the ambaffadors Vere charged with ictjlers from Tippoo Sultaun to the 
Executive DireQory of France, which letters were dated to contain the fame propofition, and 
^that the ambaffadors delivered thofe letters to the Governor General of the. Ifle of France for 
s^the purpofe of tranfmiffion to France. 

Thirdly. That thcT ambaffadors in the name of TippQo Sultauq. gave public affurances that 
lie h^d aftually completed the neceffary preparations for commencing immediate hodilities, 
^nd that he only waited the arrival of fuccour from the French to declare war againd the 
^Company, for the exprefs purpofe of expelling the Britifli nation from India. 

Fourthly. That the ambaffadors demanded unlimited military fuccour from the French^, 
-and levied a military force in the Ifle of France with the declared objeft of commencing im- 
mediate war againd the Britifli nation in India. 

Fifthly. That this force has been aftually landed in .Tippoo'^ country, and publicly ad- 
mitted into his fervice with fignal marks of approbation, and that the ambaffadors have been 
received with fimilar didin£tion. 

Sixthly. That Tippoo Sultaun, (by receiving with public marks of approbation his ambaf* 

Tad6rfi,'who had concluded in his name an offenfive and defenfive alliance with the French, 

and by admitting into his fervice the military force raifed for effefting the objefts of that 

alliance,) has perlbnally ratified the cngagenients contained in the proclamation of the Go- 

i . . - . - . . ^ 

"• Ahhoogh it api>ears from No. 18, tbai the govcrnrtcnt of the lile of France did flot aBually enter into a formal trcatr of 
dcfcnfwe aftd offenfive allifince with ihc tmbaffadoM by e«cutiog regular cngapemcnia, yet ihcy adopted the more decided m^w^ 
•f fending all the troops they could raife, and of proraJfing more for the aid of Tippoo Sultaun, with a view to the exprefs objc» 
of that alliance, and wfthihc fimt view ihey difpatched hit Uttcn to Fmncc, and iffured him that the alliance woald thcrj be tor- 
«nlly coildad^c 

'. verhoT 


vernor General of the Ifle of France^ and has proceeded to ad under thofe engagements^ con- 
formably to the tenor of that proclamation* 

Seventhly. That although the fuccour aftually received by Tippoo Sultaun, under his of- 
fenfive alliance with the French, is inconfiderable, yet the tenor of the proclamation, ihf pro- 
pofitlon made to the French government for unlimited military aid, and the declarations of 
the ambafladors prove, that it was the intention of Tippoo Sultaun, to. receive into his fervicc 
the largeft force which he could obtain^ for the purpofc of commencing a war of ^ggreifiou 
iigaiuft the Company in India. 

Having thus entered into offenfive and defenfiye engagements with the enemy, having pro- 
ceeded to colle6t in conjunction with the enemy a force openly deftined to a£t; asainft the 
poffeffions of the Company^ having ayowed through his public ambafladors thjit he has com- 
pleted his preparations of war for the exprefs purpofe of attempting the entire fubverfion ^f 
the firitilb £mpire in India, and 'having declared that he only waits the effedual fuccour of 
the French ;to profecute offenlive operations, Tippoo Sultaun has violated the treaties of 
peace and friendOiip fubfifting between him and the Cojnpany^ and has committed ap aA of 
direft hoftility againft the Britifli Government in India. 

Before I proceeded to apply the principles of the law of nations to the conduQ of Tippoo 
Sultaun, it appeared proper to enquire what hj^id been the condud: of the Company towards 
him for fome years pad, and whether he had received any provocatipn xo juftify or to palliate 
his late proceedings ? 

Since the concUfiofi of the treaty of Seringapatanrr, the firitifli Governments in Indi^i haye 
uniformly condu6led themfelves towards Tippoo Sultaun not only with the moii exad at- 
tentidn to the principles of moderation, juftice and good faiths but have endeavoured by 
every pra6Ucab]e jgieajis to conciliate his confidence, arid to mitigate his vindi£live fpiric. 
Some differences haye occafionally arifcn with refpefcl to the boundaries of his territory bor- 
dering upon the con^nes of our ppfleQions on the coaft of Malabar^ Init the reeords pf ail 
the Britifli Governments in India will Ihew, that they have always manifeftedthe utmoft anxi- 
ety to promote the amicable adjuftment of every doubtful or difputed point, and that Tip- 
poo Suitaun has received the moft unequivocal proofs of the conftant difpofition of the Com- 
pany to acknowledge and confirm all his jult rights, and to.remove .every caufe of jealoufyi 
which might tend to interrupt the continuance of ^peace. 

The fervants of the Company in India have not however been ignorant of the implaca* 
ble fentiments of revenge >vhich he has preferved without abatement fince the hour of his 
lad defeat. It has always been well underftoodj that Tippoo Sultaun's refeniment .was no^ %o 
be appeafed by any conciliatory advances on our part, nor by any other means than the re- 
covery of his loft power, the difgrace of the BritiCh arms, and the ruin of the Britiih in- 
ierefis in India. With fuch views it was expefled that he would eagerly epnbrace the firft fa- 
vorable occaiion of ftriking a blow agajnft our poffeflions : and his intrigues at the courts of 
Hydrabad and Poonah, together with his embaify to Zemaun Shah, (although managed with 
fuch a degr/ce of caiition as to avoid t,he appearance of clireft a&s of aggreffion,) were fufBci- 
ent indications of ^n hoftile mind. But none of thefe circumttances have in any degree 
affe^led the condu£t of the Company's fervants towards him. The correfpondence between 
him and the late Governor General, and the letters from Bombay on the fubjeft of the diftrid 
of Wynaad, furnifli ample proofs of a fincere ddire to bring that queftion to a fair iflue, 
^ with the 'coHfeni and knowledge t/ hoth fartiei^*' according to ^he tenor pf ahe 7th' article of 
the treaty of Seringapat.nn. I appeal to the leuer which I difpgtched to him (bun ;»fier my 
arrival in Bengal, propuiing an amicable adjuftment of the fame queftipn^ as well as of his re* 
cent claims upon certain parts of the di(tri£l of Coorga, for a teftimony of the pacific fprric 
whicli has marked my fird communication with him, although perhaps a lefs mild reprefenta- 
atloa might have been juftiBcjd t'V his unwarrantable precipitation in ftationing a military force 
•n the frontier of Coorga, beioi e he had made any trial of the prefcribed and regular c^iw 
nels of negotiation, Trppoo Suhaun cannot therefore alledge even the pretext of a gtiev* 
f^^t t0 palliate ^z pbarai^er of hi« recent a£ti j be \m indeed ^Hedged nonc^ but has conti. 


njually profcffcd the moil fincerc defire to maintain the relations of anr^ity and peace with the 
Company. In his letters to Sir John Shore (written a Ihort time before the return of the 
Myforean ambafFadors from the Ifle of France^ and received at Fort William on the 26th of 
April 1798, the day on which the French force landed at Mangalore,) I'ippoo declares, •• that 
his friendly heart is difpofed to pay every rej^ard to truth and juftice^ and to ftrengthen the 
foundations of harmony and concord eftablifhed between the two States." And he fignifies 
his defire, that '* Sir John Shore would imprefs Lord Mornington with a fcnfc of the friend* 
•* ftiip and. unanimity fo firmly fubfifting between the two States." 

This IS not the language of hoftility, nor even of difcontent. From what difpofition in the 
friendly heart of Tippoo thcfe amicable profeffions have proceeded, how they are connefted 
with a regard to truth and juftice, or calculated to ftrengthen the foundations of harmony and 
cOncordy and to imprefs me with a fenfe of the Sultaun's friendfhip can now admit of no qu(&f« 
tion, fince it is now proved, that thefe letters were written, at the very moment when Tippoo 
was in anxious expe£lation of the hourly arrival of thai military fuccour which he had folicit- 
ed from the enemy for the exprefs purpofe of commencing a war of aggreflion againft the 
Company's pofleffions. 

Thj motive therefore of Tippoo Sultaun was no other than that avowed in his correfpon- 
dence with the enemy, and publifiied under the eyes of his own ambafiadors, ** an ardent de- 
Jire to expel the Britijb nation from India y 

It appears highly probable that he was infligated by the promifes and exhortations of the 
government of France (whofe emiflaries have, reached his councils) to haften the execution 
of a projeft, in which eVery confideration of intereft, and every fentiment of paflSon would 
induce the French to embark with a degree of zeal,.ardor2 and rancour not inferior ta his 

The importance of thefe pofleffions to all the mod valuable inierefts of Great Britain hasL 
pointed the particular attention of the government of France to the deftruftion of our em- 
pire in India. The profperity of our fettlements in India has long been the primary and 
undifguifed objeft ofthe jealoufy of France, avowed by all her minifiersin every negotiation,, 
and by all her rulers in every ftage of her innumerable revolutions. Tippoo therefore might 
reafonably hope, that if the cefTation of hoftilities on the continent of Europe fliould at anjr 
time enable the French DireQory to turn their views to the difturbance of the peace of In- 
dia^ fuch an adventure would be amongft the earlieft of their operations. 

The conclufion of a peace upon the continent of Europe may have appeared both to Tipw 
poo and to the , French to offer a favourable opportunity for the profccution of their joint 
defign. The premature difclofure of this defign may perhaps be imputed rather to the po- 
licy of M. MaFartic, than to the imprudence of Tippoo : whether the fcope of that policy 
was to involve us in a war with Tippoo, or to expofe his treachery to our view,.is^ vet a mat- 
rer of doubt; but whatever eircumftances occafioned the premature difclofure of the defign ;, 
whether the defign was wifely or rafbly conceived 5 whether it has partially fuccceded^or en- 
tirely failed ; are qucftions the folution of which in no degree affefts the offenfive nature of an 
aggreffion fo unprovoked^ and of a violation of faith fo flagrant and unqualified. The hiftory 
oFthe world fcarcely furnifhes an inftance,.in which any two powers have united in confede' 
racy or alliance precifely with ihe fame motives. The party propofing an oflFenfive alliance 
againft the Company cannot be abfolv<ed from the confequences of fuch an adt,. by any ap- 
parent or real indifference in the pasty accepting fuch a propofal ; the conduct of Tippoo. 
Sultaun therefore cannot be corre£lly eftimated by reference to the fuppofed mptives of Mon- 
fieur Malartic. 

From the application of the acknowledged principles of the law of nations to the fafts 06 
this cafe, I formed my judgment of the rights of the Company and of ray own duties with, 
reference to the aggreffion of Tippoo. The courfe of reafoiiing which I purfued, may \^, 
ftated in tUe following manner. 

The rights of ftates applicable ta every cafe of conteft with foreign powers are created- 
and limiied by the neceffity of pxefecving the public fafcty; this ncccffiiy is the foundation, 



/ * , ■ . 

of the reciprocal claim of all nations to explanation of fulpicious or ambiguous condttd/to^^ 
reparation for injuries done, and to fecurity. againft injuries intended* 

In any of thefe cafes, when juft fatisfaftion has been denied, or from the evident nature - 
of circumftances cannot otherwife be obtained, it is the undoubted right of the injured party - 
to reforl to arms for the vindication of the public fafety ; and in fuch a conjunfturc, the right 
of the ftate becomes the duty of the government, unlcfs fomc material, confideration of;' 
the public intereft fhould forbid the attempL 

if the conduS: of Tippoo Sultaun had boen of a tvature which could be termed ^ambiguous ; 
ev fufpicious ; if he had merely increafed his force beyond his ordinary eftabliihment, or had/: 
ftationed it iafome pofition onour con6nes or on thofe of our allies, which might juftify jea- 
loufy or alarm; if he had renewed his fccret intrigues at the courts of Hydrabad* Poonah, and ; 
€abul ; or even if he had entered into any negociation with France, of which the objeft was at 
all obfcure; it might be our duty to refart in the firft inftance to his conftru£lion of proceed- 
ings, which being of a doubtful charadeF^ might admit of a fatisfadory explanation*. But where * 
there is no dolibt, there can be no matter for explanation. The aft of Tippoo s ambafladors^ . 
ratified by hirofe.lf, and accompanied by the landing of a French force in his country, is a pub- 
lic,, unqualified, and unambiguous declaration of war, aggravated by an avowal, that iheob- 
je6l of the war is neither explanationj, reparation^, nor fccurity, but the total deftruQion of the : 
Britifli Government in India^ 

To afFeft to mifunderftand an injury or infult of fuch a complexion would argue a confci- - 
oufnefs either of weakncfs or of fear. No ftate in India can mifconftruc the conduQ of Tip- 
poo; the correfpondence of our Refidents at Hydrabad and Poonah fufficiently manifefts . 
the conftru6lion which it bears at both thofe courts : and in fo clear and plain a cafe, our 
demand of explanation would be juftly attributed either to adefeft of fpirit or of power. The 
refult of fuch a demand would therefore be, the difgrace of our charader and the diminution -. 
of our influence and confideration in the eyes of our allies and of every power in India. If 
the moment fhould appear favorable to the execution of Tippoo's declared defign, he would : 
anfwer fiich a demand by an immediate attack ; if on the other hand, his preparations fhould- 
not be fufficiently advanced, he would deny the exigence of his engagements with France^ .. 
would pcrfift in his denial until he had reaped the full benefit of them, and finally after having - 
completed the imprbvement of his own army, and received the acceffion of an additional, 
French force, he would turn the combined ftrength of both againft our pofleflSons; with an* 
alacrity and cbnfidence infpired by our inaOion, and with advantages redoubled by our delay. 
In the prefent cafe the idea therefore of demanding explanatij|p ipuft be rpjeded^. as beings 
difgraceful in its principle and frivolo^us. in its obje£i. ' ^ 

The demand of reparation,/ in the ftrift {tx^{^ of the terroj cannot |)roperly be applicjd tou. 
cafes of intended injury^ excepting in. thofe indances, where the nature of the reparatiqn det 
Hianded may be eflentially eonneded withfecuricy againft the injurious intention. 

Where a ftate has unjaftly feized the property, or invaded the territory, or violated the - 
rights of another, reparation may be made, by reftoring what has been unjuftly taken, or by a * 
{ijofcquent acknowledgment of the right which has be^n infringed; but the caufe of our com- 
plaint againft Tippoo Sultaun, is not that he has feized a portion of our property which - 
he might reftore, or invaded a part of our territory which he might again cede,- or 
violated a right which he might- hereafter acknowledge; we complain, that, profelfing 
the moft amicable diCpofitioil,* bound by fubfifting treaties of peace and.friendfliip, and 
unprovoked by.any offence on our part, he has nnanifefted a defign to effeftv our total, deftruc- 
tion, he has prepared the means and inftruments of a war of extermination againft us ; he haa 
folicited and receivedahe aid of our inveterate enemy for the declared purpofe of annihilating; . 
our empire: and he only waits the arrival of a more cflFcfliial fuceour to ftrikc a. blow ag^ii)ft, 
our exifter.ce. 

That he has not yet received, the efFe£kial fiiccour which he has foiicitedi may be- afcribed 
either to the weakhefsof the government of \Mauritius, of to their want of 2eal in his caufe^ 
or to the raftmefs and imbecility ofhis own councils; but neitherthc.mcafure of hi& hoftility, 



1ior of our right to reftrain it, nor of our danger from it, are to be eftimated by the amount 

of the force which he has aBually obtained : for we know that his demands of miFitary aflif- 

tance were unlimited, we know that they were addreffed not merely to the government of 

Mauritius, but to that of France, and we cannot afcertain how foon they may be fatisfied tp 

the full extent of his acknowledged expeftations. This therefore is not merely the cafe of 

an injury to be repaired, but of the public (afcty to be fecured againll the prefentand future 

"defigns of an irreconcilable, defperate, and treacherous .enemy. . Againft an enemy of this ^ 

xlefcription no efFe£tual fecurity can be obtained, otherwife than by fuch a redu£lion of his 

power, as fhall not only defeat his aftual preparations^ but ellabli|h a permanent reftraint up- 

*on his future means af offence, j 

— s 




f •— 


^HE Ptrfian papers of which the folhtamg numbers are tranjlationsy were found in 
the palace of the late lippoo Sultaun at Seringapatam^ 

They are authenticated i^s either true copies or original documents ^either by the private • 
fecretaryto the Commander in Chief of the Briti/h forces, prior to the injitution of a board 
of commijioners for the affairs ofMyfoor, or fubfequently by mevU>ers of that board, 
and alfo by Hubbeeb^oolU, head moonjhy (or fecretary) to the late Tippoo Sultaun, 

The papers from No. i to No. xoinclujive, relate to the alliance between Tiippoo 
Sultaun and the French nation. 

"The originals ofNos. i, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, and 20 are memo^ 
randum books ^ partly in^ Tippoo Sultaun^ s own hand^writing^ and partly in that of bis 
head moonjhy ^ and of fever al of the principal officers of his Government. 

' They are tranjlated in the form and order in which they refpeElively appear in the 
original mismorandum books ^ 

The hand-'writing of'ihe^ Sultdun^ and of each of the chiefs orfecretaries^ was pointed 
. out and at te fled by Hubheeb-oolla^ chief fecretary to the Sultaun. 

The papers fubfequent to No. 20 exhibit the Antercourfe which fubfifted between 
Tippoo Sultaun and Zemaun Shah f the king ofCabul^ for purpofes hoflile to the Britifh . 
'Empire in India.- * 

//' is proper to remark, that the late Tippoo Sultaun^ either with a view to denote in^ 
the mofl confpicuom manner^ his pretenfons to abfolute fovereignty and independancCf 
or from the fuggejl ions of pride or caprice, or from thefe motives combined, changed the 
ara in ufe with all other Muffulman States, and altered the names and dejtgnations of 
all the officet of government ; of the divijions of territory, and terms of revenue ; of the ' 
implements of war, and of coins, weights andmeafures ; fujiituting names of his own 
invention for thofe which are in ufe in every other part of Hindoflan. She cera which 
he adopted is precifely the Tellingana, which commenced with the Cali-^Tug, or fourth 
incarnation of Vijhnu according to the mythology of the Hindus. It conjifis offuccef^ 
' fpe cycles of 60 years each, every year beating a difiinEl name ; and of thefe Cycles, 8 1 
are f aid t'y have eldpfed. Tippoo Sultaun ihvented new names for thofe years, and 
changed the names of the months ; adding thereto the cera of the birth of Mahomed, 
for rather that of Mahomed* s aJfumptionofthecharatlerof'God^s mejfenger,) which ' 
was thirteen yeart prior to the Higeree. 

, T be feries of papers here printed forms but a fmallpart of the majs of volumi* 
musxorrefp^ndence found in the palace of Seringapatam, aU of the fame tendency, and- 

nfanife fling 

- ' — 

manifejling the fame implacable hatred of the Bfitijh Nation. The recent difc&very and^ 
tranfmijfion of a large portion of that correffondence occajions the following colled,ion ta, 
he Ufs complete than it might have been^ by the addition oj papers equally inter efting 
' and important with tbofe now printed^ which would ferve to conncEt the chain oftranjac^ 

tionsy and to corroborate the evidence of fa£is. But the following papers are more than 

Sufficient to /hew the urn emitting ardor with which the late Tippoo Sultaun had for 

' years purfued the objeSs of his infatiable revenge^ by violating every principle of faith ^^ 

^ truth and honor ^ and by defcending to artifices^ the meane^ and tttojl, degrading to^^bi^ 

ch^aSler, (is a man and a f(yvereign^ 








No. t. ' 

^be wboU of the ariginal of this number is in Tippoo Sultauris hand-writing. 

. NAMES of the Sirdars {or Chiefs)^ of the French Nation, 

Five feleft Sirdars, pofleffing the fupreme authority in France. The title of their office 
Poiivoir Execiuif. ' They are alfo called Membres- 

Official defignation of the affembly of ?oo Sirdars, cbnftituting the deliberative body in 
France, and fubordinate to the five Sirdars abovementioned— — Confeil des Anciens, 

The official defignation of the two perfons out of the affembly of 500 cotnpofing the deli- 
berative body in France, who are at the Mauritius — Aux Reprefentans du Peuple. 

' The name of the perfon who came out with the appointnient of Commander in Chief 
(Sirdar) on the part of the French Nation in India, is General Citoyen Mangallon. 

The Commander (Sirdar) of all the French Ships, Citoyen Sercey, Amiral de Mcr de 
la Republique. 

Name of the Chief (Sirdar) of the Mauritius, Malartic, Governeur General de I'lfle 
de France, ct de la Re-union. 

Names of the three Iflands belonging to the Englifli — Ireland, Guernfcy, Jerfey. 

On the Englifh Ifland there was once the Rajah of a tribe called Coofeea — a hundred years 
ago, the Englilh Rajah putthe Rajah of the * Cooffeeas to death,, and toot pofleffion of his- 

In the name of God, the merciful, the condpaffionate \ 
What occurs to my mind is this — To retain the Frenchman Ripaud as a vakeel-— oftenfibly 
as a fervant — to purchafe the (hip which he has brought, load upon it black pepper and other 
articles of merchandize. To fend two confidential perfons, with letters from that Frenchman* 
There are two European navigators with Ripaud ; to entertain them in the capacity of na- 
vigators ; and entrufting to the verbal communications of thefe two reputable perfons and the 
Frenchman what is intended to be communicated, fatisfy the mind of the French Nation, 
and require Chriftian forces. The officers of each department to commit to writing their^ 
opinion feparately. 

Ripaud has agreed to this :— — 

Subject adjufted 27th of Rubbaunee, of the year of Herafut,. 1214 from the birth of 
Mahomed, (anfweringto 2^tb Marcby ij^j.) 

On the 5th Ahmcdy of the year Sauz, (anfwering to id yfpril, 1797,^ two perfons, Meer 
Ghoolaum AUi and Mcerza Bauker, were appointed to proceed to Europe, for the purpofe 
of negotiating with the Friench Nation; and Huffun AH and Meer Yoofuf Ali, to- accompany 
the Commander of the French fliips, hy name Citoyea Sercey, Amiral de Mcr, de la Rc- 
gublique Frantjaife. 

• Coojftcaftsms inUnJcd for Ecoflais 5(?oi«i&, an J the Rjjah, /or 9nt of the Kn^s of Scotland..- 


Queftion to the Officers of Government, 
What negotiatiOBs and engagements fhall be entered into with the Fiench natibn? 

ift. The French troops and Fvench comnnander to be under the orders of the Khoo* 
didaud* Sirkar, in military matters^ as well as with refpefl tot marches and halfs. 2dly», 
After taking Cheenaputtun, (Madras) it Ihould be deftroyed, and let the fea overwhelm it. 
Frooi Pondicherry to Madras, territory yielding five lacs of rupees to be given to ther 
French. The remainder of the Cuddalore diftrift to belong to the Khoodadaud Sirkar. The 
flort of Ginjee.alfo to be ceded to the French. Every one lb appropriate whatever plunder 
he acquires inthe fort of Madras and the Black-town. The fort of Coa to belong to the 
Khoodadaud Sirkar; Bombay to belong to the French. 3dly, The army of the Khooda^ 
daud Sirkar to unite with that of the French in the conqueft of Bengal. The commander 
of the forces of thcJ;Ahmedy. Sirkar and the commanderrof the French troops to act in^ 
concert; no operation to be undertaken without the advice of the commander of the French 
troops. Such part of the territory of Bengal as may be conquered to be equally divided 
Iretween the Khoodadaud Sirkar and the French. 4thly, The queftion of war and peace 
•with the Englifti to be decided only by the mutual advice of the parties, thacis to fay, tlie 
Khoodadaud Sirkar and the French. . 

On the back of; the original^ 

O Proteflor! 
Belonging to the Prefence. 
A . True Tranffation, 


PerfiSin Tranflator to the Government; 

No. , 2^ 

The whoU of iKe original of this fiumher is in. the hand-ioriting of Mbhummud l^ezza, • 

(the Binky Nabob). 

Anfwer from the Meer Meeraun (or Heads of the 'Military Department.) 
Our humble reprefentation- is as follows:— Let your Highnefs for the prefent fatisfy Ripaud's ^ 
i»ind, and keeping him here, require him to write, letters of affurance (or encouragement) to 
the French, fend thofe letters to the Mauritius and call in a Chriftian force— That force to be 
direfted.againft Calicut, and having conquered the Calicut diftriQ, let the latter be made over 
to the Khoodadaud Sirkar — After which let provifions and fuccdur be fupplied from the 
Khoodadaud Sirkar — And let it be taken into your Highnefs's fervice.— The chaftife- 
ment of the^ Englifli*- is 7on every account indifpen fable — Every moment, every hour, the 
agitation of this affair is neceffary, and paramount to every thing. — In fpite of the expendi- 
ture of fo large a fura of money, the infincerity, faithleffnefs and refraftory difpofuion of the 
Frejich is evident to your Higljnefs— Without their making over to the Khoodadaud Sirkar, . 
the diftria of Calicut, it^does not appear adVifeabfe to us, that they Ihould be permitted to 
land in any of your Highncfs's pons, and be furniOied with provifions and fuccours. Though 
the Ihip fliould be purchafed from the Frent:hman by the Khoodadaud Sirkar, ftill it would ' 
not be advifeable to fend her, for they feized this Ihip piratically^-We do not know 
what port fhe belongs to, and therefore^ left feme difturbance (hould happen in the voyage 
on. this, account, let your Highnefs fend fome other (hip under the name of a merchant Ihip, , 

• Khoodadaud, literally Jignifies Godgwen. Tippoo SuUaun adopted this dejignation at the condnfion of )ke 'war in lygt. 

t That is to fay, all military operations. 

t ^Astatka Urm by 'which lipppo. Sultaun .ufed to def^uau his government. .• 



"With a quantity of black-ptpper and rice, and difpatch her together with the two European 
navigators and the confidential perfons. Letters from the Khoodadaud Sirkar are unneceiTary. 


On the back of the original. POORNEA. 

Meet Meeraun. 
Subjeft adjuftedon the 27th of Rubbaunee ,1284, from the birth of Mahomed, T^s/ir 
Maub 1797.) 

A True Tranflation, 


P. T. to Government. 

No. 3. 

'The tiboU of the original of ibis numher is in ibe band-writing of Syud Mohummud Khaun^ 
who was killed in the ajfault of Seringapatam, on the 4fh of May. 

The anfwer from the Meer Aflbfs, (or Head Revenue Officers.) 
It is rcprefented as follows— Your Highnefs (hould by any means retain Ripaud t'Wo whole 
^nonths, and wait till you receive accurate intelligence of the ftate of the war between the 
French and Englifti — It appears mod advifeable not to fend the two navigators, Ripaud's 
companions, until then — Becaufe this circumftance, conceal it as you may, cannot be en- 
tirely hid from them — And fhould they be deGrous of making a peace together, they will 
make a handle of this ciciGumftance to come to an accommodation. Your Highnefs (hoiild 
^ffpa this in fuch a manner that no one may be able to unite with them*— With regard to the 
amount of the French force, if you fhould require a larger .force than the refources of thi^s 
country are ftriQly adequate to, yet they will not bring the whole — It is the praftice of ^his 
nation outwardly to promife a great deal and to fall very (hort in performance. Should 'it 
be your Highnefs's pleafure, I would propofe, that your Highnefs fhould take from Ripaud 
two of his Europeans, and nominating a perfon from among the fervants of the Sircar, caufe 
letters to be drawn up by the hand of Ripaud and difpatch them fpeedily— To that all three 
proceeding together, may give an account of the attachment between the Khoodadaud 
Sircar and the French, and ratify engagements with them in their own country, and return- 
After receiving authentic intelligence, let your Highnefs carry into efFc6l fuch important 
bufinefs as may be to be performed— ^Tbis is what appears to be the mod advifeable line for 
your Highnefs to purfue. 

If Ripaud's fhip may be purchafed at a fair price, we would recommend it to your High- 
. nefs to purchafe it; at the feafon of a6lion, it is needful. 

.Dated. 23d Rubbaunee in the year Heraufut — (anfwering to 2 \Jl March 1797)- 


Queftion on the 'part .of the Khoodadaud Sifkar. 
• "Wh^tnegotiations and engagements fhall be entered into -with the French nation'? 

.How far it is pra&icable to eftablifli a perfe6l union with the French, is evident — If the 

fcene of war were in France, the entire aid of the Khoodadaud Sirkar would not be afford- 

ffd them, nor could it — In the fame manner, neither could the whole aid of the French be 

afforded in the country of the Sirkar — How then can a pcrfeft union be effefted with the 

•^French nation ?—Unlefs indeed, as it is with the Englifli, by giving into the hani^ of^the 

, *^The Englifi muHpe bsre undtffi»9d» 



French the ports, iflands, and forts, and admitting a permanent French force to be in iht 
neighbourhood, then an union may be efFeaed.— An aUiance. (literally fartnerfhip) with ad- 
venturers, (literally travellers) men who carry their houfes on their backs, indigent and uncoir- 
neScd, is a delicate bufinefs — Still however in conformity to order, it is humbly recommended 
that you ftiould in the firft inftance, completely eftablifh your engagements with the French* 
-and then proceed to bufinefs — Dated as above, , , * 

On the Back of the original, 

Meer Affof. A True tranflation, 

•P. T. to Governmem. 

No. 4. 

Anfwer from the Meer Yem (or Heads of the Marine Department.) 
What negotiations and engagements (hall be entered into with the French Nation ? 
An engagement to this effeft Ihould be made with the Sirdars of the French Nation viz that 
while the fun and moon endure, the French (hall not fwerve from their friendfliii with the 
Xhoodadaud Sirkar, and that they fhall not aa with refpea to the continuation of war oe the 
conclufion of peace, without the concurrence (literally order) of the Khoodadaud Sirkar and 
that after the arrival of the French force its marches and haks (in other words mlitary ope. 
rations) fliall be at the difcretion of the Khoodadaud Sirkar. "^ ■^ 

c u- n. J- a J ,_ , . . HAUFEZ MOHUMMUD. 

Subjea adjufted on the 27th of Rubbaunee of the year Heraufut, 1224 of the birth of Ma. 
homed (anfwenng to 2^ib March, ijgy). 

It will be proper to fend two refpeaable perfons as upon a trading concern, and it is ad- 
vifcable to afcertam the ftate of things. 

On the ^ack of the original, (Signed) HAUFEZ MOHUMMUD 

Oh Proteaor ! mEER GHOOLAUM AlLl 

MeerYera. A true Tranflation, , 


P. T. to the Governipcnt* 

No. 5. 

The whole of the original of this number is in the hand-writing of Choolaum ^ik 
Anfwer from the Meer Suddoor (or Heads of Department conneSed mitb Forts and Garrifonr ) 
What your Highnefs has ftated is highly right and proper. It being your Highnefs's de 
Cgn to fend for a French force, we recommend u to your Highnefs to Iftablifli vour en^aae" 
ments firmly in Europe, and then require it ; otherwife after involving vou Jn //^n„,W 
will fecede. and thus difgrace thcmfclves, as your Highnefs knows thtvfnr ^ a^'^ '^^^ 
midftof the waraf* Ume illegil^le) ^h.Ahcy f^.rTd^^^^^^ 

atXef^ea! ^--"^— /- Highnei \o .rn. mor: :Z\^L7^tZ 

What negotiations and engagements fiiall be entered into with the French Nation ? 
Fnendftiip has very long fubfitted between the Khoodadaud Sirkar and the French and this 
p.rcumftance is well known to all. Owing to the fricndfliip fubfifting with the French lack 




have been expended by the Khoodiadaud Sirkar, the Sirdars, and their relations, to promoto 
the concerns of the French Nation ; and many have facrificed their lives in the purfuit. This 
all thb people in Europe &c. well know ; moreover, the combination of the three powers*, 
(literally ferjons) and the commotion they feton foot, by which they inflifted mifery on the 
people and laid violent hands on the country and prop'erty of the Sirkar, was entirely owing to 
the attachment fubfifting with the French; for otherwife there was no motive for the enmity of 
the three powers. The French Nation are, well informed of thcife events, and probably arc 
not regardlefs of them; be it therefore declared^ that if a refpcftable French army Ihall land 
in the neighbourhood of Calicut, fupplies of provifions fliall be afforded by the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar, and the arrangement of the country fhall be made in concert. An engagement to this 
cfFeft muft take place, viz. that fuch territory as belonged to the Khoodadaud Sirkar fhall 
revert to the Sirkar, and of fuch new territorial conquefts as may be made, half fhall be re- 
tained by the Sirkar and half be granted to the French ; alfo, that the friendfhip between the 
Khoodadaud Sirks^r and the French fhall endure while the earth and the fkies^remain, that 
the continuation of war and the conclufion of peace with the Enemy be decided by concert 
between the two States, and that nothing be undertakjsn without advice (given to the Sirkar). 
To add more would be to tranfgrefs the bounds of refpeft. Dated 25th of Rubbaunee. 

Subjeft adjufted, 27th of Rubbaunee, of the year Heraufut, 1224 from the birth of Ma- 
fcorocd f 25/^ Marcby 1797^. 

On the back of the original, (Signed) GHOOLAUM ALLI, 

Oh proteQor ! MEER SUDDOOR. 

Meer Suddoor. A true Tranflation, 


P. T. to Cdvernment. 

No. e. 

Stbe whole of the original of this number is in the hand-writing of Shaikh IJmaeel. 
Anfwer of the Meer Khauzin, (or Treajurer.) 
1 recc^mmend that the following propofals be made to the French. 

•* The Khoodadaud Sirkar having furnilhed fuch troops and money as you require, let your 
•* troops join and co-operate with thofp of his Highnefs and render themfelves matters of 

*' the country of 1 which is in the way, and having Rationed garrifons, proceed onward to 

** conquer that part o( your country which has been taken poffeffion of by the Englifh. Af- 
•* ter regaining the country fo taken by the Englifli, fuch arrangem^^ntof it to be made as may 
** be thought proper, and friendfhip and alliance remain eftablifhed between the two States. 
** Until the conquefl of the country of — — t be effefted, provifions for yoiir troops to be fur- 
•* nifhed by the Khoodadaud Sirkar; both parties to keep account thereof. Supplies of prbvi- 
** lions &c. expences for fuch troops of the Sirkar as fhall bs fent to co-operate in recovering 
" your country, to be furnifhed by you, becaufe the country of the Khoodadaud Sirkar is at 
. " a great diftance; and afterwards let the accounts be fettled." 


Subjeft adjufted on the 27th of Rubbaunee, of the year Heraufut, 1224 from the birth of 
Mahomed, (2 5M Aftfr^;&, 179/.) 

I beg leave humbly to reprefent. — ^et Ripaud, who is come on the part of the French Na- 
tion, be required to write a letter to the Sirdar of the French, and let it be tent by a man 
of Ripaud's, and two other perfons be at the fam? time fent ctnpty handed, to bring private 

• ingltjh, mam fnd M^rbattas, t ^«w.^ iV//jtfZp, ^ 

' • WforT 

, V 


information from the Sirdar of the French, fo that thefe twoperfons may afcertain vhere Ri^ 
paud's letter goes, and whence the anfwer really comes, and return and report accordingly to. 
ihc prefence. To write more would be to tranl^^cfs the bounds of refpcft. 

On the back of the original A true Tranlktion, 

Meer Khauzin. N. B. EDMONSTONE,. 

p. T. to the Govermenu 

' I .* < . 1 1 lC 

No. 7. 

^h wboU of the original of this numher is in the hand-writing of Abmud'Kbaun* 
Anfwer of the MuUick-oo-Toojar, (or Heads of the Comfltercial Department.) 
In the name of the moft merciful God ! 
This Ripaud that is come, God knows what afs it is; whence he comes, and for what puf-^- 
pofe. The evil and fecret defigns of thofe even who are inhabitants of this country, cannot 
be known all at once. For the prefent however, it is advifcable to retain him in the fer vice 
of the Sirkar, and next feafdn make this lyar write letters to the Rajah of the French, and thea.-- 
wait to fee what anfwers are returned, and what the Rajah of the French writes; and after peru-r 
fal of the Rajah's letters, let your Highnefs afl: as may appear advifeable and politic. ♦ Kib* , 
leh of the world! the French are not firm to their engagements; when through the aflift- 
ance of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, they (hall have acquired poffeflion of territory, perhaps they 
will not adhere to their engagements* Kibleh of the world ! your Highnefs muft adopt fuch. 
xneafures as will give you the fuperioricy over the Englilh, and to that end it is advifeahle that 
you Ihould takefome one by the hand, and then through the aid of God, and the favor of the 
prophet, by force of arms extirpate the Englifh, and give them, to the waters and the wind* 
The engagements that feem proper to be made witk the French are thefe. The territory of 
the Khoodadaud Sirkar which paffcd into the hands of the Englifh, to revert exclufively to the 
Sirkar ; whatever other country and forts belonging to the Chriftians, which itiay fall into our- 
hands, to be equally divided between the Sirkar and the FrencK. In the fame manner, 
whatever money, effefts, &:c. may be taken, to be divided as above^ Alfo, fhould a peace 
be in agitatiaa between the French and the Englifh, not to be concluded without the concur- 
rence of the Khoodadaud Sirkar; but an the cantrary, be concluded in concert with, and by 
confent of, the Khoodadaud Sirkar. For inftance, fuppofing that in fome particular point irx 
the treaty of peacej the French fhould be for, and the Sirkar againft ; then neither that treaty 
of peace, nor that point, to b!e executed. No demands of money and effefts to be made upon 
the Sirkar, but fuch amount, n>ore or lefs, as from motives of kindnefs and indulgence youx- 
Highnefs may be defirous of difburfing, upon application might be given. 'The Comraandec 
in Chief who comes with the French force to be inflrufted by the Rajah of the French to ba 
fubjeft to the controul of the Sirkar, and not to take any ftep without orders, and in all eno 
gagements in the fi^ld, as well i^s in fieges of farts, to be obedient to the orders af the pre- 
fence, Kibleh of religion and the world! Should your Highnefs think proper to. enter inta 
itegotiations and engagements with the Rajah of the French, there is no accafion to wait till 
next feafon. Your Highnefs has only to write letters, and caufe Ripaud ta write others, and 
giving your iaflruftions with refpeft to what is to be committed to verbal communication, de- 
pute him with two refpeftable perfons belonging to the Sirkar, and two of Ripaud's affociates, 
i'oihat an anfwer may arrive by the commencement of the feafon. Protedor of the world? 
we have thu^ taken the liberty to reprefent what has occurred to our deficient underftandings, 

(Signed) SHAIKH AHMUD, ? , , „. , n. - ^ 

^ ^ • MAHOMMEDISMAEEL.JM^"^^-^^-T~J^^^ 

* TAe foint to wkicb all Muffulmdm tu$jt, mbtn prajing. 

' Written 




"Written the 26th of Rubbaunee of the year Heraufut» 12554 from the birth of Mahomed. 
'^Jwering to 241b March 1797.) % 

Subjea adjuftcd on thp 27th of Rubbaunee of the year Heraufut, 1224 from the birth of 
Mahomed, (z^tb Mareby 1797 J 

Ou the back of the original. A true Tranflation, 

MuUick.oo-Toojar. N. B. EDMONSTONE* 

P. T. to the Government. 

No. 8. 

^ OBSkRVATlONS, fabmiued by ibi Departments of Government td Tippoo Sultaun, bH the Jub^ 
jell of the negotiation propojed to he opened with the Frtnchy through the channel of R^paud; with 
a rough draft of the propofitions to be tranjmitted to the French^ as prepared by the Suit am himjelf 

^be firft part of the original is in the hand of Mohummud Rezza (the Binky Nabob J ; the fe^ 
•tond^ in that ef Tippco Sultauh. 

In the name of the itioft merciful God ! 

The reprerentation which Ripaud formerly made is perfeftly well known to your High- 
T)efs> as it is alfo to us; and the flatement now made by Aubaine, on Friday the toth of the 
hionth Shamfec of the year Sauz,. 1225 from the birth of Mahomed, in direft oppofitipn to 
that of Ripaudj is ^vett known to your Highnefs. From firft to laft, the language of this 
man has be^n that of felf-intereft and falfehood, nothing has refulted from this bufinefs, and 
nothing elfe will come of it. From the erroneous ftatements of this fcoundrel the ftrongeft 
doubts have arifen^ and even his requeft for permiQion to go a hunting to the diftance of eigt^c 
or ten cofs is very fufpicious. When fo much chicane^ coveteoufnefs of money» artifice and 
deceit are apparent in that (hon diftance, what may not be expeded in fo \6iig a voyage, with 
the moallims (navigators or mates) his aflpciates ? The tranfafting of affairs of fuch vaft im- 
portance through the medium of fuch a low fellow tends to throw difcredit on the tranfac- 
tion* It is hoped^ that your Highnefs will iprocuK moallims of a better defcription, and that 
your Highnefs, after procuring authentic intelligence of the ftate of the war &c. between the 
French and the Englifh, will difpacch them at the firft of the feafon. If thefe doubts and 
Tufpicions had not occurred in this bufinefs, nothing could have been better — With refpcd to 
the conqiieft of Nizam A Hi's country, pleafe God, at a proper opportunity you muft fo ma- 
nage, that it may fall into your hands with the utmoft facility, and alfo that the other two 
powers (literally perfons) msiy he made to repent (their defigns) : the queftion depends up- 
on the union of the three powers.* When a new dominion Ihall come into your Highnefs's 
poflTcffion, although (he other two powers (Nau Kujfaun) ihould unite, yet, through the fpiri- 
tual aid of the religion of the Holy Prophet, the chaftifement of thofe two powers may be 
efFefted with a fuitable force, agreeably to your Highnefs's wifhes. The troops cX two pow- 
ers cannot exceed thofe of three. By the favor of God, the troops of two powers are ac 
your command (literally inyour pojjejjion) ; the chaftifement of thofe two f difgraceful powerii 
will certainly be completely efFefted. The objeft of this ftate will probably be much better 
" a feafon of opportunity, than by relying upon the agency of this compound of air 
and water (meaning Ripaud) . To write more would be to tranfgrefs the bounds of refpeft. 
Written on the 11th of the month Ahmedy of the year Sauz, 1225 from the birth of Ma- 
iiomed (an/wering to itb March 1797 J. (Signed) The reprefcntation of the five depart- 
ments of gov.ernment. 

* The nvord in the original is Nau-KulTaun 5 KulTaun figniJUs pcrfons, and the addition of the pri^hti'Vi^ Nau, conveys tki 
Jignijication of wonhlefs': the Englifh^ tBe NizMm, and the Marbattas are defgned by the exfrefion. 

t Tbt term in the original is } cUoW 'faced, aA«r;kr^r£^« ofcmcmft^ ani apfurentij afplitd to tlu £ngl\/b and MarAaita/h 



After two blank leaves in the memorandum hok, occurs the following in Tippoo ^ultaun's band^ 
writing. ^ . ♦ 

In the name of the tnoft merciful God ! . 

Article ift.— On the 5th of the month Ahmedy of the year Sauz, 1225 from the birtli 
of Mahomed, anfwei ing to Sunday the 4th of the month of Showaul, (correfponding with the 
td Aprils ^79lO after the 8 th hour of the day, (about 9 o'clock, A. M.) at the hour Kummer, 
atid when the fun entered Taurus, the following propofitions from the Khoodadaud Sirkar^ 
comprized in five articles, were made to the French Nation, through Francois Ripaud, a 
Frenchman, and caiifed to be taken down in writing by him. . Before the propofitions 
(were taken down), Fran9ois Ripaud, of his own accord (landing, up, topk an bath upon the 
infignia of his Nation, {cockade) which he had planted in his hat, and kilTed it. 

After a blank leaf in the memorandum book, the following article is inferted. 

Article ift. — Let friendfhip be lo firmly eftabliflied by Oath and engagement between 
the Khoodadaud Sirkar and the Nation of that Sirkar, and the French Nation, as long as the 
fun and nooon fliall endure, that the conduft of their refpeflive fubjeCls (literally menial fer- 
vants) may not be able to impair it. If, (which God forbid,) any difturbance be excited^ by 
their fubjefts, (literally /i?rx;tf»/i) no offence muft be taken by the King and the Sirdars of thq 
French Nation,- but the affair muft be adjufted, and an accommodation be cffeQed, by cor- 
rcfpondence and perfonal negociation. 

Article 2. — The Frfcnch have from the firft had it in contemplation to expel the Englifh 
from Hinduftan ; and bccaufe of the amity fubfifting between me and the French, the En- 
glifh united with themfelves Nizam Alii Khaun and the Marhattas, attacked the country of 
the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and fubjefted me lovafl lolfes. Thefe (iirumflances are fully known 
to the French Nation. It is therefore written, that the French Nation fhould fatisfy the mind 
of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, in order that the enemy of the French be expell'ed from India. 
The plan of this war as it may be concerted in Europe, to be, in the firft inftancc, communi- 
cated to the Khoodadaud Sircar, and to be adjufted conformably to its demands. The parti- 
culars of this affair will appear from the third article. 

Article 3. — French foldiers as far as 10,000; and Negroes, (Huhfhee) as far as 30,006, 
to be landed. Ships of war fuitable to the number of troops to be in attendance at fea, until 
the conclufion of the war. Whatever warlike articles may be wanted fhall be fupplied by 
the Khoodadaud Sirkar. After the conqueft and partition of the country, the French to be 
charged with their (hare of the expence. The French commander and his army to be under 
the orders of the Khoodadaud Sirkar in alt military operations, halts and narches. The 
French army to land at the fort of Mirjaun, in the country of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, fitu- 
ated near Goa, which extends as far as the great river, {KJ?auree)s^x\A affording effeftual aid, 
bring the fortrefs of Goa into the poffeffion of the Khoodadaud Sirkar. The fortrefs of 
Bombay fhall be made over to the French. * The army of the Sirkar to proceed from Goa 
to Madras, taking the forts in the way ; and as far as Mafulipatam to be accompanied by the 
French force. From Mafulipatam, an army, compofed of 40,000 foot and 40,000 horfe, un- 
der the command of trufty officers of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, to be fent, with a French force, 
and accompanied by French officers, againft Bengal. 

' Article 4th. — The whole of the Englifh territorial poffeflions in Hinduftan ftiall be re- 
duced. Half of the country^ and the forts and ftores, fhall be taken by the Sirkar, and the 
other half made over to the French Sirdar. After making over to the French Sirdar the half 
of the territory and forts belonging to the Englifh, the expence of all thetupplies furnifhed by 
ilje Khoodadaud Sirkar to the French army fhall be made good by the faid Sirdar. The parti- 
tion of the country and forts of the Englifh fliall thus be made. The country and forts of the 
Khoodadaud Sirkar, wjiich the Englifh wrcfted from it four or five years ago, are not to be 
included in the partition : the fortrefs of Goa fhall be poffeffed by the Khoodadaud Sirkar;. 

* Jbe exfrejjigtt u Sov^rturec KhauTi, i»kich implien Ttffo§ Sultaun^j army c0mma9M hy bifn in fir/on* 



and that of Bombay (hall be left to the French. — N. B. In the original of this article there are 
many alterations and amendments. 

Article 5th. — If any power [Sirdar) in this countr)' fliall affiftr the EngliQi, both 
parties, that is, the French and the Khoodadaud Sirkar, ihall join to punifh fuch en^emy: 
and, in the fame manner, if any one (hall commit hoftilities againd the French army, the lac* 
ter (hall be fupported by that of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, without any expence to the French. 

The fort of Cheenaputtun (Madras) to be taken in concert, and to be delivered up with 
all its (lores to the French. That fort muft be ra^ed, and the fort of Pondicherry, muft be 
repaired. In like manner, if any one (hall attack the Khoodadaud Sirkar, the French (hall be 
prepared to puni(h him, under the orders of the Khoodadaud Sirkar. 

Article 4th, — As long as the fun and moon (hkll retain their courfe, the Frencli Nation 
muft confider the enemies of the Khoodadaud Sirkar as their own enemies, and in like man- 
ner the enemies of the French Nation (hall be confidered as the enemies of'the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar, and both parties muft join in puni(hing and fepulfing them. 

N. B. The original of the foregoing articles feems to be the rough draft of tbofe wbicb afpear 
in a fnoreperfeSi and conneSed form in No. lo. 

Proposition. — From the tenor of Ripaud's difcourfe, it would appear, that he did not 
come of his own accord, but that his fuperiors fent him to afcertain how the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar is afFcfted towards the French nation ; but now, on Friday the 10th of the month Ah- 
medy, and the ninth of the month Kummeree (or it may mean the lunar month) of the year 
Sauz, 1225 from the birth of Mahommcd. it appears from the declarations of the European, 
Aubaine, an a(rociate of Ripaud's, made before the (ix departments of the government, that 
Ripaud is an inhabitant of Bourbon ; that having taken a merchant (hip, they came out to 
plunder the (hips of the Engli(h; that neither is fervant to the other, but that they (hare in 
common. The fending of the four Sirdars of the Khoodadaud Sirkar therefore, on a deputa- 
tion lo the French nation, is my own aft, and the publicity of this would be produQive of dif- 
turbance. However, if (we) lay hands on the dominions (literally boufe) of Nizam Ally, the 
other two infidels ^meaning it is fuppcfed the Ensrlifh and Marbattas) would ftill unite : Is it or 
is it not beft to depute the four Sirdars to the French Nation ? Commit to writing what is ad- 
vifeable on this head. Dated as above. 

N. B. This propofuion would appear to le addrefjtd as a Quere to the Departments. 

Article 5th. — Four perfons holding offices under the Khoodadaud Sirkar are vetted with 
full powers, and fcnt to negotiate friendfhip between the two parties. If they [the French) 
are di(pored to eftabiifh friendfhip, and form alliance with the Khoodadaud Sirkar, let them 
fatisfy the minds of the faid four Sirdars by oath and engagement, and let the French alfo 
fatisfy their own minds by taking oath and engagement from tbem\ and having thus adjufted 
the concerns of both parties, and eflablilhed mutual friendfhip, let them fpeedily fend an 
army; and let three of the faid Sirdars be fent, with two French Sirdars, on a (hip of war to 
Europe, to negotiate with the French Nation ; and the other Sirdar be fent, with the officers of 
the French army, to this quarter. Pleafe God, the intereft and fatisfaftion of both parties will 
by thcfc means be promoted, and the enemy of the French Nation be efFedtually exterminated, 

A True Tranflation, ^ 

N. B. EDMONSTONE, P. T. to the Government; 

No. 9* 


No. 9. 

Tr an/la tion of guertes, by the ftrfom appoinUi by the late Tippoo Sultaun to proened en an 
^mbafy to the Ijle of France^ wtb anfwers to the fame. 

The queries in the original manufcript are in the band-writing 0} Mirza Bauker^ {tobo'xoai killed 
^t the battle of Malavelly} and the an/zver in the hand-writing of Mohummui Rezza, {the Binky 

♦ In the name of the moft merciful God ! 
O Proteftor! 
Question from Mirza Bauker, Meer Yoofuf AUi, Hufltin Alii, and Meet Ghoolaum Alli^ 
to the Six Departments of the Khoodadaud Government. 

•* Are we, whom you are about to depute to adjuft the concerns of the govcrnnaent^ to be 
" vetted with full powers with regard ro all the points comprized in the five articles^ or to 
'** be fubjeft to orders? let us be informed explicitly/^ 

Answer from all the members of the Six Departments of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, to the 
exception of Ghoollaum Alli^ the Suddoor. *^ You are vetted with full powers with regard to 
*• all the points' comprized in the five articles.*' 

Answer from Ghoollaum Alii, the Suddoor. ** To the exception of engagements^ yott 
" are vetted with full powers with regard to all other political points/' 

Question the fecond. *' Conformably to our inftru6kions after our arrival at the Mauri« 
'** tins, we fliall make the following propofition to the French -Sirdars: That they fatisfy our 
'* minds by oath and by formal engagements, while we do the fame, with refpeft to them ; 
** That they then fend an army accompanied by one of us to the country of the Khooda- 
** daud Sirkar, while the remaining three proceed accompanied by two Sirdars of their Nation 
•• to Europe, for the purpofe of adjufl,ing matters and fdtisfying our minds. Should the Sir- 
** dars at the Mauritius on being made acquainted with this propofition anfwer, that they are 
" but fervants, and with refpeft to military co-operation, have only authority' to attend with* 
•* out hefitation, if our Sovereign require it, but are not at liberty to enter into formal engage- 
^' ments with us, although when arrived at the Prefence, they Will in perfon enter into for- 
'** mat engagements and attach themfeWes to his Highnefs« fervice and obey his commands^ 
'* in fuch cafe what are ^e to do?" 

Anfwer from all the members of the Six Departments oT the Khoodadaud Sirkar^ excepting 
Ghoolaum Alii, Meer Suddoor. ^' If the Sirdars of the Mauritius (hould objeQ to enter into 
" formal engagements, you mutt endeavour by every device in your power to induce them ; if 
" however, they ftiouid tfiil perfift in refufing, you mutt of neceffity give way> and not infitt 
" upon that point/' 

Answer from Ghoolaum Alii, the Suddoor. ** Unlefs they enter into formal engagements, 
** you fliould not bring an army." 

Question the Third. " After the refufal of the Sirdars at the Mauritius to enter into for- 
•• mal engagements, Ihall we, or ftiall we not, proceed to Europe ?" 

Answer unanimoufly from all the Six Departments of the Khoodadaud Sirkar. ^ You mufl: 
'** ufe due exertions to obtain a formal engagement ; Ihould they however, at length not con- 
^* fent, you Ihould proceed to Europe." 

Question the Fourth. ** After our arrival in Europe, if thcmanagcrs there fliould like- 
^ wife refufe to enter into engagements, what are we to do ?" 

Anfwer unanimoufly from all the Six Departments of the Khoodadaud Sirkar. " You will 
^* ^eave unemployed no exertions to obtain formal engagements ; if, however^ they absolutely 

^ thii invfcation u in tbt band^writing o/Timo SuUaun. 

^ Wifl 



^•' wilV not confcnt, you will obtain from them friendly addreffes and return. If you find no 
<* alternative, fetting afide the formal obligation, you will obtain from the Minifters a counter- 
" part of the agreement confifting of five articles^ and partings upoi^good terms^ fct out for 
« the Prefence/' 

On the back of the origindti 
Oh Proteaor! 

A. True TrSmCTationi 


P. T. tatbe Gw/# 

No. 10- 

^UE original of the following memorandum and the five articles annexed to it is in the band-writ-* 
ing of she late Tifpoo Sultaun ; the drafts of letters to the Executive DireSlory^ (dc. in tbeband^ 
writing of Hubbeeb-oolla, the Sultaun's head Moonjhy ; and the remainder^ in that of Mobummud 
Eezza (otberwife called the Binky Nabob). The whole is upon red coloured paper. 

In the name of the moft merciful God ! 

On the 5th of the month Ahmedy of the year Sauz, 1225 from the birth of Mahomed^ 
anfwering to the 4th of Showaul, (correfponding with the 2d. April 1797) the propofitions^ 
from the Khoodadaud Sirkar were made to the French Nation, through Fran9ois*Ripaud an 
European; and letters were caufed to be written with his hand to the- Nation, and forwarded 
by Mirza Baukir, Meer Mfeeraun ; Huffun AUi, MuUick-oo-Toojar; Meer Ghoolaum AUi, 
Meer Yem; and Meer Yoofuf Alii, Meer Afloff; together with letters -from the Prefence; 
by the favour of God, they will arrive in fafcty.* Before the propofiiion w«s declared, the faid 
Fran9ois Ripaud, of hi* own accord (landing up, took the oath of his Nation, and kifled the 
National Cockade which he wears in his hat. Then the five articles here under particula- 
rized were caufed to be writteuv A copy of the Hookumnaumeh (or paper of inftruSlions} 
to all the four perfons is alfo inferted here under^ 

Article ift. — That friendfhip between the Khoodadaud Sirkar and the NaitTon of the-' 
Khoodadaud Sirkar and the French Nation be fo firmly eftabliflicd by oath and engagement 
as long as^the fun and moon fhall hold their courfe, that no interruption in it may ever take * 
place. If, (which God forbid !) any drfference in word or deed ihould occur among indivi- 
duals of the clafs of fervants, in any tranfaftion, no offence to enter into the minds of the • 
{ccntraWing) parties, but the affair to be cleared up by correfpondence and perfonal negotia- 
tion. The French officers (firdars) to be obedient {to the Sirkar). 

Article 2d. — Owing ax (my) connexion with the French, the Erigliftr, uniting to them- 
felves the Mahrattas and Nizam AUi Khan, came againft the dominions of the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar, took {from me) three crores and thirty lacs in fpecie, and half fi»/) fcountry, and other- ^ 
wife occafioned {me) heavy lofTes. All thefe circumftances are fully known to the French 
Nation. Moreover, the French Nation had it at heart to expel the Englifhfrom Hindaftan ; 
it is therefore written^ that the French Nation (hould aflpord perfe6t afluranee to the Khooda* 
daud Sirkar, fo that their enemy may be driven out of India. Whenever the queftion of 
concluding a peace {with the Englijb) may be agitated in Europe, information to be give/i in 
the firft inftance to the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and the queftion to be decided, with a due con- 
formity to the demands of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, by mutual concert. To the exception 
of the country lately wrefted from the Khoodadaud Sirkar, all the reft of the Bricifh territorial 
poffeffions to be equally divided; and in the fame manner, fuch of the fhips,'i{lands and ports 
belonging to the Englifh and the Portuguefe as may fall into {our) hands, together with all 
ftores {Jerinjaum) and effe£is, to be equally divided.. 

Article g^d* 


ARTictE 3d.— 'As far as 10,000 foldiers, 30,000 negroes {Huh'Jhee^^ &c, to be landed; and 
fhips of war, in proportion to the number of troops, to be .in attendance at Tea until the conr 
clufion of the war. Whatever money, military flares, and grain may be required, fhall be 
provided by the Khoodadaud Sirkar,^s fhall alfo carriage, horfes, and bullocks. After the 
conqueft and partition of the country and forts, account? fhall be fettled with the French for 
the money that may have been expended. The French oflSc^rs and their troops to be fubjeft 
to the orders of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, with refpeft to engaging, marching and halting. 
The French army to land at the fort of Mirjaun, which is in the country of the Khoodadaud 
^irkar and in the neighbourhood of Goa, which extends to the large river [K^bauree); to 
co-operate efFeftually, and bring the fort of Goa into the poffcffion of the Sirkar; after the 
taking of the fort of Bombay, it fhall be made over to the French. The army of the Sirkar 
to proceed from Goa to Madras, and taking the forts in the way, advance as far as Mafulipa- 
tam with the French army accompanying. From thence an officer belonging to the Sidcar^ 
•with 40,0 )o horfc and 40,000 infantry, fhall be difpatched^ jointly with a French officer and a 
French force, to reduce the province of Bengal, and the one fhall upon all occafions fupport 
the other in its operations. 

Article 4th!-— Should any power (literally Jirdar) in this country enter into hoftilities a- 
gainfjt the Khoodadaud Sirkar, both parties fhall join to punifh that power. As long as the 
fun and moon retain their courfe, the French Nation fhall confider^the enemies of the Khoo- 
' dadaud Sirkar as their own ; and in like manner, the enemies of the French fhall be confider- 
ed as the enemies of the Khoodadaud Sirk^r^ ^nd both parties fhall unite to chaflife and 
repel them. 

Article* 5th. — Four perfons holding offices under the government of the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar have been veiled with powers, and fent to negotiate an alliance of friendfhip between 
the two parties. If the French are defirous of eftablifhing friendfhip and alliance with the 
Khoodadaud Sirkar, let them f*ti&fy the Sirdars abovementioned, by oath and engagements; 
and in the fame manner, let the French fatisfy themfelves alfo, by requiring an oath and en- 
gagements from thofe Sirdars; and having adjufted the affSirs of both parties and cemented 
mutual friendftiip, let them fpeedily fend an army; and let them difgatchto Europe on afhip 
of war, three of the Sirdars of the Khoodadaud Sirkar with two of the French, to carry on th^ 
jiegotiatipn ; and let the other Sirdar be fent back to this quarter with the French officers and 
troops. Pleafe God, by this arrangement the intcrefts and fatisfaftion of both parties will b^ 
promoted, and the enemy of the French Nation will be completely exterminated. On the 5th 
of the month Ahmedy in the year Sauz, 1225 from the birth of Mahomed, correfponding 
with Sunday the fourth of the month of ShoWaul, (anfweringto the 2d of April 1797} after 
the 8th hour of the day, in the hoijr Kummer, and when the fun entered Taurus, thcfc pro^ 
pofitions were written. 

Here follow drafts of the five Letters fro^n Tip poo Sultaun, to the Frenck Legi/lature iff, 
France^ and at the Mauritius ^^ of which Tratijlations appear in No. 13, addrejfed — ^Au 
Pouvoir Executif-rAu Reprefentans du Peuple, (at the Mauritius.) — General 
Citoyen Mangalon,— Citoyen Sercey, Amiral de Mer de la Republique,— Ci-^ 
toyen Malartic, Gouverneur General de Llfle de France ct de la Reiuiion. 

Then follows a Memorandum of the form of Addrefs^ &c. &c. 

N. B. The above drafts of Letters are in t^e band-writing of Hubbeeb Oolla, Tippoo Sultann's Head 


COPY of the Inflruftions addreffed to Mirza Baukir, Meer Yoofuf AUi, Meer Choolaum 

AUi, and Huflun Alii, 

HAVING appointed you four to carry on a negociation between the Khoodadaud Sirkar 
^nd the French Nation, you have been empowered to agitate the five articles annexed to this. 
jConfidering yourfelves fortunate in obtaining fo important an employment, let your con- 



du£l be conformable to the commands of God, and of his meffenger; and keeping engraved 
on your minds the engagement to which you bound yourfelves in the Akfah mofque| make 
them the rule of your aftions upon all occafions. According to tht facred writings •* Be obc-» 
" dient to God, and to his meffenger, and to ihofe to whom obedience is due by you," to obev* 
a prince pf the faith, is a duty. To fulfil this duty of obedience, four things, the initial letter of 
%'h\c\\ is Z, muft not be coveted, viz, Zun, (woman) Zeeft, (life) Zurr, {money) and Zemeen- 
(lanJ) — God defend uj! The undue coveting of ihefe four things reduces a man to the na- 
ture of thofe three things, of which the initial letter is a K. — Kaufer, [infidels) Kerauz, (Swine) 
^nd Kulb, (dogs) which are for certain impure, and are brothers in filthinefs. Thus is it fum- 
marily recorded in books — •* Infidels and all their brethren; Dogs and all their tribe; Swine 
and all their race ; are equally impure". The fidelity which is 10 be prafticed, is of four kinds" 
— Firft, the fidelity of the eyes; that is, if you fee any one injuring the Sirkar, you prevent 
him. Secondly, the fidelity of the ears; that is, if you hear any one utter expreffions repug- 
nant to loyalty, (^rjJJ^/i/jr) you immediately reprimand him as far as lays in your power^ 
and without dilguife, ftate the cafe to the Prefence, or to fome officer of 'Government. The 
third, is the fidelity of the tongue; that is, to utter the expreffions of loyalty, of praife and gra- 
,titude, to recommend and to (hew the example of loyalty to others, and as long as the organs 
of fpecch are left you, to employ them for the fervice of the Sirkar. The fourth fidelity, is 
ibat of the hand ; which imports that you are to employ it in the fervice of the Sirkar in every 
j*vay, whether by writing, or by carrying the fword and the mufquet againft the Enemy. In 
fhort, ail the faculties of the eyes, the ears, the tongue^ and the hand muft be called into a£lion, 
and upon^ali occafions, confidering that God and bis meflenger, who know and fee all things, are 
ever pr^fent, you fhould aft accordingly. The Moft High hath faid, " I know the fccret emo- 
tions of the heart of man : lam ever prefent with him." — Again it occurs in the Hu do ees, 
(traditional Jayings of the prophet) ** The giver and receiver of bribes fliall both enter into 
** hell " — You muft not in the firft inftance, give yourfelves out as being employed in an Am- 
baffadorial capacity, but conduft the concerns of the Khoodadaud Sirkar with the utmoft fecre- 
cy. You muft profefs yourfelves to be merchants. On your arrival at the Mauritius, you 
iBuil fend fome perfons of refpeftability, with the European Aubaine, and one or two Dob'hauf- 
leejs, (interpreters) with a naeffage to the five Sirdars at the Mauritius, purporting that you are 
merchants of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and are come to fell your merchandize ; if they will 
permit you,, and allow you to hire a houfe, (as you have come a long voyage,) you will repofe 
yourfelves a while, and then proceed to difpofe of your efFefti. You muft enjoin the Euro- 
pean At^baine, not to communicate the fecrct to any on^, except the five Sirdar^, 

The .names of the five Sirdars are as follows : 

Thcre.are two petfons poffisffing the General Contrqul of Affairs : their dcfignation is " Au 
Beprefentants du Peuple" 

The name of the Commander in Chief in Uinduftan who has come out with that appointment 
4s •* General Citoyen Mangalon. "— r- 

Thename^and defignation of the Commander of the French Navy arc;, " Citoyen Sercey, A' 
miral de Mer de la Rep ublique." ' 

The name and defignation of the Chief of the Mauritius are, ** Citoyen Malar tic, Governeur 
." General 4e I'lfle de France et de la Reunion" 

Having communicated to them your arrival and heard what they have to fay, you will tell 
them, that they muft, by no means pay you the compliment of going themfelves, or of fending 
perfons to meet you, nor ihew open marks of friendfliip towards the Khoodadaud Sirkar, nor 
outwardly fliew you any attention, in order that your miffion may not become public. 
That after your landing, wherefoever they may affemble in private and fend for you, you 
will wait upon them unattended, and communicate the fentiraents of friendftiip. What 
is meant is this; that you four ftiould meet the above mentioned Sirdars privately; that 
you ftiould in the firft inftance offer compliments on the part of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, 
iwake enquir ie;s after their Jiealtb^ and confine your difcourfc to general profeffions of friend- 


fhip. Of the five Perfian and five French letters which are entrufted to your care, you 
arc to keep one in the Perfian, and another in the French language, addrefled to the five 
Sirdars in Europe [the Dire^ory) in depofit; with refpe^t to the remaining four Perfian and 
four French letters, addreffed to the Sirdars of Mauritius, (ii\ the latter of which all parti- 
culars are contained) you will, in the firft inftance, leave the French letters in depofit in the 
fhip, and without delivering them only carry with you the four Perfian letters, and at your 
meeting with the five Sirdars, rife up and deliver to them the letters according to their refpec- 
tive addrefl!es with your own hands. Tou muft lirftfind out in the courfe of converfation, hew 
far they are conftant --to their friendfhip -with.the TChoodadaud Sirkar: Thatyou will com- 
pletely afcertain, and then at a private conference, you will with your own hands, deliver 
the four French letters refpeftively, into the hands of the Sirdars, and adapt your difcourfc 
fo as to flatter them, and promote the fuccefs of the objeO: of your miflSon. It is a known fay- 
ing, " The pleafed labourer fuccceds in his undertaking." You will alfo ftate, that on ac- 
count of the fecrecy of your miffion, jewels and khelauts, [or honorary drejfes^) &c. tokens of 
friendfliip have not been fent on the part of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, but that, pleafe God, 
when a meeting takes place, with the Prefencc, which through the divine favor ^ill foon hap- 
pen, every mark of favor and indulgence will be fliewn ; fuch are the friendly fentiments 
■which you muft exprefs^— In fhort, you muft in private with the five Sirdars, afcertain their 
difpofition ; that is to fay, afcertain from thetenor of their difcourfe, if they are defirous of 
cultivating friendfliip with the Khoodadaud 5irkar, and are inclined to fend an army to the 
Calicut quarter, or to the coaft belonging tp the Khoodadaud Sirkar. After afcertaining this, 
you will propofe to them, that both parties (hould mutually ratify their affuranccs according 
to their refpeftive tenets, and join with one heart to exterminate the enemy* If they fhould a- 
gree to fend back with you an army under the command a Sirdar, and fhould bind themfelves 
to you by oath and engagements, you wiU in the fame manner give them afTurances under oath 
and engagement. Should they (which God forbid!) merfely agree 19 fend ^n army, but re- 
fufe to bind themfelves by formal engagements, you are not to ftand upon thi« point; but in 
that cafe, you mufl have the five articles of agreement drawn up in the French language and deli- 
ver the fame to them, receiving from them a counterpart; and lending Meer Yoofuf Alii with 
the troops, the remaining three of you are to embark with the two [French) Sirdars, whom 
they will nominate for the puipofe, on board one of their fhips, and proceed to France; 
andT^y the favor of God being arrived at the place of your deflination, you will caufe thofe 
two Sirdars to write notice of your arrival to the Minilters, and proceeding into their coun- 
try with the uimoft pofiRble fecrecy, you will meet the five conflituted Sirdars of that country, 
who are called Pouvoir Executif. After compliments and expreflfions of regard, you will 
privately ftate to them, that by the favor of God, the bonds of friendfhip between the Khoo- 
dadaud Sirkar and the French Nation have very long been daily acquiring flrength, as is well 
known to them. That they are not ignorant, that the enmity of their enemies towards the Khoo- 
dadaud Sirkar originated in the deputation of the Ambaffadors frorn the Khoodadaud Sirkar to 
France, which formerly took place. That the fum of my defire is, that as long as the fun and 
moon fhall endure, our mutual friendfhip may remain and encreafe daily. Pleafe God, you will 
cffeft the complete fatisfaftion pf both parties, and employ your endeavours to the encreafe of 
friendfhip. You will explain to them in detail the five Articles which have been committed to 
writing. You are well wifhers and faithful fervants to the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and you wifli 
well to the votaries of the faith: exerting your zeal therefore to the utmoft, you mufl make 
your court to them by the mofl impreffive and flattering language, and by the exprelDons of 
perfed cordiality. You mufl perfuade tbem to aft according to the five articles which you 
are empowered to negotiate, and to execute iputual engagements to that effeQ, agreeably to 
the refpeClive tenets of the parties : and caufing them to draw out a treaty [or engagement) ac- 
jcordingly, make them fign, feal, and deliver the fame. You will alfo draw up and deliver a 
treaty [or engagement) in the fame terms, and engage that a like inftniment fhall be figned and 
fealed by the Prefence, and delivered to their Sirdars [meanings it is to be/uppojed^ thcfe of their 
/Nation in India). 

Having thus entered into engagements, you will bring with you the troops, &c. together 


«->-^<. .— ^ 


with the (hips oF. war as fpecified in the Bve articles, as alfo Arzees {addrejfes) from them to the 
Prcfence, and letters of injunflion to the Sirdars of the French Nation who are arrived in this 
quarter, requiring them to pay obedience to the Khoodadaud Sirkar,.and to receive the en- 
gagement to be executed under my feal and fignature. Should there be any appearance of a 
ceffcition of hoftilities between the contending parties in Europe, you will require them to fti- 
pulate for the reftitution of that half of the country, and of the three crorcs and' thirty lacs 
of rupees, which their enemy wrefted from me, becaufc of my attachment to their Nation— 
This rcquifition yoa will couch in proper terms^> 

After your arrival at the Mauritius, when you (hall have afcertaincd from the difcourfe of 
the Sirdars of the French Nation, {at that place) that they arc difpofed to cement the friendfhip 
fabfifting between that Nation and the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and that they are determined to 
join in extirpating the enemy, and that fuch alfo is the difpofition of thofe in Europe, and 
when they fhall have agreed with earned cordiality to fend a fhip with you,.and a confidential 
perfon, {to Europe) then you may proceed. 

^ Should you however, (which God forbid!) find them averfe to the alliance between the 
Khoodadaud Sirkar and the French Nation, you will confine thefe fecret points to your own 
breafts, and ftaiing yourfelves to have come merely upon a trading concern, all four of you, 
in concert with the Meer Beher, Komaul 00 Deen, will draw up a ftatemeut of fafts, neither 
pmitt'ng, nor adding, a fingle circumttance, affix thereto your feals and fignatures, depofit it 
in a cheft, and repair to the Prefence* 

If the European navigators who accompany you Ihould not confent to returji with you, you 
muft entertain and bring others. 

Ten cannon-founders, ten fhip-builders, ten manufacturers of China ware, ten glafs and 
mirror-makers, ten makers of Ihip-blocks (literally wheels)^ and wheels [or engines) for rai- 
fing \vater and other kinds of wheel work, and workmen verfed in fine gold plating, are re- 
quired in the Khoodadaud Sirkar. You will ftate to the French Sirdarf, that they are to con- 
fider the defire to- manufacture thefe articles as arifing from the: fxiend(hip and attachment 
of the Khoodadaud-.Sirkar, and as a. means- of promoting their interefts,.and to requeft that 
they will therefore fend ten artificers of each fort. After obtaining thefe people, you will fix 
fuitable wage* for them- before you leave the place, giving them alfo fomething. in advance; 
and .after their embarkation you will give them an allowance of provifions (literally grain) on 
the part of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and traofport them hitljer. Pleafe God,-after your return 
to the Prefence, yoa will deliver up thefe inftruQions* 

On the 5th of the month Ahmedy of. the year Sauz, 1225 from the birth of Mahomed, an- 
fwering to Sunday, the. 4th of the month Showaul, {correjponding with 2d Aprils *797) ^^ the 
8th hour of the day [about 9 o'clock^ A. M.) at the hour Rummer, and the entrance of the fun 
into the fign Taurus, the original of thefe inftruftions was written by the hand of Syud Mo- 
hammed Meer Aflo£— This copy is written in the hand of Mohunimed Reza, Meer Meeraun. . 


Whatever propofitions the French Sirdars may make to you, you are to. take them down in 
writing with your own hands, and tell them, that pleafe God, you will giye an anfwer on the 
following day. * You willthen return home, and all four of you affembling in private, you will 
confult together upon the anfwer to be given; and having determined upon it, you are to- 
commit it to writing, and all-four having figned it, you are to depofit it in a cheft; and the 
anfwer, in conformity to the terms of it, is to be verbally delivered by Mirza Baukir, all the 
reft fitting by and liftening. Should Mirza Baukir make any miftake in delivering the anfwer, 
the reft are to prompt him. 

You muft all ofyouftudy the French language, but none of you muft converfe with the 
French Sirdars in French. You are to fpeak through an interpreter; yet if the interpreter 
fllould miftake a word or two, you will fet hintright in French. Excepting however one or two 
words, none of you four muft bold any convcrfe in the French language, beeaule, while an 



interpreter is employed, they [the Sircars'] cannot tell whether you fay any thing more or lefs; 
ivhereas if the French Sirdars fay any thing more or lefs, you, knowing the language; will 
deteft it. You muft make yourfelves appear ighorant of their language, whereby you will be 
' able to learn their real fentiraents, whue they confult .together upon the various fubje£l« that 
come before them. 

As there are no clove or nutmeg trees in thcKhoodadaud Sirkar, you are direQed to defife 
the Sirdars at the Mauritius to fill fomc boxes with feeds, and alfo to fend fome plants by the 

You will commit to paper all circumftances refpeCling the negotiation at the Mauritius, and 
forward'the account to the Prcfence by a French ftiip before you proceed on your voyage. 

The facred command is iffued to Mirza 3aukir, Huffun Alii, Meer Yoofuf AlH, and Meer 
Ghoolaum Alii, that provided they are fuccefsful/that is to fay, provided they obtain formal 
engagements from the leaders of the French Nation^ it matters not though they expend from 
one Imaumee to five Lacks; Jlill however, on condition that the engagements take place. 

A True Tranflation, 


P. T. to the Government. 

No. 1 1 • • 

^h$ original of this number is in the band -writing of Huhbeeb Oollabi the late Tippoo Sultaun's Bta^ 


Copy of the fiQitious Hookum-naumeh [or infiruSlions) addrelTed to Mirza Mohumnnud Bau- 
kir, Meer Yoofuf Alii, Meer Ghoolam Alii, and Meer Huflun Alii. ^ 

It is hoped that, attended by the divine_proteflion, you wiH reach Jemaulabad, and thence^* 
Koriaul, [Mangalore) and through the aid of Providence, embarking with your baggage on« 
board the fhip Affud Ellauhee, fee out towards the place of deftination. Immediately on your 
arrival at Koriaul, you will load on the fliip black pepper, to the amount of 15 or 20,000 pa- 
godas, together with four months provifions and water for your people. Among the fifteen 
men belonging to Ripaud the Frenchman, who came here for fervice, there are two navigators, 
by name Ma9on and Aubaine ; to thefe perfons you will adign a proper monthly falary, and 
appoint them to the duty of navigators on board the Ihip; you will alfo place with them, in 
the fame capacity and for the purpofe of inftruSion, the three Muflulraan navigators, by name 
Abdool Kurreem, Moofa, and Fukkeer Mohummud. — Two large and eight ftnatl volumes 
upon the fubjeft of navigation are entrufted to you; the French muft be translated into Perfian, 
and they [or you) and the other navigators and Sirdars muft make therafelves mafters of the ait; 
you muft alCa calculate the ft^ip*s progrefs. For the fifteen Chriftians who would not take fer- 
vice, you muft fupply provifions on the Sirkar's account, and caufing them to embark with 
yott, land them at the ifland. One or two men among them who are verfed in navigation 
you muft alfo join with the other navigators ; Ihoi^ld there not be room enough for all the men 
fcnt with you, you will leave behind fuch as you think proper, and take with you the reft. 
You muft difpofe of the pepper at a good price and bring the cafti with you; you are appoint- 
ed to conduft this commercial expedition, and the pepper, together with the Ihip Affud' Ellau- 
hee, are given into the proteflion of the All-Merciful, ^nd into your charge. Wherever you 
expeft to be able to difpofe of the pepper to advantage, you muft carry it there and fell it ac- 
cordingly. It is alfo ordered, that the ftiip's bottoms fliould be coppered, and therefore 
yba are to touch at any ifland where fhip's bottoms are coppered, and paying a proper price: 
get it done. — Meer Kymaul-oo-Deen, Meer Bchr, alfo underftands the fcicncc of navigation* 



Copy of the Uifs?a[s. 

From a fcnfe of priginal and innate fraternity and regard, it is reprefented to the refpeQa- 
ble Governors on the fea coafts, on the part of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, that Ihould Mirza 
Mohummud Baukir, &c. merchants by profeffion, arrive at any .of your ports for the pur- 
pofcs of trade, it will be confident with friendfliip and benevolence in you, to (hew them all that 
attention, hofpitality and refpeft which is the laudable praftice of men of liberal minds, and 
enabling them, if occafion fhould require, to purchafe grain, &c. articles at a reafonable rate, 
facilitate their departure, and fhcw them every degree of favor. 

On the hack of the original^ 
Copy of the fiditious Hookum-naumeh. 

A True Tranflation, 

Perfian Tranflator to the Government. 

No. 12. 

QUESTION propofed by the Six Departments to citizen Fran9ois Ripaud, as follows: 

Previoufly to the prefent period, (per/ons) on the part of the Khoodadaud Sirkar went to 
France for the purpofe of cultivating the friendfliip of the French Nation, and in confequence 
of this the Cnglifli became hoftile to the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and the lofTes which they occa* 
fioned to the Sirkar are well known to the whole French Nation, as well as to yourfelf : the 
favor and kindnefs fliewn by the Khoodadaud Sirkar to the French are alfo well known to the 
whole Nation; yet the peace which the R^jah {King) of France concluded with the Rajah 
(King) of England was not even communicated to the Khoodadaud Sirkar. But notwith- 
llanding this improper proceeding, his Highnefs, regardlefs of the reprefentations of his well 
wifhers and thofe who have growa old in his fervice, was ftill difpofed to afford hts proieftion 
and fupport to the French Nation, and on your reprefentations this countenance has been 
fliewn them ; we therefore propofe to you the prefent queftion, and defire that you will ftate 
what are the adual intentions of the French Nation, if they be certainly known to you, and 
whether there is, or is nor, a profpeCt of their fpeedily carrying their determination into effeft. 

In the four departments there are four officers of high rank ; firft, the Meer Meeraun, or 
warminifter; the fecond, Meer Yem, the minifter of marine; the third, Mullick oo Toojar, 
the fupcrintendant of commerce; the fourth, Meer Aflbf, the fuperintendant of the country 
(revenues). It has been determined to fend off thcfe four officers, that they may repair to the 
Sirdar (or chief) of the French Nation, and by formal engagements on the part of the Khoo- 
dadaud Sirkar give confidence and fatisfafclion to the French Nation, at the fame lime re- 
ceiving from that Nation fimilar affurances confirmed by perfonal engagements and by oath. 
Will then the Sirdar of the Mauritius, and the Commander of the fhips, citizen Sercey, 
Amiral de Mer de La Republique, confent to this, arjd will they, or wiU they not, 
fend off the four officers abovenheniioned imrmediately to France ? If you are well acquain- 
ted with the difpoGtions of your own nation, and the chara£kr of their general profelGons, 
\with refpeSt to us) of which you cannot be ignorant, you will apprize us accordingly. Im- 
medis^tely on the arrival of the four officers abovementioned at the Mauritius, will the faid 
Chief repair to this place with a large army or not ? Inform us of this. You have already 
tailed the bounty of the Sirkar, and you may wifli to enjoy it hereafter ; give us therefore a 
particular account of every thing. 

A True: Tranflation, 


P. T. to the Gcvernmcnt. 

No, 13. 


No, 13/ • 

^be following Tranjlation and Jbfiradi are made from the origimfl Perfian letters found in-j 
the palace of Seringapatam^Jigned and fealed by Tippoo Sultaun^ in aflate prepared for ^' 
difpatcb. To account for this circumfiance^ it is necejfary to obferve^ tbat tbe Embaffy 
was fir fi difpatcbedfrom Seringapatam in tbe montb of April 1797, wben it was com-- 
fofed of Mirza Banker^ Mcer Toofuf Alli, Buffun Alii Khaun\ and Meer Gbolaum 
Alii. Before bowever tbe Embaffy was prepared to depart y tbe monfoonfej^ in\ tbis ot^ 
cafioned its detention on tbe Coaft until tbe returru of the fmr feafon^^ In tbe mean 
wbile diffenfions andjealoufies broke out among tbe Embaffadors^wbicb led to tbefuperfef* 
fion andrecal of Mirza Bauken and of Gbolaum Alli^. and to tbt^refignation on tbe plea 
of ficknefs^ of Mcer Toofuf Alli^ Tbe confequence oftbefe cbanges was, tbat tbe Ferfian 
letters and inftruBions witb wbicb tbe original Embafjadors bad-been charged^ were re- 
voked, and otbers^ not materially differing from tbe former yfubfiituted in tbeir place. 
Tbe Embaffy finally confifiedof only two perfons^ viz. Huffun Alii Kbaun andMabom^ 
edibrabim Kbaun^ and did not fail for tbe Ifle of France until tbe montb ofOSlober 

' 1 797, Tbis is bintedat in tbe narrative ofaufffin Alli (vide Nq. \%). 

Tranfiation of a letter from Tippoo Sultaun to tbe Executive Dtire^ory at Paris. 

Form of Addrefs on tbe cover. 
To the perufal of tbe high and exalted ; the magnificent and diftinguiihcd in ftation; th& • 
kind refuge of friends ; theobje£bof regard; the gemlenocnxpnftituung the £xe,cutive Pow». 
cr : Be their regard perpetual! 

Tbe addrefs within the letter is in tbe fame terms as on the cover. 

The fame of your urbanity, your obfcrvance of faith and fincerity, and your regard for.the - 
attachment of faithful friends, which is your laudable practice, has reached the ears of your^ 
friends, by the reprefentation of citizen Fi?an9pis Ripaud. In confequence, the heart of your , 
ancient friend experienced a degree of gladnefs, not to be defcribed^ and the warmth of my 
cfteem fuggcfted to my refleftion, that the regard of ancient friends is. renewed and redoub*. 
led by the fight of each other, and by perfonal and verbal communication. The impedi- 
ments to this are however well known, and therefore four Sirdars of high ftation, are deliver- 
ed over to the prote6lion of , the All^merciful, and duly, empowered and fent fpr the purpofe; 
of vifiting thofe fincere> friendly, and faithful perfonis> and ftating points of cordial friend*' 
(hip. I have no doubt thefe Sirdars will have an opportunity at a. time of privacy, fully to., 
lay before you my unreferved fcntiments, which I begyou.will conGderas real, I confident- 
ly rely upon you, who are my cordial friends, ihatyou will not negleQ any one point of friend-- 
Clip, but that you will duly infpire the minds of both parties with mutual confidence. May. 
the garden of time produce the fruits of your and our wifli'es 1. 

From tbe fame, addreffed in tbe fame form of words as tbe foregoing^ to *' Ciloyen Ma^.. 
lartic, Gouverneur General de Tiflie de France et de la Reunion/* 

Tbis letter is neatly verbatim the fame as tbe foregoing^ witb tbe following additional; 


From among thofe four Sirdars, you will no doubt fend b^ck one to this quarter, with the- 
commander (literally Sirdar) of the French troops, and fend the other three with two French 
officers (literally two Sirdars of French troops) in a (hip of war, to-Europc, in prder to adjuil: 
the negotiation. — May the garden of time, &c* {as before). 

Fnm the fame^ addreffed ** Au Reprefentansda Peuple." 
Fetbatitn tbe fame as tbe foregoing addreffed to the Executive JDireSlory. 




From the fdme^ addrejfcd to ** General Citoycn Mangalon*" 
Verbatim tbejame\as that to Malartic. 
^fom the Jam, addrtjjci to " Citoycn Scrcey, Amiral de Mrr de la Republiquc." 

Vtrhatim tbejam as that to Malartic. . 

A True Tranflation, 


P. T. to the Government. 

No. 14. 

^TRANSLATION of the tranfcript of a letter in the Perfian language, containei 
in a memorandum book, and purporting to be a verfion from a letter in the French 

In the name of the moft TOerciful God ? 
On the 4th of Ahmcdy of the year Sauz {anfwering to the 2d of April, '^797 •) 
Salutations of fricndfhip on the part of His Majefty, the Shadow of God, to the Sirdars 
of the Mauritius, and the French Nation. 

Yoa well know the friendlhip which has futfifted with the French Nation, from the time of 
my late to the prcfent. From the time that the French combination {this appears to 
allude to the revolution) took place, it has been my defire to make known to you the fcnti- 
TTients of my Jicari, but for want of fome perfon acquainted with your laws and cuftoms, the 
communication of my defires "has remained in fufpenfe. It has now fortunately happened,, 
that by the arrival of Ripaud^ I have learnt all circumftances of that quarter from his ver- 
bal communications. Conceiving the prefent <obe a favorable opportunity to confirm our an- 
cient friendftiip, I have determined to renew it in fuch a manner, that our interefts being 
henceforward confidered as one, my enemies fliall be confidered as yours and your enemies 
as mine ; that the moft inviolable engagements and alliance fhall be entered into, and that 
while life remains, tbis friendly connexion fhould be obferved. You now fee the degree and 
ihe nature of that friendfhip which I profefs towards the French Nation ; when I receive fi- 
tnilar proofs dF your fentimenis, I ( difpofed to eftabiifh the f)j^ftem of friendfhip above 
<lefcribed. Your friendfhip and your attachment will then be proved,*when you^ land and mi« 
litary forces (hall arrive in this country, and then fliall I fulfil thepromife I have above given. 
The war in which I was fomctime fince ehgaged, was entirely owing to my friendfliip with 
the French Nation. Formerly^ when a French force arrived in my dominions, I fulfilled every 
article which the obligations of friendfhip impofed upon me. The ftiamelefs, thieving^, robbing 
Englifh, of themfelvcs incompetent, leagued with the Mahrattas, and the Mogul, {the Nizam) 
and accompanied by them, attacked me in every quarter. At the very height of the war with 
the Englifh, Coffigny, who had come to me through the intervention ofMonfieur Buffy, was, at 
his inftance, induced to abandon me, and Lally, who was in the fervice of the Sirkar, after em- 
bezzling large fums of money, prepared to withdraw himfelf. This circumftance coming to 
my knowledge, I impofed my commands upon him, and he, in confcquence, was withheld from 
'departing. Notwithflanding the union fubfifting between me and the French, the commander 
of the French troops abandoned me. In confequence of which, they {i.e.the Englijh and their 
allies) forced me to make peace, and wrefled from the Khoodadaud Sirkar three crores and thirty 
Jacks of rupees in fpecie, and the half of my finefl provinces, and divided the whole among them. 
What has happened, has happened: Henceforward it muft not be fo. Hereafter when war fliall be 
declared againft your enemies, or peace be concluded, you muft a€l in theferefpeSs under my or- 

• A Copy of the Letter alluded to, in the French language , will be found in N$s. t and s , Divrfion B. 



ders, according to the pleafureof my ^OTcrnment and my people. One point of a particular na- 
ture, and that mud not be forgotten, is this^ I and my people are ignorant of the Taws and cuftomf 
of the French Nation, and the latter are equally unacquainted with thofe of my Sirkar. Should any 
of the fubjeSs of my Sirkar or of the French Nation, commit any irregularity he muft be repri- 
manded and the adjuftment of fuch cafes as they occur is advifeable,in order th^t no interruption 
may take place in the friendfliip of the parties — It is announced to the Sirdars of the French Na- 
tion, that in the feafon of war, they are to be under the orders of the Sirkar ; this is a point 
which the French Nation and the French Sirdars will no doubt approve, for the cuftoms and 
mode of warfare in this country are diftinft. A favorable opportunity now prefents itfelf, and 
I therefore now comniunicate to my friends the objeft which I have at heart; if you (hall 
concur in them, not a trace of the iniquitous Englifli fhall remain in the expanfe of HindoG* 
tan. If at this tioae a body of your regular Europeans, and free negroes [literally your new 
horbers) whom you have with you, arrive ; joined to my troops, they will expel the iniquitous 
Englifh from Hinduftan, and whenever the French troops (hall unite with mine to attack the 
Engliflb, the powers of Hinduftan will be unable to afford them afiiftance, becaufe they are 
engaged in domeftic diffenGons. It has already been ftated that my enemies fhall be confidej'ed 
as your enemies and your enemies as mine; they are truly one and the fame. You muft now 
be fully apprized of my fentiments, it only remains that you Ihould with the utmoft expedition 
apprize me of yours. Immediately on receipt of what I have written, let me know whe- 
ther you agree to it or not, but do n#t eng^ige for any thing which you will not per- 
form. All this is to be afcribed to my aitaGbrncnt to the French Nation. I have retain- 
ed citizen Francois Ripaud. Through him I (hall be made acquainted with the contents 
of any letters you may write, and through him I fliall write anfwers. Citizen Ripaud 
fliall want for nothing, but being honored by a fituation of importance, he has been 
retained by me under every circumftance of comfort; his mind has been fet at cafe 
on the part of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and he has been retained {literally Jent for) in 
.order to adjuft the concerns, and increafe the friendftiip of the French Nation and the 
Khoodadaud Sirkar; you on your part alfo, muft write to him in terms calcv^lated to re- 
move his apprehenfions, intimating to him, that his continuing with the Khoodadaud Sircar is 
very right and proper for the promotion of our mutual interefts; in the event of your agreeing 
to what I have written, with a view to cement the foundations of friendfliip, I now ftate to you 
the aid in provilions which I am willing to make for the land and fea forces. 

Stipulations in favor of the French Nation, as follows : 
Article ifl:. — Immedis^ely on the arrival of the french on the co.aft of the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar, provifions of all kind, (wine excepted) carriage^ &jC;. ai^d all othci' neccflaries fliall 
be fupplied. 

Article 2d. — Supplies of provifions, &c. fliall be furniflied for the land and fea forces, 
by the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and money fliall alfo be advanced to them. 

Article 3d. — Bullocks for the artillery with all their equipments, carriage-bullocks and 
camels for the baggage of the officers and men, fliall be furniflied by the Khoodadaud Sirkar. 

Article 4th. — To provide palankeens for the higher officers, and horfes and tattoos {<a 
ireed of Jmall horfes) for the others. 

Article 5th. — During the war, fliould there happen to be a deficiency of powder, balls, 
&c. in the French army, it fliall be fupplied by the Khoodadaud Sirkar. 

^ Article 6th. — Inimediately on the arrival of the French troops, I will march in erfon. 
with an army to chaftifc the enemy. 

Stipulations on the part of the French to the Khoodadaud Sirkar, as follows : 
Article ift. — The French troops never to aft in any thing without the confent of me and 
my people, nor to difobey my orders on any occafion, but to continue obedient to me. 

Article 2d.— The French troops and their officers who are coming hither, to undertaHe 
nothing without confulting me. 


Article gd, — If any of the ofBcerj of tlie Frend^ fhould excite difturbance or treacheiy 
in the army of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, the circumftance to be immediately ret>orted to me» 
the offender to be feized an^i fenc to the commanding officer of the French^ to be punifhed 
according to their forms ; and in like manner (hould the French difcover any Sirdar of the 
Sirkar employed in exciting diRurbance in the French army, let him be feized and Gent to 
me, that he may fuffet^that puniihment, according to the forms of the Khoodadaud Sirkar^ 
which is abfolutely neceflary in fuch cafes, to prevent difputes between the two armies. 

Article 4th. — After the war, the amount of the expence I may have been at for the French 
to be repaid tne on a fair fetilement of accounts. 

Article 5th. — All conquefts and captures of territory, effefts, forts, money, articles, grain, 
(hips, fea coalls, to be equally divided ; that is, half Ihall be affigned to the Khoodadaud Sir- 
kar, and half to the French. 

Article 6th. — Whatever territory belonging to the Englilh, be taken under this alliance 
with the French in conjunQion >«ith the' troops of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, (hall be divided, 
to the exception of that which formerly appertained to the Sirkar. 

Article 7th. — On the redudion of the fortrefs of Goa, it ihall be retained by the Khoo* 
dadaud Sickar, and ia like manner that of Bombay ihall be affigned to the French. 

Article 8tb.— AH Englifli and-Portuguefe prifoners, male and female, ihall be allowed the 
necefTary daily fubfiftence, and ^e kept in conBnement until the conclufion of the war, when 
they ihall be fent out of the territories of the Khoodadaud Sirkaf and the French. 

Article 9th. — By^ the 5th article^ all the territory, forts, iflands, and ports on the fea 
coaft, which may be taken, are to be equally divided. It (hall di^pend upon the order of the 
Khoodadaud Sirkar, given with the knowledge of the French troops, what forts ihall he garri« 
fpned, and what ihall be deftroyed: this point ihall not depend upon a reference' to Europe. 

Articije loth.-^As affording the eaGeil means of effe&ing the expulfion of the Englilh 
and Portuguefci lee me be fupplied from the Mauritius with from five to ten thoufand Euro- 
peans, and from twenty-five to thirty thoufand negroes, &c. trained men. 

Article 11th. —-The French troops to difembark at Suddafhoo Gurrh, and imme- 
diately proceed to reduce Goa: the advantage of taking Goa, will be this; that there will' 
then be a place for the ihips to remaia at, and the troops will be eaiily fupplied with the ne« 
ceXTary equipments. 

Article i2tL—Aftep having fully conlidered thefe propofitions, let me have fpeedy intel- 
ligence, by a fmall veiTel difpatched for the purpofe, whether you will agree to them or not, 
in order that every thing neceiTary for the troops may be prepared ; an European will be 
ftationed on the fea coaft, to fend intelligence of the mips. Aubaine a European is fent* 
Tranfmit me information refpe£Ling,the coming of the troops by his hands, as he is acquaint- 
ed with my port»i 

Article i3tlr- — Four perlons in my confTdence are now deputed. Of thefe I requeft you 
will difpatch two, upon one of your fhips to France, accompanied by fome confidential per- 
fon whom you may feleft for the purpofe ; the negotiations that are to be carried on in 
France fliall be through them. I have entrufted them with a packet addreifed to the leaders 
of the French Nation; difpatch them with ihis packer As to the two Sirdars who are di- 
refled to bring the troops, yqu will bring them back with vou on one of your fhips, 1 beg. 
you will get my (hip which ii now g'>ing, coppered, and if that can be done in time, let her 
return with your Ihip, but if that cannot be, place a commander in'her and let her follow* 

Article 14th. — While engacjed in attacking the Englifh and Portuguefe, ihould the Mah- 
rattas and the Mogul (Nizam) affitl t4icm, we muft chaltile them effeaually. 

Hcrefolhws the dr^ift of the letters with their re/pcBivc forms cf Addr^fs^ of which a Tranjlation 



iipfearsin No. 13, ' Agunisjpec^d ti^he/entto General Mangalon, Admiral Sercey, ondGz^ 
pcral Malartic. 

On the hack of the Original. 
Copy of the large letter of the Khoodadoud Sirkar, caufed to be written in the French lan- 
guage by Ripaud. Written by Syud Mohummed. on the 5th of the month Ahmedy» of the 
]^ear Sauz, 1225 from the birth of Mahommed. 

A true Tranflation, 

P. T, to the Government. 

No. 15. 

THIS memorandum book commences with a rough and incomplete draft of the letters to 
she French Legiflature in France^ and at the Mauritius 9 tranfktions of the originals of 
which appear in No. 13. 

♦ Heads of Intelligence rcfpeCling the country powers. 
Intelligence refpeding Nizam Alii Khaun. 

Nizam Alii Khaun is extremely ill, and at the point of death. He has three or four fons 
who are inimical to one another. Several of them folicit the prOteBion of the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar; and he who is particularly attached to the Sirkar, is fupported by the Chiefs of that 

Intelligence refpe£iing the Mahrattas. 

Th? head of the State threw himfelf from the top of^his houfe and was killed. All the Chiefs 
are inimical to one another, and upon the point of proceeding to hoftilities, and they no longer 
poffefs any authority throughout the x:ountry. The troops of Zemaun Shah Dooranny have 
reached Delhi, the capital of the Emperor. He himfelf is corpewich them. The Mahratta 
troops have made their appearance in various places, in the Delhi province, and are continuing 
to colle£t. All the Chiefs of Hinduftan are difaffeded to the Mahratcas on account of their 
oppreffions. There is no doubt they will foon be expelled from that country. The domeiiic 
difputes of the two Sirdars {meaning the Nizapi and the Mabrattas) will certainly prevent either 
from joining the Engli(h. At the defire and inftigation of Zemaun Shah, Meerza Amauni 
(ibe late Vizier /IJfofoo-DowlabJ has quarrelled with the Englifh, affemblcd his army» and is 
prepared for hoftilities againft them. The Englifh likewife have afl'em bled their army in Bengal. 
In, the Calicut diftri£i, the Rajah of Cotingery has flain in battle near a thoufand EngliQi 
foldiers, and three or four thoufand native troops. The whole of the Calicut diftrift is rendered 
difaffeded by the oppreffion and violence of the Englifh. In various places, the inhabitants are 
in arms, and do not acknowledge the Englifh authoritv* The Polygars, that is to fay, the Chiefs 
of the Mafulipatam, EUore, and Arcot diflriSs, are alfo ready to revolt. They have killed and 
cut off the head of the fon of Abdool Wahaub Khaun. In fhortj novr is the momsnt of op- 

Here follows a memorandum of the names and defgnations of ibe leading men at the Mauritius^ 
jind of the Executive DireHory i the fame as appears in NOs 1. 

* Thefe biads of inulligoict wiitai/o befeundin Iffis, 3 and ^t Divifiou B.- 



' * On the 1 8th of Roofruvce in the year Sauz* 1225 from the birth of Mahomed^ {an/wer-* 
ingtotbe^tb of Sober 1797^ letters of the fame tenor were written to the four perfons un* 
dcrmentroned : 

Aux Reprefentans— General Mangatonj— General Malartic^-Amiial Sercejr. 

The contents as follows : 
The circumftances of ray cordial and fincere attachment, and the fentimepts of my 
hearty have been pcrfonally communicated to Meer Yoofuf Alii, and Citoyen Ripaud^ 
who will rcprefent them to you. I doubt not,, yoa will confider what they may date as 
genuine and authentic. Believe me to be very anxious, for your fpeedily. communicating 
the news of your welfare; and the detailed, declaration of your friendfliip, by thcie two perfons. 
Laft year (ivben I propo/ed to fend an Embajfy) the feafon for the failing of Ihips was at an end 
and therefore the departure of the Embafly was poflponed. This year I have taken advan- 
tage of the. early part of the feafon for ^at purpofe* Be fortune favourable to you I 
Ta be written upon filvered paper. 

On Ibe back (fthe OrtginaL 

A True Tranflation, 

' P. T. to the Government. 

No. 16. 

TRANSLATION of a letter from Tippoo Sultaun^s Atnhaffjdors to the IJle of France^. 

written, on their return to Mangalore. 

Huflun Ally, and Shaik- Ibrahim, after offering their refpefts at the foot of the Throne; rcpre- 
fent as follows: 

On Wedncfday the gth of Bahary of the year i2f26» from the birth of Mahomed, {dnfwer-^ 
ifig to the 26tb Aprils ^798) we landed in fafety with the lafcars and other attendants. 

The following is an aBftira6l ftatement of the force fcnt by Generals Malartic, Sercey, and 
Mang^Uon^ from Mauritius, to be employed in the fervice : 

Chapuy, General of the Land Forces, . • - 1. 

Dubuc, General of the Marine, - - i 

Defmoulins, commandant of the Europeans^ « 1 

Officers of the artillery,. - - - • . £ 

Maiine Officers, - . • . Q 

Ship-builders and others, - - - ^ 

Officers, Captainsj Serjeants, .and Linguift, * • a6 

European Soldiers, - . - . gg ' 

Soldiers of the fecond defcription, or half-cad,. - - 22. 

Total of the perfons arrived from Mauritius 99 
Exclufive of MonGeur De Bay,, th^ watch-maker, wh ) was fent from the capital {Seringapa^* 
Som) with us, making together 100 perfons, agreeably to the multer roll which is difpatchcd lo' 
your Majefty, and from which every thing will appear. 

The party, agreeably to the fuggeftion of their chiefs, were difembarkcd,. and furnilhed with 
leparate lodgingi^ which had been prepared for tbem« 

• rtde No. J5, cftUFrmi f^rejpcndfnce, k wUck Qmral Matartic aehtomkd^es tbi rtceift of a Utter fnm Tippoo SuUaun 
^^"^"^'^ Although 


Although there was no order from the Prefence,for giving k daily batta, [extra allowmcijot 
for furnifliing fubfiftance and ncceflary fupplies lor (he rroops which might eventually arrive 
from Mauritius, yet with a view to fatisfy them and fet their minds at eafe, having confuUed 
with Mirza Mohummed Baukir, and Meer Mohammed Alii, the AffofF of Jemaulabad, we fixed 
on fuch rates as appeared to us proper, for the daily allowance ofeachindividual,tohave efiFeft" 
until the receipt of orders from the Prefence; but the Sirdars or chiefs would not affent to 
tbefe rates, and they made application for allowances according to a ftatement of their own. 

We, accordingly, confidering the circumftancesofthe time, adopted their own rates, and they 
will be paid agr,ceably thereto, until notice be received from the Prpfence. A copy of the 
ftatement fixed by us, with copy alfo of the memorandum delivered by ihem, is tranfmitted to 
your Majefty, aiid every thing will appear from ihem. 

May it pleafe your Majefty, the application made by the two Generals, for conveyances far 
fhemfelves, as well as for their depeiidani^^ appears by ibe memocaadum dilated by ibem^ a^ 
be as follows: i [ 

For the two Generals, two palankeens and two horfes. 

For the commandant of the troops, lo officers, 5 captains, 6 ferjeants, 1 linguift, 2 chief 
officers of artillery, and I watch-maker, altogether 2B pcrfons^ they require fL^ horfes and t 



May it pleafe your Majelly, the various articles and baggage which accompany them, fuch 
as large chefts, &c. &c. are very numerous, and extremely bulky and heavy, they may be ef- 
timated at nearly the burthen of a thoufand men, and at the time of carrying this baggage o« 
ver the ghauts (pajfes) 8cz. a dill greater number of labourers will be required than heretofore ; 
and by reafon of the great weight and bulk of the articles, great delay and tardinefs will cer- 
tainly take place at the different ftages. The feafon too of the Tains and for bad roads is ap- 
proaching and at hand; moreover, ic is the time fixed for the departure of the Affpfs, AunxHdars, 
and Killahdars, ftationcd on.theroad, according to their engagements; and from the borders 
of Jemaulabad to Aftaureh, your Majeftv well knows in what a high ftatc of cultivation the 
land is, the whole extent of the road. ^Under this circumfiancci your Majefty 3vill be pleafe^ 
to order what you may think proper. 

May it pleafe your Majefty, in confequence of the rains^ Ihould percharvce no halting pla^ 
CCS be found in the cultivated country, they will require for themfelves and their eqv^ipage„ ai^ 
the troops accompany them, gundelehs (tbejly of a tent) gnd fms^U tents /or the chicfi; they 
a]fo want provifions, goats, fowlf, rice, &c. 

May it pleafe your Majefty, feven chefts, orxalks, containing nutmeg and clove trees, 
&c, which agreeably to your orders, were brought by us from the Mauritius, aMb require near 
eighty perfons to carry them. It occurred to us, that a confiderable tiniemuft elapfe, before 
an order could be received from the Prefence for the difpatch of the plants ; that in the mean 
time the rains were approaching, wherety they might be cxpofed to injury, which God forbid ^ 
we therefore in preference to every thing elfe, fent them off under charge of a guard, to take 
care of them, ^vith a letter, and a particular account of the names of the trees, which we tranf- 
lated from that given by the' European, and we gave pofitive injunftions for their being car- 
ried as far as the borders of Jemaulabad, the Affof of which place is Meer Mohummed Ally, 
by Baigacries, [perfons frejfed fir fublic Jero'ice'] and for their being tranfported from thence,, up 
the ghauts [pa/fes']. Having conveyed them fofar, we dcfircd alfo, that they might be carried 
on, provided Sa^arries could be procured as they proceeded. Under rhefe circumftances, we 
truft, that lafcars and others. may be ordered from the Prefence, with a view to expedite the 
conveyance of them, that they may receive no injury from delay. 

We have further to reprefent, that we have difpatched to your Majefty three letters from the' 
Europeans; One from General Chapuy, the fecond from General Dubuc, who at the trmtf of 
our landing, gave us one alfp to be prefcnted to your Majefty, from apcrfon named Monfieur 
L'H^rmite« We alfo fend three memoranda of rates of allowance as fixed by us, and thofe 


which the chiefs demand : altogether there are five packets forwarded inclofed in our letter^ 
which we hope \vill be duly received. In addition to tbefe, a feparate account of the battle 
between the French and Engliih Ihips^ in the roads of Tellicherry, is alfo tranfoiitted, and every 
thing will appear from it. 

May rt plcafe your Majefly, fiiom the day of our departure on board the vefTel of that trai- 
tor Ripaud, till our arrival at Coriaul, (Mangalore) whatever has occurred^ and all that we have 
.accompliflied in our endeavours to promote the interells of the Khoodadaud Sirkar» will be^ful- 
\y apparent on our arrival at the Prefence* One of us being unable to ride on horfeback in 
•confequence of the heat of the weather and his faffeiing much from boils, we tnift that 
through your Majefty's extreme kindnefs, we (hall be favored with a dooly from the Prefencc. 

Dafed 14th Bchaury of the year iaa6 from the birth of Mahomed, (anfxoiring fo the 30/ir 
tif Jprit 1788 J 

A true Tranflation^ 


f • T. to the Government, 

No. 17. 

TRANSLATION of the draft of a letter from the late Tippoo Sultaun to Mirza 

Baujkir^ &€. at Bangalore. ^ 

To Mirza BauViir, Htiflun Ally» and Mohunimud Ibrahim. Dated the S5th Behanry of cho 
year Shaudaub, 1226 from the bfrth of Mahomed, [anftvering to the iitb of May 1798.] 

Year letter dated the 14th Pehaury of the year Shaudaub^ 1226 from the birth of Mthom- 
^, [anfwering to the ^otb April 1798] difpatcbed by two camel mellengers, has been receiv* 
^d, ^nd the contents have been underftood. 

You ftate, that Huffun Ally and Mohummud Ibrahim had anived with the French Sirdars 
\^or chiefs] and fome European recruits, and the mccount which you Tent, containing the lift of 
their names, and the allowances for their fubfiftence, has been received. 

According to your rcqueft,two palankeens and two horfes are Tent for the two chiefs, and 
^8 hotfes for the other perfons; a horfe is alfo fent for Mohummud Ibrahim, and you will 
take the palankeen belonging to the European Ripaud, and having affigned two palankeens to 
the two European chiefs, and one to HuITun Ally, you will repair to the Prefence with the 
JEuropeans. For the tranfportation of their baggage 300 men have been ordered ; you will pay 
them their wages until thetr arrival at the eapital, and making them carry the baggage of the 
Europeans bring them with you. You wiH defirethe European chiefs to leave their furplus 
baggage belrind them, depoSting*it in a'houfe, and placing a guard to take care of it,, and the 
remaining' neceflary articles thev will bring with them ; by the bleflSng of God, after their 
arrival at the Prefence^ their whole baggage will be fenc for : Having fully explained thi$, /on 
will bring them to the Prefence. 

An anfwer lo their letters is tranfmitted accompanying, you will accordingly deliver it to 
them. They have been informed, that if it be neceffaiy to brir\g every body with them they: 
wilV'do fo; but that if they have any thing partitular to communicate, fome of their chiefs 
{bouldi repair tmmedi^tdy ^o the Prefencc, and leaving tlie men with the other chiefs, give or- 
ders for their proceeding leifurely after ibem* Should the men be left behind, you will leave 
,:with them Konrnul Mobiuun^u4^ Mitda» aAd an bircai^rahi for the put pofe of providiiig thett with 
ijifiuSme^ 4nd you j^otitjfe^v^f mil jit99^ tO:th^ Prefecice with the Ewccf cmm chieb* Yoit 


^vill caufe them to be furniflied with fuch a quantity of provifions as may be proper, by the diF- 
ferent aumils [^revenue officers'] oF the talooks, and give regular receipts. An order \rabJar'- 
ry] for this purpofe has been written* and is tranfmitted to you. Bearers for three palankeens 
with three Duffadais^ Jeewajce naik, Phenkajec naik, and Goolaul naik, and two Shahaubdar 
guards, are fctitto you. 

Your difpatching the boxes containing the trees was perfcftly proper, lafcars have alfobeen 
fent from the Prefence for the purpofe of bringing them on. You will bring the (hip-builders who 
have arrived, to the Prefence, as well as the other artificers, and after I (hall have feen thero^ 
they will be fent back for the purpofe of being em]>loyed in (hip-building. 

The letters written bv Hu(run Ally and Mohummud Ibrahim da not contain any thing ref- 
pecting their negociations ; nor mention where they have been ; or from whence they came. 
We de(irc you will caufe HuflTun Ally to write a full account of every thing, from the day of 
their leaving Jemaulabaud, to the day of their return to that p^^e, containing the occurren- 
ces on the yoyage, their conferences, the ftate of the war, and a defcription of whatever they 
may have feen, curious, or interefting. Havingwricten all thefe particulars, you will tranfmit the- 
narrative to the Prefence, that they may not again be called to account. 

You will encourage and fatisfy the people who. have arrived, and bring them to the Pre- 
fence. In matters of little importance you will be careful not to difpleafe or vex them. 

The order {rabdarry] for fupplying necelTaries, which has been fent, is under charge of Ko- 
maul Mohummud. Confidering what is proper, you will furni{h them accordingly, and taking; 
an account of every things bring it with you, that the necelTary dedu£kions may be granted^ 
You mult all three of you write feparate arzies, when you have occaGoi^ to write.. 

' - 7o the yljfof of Jemaulabaud. 

You will remain \at Jemaulabad'] for the purpofe of furnifhing the neceflfary articles to the- 
Chriftians whp have arrived; after their departure ypu will repair ta the. Prefence^ and (hould. 
even the month of Zehijjab have elapfed, it is of no importance. 

Two large marcs, twenty-nine horfes, and bearers for three palankeens, with three Duffa»^ 
dors, J ecwajee Naik, Phenkajee Naik, and Goolaul Naik, and two Shahaubdar guard^ 
\^arefent\ \iith Komaul Mohummud, Mirda [or bead) of mefiengers^ and Narrana and Burfa^ 
Naik, hircarrabs, 

A True Tranflatrorr, 


Perfian Tranflator to the Gavenunent. 

No., 18, , 

Trfinjlation of the Narrative of the Proceedings of the Ambajfadors difpatcbed by Tippoa 
Sultaun to the French lJlands;from their departure to their return : Written by Huf^ 
fun Allt^ one of the Ambaffadors\ 

The following articles were taken down, agreeably to the Hiftation of Ripaud,. on 
• board the veffel, on the 27th of Zaukree, in the year. 12^5 from the birth of 
Vi^homtA^ (anfwering to i^th December, l'^()^)• 

It hat been ordered by the 3acred Prefenc*, that (w^)muft bring ^0,000 horfc, and 40,000 
irifiairy, 100 guns and mortars, with their cquipDQcnts and artiiler/'inco> wth the French 



Ibrce. Prpvifions, carriage, conveyance^ and military ftor^s^ Ihall be furnifhed by the Khoo« 
xladaiid Sirkar. This article was not brought forward. 

That we fhould forward as great a number of Europeans as we can, together with 20 or 
30,000 men of colour, who know their exercife well, and accompanied by experienced officers. 

That the Generals who may be font on their part {the French) be matters of their pro- 
feffion, fuch as General Mangalon; and as our King is better verfed in the iyflems of India, 
the French Generals muft confult with him, and carry on operations againll the enemy in 
conceVt with him. 

Whatever may be taken in this war from the enemies of our King, and of the Republic, fuch 
as towns, forts, faftories, effeSs, fhips and veflfels, money, &c. or, whatever calh or treafure 
be taketi from nations, in fubjeflion to them, all thefemuft be divided into two [equal) parts, 
onehalf for our King, the other for the Republic ; excepting the country of the Khoodaddud 
Sirkar which the Englilh formerly wrefted from it by force of arms: Such country will be 
TCtatned by the Sirkar, and they [the French) (hall have no (hare in it. 

Should the French Republic be defirous of making peace with the Englifli, they are not 
to conclude fuch peace without our King being comprehended therein; becaufe after the 
treaty of alliance, the enemies of the Republic will be ftill the enemies of our King, and it 
would not be confident with friendfliip and juftice, not to include him in the peace. 

Should any one in the fervice of the Khoodadaud Sirkar enter the French camp and commit 
any outrage, let him be apprehended and fent to the Prefence, in order thai he may be 
punifhed according to the forms of the Khoodadaud Sirkar ; and in the fame manner, (hould 
any one of the French army enter the camp of our King, and be guilty of any outrage and 
irregularity, he fliall be immediately apprehended and fent to the General of the French 
army, in order that he may punifh him agreeably to his own cudoms. This article was not 
brought forward. 

Should thefe propofitionsbe approved by the Republic, we requeft the leaders of the Mother 
Republic, to tranfmit fpeedily, intelligence thereof to our King, by a fmall veffcl, irf order 
that his Highnefs, in perfon, may fet on foot a formidable and viClorious army, to meet that 
of the French in the neighbourdood of Mirjaun, which place is clofe to Goa. Oh French 
Nation ! with a view to the mutual interefts of the parties, our King intended to fend feveral 
letters under his au^ft feal and fignature, with four Sirdars qf high rank, for the purpofe of ne- 
gotiating, upon a Ihip belonging to the Khoodadaud Sirkar, to the Chiefs of the mother country. 
But the apprehenfion of the enemy and the unfavourablenefs of the feafon prevented the 
ineafure. A ftandard of the Republic was, however, quickly prepared, and fet up in the camp 
of Lally. (His Majeftj) caufed it to be faluted with three thoufand guns*; Ripaud and Mons. 
De Bay can bear teftimony to this faA. And whereas our King has declared, that he thus wilt 
fupport the ftandard of the Republic, Oh French Nation ! if ye will but confent to ihefc 
propofitions^ you need net hereafter fear your enemies. Turn your thoughis only to the pro- 
teflion of your ifland, for our King will keep the £ngli(h fo employed and embarrafled, that 
they will be unable to turn their attention towards you. Further, Zemaun Shah, King of the 
Afghauns, and the greater part of the powers of India, are united with our King for this 
purpofe, and will not ceafe until they ihall have driven the Englilh out of India. 

Oh Protector It 
Support of the World, health ! The particulars of our proceedings, from our Brft leaving 
Jemaulabaud until our arrival {return) at the port of Cowriaul [Mangalore) in the Khooda- 
daud Sirkar, are as follows : ' 

On Sunday the 17th of Zaukree^ in the year 1225 from the birth of Mahomed, (5/i Decern^ 

• HertfoUow tbt itamts ofvariaus implemnts of ivnr^ probably meaning ordnance, mujketst and rocket f^ M the ufual appellations 
hiiitg changed according to Tipdco SultaunU Jjyftem, it u r^t known tubal Jpecits are here defignaled, Tbit'tMrndd U the ceretnon^ 
•of c(-nfecrtuing the national flag, of -wbick a^ detailed account is ^i^en^ tn tSe journal of the jittings of a Jacobin dub, wbicb bad 
been tfaUiJbtd at Seringapatam under tbe aujficct of M, Ripaud* 'lAi/ curious paper, in wbick the Suitaun isJiyUd U Cii^jen tipou, 
^vas found in the Palace at Seringapctam* 

t Am htuoctUion totbc Deity, 



ier 1797). we embarked ; Ripaud occafio\ied the delay of a day or two in adjufting Ac equips- 
ments of the veffel, &c. On the 19th, we weighed anchor : After proceeding 6ve or fix cofs* 
to fea^ Ripaud, accompanied by five or fix perfons, came up to us in a very diforderly manner, 
defiriiig us to fiiew them the letters which had been entrufted to us for the Sirdars (^r Chiefs) at 
the Mauritius. Weobferved that our orders from the Prefence were, not taopen the difpatcheji^ 
until our arrival there, and that it was not becoming in him, {Ripaud) who had laid the foun- 
dation of the prefent expedition, and who was acquainted with all circumQances, to take fuoh 
a ftep. All our perfuafious were of no avail; he took the difpatches from us by force, and tearing 
open the leathern envelope, wanted to open the Khereetahst alfo. We told him that he would 
be difgraced; and hi& improper proceedings be expofed among his whole Nation, {adding) tiizt it 
was highly ui^becoming in him to be guilty of fuch a degree of treachery and mifconduQ; that 
until our arrival at the Mauritius we refpe^ed thefe Khereetahs as our own lives, and that 
we would facrifice our lives but we would do with thefe Khereetahs as we bad been direSed 
by the Prefence. Upon this he redored them to us. The next day he came to us, and defired 
that w^e would make over to him the money which had been given to us by the Prefence for 
him and his French aflbciates, elfe, {faid be) I will go \o Umba,ee^ [meaning perhaps towards 
Bombay) and other quarters, for plunder, and will coaft it for five or fix months. We anfwer- 
cdi, " You know very well, that the money which his Highnefs affigtied for our expences was 
^ entrufted to us in your prefence, by Shaik Ahmud, Mullik 00 Toojar; knowing and fee- 
•* ing this, it is very unbecoming in you to make this requeft." Refuge of the world,, health !: 
he affigned for our accommodation the place where the lafcars are, there was no place for us to 
fleep or to fitin. Qur incoavenienccs encreafcd daily; at laft we defired Ripayd to allot 
fome place for us to remain in until our arrival at the Mauritius; upon which he gave us a. 
£mall doncy [boat) which was on the veffel, to deep and eat in, until our arrival at the Ifland. 
From the day of our leaving Mangalore until our arrival at Mauritius, he allowed us not 
more than what he allowed the lafcars, and which only fufficed for drinking, it was not enough* 
for cooking. In the courfe of the voyage he took two veffels, aft^r taking the cargo out, 
he releafed them : after ten or twelve days, we fteered direft for the Mauritius. Ripaud fenti 
a meffage to mej, propofing to recite to us the commands which your Highnefs had entrufled 
to him, refpeQing the negociations with the Sirdars of the Mauritius ; that we (hould fake 
down a tranflation of them and make our reprefentationa accordingly at the ifland. We replied^ 
that Shaik Ahmud, MuUick. 00 Toojar, had communicated to us in. his [Ripaud*s) prefenoe 
orders to this effbft; that whatever he (/Jip^«//) fliould diftate to us. of tell us, we (hould: 
make our reprt- fentations accordingly, to the Sirdars above men tionedj through the medium of 
MonCeur De Bay. P.ipaud brought feveral of the papers to us„and diftatingto De Bay, ciuf- 
e^ hiili to write feveral articles ; which being done, he faid that they, were in conformity to 
ttie orders of the Prefence, and defired that we would regulate our negociations accordingly. 
It is impoffible to defcribe the diftrefs we fuflPcred,,from the rain and the motion of the waves, 
of the fea. However, by the favor of God and your Majefty's aufpices^ we furvived, and on> 
Thurfday the 3d of the month Rawzee {i^ih January 1793,) being arrived within two cofs 
of the Mauritius a pilot came off in a. boat to learn the circumflances of the ftiip. He came 
on board, and Ripaud received him with a great dw^al of cordiality. He told him that we were 
AmbalTad^rs fent by your Highnefs ^o the Sirdars of the Mauritius, and defired that he would, 
fend fome OTit{onJhore) to give riotice. The pilot immediately fent a lafcar with a verbal mef- 
fage to the General, and in two or three hours § after, a phyfician came to afcertain the peo- 
ple's health on board, the (hip. He fent for all the men who were on board the veffel, and: 
enquired into the ftate of every man's health ; he then came up to us and made a falam, [or 
obeijance) and. told us. that he would immediately fend notice to the General of our arrival. 
Wc defired him to allot fome place for out accommodation on (hore, and. enable us to difeni- 
bark; adding, that in a day or two after, we would commeiKe our iaterview^ with the Sirdars^ 

♦ A Cofs is u/u/il(y redone J equal to about two miles Eaglijk. 

i , Kbfr^etats are tie bags, cr cafes, of iiffae or filk^ in wbicb Utters, addfejfed to perfnsof rank, are uf sally enchfed, 
J *tbe Vakeels are drjigytated tbrougbout this paper bj ibe term Ghoolaumaun o^flaves. Here the tpord is in the fingular nti'^f'cr, 
and is perbaps intended to al/}ly to the writer only, 

^ TJje hours inJbis paper muff be underfleod to mean ibe Hindcjlany gkurrjy *conffiing ofchmt^QS or 14 totnutes. 




rTequefting that our arrival might not be made known to any one (^'/e). The phyGcian,. after 
^rcmaining an hour, returned to the Sirdars, and before two hours had elapfed, fcnt four 
.fon^ of rank with a verbal meffage, ftating that he was extremely happy at our arrival, and 
that he would fend for us the next^day. We replied, by requefting that he would fend for u$ 
^clandeftinely, fo that it fhould be known to no one. They replied that it was very well : they 
would report accordingly to the General, and a6l agreeably tofuch orders, as he might give: 
after this they went away. In the mean time, Ripaud carried the fhip near to the land, and 
dropping the anchor in the mouth of the river, immediately went to the General. . At twelve 
o'clock at night he came on board again, and told us that he had reprefented every thing to 
the General. Before his return however, five or fix Sirdars, andtwo Aids dc Camp of General 
Malatrtic's, came to us on board the veffel, and told us, that they mud conform to the cuftpai 
of their nation, and that if they did not receive your Highnefs's with due refped 
and attention, they would be cenfured from home. We ufed every .argument in our power 
*to diffuade them, but to no purpofe. The next day, the Sirdars were drawn up in two lines, 
from the bank of the river to General Malartic's hopfe, by General Malartic*s direftions;, 
who fent feverai officers in his own boat to meet us and conduft us ♦^o his houfe. Accordingly, 
we went on Ihore irt the boat, and immediately upon our landing, near a hundred and fifty 
guns were fired, and we were conduced with the utmoft degree of refpeft to the Sirdars. 
When arrived at General Malartic's hoiife, the General himfelf. General Sercey, the members 
of Council * and other Sirdars met us at th^ door of the houfe : The General feated us upon 
Chairs clofe at his right hatid. We prefented your Highnefs's complimentsrto alithe Sirdars, and 
told them, that the ojjjeft of our coming was to enquire after the health of your Majefty's friend^-, 
as no news of them had reached the Prefence^for feverai years, and therefore your Majefty had 
deputed us to ^11 the Sirdars, that we might afcertain, and return with an account of the wel- 
fare of your Majefty's friends. I then took the Khereetas containing your Majefty's letter^ 
in my hands, rofe from my feat, and addreffing the Sirdars, told them that they mutt take the 
.royal letters with refpejft, upon this General Malartic aroTe, and taking off his hat, received 
the letters from my hands. In the lame manner General Sercey rofe from his place, and 
.came up to me, and then I delivered to him his letter alfo. General Majigalon was not then 
.prefent, but General Malartic told us that if we would deliver to him your Highnefs's letter 
-to General Mangalon, he would take care to convey it to him and obtain his receipt for it. 
We accordingly delivered the auguft letter into the hands of General Malartic. I afteVwards 
enquired who was the prefident of the Council? Malartic defijed Monfieur Defcomber to 
rife and take the letters. At the time of our landing we defired Ripaud to accompany us, 
which however he d^id not, but in about one hour after our arrival he came to the affembly^ 
and holding his hat under his arm, ftood at a diftance. We told General Malartic, that Mon- 
fieur De Bay had been fent from the Prefence to be the interpreter between him (Malartic) 
and us, in any negociations which might take 'place between us; in confcquence of which 
he called De Bay to him, and obferved that in your HighneTs's letter Yoofuf All 1 was 
mcnuontdf (as th^ per/on deputed) whereas our names were Huffun Alii and Shaik Ibrahim, 
and defired to l^now the reafon of this. This being explained to us by De Bay, 'I 
.anfwered that Meer Yoofuf Alli had been originally appointed, but being laid up with 
illnefs he had been fet afide, and your HighneTs had deputed us inftead; wie 
then- told General Malartic that we had feverai points of a fecret nature to com- 
municate to him, and-jtherefore, if he would fend'for us In private, we would communicate tt> 
him what your Highnefs had direfted. General Malartic anfwered, " at 3 o'clock we twof 
$irdars will vifit you at your place of refidence;" we 'then took leave. General Malartic pro- 
vided us both with palanquins, and direfted ^e bearers to remain with us as long as we con- - 
tinued on the ifland, and he gave us a garden clo'fe to the city to refide in. At 3 o'clock all 
the Sirdars abovemeniioned vifited^us : we went to meet them as far as the garden gate, and 
conduced them into the houfe with all due ceremony and refpefl. ,We feated them upon 
chairs and addreffed them to this efFc£l : " The objcft of our King in defiring to form an 
*•* alliance with the French Republic, is to crufti our already half-expiring enemy. What do 

* Tbf C9I0MI /ilfmhly mufi bsfulfofedto U ben meant. + It d»€S ««/ appear nh the otbgr was, 

"** voa 


^ you waut for ? His Majefty is ready to afford you fuccours r Shew yourfclvcs in^ India. TKfr' 
^ unbounded violence and oppreffion of the Englifb have rendered all the Prince's of India. 
^ their enemies ; they are enfeel^led on every fide^ and firomthe great extent of territory^ 
^ which they have acquired by artifice, they are dtfperfed in^ all quarters. Look upon the 
^ prefent time as a mofl: fortunate opportunity^ fend a large army and an extenfive train of 
^ artillery, to the affiftance of our Sovereign, and effeQually chaftizing pur mutual enemies,^ 
^ drive tnem out of Indian The Engliih tremble at the very- name of our Sovereign* and of 
•* the French^ and will not be able to withftand the power of our Sovereign, fupported by 
"* (he aid of the French Republic, but will be defeated in every quarter. It is well known to 
** the Republic, that both his late MajeAy, and our prefent Sovereign, have at all times been 
^ the friends and well-wifhers of the French Nation, have always fought their affiftance and 
•* fupport, and made common caufe in their Wars againft their enemies t The wifh of our 
^ Sovereign, is this, that by affording affiftance to the Republic, the French name maybe- 
^ tome as honored and exalted in India^ as it. is thcoughoat Europe^ and among,. the MuffuU 


I The Sirdars aflced, if an auxiliary force fliould be furniflled from/ Europe, would your* 

' Mighnefs fupply them with provlfions, military (lores, conveyance* and tarriage? We an- 
fwered, that from the day of the landing of the French 1 army in Indian your Highnefs would' 
&pply them with provifions of every kind, excep& European liquors, that is to fay, rice, all forts 
ef butchers meat and ghee i^ and alfo with military (lores, conveyance and carriage. They then- 
told us, that for the purpofe of procuring a large military force, they would fit out two (hips* 
of war, and difpatch them to France, with letters from themfelves,. and thofe your High- 
nefs had addreffed to them, in charge of two confidential pcrfons of rank ; and they defired that ' ^ 
we would give them a~ memorandum of the provifions and carriage which we had promifed ' 
them, in order that they might forward it to Europe, and fpeedily obtain the n^ilitary fuccours 
'required. We replied, that we would the next day furnifh them with the memorandum ac- 
cordingly. They then rofe and w^nt home. In the morning they fent the head -Aid de Camp - 
and - I ' ■ * Dewan t to us, who faid, that General Malariic fent his compliments, and 

defired him- to mention, that he and the other three Sirdarsi were about to write letters to- 
the government in Europe, and therefore he requefted, thatwe would/urni(fa him with the 
memorandum which we had promifed, with refpedl to provi(tons and carriage. Having ac- 
cordingly drawn up a memorandum with regard to provifions and carriage, we fent it by Mons» 
De Bay to General Malariic* Cherifher of the world, heahh !! Thefe four Sirdars have each* 
written feparate letters to different people, xo procure a large forcefor the alfiftance of the Sir* 

y kar, and have deputed. two confidential perfons,, one Monf. Seguin the bead Aid de Camp, the ^ 

other Monfieur Magon,: a Captain^ in order to reprefent the excefs of your Highnefs's friend- 
fiiip and attachment, and charged with your Highnefs's letters addreffed to General Malartic, 
&c. and accordingly on the 7ih of Rauzee, 1225 from the birth of Mahomed, (23^ 74i»«<iry 
! 1798,) they were diifpatched to Europe, on two (hips ofwar, with the utmoft caution. After - 

two or three day^,. with, a view to (Irengthen the foundations of friendlhip and attachment,. 
we caufed a paper to be drawn up by Monfieur De Bay, to the following purpofe, and fent ic 
to General Malartic ; viz. that in order to cement the bafis of friendfhip and alliance, it waa- 
j iieceffary that both parties (hould bind themfelves by.oalhs, in order that the fydem of bar-- 

mony and friend(hip fubfifting between your Majefty and the French*' Nation might be con* 
firmed, and that while the moon (hould keep its courfe, this alliance (hould remain unimpair- 
ed and unviolatedv General Malartic returned, for anfwer,'that. the ratification of the alliance - 
by oath depended upon the government ia Europe ; that the friendlhip between the Khooda-- 
daud Sirkar and: the French Nation was fully eftabli(hed, that there would never be any di- 
minution of that friendfhip and union, as long as the moon retained her courfe; that the 
enemies of your Highnefs were the enemies of the French Nation; that your Highnefs would.* 
£pon have an opportunity of feeing what the devotion and friend(faip of the French Natioa^ 

^Un^obaiU name can ht c^njiSured frm thi mginah t Si^erinttndant 0fih€ Kevtnue or Finana^ 



'Would eflPeft with the view of crulhing the enemy, and that he was, from his heart, the devoted 
Servant of your Sirkar. -^ ^ 

Refuge of the world! In confequence of thefeverity ofa fea voyage, and unfavorabtenefs 
^f the climate I was io much indifpofed, that * General. Malartic's Dewan remarked it, 

.and told the General, -that I was extremely ill, in confequence of which he immediately fcnt 
two of the firft phyficians to attend me, with a meffage^ that on the next day at 3 o'clock, he 
ii^ould comeiiimfelf to vifit mc* The following day General Malartic came accordingly, and after 
^making enquiries rcfpeaing my heakb, he faid that Ripaud had made an erroneous reprcfenta- 
;tion to your Highnefs, cwhich occafioned us to be deputed ; that had we arrived four months be- 
-fore, he could have ferit us back with one thoufand Europeans, until the arrival of the army from 
JEurope,but that-thofe-troops had now been difpatched to Batavia, to the affiftance of the Dutch; 
/ftill however .he wouid manifeft his devotion in the beft manner he could, and that he would 
not fend us away empVy-handed. He then alked in what places your Highnefs had fa£tories 
eftablifhed, and what was the praSice of tfie Sirkar with refpeft to the eftabliifament of fac- 
tories, and defired us to fend a meoiorandam upon the fubje6t ; the next day we caufed De- 
Bay to . draw up a reply to the following elFeQ, which we fent to General Malartic ; Viz. 
That your Highnefs had eftablifhed fa£lories at Mu/cat, at Kufcb^ at Bujfora^ and in other prin- 
cipal cities; that two cohfidential perfons were kept at each faftory to buy and fell; and that 
if he ( Malartic ).^tx^ willing, that a faSory on the parttjf your Highnefs (hould be eftablifh- 
ed at Mauritius, we would reprefcnt it to your Highnefs, and that if you approved, a fac- 
.t;ory ftiould be eftablifhed accordingly. Some days after General Malartic fent for lis, and 
. told us, that he readily agreed to the eftablilhment of the Sirkar's faftory, at Mauritius; 
adding, that he would appoint a Dewan to fuperintend it, who would provide fuch articles as 
.your Highnefs required at a. favorable rate, and alfo that he would aflign a houfe belonging 
;to the Company for the purpofe. After two or three days, I ient a note by Monfieur De Bay, 
.to General Malartic, requefting that he would procure fome ^plants of the nutmeg and clove; 
:fome European fruit trees; fine coloufed and fweet fcented flowers; and filling fome wooden 
.boxes with earth, plant them therein and fend them carefully back with us to be prefented to 
your Highnefs. The General immediately fent for the gardener, and tlirefted him to prepare 
the plants in the boxes with the utmoft expedition. At three o'clock, we received a vifit from 
.General Sercey: we advanced to ineet him, condu6ted him into the houfe and feated him on 
a chair. -General Setcey faid to us, tjiat, pleafe God, fome large fuccours would very foon 
,arrivefrom Ejirope, and that it was his intention to accompany the troops to your Highnefs; 
after that we told him, that it would be very defirable if he could fend back with us five or 
.fix experienced nav^ators, fcveral Ihlp-builders, and iron cannon-founders; to which Genera! 
jSercey agreed, promifing to fend them with us on our return. After fitting two hours he rofe. 
After this General Malartic Xent ^a meffage by his dewan, inviting us the following morning 
,.to fee the powder mills, gardens and mortar firing, adding, that he Ihould be at the powder 
works before us. Early in the morning, .accompanied by De Bay, we went to the powder 
works, and immediately on our alighting from pur palanquins at the gate, we were faluted with 
.twentyvone guns. The foldiers were drawn out in two ranks^ while .fcveral officers came out 
to meet us, and conduced us to General Malartic and General Sercey^ who met us at the head 
of the ftairs, and taking our hands, feated us upon chairs, and then oflFered, if we chofe, to go 
with us andlhew us the works. We anfwered that it was juft as they pleafcd, and ttfeir pleafure 
was ours; they immediately rofe and (hewed us all the works. We then went without the 
!:gatesi where they direfted the artillery men^to fire the mortars at the targets, which they did 
\'fifieen titnes; they then requeftcd that we wojild go and fee the garden with the plants of 
.nutmegs and cloves, &c. On our leaving the powder works, we were again faluted with twen- 
ty-one gunsi We then proceeded to the garden, where we remained four hours, and then re- 
turned home. The next day General Malartic fent to invite us to 20 and fee fome fireworks 
to be exhibited that night; accordingly an hour before the clofe of the day, we went to the 
4)lace where the fireworks were to be exhibited. The fecond Aid-de-Camp and five Sirdars 
.came to meet usj and conduced us to the upper ftory : at that tiqie neither of the Generals 



was prefent. Having- fat till niire o'clock at night and feen the fireworks^ we returned homcf: . 
Two or three days afterwards, they invited us to go and fee the armoury, the granary, an* ' 
the iron manufa£lory, defiring that we would come for that purpofe at four hours after day- 
light; We accordingly fet out, and on our arrival at the gate of. the armoury, the Sjrdar« 
* belonging to the eftabliflimcnt came out to meet us ; they fhe<lred us the whole of the efta* 

blifhment of mufkets, implements of war, balls^ .&c. &c. after which- we took our leave/ The 

next day. General Malartic fent a verbal meflage by ' dewan,? lAviting us to go 

; at three o'clock in the afternoon, to fee the batteries and ordnance. The peirfon in com^ 

mand of them received direftions to (hew them to us; and we accordingly fet out, accompa- 
', ' nied by Mons. De Bay, and when arrive^ at the batteries^ the Sirdars of that department came 

forward, and fhewed us the batteries and ordnance; they caufed feveral fhot to l)&. fired : 
after feeing them all, we took leave of thofe Sirdars and.returned home. The next day wo 
were informed by Dcfcorober and the D^wan, that.General Malartic had fent a (hip to 
Bourbon, to fetch men for the fervice of the wSirkar, and that the General faid he would not 
4 fuffer us to take leave until the return of the fhip ; we told them,^that we were not come to 

I caiYy away with us men to be cnlifted for the feivice of the Sirkar, (in other words recruits) nor 

were fuch the orders we received from the Prefence. Five or fix days after. General Malar- 
tic fent a man to call us. He told us, that he had appointed fome men for the of the 
I Sirkar, whom he was about to fend accordingly, and defired us to give it under our hands^ 

: that we would rqprefent lo the Prefence and procure their entertainment, at the rate of pay 

which he fhould-Bx» We informed him, that wecould not venture to make any fuch repre-r 
fcntation to the Prefence. General Malartic replied, V were I to write to the Prefence would ^ 
J " it not be agreed to"? We.anfwered that if he chofe to write, it would be at your Highnefs* 

option to agree to it or nou After this we took leave. Being arrived at hom^, w^e wrote 

and fent a letter to General Malartic by. Monfieur De Bay, to this purport • " It is very well : 

i' " known to you, Sir, that the objeQ of our coming hither was to carry with us the fuccour 

J «* of a large andeffeflive body of troops. Perfons of your nation, reprefented to the Pre* 

I •* fence,, that a confiderable body of troops was aftualiy ready at the Mauritius for the affi(^ 

** tance of the'Sirkar,,,and that, fa foon asAmbaffadors fent to the Sirdars of the 
*» Mauritius, on the part of .the Khoodadaud Sirkar, an efficient body of men fhould be fent 
" back with them, whereby the common enemy would be chaftifed. Had his Highnefs been 
*• pleafed to give us orders for raifing French recruits, hi^ Highnefs would not have fent us 
*• without fettling their rate of pay and eftabliflunent, agreeably to the.cuftom of the Sirkar- 
. " From ^ regstrd to the ancient union and eftablifhed friendlhip fobfifting between the two 
, . *♦ States, you. deem it improper to fend away the Ambaffadors of the. Khoodadaud Sirkar emp* 

•• ty-handed, and therefore propofe to fend a few men, whom you yourfelf have engaged foE 
*• the fervice of. tbe^ Sirkar; but the obje£l of the Sirkar will not be anfwereiby fo fmail a bo- 
*' dyofmen; neitberace we inftrufled to carry with us recruits from the Mauritius;. nor in-r 
** deed can this be done wiihcut money. Men of your nation come tp us every day, (meaning 
" for the purpoje.of being engaged) and require to be furnifhed with money ; butfuppofing they 
•* waved their demand of money here, and voluntarily repaired to the Prefence with us under • 
** your orders, their pay muft be fixed by tho. Prefence; elfe, fufpending this bufinefs until his 
" Highnefs can be informed, depute two Vakeels of youT own^with us, to negociate the mat^ . 
" ter. As foon as fuch Vakeels fhalL have arrived at the Prefence, and- hi* Highnefs (hall 
•• have ftated to them the rate of pay and oftabliftmem as allowed to Lally's force in the fer- 
*' vice of the Sirkar; Ihould his Highjnefs be difpofed to entertain^ them agreeably to.theac* 
•' cuftomed rate of our Sirkar,. his Highnefs will fend money with his Ambaflador^ and 
V then you may and fend them accordingly : in the mean^ time, do us the favor 
" to ^ive us our leave, to return to the Prefence." General Malartic wrote in anfwer, 
and alfo fent word, by Monfieur Defcoraber, ;and ■ the Dewan, that he propo- 

fed fending MeCfrs. Chapuis aad..Dubue, with feveral other Sirdars, to your Highnefs with 
this view; that, until .the arrival, of the French fuccours from Europe, the former Ihould 
i:efide at tlve PreCence in quality, of plenipotentiary, that the other Frenchmen might not, 
by telling falfities like Ripaud, deceive your Highnefs; and, that Monfieur Dubuc mights 




Bfe deputed to France, together With your Highnefs's Ambaffadors, at the opening of the 
feafon, to negociate on the part of your Highnefs, as by his going many points of 
great importance would be efFefled. For thefe reafons, he faid, he propofed fending 
thefe perfons to the Prefence ; that hereafter fhould your Highnefs approve of engaging 
Frenchmen for your fervice, they (hould be entertained, at the rate and according, to the 
cuftoms of the Sirkar, and fent accordingly. Refuge of the world ! after the lapfc of eighteen 
days, the (hip which had been fent to Bourbon returned empty. It appeared that a great many 
men wifhed to come,*but were prevented by the want of means. On being informed of this. 
General Malartic fent. word to us, that he propofed in the courfe of five or fix days to fend 
/ us to Bourbon ; that as many men as were willing to accompany us, we might carry to y6ur 
Highnefs. General Mangalon paying us a vifit, we dated to him, that it would be very defirable 
if" he would accompany the troops deftihed for the fervice of the ftate; to which he replied, 
that when a confiderable force (hould arrive from Europe for the purpofe of fiibduing' the 
enemy, he would accompany it to the Prefence, and h^ defired that we would reprefent fo ta 
your Highnefs. After fitting two hours he took leave. Four days after, General Malartic 
fent for us to his houfe at three o'clbck in the afternoon, and then propofed to us to embark 
the following morning at nine o'clock, addingithjit he himfelf would accompany us on beard 
ihip to take leave. Accordingly*, the next day, being Thurfday the 21ft of Rubbaunee, 1225 
from the birth of Mahomed, (8/A March 1798) we fet out. Arrived at the banks of the river's 
mouth, feveral Sirdars accompjfnied us 'u\ the boat, and efcorted us on board the (hip, where 
they topk leave. An hour afier» General Malartic, Mons. Chapuis, and Mi^ns* Dnbuc, came 
on board; and General Malartic dclivel'ed co us^ the Khereetahs, containing the Airzees to your 
Highncfs's addrefs, defiring that we. would prefentiiis humble refpeSs. He then gave orders 
for weighing anchor and returned. As fot)n as General Malartic had got on board the boat, the 
Captain of the fhip ordered the anchor ta be hove,, and in one day a«d a night we arrived at 
Bourbon, where we anchored.- Mons. Chapuis ainl Dubue got inta the boat and vifited the 
Governor of Bourbon, and returned, bringing with them four perfons who were defirous of 
proceeding to the, Prefence. The Captain continued here the whole day, and then weighing 
anchor, fliaped his courfe for Mangalore. Near the line we met with a Itorm in which one 
of the mails of the fliip wasfprung, (or carried away) and during the whole of the night the 
people defpaired of iheir lives; but through the favor of God and the Royal aufpices, in the 
morning the ftorm ceafed*. 

Prior to this^ I had thie honor to write to your Highneft a full an* accurate account of th«. 
engagement which took place off Tellicherry,* together with the difembarkment of the Euro- 
peans and their demands. Whence your Highnefs will have been informed of thofe particu* 

Dated 8th of Tuckce of the year Shadaub, 1226 from the birch of Mahomed. (23^ May 
1708*) A True Tranflation, 


P. T. to the Goverainentir ' 

No. 19:; 

T^ranfiaiion of the Narrative of Mobummed Ibrahimy one of the Ambaji^dors difpatcbed by 
Tippoo Sultaun to tb( IJle of trance in 1797. 


Account of the depantire of Huffun Ally, and Mohummtid Ibrahim, deputed on the part 
of* the Khoodadaud Sirkar, for the Iflandof Mauritius, on boa'rd a (hip (Patailab) acccnTpa- 

♦ TJtiual!idcsi»tbe gaftuu rftbt Raymond and W9QdcQt Ikdiamen in TfUicbcrry roadi. 



picd by Ripaud, a Frencbman : alfo of the conferences held at that place whh the Ghiefs <rf 
Mauritius, &c. agreeably to the undermentioned particulars. 

Wci^Huffun Ally and Mohummud Ibrahim, on the 1 6th of the month Zaukery,in the year 
Sauz, 1225 from the birth of Mahomed, {anjwering to about the /^b of December 1797) hav- 
ing embarked on board the fliip ♦ ♦ * in company with Ripaud the European, in purfuancc 
of the order of the enlightened Prefence, weighed anchor, and on the 20th of Rehmaunee of 
the fame year, {anfwertn^ to the %tb of January 1798) fafely arrived at. Mauritius, The Sir- 
dars {or Chiefs) of that place, in confideration of the high reputation and dignity of the KhoQ^ 
dadaud Sirkar, came out to meet us with thef grcatcft relpeaj and we were landed an>^D^ 
at one of the beft boufes. ' 

The four letters addrefled to the chiefs of Mauritius, one to General MalartiCj-tlie fecond 
to General Sercey, the. third to General Mangalon, and the fourth to General Defcorabor 
were delivered, and thefe four chiefs received them with the greateft refpefl:. They opened 
them and afccrtained their contents. They mentioned, that two (hips were to be difpatcbed 
from thence immediately for Paris, and that they fliould fend two other .{hips as a convoy to 
them, altogether four (hips ; that they (the four chiefs) fhould write to Paris, an account of 
our arrival at Mauritius on a deputation irom tb^ S4iltaun,and perjuade the ptiredbory ^9 
open a negotiation. 

Your fervants confidering the departure of thefe ffiips for Paris fo immediately after their 
"arrival at the Mauritius as a mod propitious circumftance, the happy effeQ of your vi&onoos 
aufpices, and as prefaging the fuccefs of the affairs of the Khoodadaud Sirkar ; v^e obferved to 
the chiefs, that their writing alone, would not produce a fpeedy and fatisfa£tory anfwer from 
Europe, and that therefore it would be proper to poftpone the departure of the (hips for fomp 
days, and fend with their own difpatches, copies of the letters which they had refpe£iively 
received from the Prefence,on the fubjeQ of the negotiation with your Highnefs, in,order that 
all your Highnefs's wiflies might be made known, and acquiefced in as foon as pqffible. 

The chiefs, on due <:on (idef ation, wrote what was proper; and .we, thinking this a fa* 
vourable opportunity, engaged two Europeans of refpe6tability here, Monfieur Magot, and 
Monfieur Seguin, to proceed to Paris on board thefe fhips as Valceels {Agents) holding out to 
them an expe£lation, tnat by undertaking t]|is commiflion, they codld nh^ fail of recommend- 
ing themfelves to the favor of the Sirkar; «iccordingly, having drawn tip a Hookumnama^ 
(InJlruSionsJ containing ten propofitions, a copy of which will be found in a feparate paper, 
we delivered it to them, and on the 6th Rauzee, of the fame y^ar, (M/w^ing to about the 22'd 
^ January ty^i J ^hty cTxibdivkcd. > - 

By the bleffing of God, all the objeQs of the Sirkar will be fatisfaSorJly accompHflicd ; but 
were Vakeeis fent, with all poffible expedition, ^rom the Sirkar direft, to Paris, it would 
doubtlefs have the efleft to promote, and accelerate the bufinefs. On- a former occafion, it 
was in your Highnefs's contemplation xo fend Vakeels to Paris, to effe£luate the objeQs yov& 
have in view ; and had that meafure been then adopted, they wouW, by this time, have been 
fully completed. It is certain that the Englifii are reduced to great difficulties. and diftrefs^ 
and at this crifis the negotiations at Paris may be carried on with the greateft fucgefs. Frotn 
the friendfhi]) of the chiefs of Mauritius you can exped only fome recruits, and the eftabliOi* 
ment of a factory; but with regard to other affairs of importance, fuch as fuccours for your 
country and the conducing a negotiation, nothing final can be determined here. It will be adviV 
fable, however, to preferve a friendfhip between thefe chiefs of Mauritius and the Sirkar* 

We, according to our imperfeft underftandit^s, having made ourlelvcs acquainted with 
thefe matters, Jbave related them accordingly. 


Account of Ripaud the European, as follows: 
Having weighed anchor from the bay (Kbauree) at Courial, (Mangalore) we proceeded out 
io the roads and came to an anchor. He, (Ripaud) having colle6ted all the Europeans, came to 
JUS and faid, that he had been jcxtremely ill treated by all our Sirdars. We afkcd him^ in whajx 


jtVptA our chiefs had behaved ill towards to him ? Me anfwered^ that it was the order oF our 
Prince, that he Ihould be fupplied from the Sirkar with all the (lores and neceflaries for tho 
fllip» in the mod ample manner ; and that he Ihould thereupon be difpatched. That the Sirdars 
had furnifhed him neither with ftorcs, nor neceflaries of any kind ; and that Ahmi^d Khan^ 
Mullick-oo-Toojar» had taken from him by force the fum of 325 pagodas, and had alfo taken 
a bond from him for the fhip, and informed him, that he mult himfelf purchafe the (lores and 
necellaries for her; that he had in confequence purchafed them from his own funds, and had 
then come away, by which means he bad (uftained a great lofs : he therefore wi(hed to delay 
his voyage to the Mauritius for one year, arid with a view to indemnify himfelf for his loEfcs, 
he propofed to feizc fome oF the enemy's (hips, after which he would proceed to Mauritius. 
We, on this, alked Ripaud^ rf he recolleded what engagement he had entered into with the 
Prefence ; and' what improper meafures he now propofed to purfue ? Wc oWerved, that it would 
Be prope^ for bim^ to pay fome attention* to his engagement; and to have fome confideratioR 
ibr the iniportant bu(inefs in agitatidn. That your Highnefs had treated him with great kind- 
nefs, and that it would be well for him to exert himfelf cordially,- in promoting the a(F<iira 
of the Sirkar, chat he might be exalted accordingly. Ripaud replied that it was well ; but that 
be wi{hed to fee the letters^ which had been wrkteh from the Prefence to the Sirdars (or 
chiefs) of Mauritius^ with a view to afcertain whether they were the fame letters, or others. 
Weobferved to Ripaud, that it was the order of the: Ptcfence tnat we (hould deliver thefe 
letters to the chiefs of Mauritius ; that it was npt proper in him treacheroufly to think of open- 
ing and' reading them, and that he would be feverely reprimanded for it. Notwithftanding 
this> without any regard either to his chara6ter or life, he dill pofitively infifted, that without 
opening and reading the letters addreflfed to the chiefs of Mauritius, he would, by no means, 
proceed to that place* We being entirely helplefs, gave the four letters into the hands of Ri« 
paud, who having opened them, and his mind being relieved from apprehen(ion, immediately 
weighed anchor and fet oflF for Mauritius. We accordingly, through the profperous fortunes 
o£ your Highnefs, arrived in fafety with this Europeaa at that place 

Account of the conferences with the chieb of Mauritius. 
The" chiefs of Mauritius, immediately on our arrival, fent to us a'Dodor and an Aid de^ 
Camp, to enquire into the (late of the health of the (hip's company, and to afcertain from' 
whence fhe came. We replied!^ that we came^rom the Sultaun, upon whofe kingdom and 
country be the .(hadow of God ! — Afterwards a* boat highly ornamented came off with 
feveral Sirdars to receive us« and they having placed us» in it and brought us on (hore, 
500 giins were (ired oflf; and two lines of European troops bejng formed, and a compli- 
ment being paid with the- colours, we were conduced with the greateft ceremony and 
refpeft to the houfe of General Malartic; AH the chiefs and gentlemen rofe with great 
deference and made us fit down. They made enquiries after the health of your High- 
nefs. We replied,.. " God be praifed ! by the Divine favor, he always enjoys excellenr 
^^ health,. and is adively employed in conducing; the aflfairsof his country, and in puni(hing 
" and preventing the evil defigns of his devoted enemies, and he has fent his compliments 
^' to all the chiefs/'* All the chiefs, immediately on hearing the word compliments, taking 
o(F their hats, and rifing from their feats, offered their profound refpeQs. Upon this we 
gavq the four.chiefstheir letters*- They adced, what elfe there was, beGdes the letters? We 
anfwered, a Hookumnaumah.* They then fent to our place of relidence^ and obferved, that in' 
the evening they would call in on us and fee the Hookumnaumah. The four chiefs ac- 
cordingly did call in the evening, and made themfelves acquainted with the contents of 
the Hookumnaumah. We informed the chiefs, that Ripaud was prefent at the time of writ- 
ing it, and that it would be well, if be were called in. Cenerat Malartic replied, that he 
bad not fent this European as a Vakeel to the refplendcnt; Prefence ; ** what then", faid 
he, •* has he tp do here ? He is fecond officer of a (hip ; and you are come from the Prefence, 
*^ the Ihadow of God : Whatever conferences it may be nece(fary to hold, let them be heldi 

?* Or pfifiT ^finflrvQionsy pr^bu^lj mewing the paptr ofpropd/thm prifixtd U the Diary ofHuJfun AUU 

•'. witb 


^ Willi you." We thereupon gave in writing to the Chiefs, the ten articles rcfpeaing prov'tfionj^ 
&c. the particulars of which are fpecified in a feparate paper; and the chiefs being extremely 
pleafed with it, went to their own houfes, and^hey.^aycfince fent, on their own part, thpfe 
^en. articles in detail to Paris. 

Account of our return from the Mauritius, to the Refplendent PreTence. 
The four chiefs of Mauritius told us per fonally^ that the European Ripaud had brought 
us here on a falfe reprefentation to the SuUaun : That_at prefent they had no forces ; that had 
"we arrived four months fooner, aJmall reinforcement would have been fent with us; that 
as a fuccour to the Dutch, two (hips had been fent to.Batavia, more than three months 
ago: that had. we arrived fooner, thefe fhips fhould have gone as a reinforcement with us. 
We oSferved to the chiefs, , that for forty years a friendfhip had. fubfifted between them and 
your Highnefs, the circumilaqces of which, it was not neceffary to particularize; that it was 
the mod ardent wifh of your Highjiefs's h^art> by a mutual Concert to. extirpate the Engli.Ih Na- 
tion, .and, railing the ftandard ot Viftory and affording aCBftance and protctiion to the coun- . 
fry pf Hinduftan, to cement ftlll ftronger the bpnds of union and friendfhip : that our Sovereign 
had with this determined view fent us to them, and that they fliquld adt in fuch a manner, 
as to increafe the honor and reputation of both parties^ They replied, that it was certain, * 
in a (hort time, a large army and efficient fuccours would be fem--from Europe, and that 
they were ready to do every thing in their power, to^prqmote the .fcrvipe pf the Sirif ar. Af- 
ler this converfation thipy returned ^o. their hoyfes. 

'CHAPTER . r. 

The chief of Mauritius caufed proclamation to be made in the city, by teat df 'drun)f antl 

fent letters to the neighbouring Ifland, inviting thofe to come* forward* who were defirous of 

entering into the . fervice of your Highnefs. After an interval of fifteen days, fome few men 

affemblcd, and the chiefs-having fent for us, mentioned that after fixing the pay of the Sirdars, 

feamen, gunners and artificers, they were about to fend them with us to the Prefence ; that it 

would be proper for us to give a writing, purporting, that the allowances which had been efta- 

bliflied at the Mauritius fliould be regularly paid to the perfonsfent by them. We replied to 

'this, that we had comeliere to obtain extenfive fuccours and a large army^and not to carry 

away recruits; that had we come to procure recruits, we fhould certainly have come furrtifli- 

ed with inftruftlons for fettling their pay; that they were at liberty to fend them, ifthey 

' pleafed, but that the eftablifhment of pay, and the entertaining of them, retted with yobr 

Highnefs, and that we had no power to give a writing to this effeft. Thefe particulars were 

ftated in writing to the chiefs, who wrote to us in reply, that although we would not give what 

they defiredin writing, it was of no confequence; that they fhould, at their own difcretion,,put 

the perfons who had accepted fervice on board the fhip, and fend them with us; that (hould 

your Highnefs entertain them in your fervice and allow them the pay fixed by us, it would be 

well; that otherwife, the men fhould i)e fent back on the fame fhip to Mauritius. 

We fubmitted fix pifopofitions fo the Chiefs of Mauritius, 
ifl: Propofition — That they fhould fend two refpeflable perfons, on the part of the Khoo- 
dadaud Sirkar, to Paris, for conducing the negotiation. 

They accordingly did fend two refpeftable perfons to Paris. 

2d Propofition. — That we fhould enter into a. treaty, that. their ftandard and that of thc 
Khoo.dadaqd Sirkar fhould'be united.* * 

They replied, that this could not be done here by th^m, without powers from Paris. 

3d Propofition/ — That a faftory be eftablifhed at Mauritius on thc part of the *Khooda- 
ddaud Sirkar. 

To this they confented, 

* III other words i thfit ,a ireatj of^Wancf, efenfipe and def en/I've^ fimld be ,comckdf4* 


4lh Pfopofition.— That they fliould fend to the Khoodadaud Sirkar fomc nutmeg and clove 

To this they agreed, and have fent them to the Prefence with us. 

5th Propofition. — That we would not carry with us to the Prefence, the recruits whom 
they propofed to fend. 

6th Propofition. — That in the event oF your Highnefs being deiirous offending Vakeels 
,'to Paris, they (hould be conveyed thither on the (hip now arrived. 
To this they affented. 

"Ripa\id'the European came to us at night twice, during our refidence at the Mauritius. The 
firft time he came, he faid, that General Malartic and the other chiefs, had (hewn great dif- 
-pleafure and anger towards him, a(king him why he had, by a falfe.reprefentation to the Pre- 
tence, brought us there. Ripaud a(ked us to .give^ him an inftrument im writing, purporting that 
he 'had not by fpeaking to your Highnefs been the means of bringing us; for that Mon(ieur 
Munderool (Moneron) had, at a former period, made a reprefentation to the Prefence, recom- 
mending that your Highniefs (ho^ld fend.Vakeds oti your part to France and elfewbere, for 
the purpofe of obtaining fuccours. We thereupon told Ripaud, that he had delivered a ftatement 
to the Prefence, and that it was evident the advice on which wc had been fent &c. pro- 
ceeded from him; and that wc would never give any fuch writing. 

Thefecond time that Ripaud came, he (aid, that Meer Gholaum Alii, (peaking of the 
'bufinefs of the i^egotiation, had mentioped, that he (Rifani)\izActxidAn\y fuggefted to the 
Prefence the deputation of the Vakeels ; but he denied ever having recommended any thing of 
the kind. We were informed 'too by Defcomber, ^he (irft in Council, that Ripaud was in the 
practice of holding very improper and difrefpeftful difcourfe, faying, that they had kept him 
in confinement ; that having obtained his releafe by ftratagem, he had proceeded hither ; that 
in confequence of this very improper difcourfe, they had difgraced Ripaud, and turned 
f}\im out, of the city • ^ 

^ Deicomber further afked, why your Highnefs, the Nizam, and the Mahrattas, did not 
finite, and drive the Engli(h outof. Hinduftan? He faid, it was certain, that by the union of 
fthefe three^ «he Englilh might be rooted out of that country. That 500 Frenchmen had been 
in the-fecviceoffiRam Rajah ; upon hearing which, they (the Englijh) had peremptorily remon- 
tilrated wiih^iinn and hadcaufed him to difmifs the 500 Frenchmen ; that Ram Rajah was very 
«nuchdi(ratisfied with the Engliih, and that it was his wi& to produce a good underftanding 
;;between your Highnefs and Ram Rajah. 

We further ieamt from Defcomber, that at Paris, one day, all the French gentlemen being 
^{fembled in cohfultation, it had been afl^ed, whether the French had any ally in Hinduftan ? 
'That at this time a friend of the Khoodadaud Sirkar was prefent, who replied, that your High* 
Tiefs, for a period of forty years, had been the ally of the •French, and that you were a power- 
'Jul friend, and that on hearing this all the gentlemen were highly pleafed. 

'^e werejnformed by Monfieur CoflSgny, that the* letters of your Highnefs, which had 
T)een fent to France under the care of Mpnf. Moneron, had arjrived ten months before ii 

At the time of, our comipg away, we mide enquiry of General Malartic refpefting Ripaud. 
JF^e replied^ that on his receiving your Highnefs's commands regarding him, he would lakt 
fhim intocuftody and fend him to your Highnefs ; that the former Vakeels bad been guilty 
,cf many very improper adts, and that your Highnefs ought not to fend'fuch perfons as Vakeels. 

He fliewed us the place in which guij-powder is manufaftured and pounded by the power 
*of awatei: mill; and anew pianufaQory, where the. charge ^pf powder with which the guns arc 

'♦ No copies of theft Utters home yet been difcovered^ their daU alfo is unkK<nva, It is evident hovs ever from Af. CoOignfs Ut- 
.ierin the French cerrefpondence^ No, i», Divipon B. that their ohjeS was the fame as that of the Embafy to the Mauritius tn 1797. 
J^iirn Moneron^ a ferfonoffomo nou in the French Revolution, *was the hearej oftbefe letters. 

' » loaded. 

. I 


so ^ 


loaded IS equal to two cartridges, and the balls for thefe^w weigh 60 ruttol$ (cr pmds) ; 
they make the balls as hot as fire, and throw them into thefe guns.which they fire off- The 
. balls carry as far as 200 Sulianny dirrehs (mr yards). In tbi^s manner they (ircd off tbe. ^eat 
guus three times, fortbepurpofc of flicwing them to us. 
He (hewed us the gardens, in which the nutmeg and clove trees are cuHiyated. 

He (hewed us the bridge, {^r Pier) on both fides^ of which there are two batteries, aodtm 
each of thefe batteries there arc AxXy excellent gun«, the balls of which being ma<ic rcyi-hot, 
;and thrown into the guns, they are fired oft and by thefe halls the (hips of an enemy Il^y be 

He (hewed us firc'works of different forts, (fachas the Ch^ckerl^taaniuid.Tarauauiulul^&c.) 
all very excellent of their kind- 

He entertained us with plays and muGc, tct. which merit to be highly extoUed. 

He (hewed tis the qaanjafaftory for guns, fwords, cartridge boxes, and the various impfer 
ments of war. 

We had nirie interviews with the. abovementioned General. 

The Ifland of Mauritius, ' is in length 60 cofs, and 40 cofs in breath. The city is fituated 
at the foot of a hill. 

The following particulars were afcertained frora- 

A Danilh (hip bad arrived at Mauritius, with letters from Paris. All the chteEs of.thp 
Councils of Mauritius being alTembled, and having read the letters, remained during one day 
overwhelmed with fear and anxiety. \Ve enquired- of — — , .why all the gentlemen had re- 
mained a whole day in coafternation ? He replied, that after the French King was killed, a 
new fyftem had been eftablifhed. That there were * five chiefs of the firft order; that there, 
was a Council of Antients^ confiding of ^m\ and a third order of young men, whofe number 
amounted to 500: that thefe chiefs confuUing together, condufl the affairs of the State. That 
the Germans had made peace with the Frencb» but that the EngUfli having bribed the former 
with millions of money, had feparated them from the French and brought thorn over to tkeir^ 
own party ; that through the means of the Germans, thpy had aWobrought over to their in^ 
tcrefts two of the chiefs of the firft order, (ibe Direffcry) and a great number of xhofe of tht 
fecond, and third, orders; and that hey fecretly determined to brin^ about a- peace- bat we en 
the French and Englilh, which being difcovered, by the other chiefs who wcr« not ea- 
gaged in the intrigues of the latter Nation, ihey thereupon aiked the chiefs wbowere in the 
intereft of the £nglifti, for what rcafon they were intriguing to accomptifh a peace with that 
Nation ? They replied -that they bad been feduced into this error, by. t^e yiftigation and ar« 
tifice of the Germans : They in confequenpe put all thpfe French chiefs, the partisans of the 
Englifh, into clofe confinement, and appointed 5,000 horfe, as a guard for the cuftody of theno. 
The Englifh Vakeels, (jigents cr jkgibajfadors) who .bad come to favour the fchemc^ took to 
flight t; that in confequence of this circumftance, a mifunderftanding had again arifcn be- 
tween the Germans and the French, and that peace-, at this time could by no means be ef- 
tablilhed between the French and Engliflj. This account was ja matter of public notoriety 
at the Mauritius. 

The French declare to ihe Englilh, that peace can be c?labU{hed with them only on condi- 
tion, that they Ibciuld be content to be placed in the fanie fituation th,at they were in forty years 
ago; that on thofe terms they certainly might have peace. The Engliflx are reduced to the 
greateft difficulties and diftrefs*: they are burthened with au enormous debt, and there is no 
money in their country. How long wilf they be able tofublift on the refources, which they 
draw from Bengal and elfewhere ? There being fo much reafon to believe, that the Englifh are 
jid a weak and {battered conditiopj the Kings of Conftaatiaople, America, Spain, llollandi^ 

• Meaning thU DlrtSory 
.t* This pTQb^hly alludes to ibtfuidcn dfj^arture ^ Lord Mabnejhury frcf/k France^ 



Denmark^ and Portugal^ have unUed Avith the French^ and their Vakeels (Amiajaibrs) are 
affembled at Paris, 

We having afcertained all the foregoing particulars, by enquiry at diifFerent places^ have re- 
prefented them to the Prfefence to the bbft of our ability. To add more were to tranfgcefs the 
bounds of refpQCti- We truft that we (hall be honored with the kindnefs and fevorcrfyoor 

We remained at Mauritius one month and eighteen days, and having embarked from thence 
on a fliip on the tgth ofRubanny of the yearSauz, 1225 from the birth of Mahomed, C^nfwer-- 
ing tv tbe.jth March 1798 J we arrived in fafety at Couriaul. We embarked at the Mauritius 
on Thurfday in the evening. General Malarcic and all the chiefs came on board to fee u$» 
and delivered into our hands the letters for the Prefence. They urged the Captain very ftrong- 
ly, to do every thing to promote our eafeand contentment, and told him to carry us to Cou« 
fiaul The General then addrefling himfelf to us, obferved, that the perfons who had formerly 
come on the part of your Highnefs, had carried off a great deal of money on falfe pretences ; 
that they had expended large fums without eifefking any thing ; that he had therefore fent Ge- 
neral Chapuy for the purpofe of remaining at the Prefence,. alfo General Dubuc,.for fuper- 
intending naval affairs, and Monfieur Deflmoulias for the purpofe of disciplining the troops; 
that be had ia addition to thefe, (ent faiiors, gunners and others^, to accompany them. He 
mentioned thefe particulars verbally, and obfcrved, that the remaining circumftances would 
appear from his letter to the Prefence. Thereupon, all the guns of the (hip, artd of the other 
fliips, having been fired, the GeneraM-etum^d to his houfe, and the anchor of the (hip being 
weighed, we proceeded towards Couriaul: having taken on board lome perfons at Bourbon, we 
proceeded ftraight to Couriaiil. . 

The fliip on which we were, .arriving ncair the Lacadives, took a patamar in which there 
were fome Malabar men, and we a(ked from whence they came? They.faid from Cannanore. 
We aCked what news there was from Tellicherry, and whether there were any Engli(h.(hip« 
there or not? They replied that there were two feips there*. Immediately on hearing this 
news, the patamar was reltafed, and the fliip was (leered towards Tellicherry. Every body 
however objefted, obferving, that as the vakeels were on board, it would be improper to go to 
Tellicherry for the purpofe of fighting. The Captain of the (htp replied, that after receiving 
accounts of the Englilh (hips, (hould he not go in qucft of them, he fhould be highly culpable 
and deferve to be put to death : he would therefore by no means acquiefce. 

Accordingly on Friday the 3d Behaury of the year Shadaub, 1226 from the birth of Ma; 
homed, (anjwering to the 19/* df April 1798), we arrived at Tellicherry, and found onD(hip at 
anchor-there. Near the evening another (hip had come into the road of Tellicherry, when 
on a (udden, a violent (lorm arofe, and the lightning ftriking the (hip, (he was dafhed to pie* 
ces on the (hore. One man was killed by a ftroke of the lightning, and eight were wounded* 

At this time another Engli(h (hip, which had come from Bombay, made her appearance, and 
entering the roads of the port, came to an anchor. Neither of the (hips had yet furled their 
fails, when the Frepch (hip on board of which we were, went in between the two Englifh 
ftiips which were in the roads qf Tellicherry and came to an anchor. She called out to each 
of thefe (hips to haul down iier colours,yupon which both (hips fired o(F their guns, and an 
engagement enfuedr The (Kip, which had be6n previoufly at anchor," (truck her colours, and 
the one which had come^ from Bombay, getting up her anchor was making off, but Ihe was 
alfo taken and brought back. 

PafEng by. the fort and battery, the two prizes and our own ftip were anchored in the 
tw^i (cr fia). The number, of the prifoners, chiefs and others, taken in the prizes, a- 
mounted to about 500 Europeans. Having put our own men on board their (hips^ we con- 
fined their crews on board our own (liip. 

♦ 7h£ Raymond and WocdcoU 




In the morning, a Sirdar (or chief) came on board our {hip from Tellicherry, and 'j. . 
French Sirdar fcr ofF for that place : what conferences were held bv them, or what ar- 
Tangement they made^ we did not afcertain. Some few of the Eng^ifh were detained, and 
the remainder were fet at liberty; both the prizes were difpatched to the ifland of. 
Mauritius.' We heard that the two fliips were worth five lacs of Rupees^ ancLthe goods, mo* 
Xiey, eflFefts, and different articles were valued at five niore The remaining perfons having 
been feht on Ihore to Tellicherry, the next day we weighed anchor and fleered for Couriaul ; 
but a two mafted veflel heiLving in £ght, weftood in, and having come up with her, upon 
enquiring what Ihip it was ? We were anfwered, Tippoo Sultaun^s. Upon afking under whofe 
charge fhe was ? They replied,, fhe was under charge of an Affof, (or officer) named Shaikh> 
Shahaub-ud-Deen ; that they were "bound to Mufcat, but having met with a fevere ftorm, they 
had been obliged to bear up for Tellicherry ; that the Mate and Nakbooda had on board« 
three thoufand bags of rice, and a fmall quantity of black pepper. The Captain would fain 
have fent her to Mauritius ; but we reprefented that the (hip had come there in confequence- 
of a ftorm, and that it was not proper to fend her to the Mauritius, (incefhe, in fad, belonged 
to the Khoodadaud Sirkar. The Captain afked, how fhe could come to Tellicherry to difpofe 
of her ricq, if flie really belonged to the Sirkar? To this we replied that the cogivizance of 
that affair belonged to our Sovereign alone: Finally^ the 'Captain putv eight men on boards 
and brought her along with us to Couriaul, at which port we arrived, after a paflage of forty- 
nine days from Mauritius, and landed at noon on Wednefday the 8th of Zckaudah^ {anfwering^ 
. to the 26tb April 17 $9). . 

On our arrival at Couriaul, we, heard that an Englilh .flii]p from Bengal, bound to Bombay^ 
had come to Couriaul, where a French fhip was at anchor ynder Englifli colours; that the 
Englifh taking her for one of their own Ihips, had come in for water, and requefted the other 
to.affift her to procped to Bombay, by.fupplying her with 'water. The French Captain faid,^ 
that they would fupply her with water, and fend her to the place of her deftination, bm at the 
fame time told the Sirdars of his own fhip, immediately on the arrival of the Sirdars, (the Eng^ 
lijh) to feize the fhip. Accordingly, having put people on board the fhip, they difpatched her 
to Mauritius;^ We heard, that the fhip had on board Bengal- goods; to the value of five 
lacs of Rupees. 

Couriaul is diftant from Mauritius 900 coli5,.but by. the route of- * il is 1100 cofs. Parw: 

is Aidant 2000 cofs from Mauritius. 

Having attentively afcertained thefe accounts, we have committed them to writing. Should 
any errors^haye occurred in the courfe of writing them, we fliall be forgiven. ^ 


\ A,Truc Tranflation, 


P.. T. to the Government. • v 

N. B. Tbefollomng is fvhftaWially ihe-fame as that in the French corre/poridence^Viarked 

No. 22. 
Draft of a letter from the Prefence {Tippoo Sultaun) to the Executive DireQory of France,!. 
dated,the 17th Jtubbee-ool-Awul 1213, (anjwcringio the ^ofkof Augufi i798.Jt 

To the diftinguiflied and exalted in rank, the refuge of old an^ faithful friends, the Execu^ 
tive Direfipry of the French Republic. . Be the peace of God upon them I 

• Name ill^ible, 
t Titre is apparently fom error in the triginal PerjSan, nvitb reJpeS U the daie^ unUfi it hifuppofed^ that fhi date at the begins 
ning marks the time of tranfcribing the Utter into the book in mbicb tie original of this Trafiflothtt was fimd^ and tbfit at tbi end^ 
h thea&uai date of the letter. The lofi, corrj/ponds wftb the date oftki much UtttTj^ . 




By the favor of God ! always confider the Kboodadaud Sirkar and the people of the Khoo- 
dadaud Sirkar to be the true friends of the French Nation ; a cordial friendlhip muft be 
maintained between them as long as the fun and moon fhall endure. Though^ which God 
forbid! theiearth and.the ikies fhould be taken from their places, yet fhall not our mutual 
friendlhip be impaired. The Englifli, conftantly bumitig with hatred and jcatoufy at the 
friendfliip of the Sirkar with the French Nation, and ftimulated by their jcaloufy ^nd enmity, 
formed an alliance with the Nizam, the Mahrattas, and others of my enemies, and without pro- 
vocation, carried on a long and fevere war againft me. When my foes became too powerful 
for me, my people refolvcdi' that placing their hope in God, they muft oppofe themfelves in 
a mafs in. the field' 6f battle, and then, the Lord's will be done. The people were afterwards 
fpoken to oipniy^'part» to this efFe6t; that the French were my ancient friends, and that this 
difturbance was owing to my connexion with them. That it was for the prefent, neceflary to 
come to an abeommodatioti according tathe^pleafure of my enemies ; and then inform my old 
friends the French, who would no doubt/join me in taking meafures to obtain rcdrefs, by fur- 
nifhing-me with' troops and granting me their alliance. In confequence, I yielded^in con- 
formity to the requifition of my enemies, thtee crores and thirty lacks of rupees, and the heft 
and thericheft half of my country ; a facrifice which was occafioned folely by my attachment 
to the French.. What Jed to this was the error and mifconduQ of Conway, who intriguing with 
the Governor. of Madras,, by name Campbell, told him that now was the time to make war, 
and that he would favor his views; and accordirigly, the EngliflB prepared for war and toc^k 
the fields It is therefore my defire to obtain full redrefs from the Englifh for that outrage. 
ItTias indeed long befen^my dcfign to ftaie this affair to the*French, and profecute my revenge. 
I therefore difpatched two ambaffadors to the Mauritius, whence I received anfwers agr^e- 
. ably to my wifhes, together with a flag of the Nation, brought by Chef de Brigade Chapuy, 
arxi another perfon^ a Captain Dubuc, who were fent by General Malartic and Admiral Ser- 
cey, befide fixty foldiers. Of thefe two perfons I have retained the Chef de Brigade Chapuy, 
and having, honored the other, Captain Dubuc, with the office of ambaflador, have fent him 
to ftrengthen the foundation of friendfliip, and to'bring a large force. Pleafe God, -after the 
arrival of a fuitable force ffbm that quarter (-Fr^wr^) and uniting if to my own, I will crufti 
our mutual enemy. I alfo fend by I>ubuc, and the two ambaffadors of the Sirkar, a flandard 
of this ttate. On its arrival, you muft Unite it in fhe'face of your nation with your own, and 
then, after the cuftora-^of your country, bind yourfelves by engagements to the ambaffadors of 
the Sirkar,. who, on their part alfo,. will bind themfelves according to the ufage of the Sirkar. 
All farther particulars will be made known by the verbal reprefentatibns of Citoyen Dubuc, 
and the two ambaffadors, named Abdool Rehc5em andMohummud Bifriiilla. No point which 
concerns ouc^ mutual interefls muft be -undertaken but by mutual advice, for in this confifts 
the friendfhip of the parties ; and every objed to be undertaken muft be firft fecured by writ- 
ten obligations' according to your tenets. Though the foundations of the earth and fkies be 
fhaken, yet fhall hot our mutual friendfhip be impaire'd. 

Dated the 20th of July A. D^ 1798, anfwering to the 2d of JaafFree, in the year 1226 from 
the birth Of Mahommed. ^ 

^ The following eleven articles are enclofed-in this letter, and are alfo infprted ih' the writ- 
ten inftruQions to the Ambaffadors^ 

Pariicularization of the eleven articles (^r(?p^/f^^^) the Khooda^aud Sirkar, which being drawn 
up, are enclofed in tjie letter addrefTcd to the perfons aboye-mentioned (the DireiloryJ. 

Article xft.-^Ten t)r fifteen thoufand foldiers, including Cavalry and Artillery men, to 

Article 2<J. — During the war of the Sirkar with the Englifh, a fleet of fhips of war to re- 
main on the Coaft, to afford affiftance SiT\d fupply neceflaries. 

Article 3d.— After the arrival of the required force, provifionsj bullocks,, horfes l:c^ 
(fpjxjituous liquors excepted,) fhall be fupplied by the Sirkar, 




Article 4t^>.—Marchcs, baits, .atid< other orders, to be at the pJeafuFCof ihc Sirkar/ 
Artioxe $th. — ^The fliips fhould anchor and tire troops be difembarked it Porto Kov^^^. 
betwfeen Pondicherry and Tranquebar. 'Immediately upon receivrng intelligence, {ofthe »r- ^ 
r'nal of, the fleet) the Sirkar> t army V^Hl repair thither; for, to cslrry the war into Iheo- 
ther's (enemy's) country is the means of;pi'oteajng that of the Sirkar, and of fecuring lapp}j«s . 
of grain, &c. • 

Article 6th.'«^Beifbte't))&^eH«al of the fleet «t the abovenientioned place, let two (hips . 
be difpatched, at the interval of twenty .days, to Mangalore, to give notice of the troops to the 
Prefcnce, and immediately onreeeivingnotiice, the Sirkar's army will commence its march. 

'ARTrctB 7^1.— ^Excepting the territory, formerly under 4hc dominion of the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar, which hascome into poffeffion of the enemy, whatevernew.conquefts may be made, 
fliall be equally divided between the Sirkar and the French, as Ihall alfo fuch Portuguefc, 
and Englifb ftii^s and Iflands, as may fall into out hand*. . Should a negotiation for peace 
with the Engliih have been operted before. the arrival of the Ambaffadors of the Sirkar,; the 
reccflion of the Sirkar's territory and money muft be ftipulated for, and the rcftitution of boib . 
to the Sirkar be infiftedpn «as a condition, preliminary to the conclufion of any treaty of peace. 

Article 8th. — Whenever any difputes arife between the people of the two State?, an in- 
vcftigation. ihall be made by both, and punifljroent ihall be iniliftcd according to their refpec^ 
tive laws. ' » 

Artiol* gthi — Tho-queftion of peace and war to be determined by mutual advice and 

Article loth.— Frenchmen goingto and from the Sirkar, and praftifing trade and traffic, 
fliall receive the fame proteaion and indulgeiicc as the fervants of the Sirkar, and if they com- 
mit faults, ihall be pardoned., . ' 

Article iith^— Artificers of every kijidto be.fent— four mixed-metal gun-founders; four - 
white-paper:maker8 ; four platers -of mirrors; four glafs-makers ; foutdock-builders. ahd four - 

Dated, as above. 

In the Hookumnamah, or inftruftions, addrelTed to Mohummud Bifmilla andAbdool Re- 
heem, the vakeels of the Sirkar, it is ftated,that an affignmenthas b<;en granted on Monfieur . 
Morcier for i»8,ooo rupees, to provide for the expences of the artificers and others ; and that 
having received the money they ihould carry it with them ; and that if, in addition to this, 
any thing further ihould be required for the nccelTary expences, they Ihould take it up. from . 
Monfieur Dubuc, giving, him a bond for the jmount. 

Account delivered to the abovementioned vakeels written on a fcparate paper. . 

Amount of affignment on Monfieur Mercier, - - Rup5. 12,000 . 

Hire of a ihip for the European Dubuc, Fillietaz, Mohummud 
Biimilla, and Abdool Reheem, at the rate of 300 farookies for 
cachperfon, - . _ p^. 

Ditto, for a perfon to accompany Abdool Reheem, for 3 Europeans 
and 5 attendants, altogether- 9 perfons, at the rate of 50 farookies 
for each perfon^ ' _ . . 

On account Debay, DobhaiFy, (cr interpreter). 



p , _ ■ , , Tota Farookies 1,800, or Ropee« 6jkr2t>< 

^xclufiv« of this, an advance of 6 months falary has been 
ide from the Ptefence. to nnhnr 'unA FilUAfa^ niol';n/. 

made from the Ptefence, to Dubuc ^d Fillieuz, making 
the lum of - _ 

Rs. 8,640 


t Ihtexprt^HuZomvutt.KimU, lit&rtttj tbt fpedalretinoe, aai mtMMOStbtamy-ofihtSiUtam cmmauUdlyUwfdfinperfin' . . 

» Altogether ' 



Altogether, an aflignment for Ri. 27,360 has been granted on MotiGeur Mircier and deli- 
"xtrtd to them. They arc defircd to pay to Dubuc, the amount of the freight and the allow- 
ances, and the remaining is^ooo Rupees arc alfo to be delivered over to him, ta remain in 
depoiit in his bands. 

Account of prefents. fent by the Khoodadaud Sirkar, to the five French chiefs arid their 
wives, inferted, according to cuftom, in a feparate paper, and fent enclofed. 

Culgies and Sirpeaches, - - " - - 5 Pair* 

Earings ornamented with jewels, the invention of the Khoodadaud Sirkar> 5 

Rings fet with jeweb, - v • , - - 5 

. Embroidered dreffes {Kbelauti) of 6 Cloths each, for the men, - - ^ 

Guns, - - - - • , 3 

Embroidered drcCfes for the ladies, 5 fuits, of 5 pieces eacb,^ - - 5 

Matchlock, - - - *" - - 1 

Another kind of gun, - - . . - ^ 1 

Inftigated by kindnefs and friendfliip, th^fe articles, confiding of dreffes, jewels and guns, 
'the manufadure of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, agreeably to the foregoing {Particulars, are tranf- 
•milted to you, 

CpPY of two letters addreffed to Admiral Sercey and General Malartic, difpatched on the 
4th of Khufrovy ^anjwering to the i^^b of OSlober^ ^798). 

Health to General Malartic, my old and faithful friend ! Your agreeable letter, evdry word of 
^wbich was calculated to ftrengihen the foundations of friendfliip, was received at the Prefence, 
brought by the Generals Chapuy and Dubuc, and it afforded me inexpreflible gratification. 

Thefe two Generals whom you have fent, appear to be men of very noble qualities and ex- 
cellent difpofition, men of refource and experience, wife, and well-wifliers to both govern- 
ments. Wiih a view therefore to communicate various neceflary points, of importance to our 
friendfliip, I have difpatched to your country, by the way of Tranquebar, General Dubuq^ 
•with two chiefs of the Khoodadaud Sirkar. As both yourfelf and the whole French Nation 
have, for a great length of time, been the cordial friends of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, I truft 
'that, in confideration of this circumftance, you will always continue to gratify my heart by 
informing me of yoifr welfare. 

The heavy lofle?, in money, territory and men, which the Khoodadaud Sirkar hereto- 
fore fufl:ained, in confequencc of its friendfliip and connexion with the French Nation, are 
•very well known, and it is therefore, unneceflary to mention therti — At this time too, the 
Englifli, having heard of my fending the; Vakeels of the Sirkar for the purpofc of obtaininj^ 
accounts of your welfare, are again commencing hoftilities. The particulars of this dif- 
turbancc, ^as well as of all .points relating to me, will be fully made known to you, from the ver- 
bal communications of Dudemaine and the letters of General Chapuy. You are Frenchmen ! 
Your fidelity and good faith in the performance of your engagements are eftabliflied. It is 
moft certain that you will not, in any manner, be guilty of the flighteft negleCt, in dembnftrat- 
4ng your good wiflies towards the Khoodadaud Sirkar. 

Dated the 13th Oflobcr, A. D. J 798, correfpgnding vith the 4th of Khufrovy, of the year 
Shadaub, 1226 from the birth of Mahomed. 

A letter, to the fame cfFeS, was alfo written to Admiral Sercey, 

On the batk of the original. 
Drafts of letters to the DireQory of France, with a copy of the Hookumnaumah (or injlruc^ 
tions) for the Vakeels of the Sirkar, confifti'ng of eleven articles. 
Account of money diftributed for the expence of Vakeels, &c. 
Acccount of jewels, khclauts and guns, granted by the Prefence *to the Sirdars, 

A True Tranflation, 


P. T. to the Government. • 



THE following numhers. ft am No. 21 to Ko. 29 inclujivt^ comprize apart only of 
the voluminous correfpondence bettoeen the late lippoo Sultaun and the Court and Agents 
ifZemaun Siab, fovnd in the palace of Seringapatam. This correfpondence^ it appears^ 
commenced before the war between Tippoo Sultaun and the Englijh^ which terminated in 
179a, and the fame ambitious &nd hoftile views ^ againjl the Britijh power in India, have 
marked it from its commencement to its clofe. 

The prefent fetiel commences with the deputation of. two Ambajfadors on the part of 
the Sultaun to Zemaun Shah in the year \''](^6, for the exprefs purpofe of encouraging 
that prince to profecute his dffign of invading Hindujian^ and to farm a plan ofco^opera^ 
tion for the fubverfion of the Britifh power in India. Many letters belonging to this 

f tries ate omitted^ becaufe they were thought unnecejfary to elucidate the Sultauris views ^ 

Jo completely developed by thofe which are now printed. 

^he papers Nos. az, 23, 24, 25 and 26^ are tranjlations of drafts in the Perjian 
language ^ recorded in a book found in the wardrobe of the late tippoo Sultaun^ s palace 
4St Seringapatam. Ibe book contains drafts of letters to Zemaun Sbab^ to his minijiers 
' and agents, to the chiefs of Balocbiftaun and Cutcb^ and the mni/lers of the latter &c. 
Jo the number of 22, from the year 1793 to 1799. They are not authenticated; but 
as the original anfwers to fome of them are in the pojfejfion of government, though not 
Jnferted in this colleSioni and in particular, as the anfwer of Zemaun Shah (No. 29^ 
to Tippoo Sultaun^s letter to him (No. 22 J, recapitulates the fubflance of the latter, there 
4:an U no doubt that letters were aEtually difpatched in conformity to the addrefs and 
jtenor of the drafts in queftion ; and the mijjion of Ambajfadors irk both infances, as inti-^ 
mated in the following correfpondence, is authenticated by xoritten documents and has been 
confir4ned hy verbal evidence. 

It appears, that Tippoo Sultaun wrote two diJlinSi letters in reply to that of the Grand 
Signor, of which a tranjlation is inferted in the printed correfpondence tf the Govern^ 
ment General with the Sultaun. One of thofe anfwers, which was tranfmitted by the 
Sultaun toihe Right Honorable the Governor General for the purpofe of being forward^ 
^d, appears in a tranflated form in the printed correfpondence above alluded to. Tthe 
other ^ forming No. 30 of the following fele£iion, was forwarded by Ambajfadors dif^ 
patched by the Sultaun to Conftantinople. 

No. 21. 


No# 21. 

^rnnjTatibn of InJiruSiions from Tippoo Sultaun, to Mar Hubeeb OoJkb^ and Meer Mo-- 
bummed Rezza^ fent on an EmbaJJjf to Zemaun Sbab^ 

In the name of God, the moft merciful, the compaflionate I 

(L. S.) Seal of tippoo Suliaun. 

Bookumnaumab (or infiru^ons) addrefle^ to Meer Hubeeb OoUah^ and Meer Mbhum- 

med Rezza. 

IT is proper that ^ on your departure from the capital, you proceed to Jemaulabad^and that 
with the advice of the Aflbf of chat place, you take (hipping in company with Jewun Dofs, the^ 
banker attached to the faftory of the MulHck-oo-Tbojar, (or comptrollers of commerce) and pro* 
ceed from thence by fea to Cutch. You will land at the port of Munderah, where there is- 
the faftory belonging to the Khoodadaud Sirkar, and make yourfeKes particularly acquaint- 
ed with the ft ate o£ bufinefs at the fafiory^ and with the conduft of the Derogahs, (or bead 
facers )i tn the executian of their* orders..- 

Having vifited Rajah* Roy dhun, the chief of Cwtch, you will deliver the Klietaut (or bo^ 
norarfdrejs) and -letter for him, which have been entrufted to your charge. At your inter-^ 
view with the Rajah, and the Rajah's brother, and the Minifter Futteh Mohummud, you will' 
make profeffions of-friendihip and cordiality^ and lay the foundation of a firm alliance. 

,You^ will obtain from the Rrajuh, and the other officers, a houfe at Mindy, for the purpofe 
oF eftabliihing a fadory on the part«o£the Khoodadaud Sirkar,aAd deliver it over to the charge 
6f Gholaum Mohummud AbdooUMt>jeed Khaun^ and JewuirDofs, MulIick-oV'Toojar; (officers 
Belonging to the commercial department) you will write a particular account of the fitua- 
tion and circumftances of the twa fldories^ and of the Rajah and other matters, and tranfmit 
h' under your feals to the Prefence> through the Darogahs of>the fa£lory. If the Darogahs in 
queftion (hall have a£ted contrary to their orders, you will reprimand them, and bring them 
back to a right line of conduct, that they may not again deviate from their inftrudions. 
/Uy The • Bjize or form offignature mufe wUb Tippoo Sultawu- 

You will give publick notice in writing, to the Merchants of Cutch, and the places in its* 
Beighbourhoeds that the dealers in mare^ and horfes^ who may bring them for fale to the 
ports of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, will be exempted from duty, and that the duties on other 
articles al(b^ which they may bring Jor fale, have been, taken off^ that the horfes will be pur- 
chafed at Couriaul,. (Mangalore) and payment be made in ready money, unlefs they prefer^ 
receiving iheix value in rice. Two declarations to this efied: from the Prefence are committed 
to your charge,k ypu will deliver them to the fervants of the two fa£tories in Cutch, that they 
may be (hewn to the merchants. Three- letters alfo, addreffedto the Affofs of Jemaulabad,> 
Waujidabad, and Maujidabad» on the fubjefi of the remiffion of the duties on the horfes and 
goods of the merchants of Cutch, ate fent with you, and you are^defired to deliver them to 
the Affofs in queftion* AJV Byze^fTippoaSulfaunv 

As Idng^as you remain. at Cutch, you will every other day pay a vrfit to the* Rajah, as well- 
as to his officers. An honorary dreG has been ^conferred on the Rajah's brother, and one 
on Futteh Mohummud, which you will accordingly deliver to them. You will mention 
fyrivately to the Rs^ah of Cutch, and Futteh Mohunmnid, that you are come agreeably to 
Ae orders of the Pfefence, for the purpofe of eftabliOiing a fadlbry in the country of 
Nufleer Khaun ; that you have no other objeft than to encourage foreign merchants to 
refort-^ to , the ports of thd- Khoodadaud Sirkar; that as horfes are neceflary as one' 

* TJbf 3jsu tfjiftfio Snkaum, was a Cjpbtr^ /omutig, tbe words Nabbee Maulik, mhkhjignid "the Prophet U NfaOcr.** 



of the means of profccating holy wars ; it is defirable to procure a great number for ther 
foldiers and warriors engaged in this fervice, and that you are come to make fome arrange^ 
ment for this purpofe. Having made a rcpterentation to this effed^ you will remain ten or 
twelve daysj; and vifiting all the public officers of his government^ you will be careful to in- 
fpire them with hopes of the favor of the, Prefence» and render them fubfervient to the wtil^ 
of the Khoodadaud. Sirkar. /UW £yze of Tippoo Sultdun. 

Proceeding from Cutch on a hired fliip, you will repair to the port o£ Keranchjr, and from- 
thence to \ , which is the place of refidence of Nuffeer Khauif, ar>d landing at the 

diftance of one ftage froth that place^ you will addrcfs a letter to NuCTeer Khaun to this ef- 
feft, *• That you are come to his Highnefs with letters and an honorary drefs from the Pre- 
*' fence> and that you will have the honor to communicate to him the confmanda with which^ 
*• you are charged from the Prefence/' 

* Having written to this effeft in an appropriate manner* you will, on the receipt of his ay>- 
fwer, proceed to the city of Nuffeer Khaun, and paying your refpefts with the cuftomary' cere- 
fflfonies of the place, you will prefent the honorary drefs and the letter in trays. You will each^ 
prefent a Nu2zur (or offering) of five Hydery Rupees, and one Xhmedy*, and you will ofFtfr 
on the part of the Prefence, the falutations prefcribed among the followers of the faith, and* 
at the fame time making the ftrongeft profeffions of friendfhip, addrefs him to tbis efFe6l ; 
*• That you had been ordered to wait upon his Highnefs, and after being: favored by him^ 
*• with a guards you were defired to proceed to Ajim, {or Per/to) and having feen all the cu-.^ 
*• riofities of that country, and vilited the tombs of the illuftrious, you were commiffioned tOf 
*\ bring back with^you the different rarities, and choice produQ:iofis>. of the country." 

Having made this reprefentation, and after two or three moTe interviews have taken place, you^ 
will obfervc to him, that countries belonging to the followers of the faith, are united by one, 
cgmmon intereft; that in the Khoodadaud Sirkar^ fundry perfons form an aifociation,and carry 
on a commerce, under the denomination of Mullick-oo-Toojar ; that they beg to reprefent to 
his Hig^nefs^ that if he will be pleafed to favor them with a place for a fadory^ at the port ofT 
Keranchy, and give them the neceffary aflfurances, they will eftablilh a faQory at that port>. 
and carry on a commerce, paying his Highnefs the eftablifhed duties according to the cuf- 
' tom of his government ; that the Mullick-oo-Toojar had, accordingly, addrefled a letter t to*^ 
his Highnefs on the fubjed, and fent an honorary dre(s, which only waited his acceptance. 

Having made a reprefentation to this effed:, you will deliver the letter and drefs, and iak* 
ing his Cowl, {or engagsnunt) and an order to the Governor of Keranchy, with refpeft to the 
affignment of a place for a faftory» you will proceM to that port, and fix on the fpot ac« 

From thence, you will proceed either by land or water, with the g'-eateft prudence and**' 
circumfpeftion, to the country of his Majefty Zemaun Shah, and on y\i^ ri turn, you will 
again vifit Nuffeer Khaun, and on your arrival at.Keranchy, you vill 1. rctl i rcf^eSablc per- 
fon from among the merchants, for the purpofe of conducting the bulinei's of tht faftory, and) 
deliver over the place to his charge, /VA^ Byze of Jippoo Sultaun. 

On your arrival in the country of Zemaun Shah, yoxk will repair to the feat of government 
which IS at Cabul, and halting at the diftance of one ftage from the city, you. will addrefs a, 
letter to the Vizier, {or Minifter) and difpatch a meffage with it by the Mirda {or bead) of 
the meffengers, to this effeft ; ** That you were come to attend {his Majejiy) on the part of the 
Khoodadaud Sirkar, in the capacity of Ambaffadors, and waited his MajelU's pleafure." 

. -When the Minifter fliall fend for ybu, you will repair to Cabul, and take up your refidencc: 
at that place which he may point out; at your imerviewwith him, you wiH carry the letter 
and Khelaut [honorary dre/s) with you, and prefent t^hem to him in trays; you will each pre- 
fent a Nuzzur of five Ahmedies, and according to the cuftom of that govemn^cnt, you:wilk 

* A coin equal to about a Gold Mobuu 

+ Drafts oftbu and oftbe vtber htffrt, mntkntd in tbifi infiru&'ms, are in tbc poffe£ion ofgoverment. 



pay the proper compliments; if it Ihould be cuftomdry to fit, after waiting a little and re- 
ceiving the commands of the Vizier, yoA will do fo; fhould it however be cuftomary 
to ftand, you will remain ftanding; then takinr the letter and drefs from the trays, you will 
place thcfc, at fome little didance, in front of the yiiier,and offer the refpefts and compliments 
of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, in the manner prefcribed among the followers of the faith, and, 
obferving that all true believers are brethren, make the ftrongeft profcffions of friendfhip iti 
terms fuitable to the rank of the parties; vou will 4^en enter into difcourfe, with himi and 
reprefent that, '* you are Syuds the delcendants of Fatimah * ; that you have repaired to 
theprefence of his Highnefs^ and are ready' ta obey^ his commands^ and that you enters 
tain hopes» through, lus. means^. to be honored witlv germifiioiv^ to pay your iefpe£ts to his 

You will addrefi yourfelyei to him in this manner; and having through^ the Vizier obtained 
admiflion to the prelenceof his Majefty Zemaun Shah, you will place on the trays, the tetter, 
the drefs, jewels, and faddles, and then prefent them in the manner which the Vizier tnay 
defire, and agreeably to the cuftoms and etiquette' of the court*. • You will alfo, according 
to the efltablilhed foriAs of that court, offer the proper compliments^ and ftand up, with your 
hands folded together. When yoa ih^ll receive an order to (it down, you will feat youcfelves 
accordingly ; and whatever niay be the etiquette of the place, . you will be careful to obferve it* 

Having thus paid your court through the Vizier^ in the manner which is proper for Am- 
baffadors^ you will reprefent thac, ** having come a diftant journey from the exalted Pre* 
••'fence, you have preftnted yourfelves before his Majefty; that man/ affairs of importance 
•'have been entruiled'to yOu> which at his Majefty's leifiire, you would- reprefent to him." 

Dated the X7th of Rehtnauny of the year Saud, 1 2 23 irom the birth of Mahomed* {anjwtring^ 
to ahut March, tj^6). Written by Syud Hooffain /UV Byze of TippcoSuliaun. 

The firft time of your attending the court of his Majefty Zemaan Shah, you will^ each of 
you, prefent a Nuzzur of eleven Ahmediesi^ yUy Bjze 0/ Tippoo SuUaun. 

An efcort of nine foldiers is fcnt with you, for thepuspofe of guarding the articles4}elongvng 
to the Sirkar. You will take care that they perform their duty^ and that they keep their 
arms clean and bright; that they regularly attend at the five daily prayers, and that they per- 
form their ablutions, and offer up holy ejaculations upo^ the parade t; You will hire at the 
different ftages, bullocks, or whatever, fpecies of carri^e is in ufe in the country, for the pur« 
pofe of transporting £pur fuics of clothes for each of the foldiers, at the expence of the Sirkar, 
and you will alfo hire the neceffary carriage in the country for the conveyance of the balkets^ 
containing Khelauts, {or honorary drejffis) and other articles, belonging to the Sirkar, which 
you' will carry with youi AV Byxc cf, fiffoo Sultaun^^ 

You win receive 750 Ferookies, for the payment of the wages of' the different fervanta 
who accompany you, andyou will pay them their allowances accoKling to the efiablifhed rates. 

In addition to this, you will receive for your contingent expences, 500 Imaumies|, the value 
of which is ftated in the account, arid you will take them with you» 

. Thirty-four Ahmedies of i^old have alfo been given you, for the purpofe of enabling you ^ 
to offer the Nuzzurs {or offerings) mentioned above. You will take ten Giver Hyderies, from 
the 500 Imaumies before ftated, and prefent them as NuzzurSj agreeably to the foregping. 
directions; /U^ByzeofTipppoSultaun^. 

^^^ A True Tranftation, 


?• T. to the Government. 

•^ futimaik ^09 iht daughter o/Mahmai. 

4 The term vi the origimal, yezzuck, here tranfiaUd parsde, u ^tfimt 0$ $ta^ mtHkk is bifofO irnnflatid cfcorU • AH endeavours 
to a/certain its oBual meamng have prvwedfrMefu 
X A coin the vedue ofavbkb Umt kaewn* 

. * ' No. 02. 


No. 22. 

TRANSLATION of a paper entitled^ Propofition to His Majcfly Zcmaun Shah. "^ 

The imbecility and ruinous condition of the kingdom of Dehli are more obvious than the* 
fun. Ar therefore Dehli, which is one of the feats of government of the M ahomedan faith/ 
liaa been reduced to this fiate of ruin, fo that the inBdels altogether prevail, it has become pro-> 
pery and it is incumbent upon the leaders of the faithful, to unite together, and exterminate 
^e infidels. 

I am very dcfirous of engaging in this purfuit, but there are three fe£ks of infidels in the. 
way of it ; and although when we are united, there is little ground for apprehenfion, yet the 
union of ahe followers of the faiUi'is neceffary. If that ornament of the throne> that conque- 
xpr of kingdoms, fhould adopt* {onc.rf) twa plans for efih£Ung,(ihis^Jt, will, tend to tbeglprji^ 
q£ the faith. 

One of themis, as^ follows r 

That your MijeftyihoHld remain in your capital, and^fend one of yoiir nobletoen in whom* 
you have confidence, to Delhi, with an army; that this perfon,on his arrival there, Ibouldf 
siake the neceflary arrangements, and after depofingthe infirm king, who has reduced the faith* 
10 this ftate of weaknefs, feled, from among the family, (bme one properly qpalified for the go^ 
vernment. He (yfiur Majeftys^cnercd) fiiould remain one year {in Delhi) for the purpofe of fct-# 
tling the country, and taking, with him the chiefs of the country, who are Rajpoots andotbersy 
dired his ftandard towards the Dekhan, fo that {with Jo impa fins a military array} the Brahmins^ 
and others on the road (tbt various cajls ofHindus^ through whoje country he marches) may come 
ibrward and join him; whilfl: I, from this quarter, with the aid of God, will raife the ftandard 
of holy war, and make theinfidefst bow down under the fword* of the faith. After thef^ 
Iball have. been facrificed to the fword,, and no longer exift, the remaining infidels will be no-- 
thing. Afterwards, the fettlement of Dekhan may ba concluded,^ ja. any fnanner which fiiall be. 
mutually agreed upon. 

The fecond^an is'this: • 

If none of your Majefty-s noblemen Ihould be fufficiently in your, confidence, or equal to ♦ 
the undertaking^ and if your Majcfty (hould be entirely ateafe.with refpeft to the ftate of 
your country and government; it is propofed, that you fh'ould'in perfon proceed to Delhi, and 
having made the neceffary arrangements there, and eftabtifiied one of your confidential fervants 
in the ofiice of Vizier, {or Minifter) return to your own capital'/ The perfon who may be fe-^ 
leded for the. office of Vizier muft- be a man of addrefs and enterprize, that remaining a 
twelve month with his army at DetHi, he may be able to bring under fubjedion the chiefs of 
the neighbouring country. The fecond year, your Majefty fliould alfdfend from your capital'- 
afmall army as a reinforcement, fothat the Vizier appointed«by you as abovementioned, maV 
proceed with the chiefs of Hinduftan towards the Dekhan^ fhould thefe infidel BrahroinsJ di^^ 
r^a their power to that quarter, by the grace of God^, the hands of the heroes of the faith, in 
this part of the world, (hall be raifed for their chaftifemcnt. 'After their extirpation, it will 
be proper to enjoin the Vizier afting on your Majefty's part, to fix upon a place of rendez- 
vous, and there to meet me, that^the proper means may be adopted for the fettlement of the 

You are to make a propofition to his Majefty to the^above effdEl, and xequeft him to deier^v 
mine upon whichever of the two plans he may prefer, and then furnilh you with a written 
engagen^cnt- accordingly, under his Majefty's hand andfeal, adding; that if his Majefty will be 
pleafed to give both of you permiffion, and have the goodnefs to fend a confidential perform 
with you, you will repair to the Prefence of your Sovereign, . and having alfo obtained froni 

, * /^' iti^^* '• ^' ^ ^f^n^andumjij a plan o/^o^oftrsisn lf4tweiit7ifpnjSMimm and Zemamt Sbab^ nnhicb tki dmbaja^ 
mrsof tb€ former nMtretnJlruaed to propofe to the latter* ^^ ■ 

t Tbi Engli/k feem to be bere meant. 
Bjfji^ ate probMj ;m$ant.tbt Mahraitiu^ 



him an engagement in writing, correfpondipg with the inftriiment above alluded to» you will re- 
turn, with the confidential perfon abovementioned, to the Prefence of his Majefty ; But thac^ 
ihould his Majefty defire one of you to remain with him^ one of you will continue in attend- 
ancc accordingly, and the other will proceed, with his Majefty 's conficicntial fervant, to the 
Dekhan, and return with the wxitingfrom thence to the Prefence of his Majefty. 

- ' • A True Tranflation, 


P, T. to the Government. 

No. 23 • 

TRANSLATION of the Drqfi of a letter from Ttppoo Sultaun to Zemaun Shah. 

The Utter commences with an invocation to the Deity y and to Mabomedy fc?r. as ujual in the cor- 
tifpondence of ferfons of the rank of Zemaun Shah, and Tifpoo Sultaun ; as the idiom of the Englijb 
-language will not admit of an adequate tranflation of the figurative exfreffions ufed uponibeje occafionsj^ 
Uindasitis not in any degree ejfentialto infer t tbem^ they are wholly omitted : for the fame reafon^ 
the complimentary titles and defigmitions apfliedto Zemaun Shah throughout the letter ^ are^ for the mojl 
•party left out in the tranflation. 

Thanks to God! that at this happy time I have the fatisfadion to hear* that your Majefty, 
the ornament of the throne, the promoter oF religion, the deftroyer of infidels and oppref- 
Tors, &c. employs your whole time, and exerts every faculty, in the fupport erf the enlightened 
religio;i, and is wholly devoted to its caufe. The report of your Majefty 's piety, juftice, re- 

^ligious zeal and courage, fo grateful to the feelings of all the followers oF the faith, and 

^eipecially tome, has afforded me inexpreffiblejoy and-fatisfaBion. In return for this, near a 
hundred thoufand followers of the faiths nay more, aflemble every Friday, the fabbat,h 

-of the Muflulflsai^s, -in the two mofques of the capital, called the Aulah and the Akfah mofque; 
and after the prefcribed forms of prayer, fupplicate the beftower of all things, according to the 
words of Scripture, ** Grant thy aid, O God ! tothofewho aid the religion af Mahomed; and 
^* let us be of that number: Deftroy thofe; O God! who would deftroy the religion of Ma- 

'^* homed ; and let not us be of their number." And pray, that the Almighty will render your 
Majefty, who is the-fupporterxif'the/aith and all its followers, vidorious and fticcefsfu]^ 
over their enemies. I confidently truft, that the Almfghty, in conformity to his holy word, 
^* He who prayeth unto^me his prayer fliall be granted/' wiH^-liften to, their fuppKcation, 
aod reader your 'Majefty, who is the defender of the fai^h^ and oqe of its brighteft oina« 
ments, fuccefsful and vi^orious. 

Your Majefty muft doubdefs have be^n informed!, that my exalted ambition lias for itsobjef)*, 
;a holy war. The fruit of this juftdefignhas'been, tfaatin themidft of this land of infidels, the 
Almighty prote£ts this traft of Mahome^lan dominion like the Ark of Noah, and cuts (hort 
the extended arm of the abajtdoned infidel. The report of your ^Majefty 's zeal and piety rcfnder 
me, and all the followers of the faith^ moft anxious to open a perfonal and direft communica-? 
tion of fentiments with your Majefty ; but the obftacles to this arefuHy apparent to your Ma* 
Jjefty, and therefore, upon the principle, (as laid down in the law) that it is* fafficient that two 
perfons fhould have thehonor to feti* the new moon in order to eftablifh its adual appear-* 

• lU MabomedoM mntAs an bmar ; and Heir tmmenciment^ nJPiSiwljf depends nfnn tbi aanal afptaramtf 9/ tbenmnU 

Jirjt funrtir. At tbt inUnventiom rf ckudt «r *oaponri ofttn •bfcnres tbe moon at cm piaeo nvken it is vifible at anotker, tbe 

a^dence of cm two perfons^ dedaiing tbat tbey home fisn it^ is domed fi^faeni to tJtabUJk the faS rf its appearance^ nmi 

.tbo,:firf dav tf tk€ month (or moon} itagnmed aecordmgfy: SbouU tbemoon bowever^not tefien before tbe gtjff o/tbemonfb, 

tbat day ts colored as tbe frji of tbe enfwng. It is a common praSice among tbe Mufdmen of bigbrank tofaluti tbt 

,a^arance of a new moon by cannon^ and to fend focb 9tber XongfOtnlatofy m^agotnnfotttbe ucajon, benctibi .figurative al-^ 

VtAjjbv^a t^e tcitl wiil h tafity Mier/ood. 



ance, the>erpe£ted Moer Habbeeb Oolla and Meer Mohumtnud Rezza, who are among the higb- 
cft in rank in the Khoodadaud Sirkar. and are worthy of admiffion to your Majcfty's Prerence^ 
are now fent as Ambafladors to youjp Majefty's Imperial Court with letters, which, according t^ 
the fa}ring, ** a letter is half a meeting,'' may be confidered as an invaluable fubftitue for per* 
fonal communication, in order that I may be gratified, not only by obtaining accounts of youf 
Majefty's profperity, (uccefs, and glory, but enjoy the pleafure of feeing your Majefty, as it 
were, by fubditution ; atnd-that the foundations of friendfhip and attachment, which are pro- 
du6live of benefits, both fpiritual and temporal, may^be firengthened and improved ; and alfo 
that the perfons above mentioned may have the honor to reprefent to your Majefty my fenti- 
ments upon fome important fubje£b, and the circumftances of the enfeebled condition of the 
faith in the regions of Hinduftan, which I have ^ntrufted to iheir verbal communication : 
Befides this, I would propofe, if at meet your Majefty's approbation, that two perfons of 
rank may conftantly refide at your Majefty's courts to be the^:hannel of xorrefpondencq, and 
the means of improving mutual harmony and attachment. 

Under the facred exhortation, ** Beftow prefents among one another," I beg leave to Tend 
by the perfons above-mentioned, a few of v the articles of this country, as is due among thofc 
who are connefled by the ties of religion. I confidently truft, that your Majefty will gratify 
me by accepting them, and honor the Ambaffadors,^y admitting them to the Prefence, and 
hearing what has been entrufted to their verbal communication, and that you will difpatch 
tfaeoi back to this quarter with the utmoft expedition. 

,H€tce fnUcws 4lifi of the frejmts. 

K True Tranflation, 


J?. X to GovxcnoMAii^ 

i#WIW**— ^'^•^■••PFWWft 

No. U4. . 

TKA^SLATIO'N of the 4r4ift of 4 tettn from tbt late 7iffpoo Sidtam^ to Moolh 
AbdooJ Cbuffar JU>aum^ cne <f ibe pimpal Minijitrs of Zmaun Skab^ 

A far the t/ijual cmflimmary 4ddrefs^ adapted to the r^lativ^, rofik of 4ki parUii^4b^ k^Of 
.^aceeds as follows : . ' \ 

The receipt of your agreeable (etter, which reached n^ through Ram Sohauy, Moonfliy in 
fcthe fervice of his Majefty Z^maun Shah, aiid through my Vak^cja, {meaning ^ofe Rationed at 
Delhi) afforded me the higheft fatisfa&ion, and recalled you to my recollection. You wrote 
that from the impiUfe of that cordial $itt^$haient which fuperfedes the neceffity of outward 
forms, you had availed yoyrfelf of a proper opportunity to reprefent my circumftances in the 
jTulleft mannerlQ his Majefty, and that his Majefty had been pleafed to fignify in reply, that 
when the vi6loi^ious ftandard f]^ul4 be dtfpUyed in the 4ii:e£tion of Hinduftan^ it was hi# 
IWajefty's defign Xo honor me with iparks of his'boundlefs favor, and to promote the important 
.objefts in view. This has impreflfed ijiy mind with a renewed fenfe of your kindncfs. la 
conformity to the declaration of God and his Apoftle, that ^' in this world, of caufes ^nd effe£ts» 
•' there is^nothing more cftimable than union and friendftip," - it has long been my earned 
^efire^ to cftablifli nm aUiaae« and cordial sittachment between the two Sir^rs^ but^ in proof 



of the faying, ^* every thing depends upon its appointed feafon/' the accompHfiiment of this 
defign has been fufpcndcd for want of opportunity. Thanks to God ! that through your inter* 
vention^ this obje£t has now been accompliflied in the mod fatisEaQory manner : The bonds of 
' attachment have now been drawn a thoufand fold ciofer than my heart had conceived. The 
pen is incapable of defcribing my gratitude for this. With a view to dilplay thb my 
gratitude, and to cement the foundations of friendfliip and attachment, two perfons, true 
Syuds by birth, who are among the higheft in rank of the fervants of the Khoodadaud Sirkar^ 
are now deputed with^a letter calculated to infpire friendfliip, addrefled to his Maje(ly> the 
Defender of the Faith, Zemaun Shah. Pleafe God, they will have the honor of paying their 
refpeds to you. I hope thai you will be pleated to give your attention tofeveral pomts, involv- 
ing concerns of a fpfritual and temporal nature, which have been committed to their verbal 
communication; and, having procured them the honor of an introdudion ft> the Prefence of his 
Majefty, that you will enable thefe Ambafladors to reprefent to him the points which have 
been entrufted to their verbal report/ May your days of profperity and fuccefs be perpetual. 


A: True Tranflation, 

?• T, to the Government/' - 

No. 25;. 

Tranjlation (f the draft of a letter from ibe Idle ^ippoo Sultaun^ to Ghoolaum Mobummud^ 
^ . the Agent of Zemaun Show. 

Your pleafing letters have reached mein fucceffion, and their contents have 'been i^nder-^ 

Your having reprefented in terms of commendation the circumftances of 'the Khdodadaud 
Sirkar to the Nabob MooHa Abdool Ghuffar Khaun ; your having conveyed to him alfo the 
letters of my Ydk^t\%^ {meaning thojtftationed at Delhi) and your procuring and tranfmitting 
a letter to my addrefs from him, has imprefled me with a high fcnfe of your cordial attachment 
and zeal. The letter from the Nabob MooUa Abdool Ghuffar Khaun, and your own friencily 
addrefs, reached me through Moonfhy Ram Sohauy, and the Vakeels of the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar; their contents afforded me boundlefs fatisfaQion, and gave new life to my regard. I 
am confident that, continuing in the fame manner to obferve the dictates of cordial attachment^ 
and what is calculated to promote the faith, for which there is the fanQion both of God and 
his Apoftle, you will ufe your bell endeavours to fulfil the objefts of my heart, to incrcafe 
cordial friendfliip and ftrengthen the bonds of fincere attachment. Thisanfwer to your friend-'^ 
ly letter, and my reply to that of the Nabob MooKa Abdool Ghuffar Khaun, are now forward* 
ed by the refpeQed Meer Hubbeeb Oola and Meer Mohummud Re2»za, who are among the high- 
eft in rank of the fervants of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, ^and who are deputed to cement the 
foundations of union between his Majefty Zeniaun Shah and my Sirkar. Through ths aid of 
Providence, thefe two perfons will arrive with my letters, [to th9 Minifterj) and my addrefs to 
his Majefty, and will have a meeting with you. True attachment requires of you to obtain for 
them accefs to the Nabob above-mentioned, and enable them to pay their oifpeds to the Pre- 
fence ; when they will reprefent to his. Majefty the fentiments and wi{hes of my heart, which 
have been entrufted to their verbal communication. I am confident that you will ufe your 
beft endeavours to promote the accompUfiiment of my wifhes, and to obtaii> for my Ambafla- 
^ ' ' dors 


dors as early as poffible^ leave to return to this quarter^ with the full accompliihinent of the 
cbjed of their miflBon. 

Believing me always anxious about you, conftantly gratify me by letters denoting your 
welfare^ ; 

A True* Tra'ndation, 


P. T, to the Government. 

No. 26. 

^nanjlation of the draft of a letter fi-om the late Tippoo Sultaun to Xemaun Shab^ dated 
the ^th ofSbabaiiny 1211 Higeree. (or ^th Febraarf 1797^ . 

J/ier the^ufual Jddrefs and exordium^ as adverted to in No. 23, the letter proceeds as follows : 

By the favor of God, your Majefty, the ornament of the throne of power .and greatnefs^. 
liasj for the moft part> occupied your time in extending the religion of the Prophet; in dcftroy- 
Tng the foundation of herefy and infidelity; and in eftablilhing the bafis of the true faith; — and 
continues fo to do. The fame of this has amply pervaded the world. Thefe circumftances, which 
are as well known from eaft to weft as the fun in the center of the heavens, fuggefted to my 
inind^ thatj agreeably to the command of God and his Apoftle, declared in thefe words, 
" Slay the- divifors of the Godhead," we fhould unite in carrying oa a holy war againft tbe 
infidels, and free the region of Hinduftan from the contamination of the enemies of our religion. 
The followers of the faith in thefe territories, always afTembling ata'feled time on Fridays, 
offer up their pjayers in- the words : " O God, flay the Infidels who have clofed thy way! 
•« Let their fins return upon their own heads, with the punifhmcnt that is due to them !'* 

I trufl that Almighty God, for the fake of his beloved, will accept their prayers, and through 
the merit of a. holy caufe, profper our mutual exertions to that end. And, through the influ- 
ence of the words, " Thine armies fhall conquer," will render us viCkorious.and fiiccefsfuL 
Through the aid of the giver of all vi£lory, in reward of my meritorious rcfoiution toprofecute 
a holy war,, which is the proper end and objed of life to thofe who adorn the throne of reli* 

Slon and dominion, I have ever been happy in the fruits of his unbounded goodnefs,, and 
ave continued.fafe under. the divine protedion,. and fti^l renuin fa The proof of this is, 
that the dominion of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, which is furrounded by Infidels, has flood aloof 
like the ark of Noah, keeping the enemies of the faith in effeflual check. The words of Scrip* 
ture, *' impurity and purity ace not eq^al, however the prevalence of the. former i^ay excite 
*• aftonifhment," arc hereby verified. 

Prior to this, two refped^ble Sjruds, Meer Hubbeeb Oolla, and Meer.Ghoolauni Rezza, 
were deputed to your Majefty ,on the part of.the Khoodadaud Sirkar, by fea, with the ucmoft 
expedition. Through the guidance of the Almighty, they will have the honor of paying their 
fe^efls to your Majefly, and .will reprefenc the points which have been entrufiedto their ver- 
bal communication. Your Majefty will alfo receive detailed accounts frojip your Msyeily's 
agent, Ghoolaum Mohummud Khaun, of affairs to the ISouth and Eaft, and alfo the circumftancca • 
of this quarter. * ' 

May the (un of dignity and fpendgr rife from the horizon of fbccefs and glory ! 

A. true Tranflation,. 

Pt T. to the GovernmenL 

No* 27^- 


No. 27. 

7ranJlanon of the draft of a letter from the late Tippoo Suhaun t§ Wuffaiar Kbaun^ 
one of Zemaun Shaw's principal Minifiersy dated '^tb of Sbabaun^ izii Higeree^ 
(anfwering to the ^tb of February^ ^191 )* 

After the ufuat Complimentary form ofaddre/s^ the letter proceeds as follows': 

Your moft friendly and agreeable letter, every word of which was replete with the lenti- 
ments of attachment and regard, together with letters from the Mawaubs, Moolla-Abdool 
Ghuffar Khaun, and Ameen-oo-Moolk, have reached me, and have arffbrdedtne great pleafure* 

You. write that the Nawaub Moolla-Abdool Ghuffar Khaun fubmitted the friendly Ad- 
drefsof the Khoodadaud ^irkar to his Majefty's pcrufal, and impreffed it word by word upon 
bis Majedy's itiind; that his Majeftyr was extremely gratified, and had direftcdyou, the Na- 
waubs Noor Mohummud Khaun Ameen-ool-Moolk, and Moolta Abdool Ghuffar tLhaun, to 
difpatch friendly letters to me. This has afforded me a degree oFpleafure and delight, that 
is not to be defcribed. The knowledge alfo oF his Majefty's determination to proceed to 
Hinduftan has infpired my fpul with, confidence. May the Almighty in his bounty, bring x,9 
effed our mutual defires! You, further intimate your requeft, that, confidering our interefts the 
fame, I would commit to paper all that concerns me, and command your fervices in any way 
that I can defirel The fum of my wifhes is, that, his Majefty uniting with me, we ihould pro- 
ceed to chaftife thefe abandoned Infidels, and not fuffer our prefent dominion to depart from 
our bands. Through the divine soodnefs, the hopes of the chief of the Infidels being of 
themfelves'comdimed and confounded^ by the avenging. fire of the God of vengeance^ with a 
little eKertion, thc-fiDutbern atmofphere will regain complete purity. Prior to this, the two 
refpc&e4 Syuds, l^ecr Mohummud Hubbeeb, and Meer Mohummud Rezz9> were deputed by 
fea^ (the wick^ being entirely prevalent by land,) charged with certain points wbich I have 
at heart, and which it is not proper to cojwnit to ii^^iting. They will reprefent to bis Majef* 
ty the points which have been confided Xo them, and full credence may be given to what they 
ihall fay. The faded fplendor of the faith^ throughout India^ is evident in every article ; to 
^defaibe tt is fuperfluotts. Mafy .your davs of profperity and fuccefs1>e {Tetpexual 1 \ 

A True TranflatipOy 


P. T, to the Govermneut. 

No. 28. 


'^ranfdgahn of an origjinalietter from Zemaun Sbarto to Ttppoo Suhaun. 

JfUr the mjiomary invocation to the Deity and the Prophet^ (3c. and a figurative addrefs to the 

Sultaun, the letter proceeds ai follows : 

Yonr.letter, replete with fentiments of friendfliip and regard, expreffing your follcitude 

for the propagation of the faith, and the extirpation of the abandoned irreligious infidels; in- 

fortjoing usTthatin the mofques, after the.conclufion of public worlhip, fupplications are made 

>ac, the Tbrpne of Grace for the cncrea^e of our dominion, and the luccefs of our triumphant 



banners ; referring us for a further expofition of your fcntiments, to the verbal explanation of 
vour Ambaifadors, Syed HubbeebOoIla and Syed Klohummud Rezza; (ignifymg that you 
had fent a few prefents by^the Ambafladors ; requefting that two perfons of your Sirkar might 
refide at our'courty and ftating other particulars of friendfliip, arrived in a moft aufpicious 
feafon, and added new ardor to our mutual friendlhip. ^ 

As the objeQ of your well direQed mind is the deftru£lion of the infidels and the extenfion 
of the faith of the Prophet; pleafe God, we Ihall (bon march with our conquering armx to 
wage war with the infidels and polytheifts,'and to free thofe regions fiom the^contamination of 
thefe fliamelefs tribes with the edge of. the fword ; fo that the inhabitants of thofe regions 
may be reftored to comfort and repofe ; be therefore perfectly fatisfied in this refpeft* 

With regard to your requeft for deputing two perfons to refide at our Courts with a view 
to ftrengthen the ties of friendihip. we have to express our acquiefcence« 

We have fent a few articles hereunder mentioited, as a memorial of our regard, by your 
Ambafladors, who have explained to us the meflage with wbith you had commiffioned them. 

Continue to gratify us by communicating to us by.letters, your fituatioa.and fentiments. 

Hisre follows a l\Ji of Vrejfes^ i^t. fent as frejents. 

A true Tranflation, 


^. T. to the Government. 

No. 29. 

^TR AN ELATION of the draft of a letter from the late^ippto SuUaun /♦ Zmaum 
Shabi dated tbe'^/^tb rfRihmduny, of the year Sbadaubt iztSfrom the birtb tf Ma- 
homed t anfuoaring to the v^d of Shaabaun^ 1213 HigereCy (correfponding mtb the 
^otb ^ 'January x^^^f 

'^he exordium^ confijling of the ufual invocation Jo the Deity and the Prophet^ 6?^. together with 
the figurdiive titles and dejignations addrejfed to Zemaun Shab, is omitted. 

Your Majefty's gracious letter in reply to my friendly addrefs, Sind wh^ch was brought by 
Syud Hubbeeb Oollah and Syud Mohummud Rezza, the ambaffadors of the Khoodadaud Sir- 
.kar, has been received; it has given increafe to fricndfhip, and augmented the fources of joy 
and fatisfadlion. Your Majefty was pleafed to write that as it was the objeft of your mindf te 
crufli the infidels and to propagate the religion of Mahomed, pleafe God, your Majefty would 
foon proceed with axonquering army to prbfecute a holy war againft the infidel^ polytheifta^ 
and heretics, and free the religion m thefe regions from the contamination of thofe fhamelefs 
tribes ; that the profanation of polytheifm fhoulcl be done away by the exertions of the re- 
lentlefs fword, and repofe and happinefs be reftored to the inhabitants of this country, and 
defirijig that I would fet my mind at eafc upon every point* This has been fully underftood^ 
and I have alfo been informed, word by word, of what your Majefty was pleafcd to confide to 
the verbal communication of the ambafladors ; all which afforded me bouodlefs fatisfadion. 

It is my hope, and my prayer to the Almighty, that the oppreflipnis of the infidels and poly- 
^eifts maj be dcftroyed, by the avenging Xword of ihofc who have been fclcdlcd by God ta 



cxercife dominion^ and of the warriors in the field of cbnqueft ; and that thefe regions may ac^ 
quire profperity and fp!endor» by maintaining the caufe of religion. 

At this time, the Englifli, having received intimation of the arrival of the Anr^bafladors of the 
Sifkar-at your Highnefs's court, and of the firm connexion ellablifhed between the two ftatesi 
Irave taken umbrage, and in' concert with the infidels and the turbul.ent, have taken up arms 
againft me *. They have written t that they entertain the defign to fubvert the religion of 
Iflaum — *^ Many are the words that proceed from their lips, but their words are nought but 
lies/' Pieafe God, they (hall become food for the unrelenting fword of the pious warriors : 
" Evil deQgns return upon the heads of the inventors/' We ate labourers in the way of the 
Lora, and obedient to the command of God. We have no fupport but the aid of the King of/ 
the World, who is ]great and powerful ; and the true Apoftle, the head of the true religion, the 
deftroyer of former abominations. Placing my dependence upon thofe tidings of joy, ** Often 
^ doth Cod permit the inferior number to overpower the fuperior," I am prepared to exert 
the energies of my mind and of my faculties, inwardly and outwardly, to carry on a hoiy war. 
Agreeably to the command of God, i)elieving it a duty of. religion to communicate affairs 
of great importance when the interefts of religion are one and the fame, the Syuds before 
mentioned are now a fecond time difpatched to your Majefty's court, for the purpofe of repre- 
fentitig all circumftances fully and perfonally; and from them your Majefty will be amply inform* 
ed of everything. Impelled by a folicitude for the defence of religion, which it is incum* 
bent upon all the princes of Iflaum to feel, let your Majefty difplay your grateful endeavours^ 
both by word and deed, to repel thefe abandoned infidels. ** God will aid the pure of hearty 
•' and.pious/' 

A True Tranflation, 


Perfian Tranflator to the Government. 

No. 30. 

^ TRANSLATION of the draft of a htttr from the iate TippooSultaun to the 

Grand Signp?r. 

^Bki fdlotmg Memorandum is written in the firjl leaf of the hook which eontains the original of this 


In this boot arc entered the drafts of the letters which were written to the Grand Signior ; 
40 Zemaun Shah, King of Cabul; andtoFuueh AUi Khaun, King of Eeraun; under date the 
4ih of ^RarozauB* 1213 of the Hegiree {an/xdering to the lo/A of February 1799)* 

VUm V« ftd. -twlert TttM Sitfumn dfirib/s ibi b^JtU preparation of the Brittfi Covernmtnt to bii connexion witb the French. 
rjnx ^'" » > . . ../r ^ ti^i-f.i. n^i^L -A- /..*- a-u^.^ o-./. — *. u-^v 1/--A-. *i^. *l:. .a^:^ -^ founded on tbt 

c^h of SoFuim* 

•«r i7!ia, w«.»-/— — — — . sf -- -' itrimduUlityofbisdomnions.theprof- 

fifiti of Ids govemmint^ and tbe permanence ofAis religion, fy his conneBion luUk tbt FrencA. Aubougb Hubeeb-Oolab and Meer» 
jUauik Poinied out to ike SulioMH, andpiO'ved by various arguments^ that tbe paffage in queflion was applicable only to tie 'vietos of the 
^French let anxious to an>ail Aiiitfelf of even tits /badoiv of a pretext to jufiiff bis rancour, he continued to maintain bis own con^ 
thu&ionrf tbe pelage, and peyfifltd in bis refilution to infert tbis grofs calumny in bis tetters to Zemaun SbaA, to tbe Grand Stgnior, r-^ 
^k^s Tbe t£merous injiances of tbe Sultaun^s duplicity and ^virulent animcfUy againft the Inglijb leave no room for fttrpHze 

'^ Ttdk Jf9» »^9 'nvbeH ^Moo Suhaun dfertbfs tbe bojlJe preparation of tbe crttijb Government to bti connexion wttb tbe 

i // etppears irom'tbe tepmony of Hubeeb-Oolahy the late Tip^oo Sultauh*s Head Menjbee^ tAat th'u qffertion is found 

^Oage ottAe cbft vf tbe Atb paragraph of tbe Wgbt Honorable tAe Governor General's letter to ^ippoo Sultaun of the Ztb of 

)«ri7QSt liobiiipomts out to the Sultaun, tbe dealers to which Ae will expofe bis autbority, the tranauUhty of He dominions, 

terity^kis government, and tbe permanence of his religion, fy Ais conneBion luitA the FreucA. Aubougb Hubeeb-Oolab a 

jUausk Poinied out to ike Sultaun, and proved by various arguments, that tbe paffage in quejim was applicable only to tie viet 
Frencb jet, anxious to avail Aiiitfelf of even this /hadovj of a pretext to jtifttfy his rancour. At continued to maintain his i 

thuSdon of the paffage, and peyfifltd in bis refilution to infert this grofs calumny in his tetters to Zemaun Shah, to the Grand Stgnior, and 
^bers. The i£merous injiances of the Sultauri*s duplicity and virulent animcftty againji tAe Inglijb leave no room for firfHi 

bis wilful perverfon of tbitppjage. A copy of the Governor Gexerars letter in queflion was communicated to bis HigbneU ibi 
•mam who as a MtMman, cankot be fuppcfedto have obferved witb ind^fftrence, a declaration pointing equally to the deJlruQi.., ^ 

tis poiJ^eu as to that of Ttfpoo Sultauu : His Higbnefi however exprejcd bis higbejl approbation of the whole of the Governor Gene^ 

raTs letter, of the itb November, \7sl^» 

* ITppoo Sultaun tranjmhted to tbe Governor General a Utter addrejfed to tAe Grand Sigmor, (vide tbe eorrefpondence between 

Tibdoo Sultaun and the Government General) pretending that it contained the whole of his rtply to tbe letter /rem the Grand Signior. 

it now however appears, that 7ippoo Sultmin hadprivaUfjf djffatched this vtrfdent inve&ive againfi the Bntijb Nation to Conjlanti- 

aefks h Ambajadon exfraordvtary. 



In the name of the moft merciful God ! * 

After tit cuftimary invocation to the Dtity^ and the Prophet^ and a ferits of pompOMS titles aidreffei 

to the Grand Signior^ the ktter proceeds as follows : 

Your Highnefs's auguft letter, written on rfie 11th of Rilbec Ooflaunee, 1213 of *^e He- . 
giree, {an/weringto the 2^d September, 1798J which was conveyed ihroiigh the Englifh t> ho- 
nored me by its gracious arrival; w^s theoieans of glory and diftin^ion, and the produftive 
fource of boundlefs favor. Its contents ^dded ftrengtb and firmnefs 10 the foundations of uni. 
pn and attachment, and its gracious cxprcJEons gave ftabiliiy to the fabric of friendfliip. 

With refpeft to what your Highnefs wrote, of the invafion of the venerated land of Egypt . 
by the devoted French, by treachery and deceit, notwithftanding the obferv.ance of long fub- 
fidihg friendfhip on the part of. your Highnefs j the objcfts of that irreligious, turbulent peo- 
ple, and the determination of the Ottoman Porte to employ the moft vigorous meafures to re- 
pel that rebellious race ; of my al&fting and joining my brethren Mudulmans in the general 
caufe of religion, and defending the regions of Hinduftan from the machinations of this c- 
nemy; that I would communicate to -your Highnefs whatever fabje£i of complaint I might 
have againft the Englifh, when, by the aid of God and your Highnefs's good offices, thofe com- 
plaints (hould be removed to my fatisfadion, and the grounds of oppofitiqn and eftrangcment, 
be exchanged for the defirable objefls of bgrmony and union : This, which your Highnefs did 
me the honor to .write, has been underflood. 

By the favor of God and the benevolence of the Prophet, all the followers of the faich 
hold fraternity in Religion : particularly, the exalted Ottoman State and the Khoodadaud Sir- 
kar, (between which, regard and attachment are eftablifhed firmly as columns, and of which 
friendihip and union, repeated tokens have been interchanged,) are aiding and affifling each 
other. As this labourer in the way of the Lord, is a brother in the faith, is obedibht to your 
Highnefs's all-powerful will, and does not conceive any difference to exift between us, I beg 
you will communicate to me, what your Highnefs[s exalted mind conceives will be conducive 
to the welfare and interefls of the followers of the faith. As the French have made themfelyes 
your Highnefs's enemies, they have made thepnfelves fo to all the followers of the faith. God 
is the proteQor and defender of the land of Hinduftan : next to him, this fuppliant at the Al- 
mighty throne does not, and will not, ncgleft the defence and fervice of the people. I am ful- 
ly confident^ that your Highnefs will be difpofed to afFo/d your afliflance and fupport in all 
matters to us labourers. All Hinduftan is over-run with InbdeU and Polyiheifts, excepting 
the dominions of the Khoodadaud Sirkar, which like the Ark of Noah, are fafe under the 
protection and bounteous aid of God. It is my hope from the Supreme King of Kings, that (as 
at the appearance of a fecond Adam,) the Religion of Iflaum will obtain exdufive prevaleoite 
over the whole country of Hinduft,an, and that all the finful infidels, will, with the utmoft eafe 
become the prey qf the fwords of the combatants in the caufe of religion. Be it kndwji to 
thofe who ftand at the foot of the linperial throne, that the treachery, deceit, and fupremacy 
of the Chriftians in the regions df Hinduftan, are beyond the power of expreffion -— a fiim* 
mary elucidatjion of this will he found as fpUow;: 

A p^rfqn by name Da,ood Khaun, an Afghatin, was appointed to the Sbpbadarry of 
Arcot, on the part of the Emperor x>f Dehli. About that tinie, the French and Englifh, ea^h 
with one of their detefted Ihips, and a few Kaufers (infidels) on board, came' to the coaft, ex- 
pr^fsly for the purpofe of tradp, bringing with them, fome of the produ£t$ of thejt country, 
fuch as knives, fciffars, needles, china and glal^-ware, for (ale. After prefenting feveral arti- 
cles to the deluded Soobadar as a nuzzer, (or offering exprefive of Juhmiffioin) they requefted the 
grant of a fpot of ground, fufficient for a fingle houfe for their refidence,in^rder that thejr 
might import the products of Europe, paying the proper duties, and there rerqain with a do- 
zen of their people. The Soobadar coniplied with their requeft, and there the Englifh refi^eii 
for fomc time. / ' 

t Ov€t ihU *iv§rd iiwriutn^ «• The Governor of Mudni." 


Ii happened^ that the exalted Firmaun of Behauder Shah^ fon of Aulutngeer^ Emperor of 
Shah Jehaunabaud, {Debit) was addrefled tc? Da^ood Khaun, direCling him to leave a trufty 
dewan (managir) in Arcot, and repair himfelf to the Prefence. In conformity to the Empe- 
for's fummons^ Da^ood Khaun repaired to Dehli, leaving Saadut Oollah Khaun as his deputy. 
Owing to the negligence and folly of the Miriiftcrs at Dehli, Saadut Oolla Khaun became 
a traitor, and ufurped t|ic dominion of the country. About that period, the Englifli and the 
French applied to the Soobadar for the grant of a little ground round about their houfes; to 
which the Soobadar, from his vrant of forefight, and irom his innate folly, confented; and ae- 
cordingly granted them the ground which they afked. After this, both thefe nations ere8ed 
fmall forts, and ftationed about a hundred men to garrifon them, (verfes) " Where a country is 
abandoned by its prince, every village becomes a principality/' The relatiotis and followers 
of Saadut Oolla Khaun, each took poQcffion of talooks, (dijlritis) an Jere6liog fortrelfes, eftab- 
liihed their abode. Ac the fame time, the French and Englifh taking with them fome of the 
produ&s of Europe, repaired to the diftrifls of the relations and followers of Saadut QoHa 
Khaun^ and concrafted friendlhip with them ; and under. this cover, obtaining a complete 
infight into their charaftcrs^ their nnode of living, the^ ftrufture of their forts, the 
adminiftration of their territories, and the condition of their forces, they entertained from 
four to five hundred men of that country, and waited their opportunity. In the knean 
time Saadut Oolla Khaun died. After his death, his relations and adherents, who were 
very numerous, quarrelled among themfelves; and one of them, by name Sufder Alii 
Khaun, entered into an intrigue with the infidels of Poona, and folicited n\ilitary fuc- 
cours. Agreeably to his requeft, an army of the Poona infidels, confifting of 50,000 horfe, 
under the command of Rugghoo Futteh Sing, invaded the province of Arcot,* where SulPder 
Ani Khaun fuffered bis father Alli Doaft Khaun to be (lain in battle, by the infidels of Poo- 
na. After this, thefe infidels feeing^the diffenfion which prevailed among the adherents and 
relations of Sufder AULKhaUn; plundered all the inhabitants of that country without difcrimr* 
natioiv of Friaid-^rfoe^'c^rriecTofF a hundred thoufand men and women prifoners, to their own 
country, atid fold thetti 10 ffavery. They alfo took prifohcr'Hoofrain'* Doaft Khaun, known by 
the name of Chunda Khaun, who was the hufband-frrSbfdet^AHi Khauft's- filter, and carried 
him to Poona. In the mean time, Mortiza Khaun; 'the Govfertior of VeHore, and hufband of 
anothei* fitter of Sufder Alli Khaun, enticed the latter to hishoiHe' amd put him to death. 
After this event, Nizam -ool-Moolk, the Vizier of- Delhi, who bad made himfelf matter of the 
Dekkan, arrived in the province of Arcot; and appointing Aivwar*oo-Deen Kbaun Soobadaur 
of that province on his own part, gave in charge to. him the two infant fons of the late Sufder 
A41i Khaun, with injunctions to proteftand^ducate them; and then returned to the Dekkan. 
After this, Anwar-oo-Deen Khaun incited the. Afghauns to murder one of the children. A 
fliort time after, Chunda Khan, who was in confinement at Poona, bribing. the infidels with a 
fum of money, obtained his releafe and'^arrived in the province of Arcot, whence he proceed- 
ed to Pondicherry, a faQory belonging to the French, where he took refuge. He there pro^- 
cHred a body of French troops, with which- he marched againtt Anwar-00-Deen Khan, with the 
view to- reduce the province of Arcot In the mean time, Anwar-00-deen Khaun fought the 
affittance of the Englifh, who then held a fafkory at Cbeenapuitun {Madras). Accordingly, 
thfr Engli&j' joined him with a body of troo[>s. In proof of the words " He who afFordcth 
affiftance to the oppFcfTor, fhall fall under fabje£lion to the very man be affifted,'.' both thefe 
perfons becoming- the objefts of the divine anger, fought affiftance from thefe two infidel tribes 
and proceeded to hoftilities* It was fo djBcrecd however, that Anwar-oo-Deen Khaun fell by 
.the hand of HooflaiaDoatt Khaun. After this, Mohummud Alli Khaun, fon of Anwar-00- 
Deen Khaun, giving up both his wordly and fpiritual concerns to the dire6lion of the Englifh, 
and making them his protedors, prepared for hoftilities againtt Chunda Khaun. In the mean 
iime,,Nizam-ool-Moolk died, and was fbcceeded by his fon Nauffir Jung, whom Mohummud 
AUi Khaun invited to join hinv: but before his arrival, Nauffir Jung's nephew, Hida'uyet Mo- 
kee-oo-Dcen Khaun, fled with a fmaU body of troops to Pondicherry; ^nd the French colle€l- 
ing a force, which con fitted of about a thoufand men of their own nation and about four thou- 
fand fepoys, proceeded with the troops of Hidauyet Mohee-oo-Decn Khaun, againtt Nauffir 
Jung^ who being jouied with Mohummud Alli Khaun, after futtaining repeated cDgagements 

' with 





( with the French^ laid fiegc to the fortrcfs of Ginjee, which is fittiated on a hrlt, ancf 

was then in their poffcffion. TheJatter entering into a collufion with the Sirdars of Nauffir 
Jung's army, attacked it in the mght. After the alarm was given, Nauffir Jung mount- 

I cd his elephant, when a man named Bebaudur Khaun, an Afghs^un in his fervice, had the 

bafenefs to kill him by a mulket fliot, and caufing his elephant to be driven clofc to that ^ 

' Nauffir Jung, ctit oifiF his head and ftuck it on the point of a fpear. • Upon this event, the 

-^ French fet up Hidauyet Mohee-oo-Deen Khaun as his fucceffbr^ and accompanied by a body 

• of their own troops under the command of an oflBcer named Buffy , direfled their march towards 

Hyderabad. In the courfe of their march they halted at the fort of Raychota. where the trai* 
tor Behauder Khan and the French troops commanded by Bufly quarrelled about the di- 
vifion of the plundered treasure and jewels, and an engagement took place* in which Bahai^ 
dur Khaun and the other curfed Afghaun chiefs were ibin, and precipitated to hell. Jiidau* 
yet Mohee-oo-Deen Khaun alfo fell in this engagement by a mu(ket fliot. The French thei> 

I conferred the fucceffion on the worthlefs Silaubut Jung, fecond fon of Nizaum-ool-Moolk, 

and proceeded with him to Hyderabad; whereby the whole of the Dekkan may be (aid to* 
have come under the authority of the French at Hyderabad- The French Chriftians (Who 
amounted to aear 1200 men) in a date of intoxication, in open day, entered the houfes o( the 

^ votaries of Iflaum, and violated numbers of their women. Many of the females of the no- 

bjes ripped up theif own bellies and threw themfelves into wells. Hence all the inhabitants . 
of Hyderabad conceived enmity againft the French. 

In the mean time, Nizam AUi Khaun, fon of Nizam-ool-Moolk, tmprifoned his elder bro- 
[ . . ther Silaubut Jung, and eftabliflied himfelf in his room. A ftiort time afterwards, when the 

utm»ft difagreement had taken place between the people of Hyderabad and the French, the 
worthlefs Buffy marched from that city with his troops and returned ta Pondicherry, Dur- 
ing thefe tranfa£lions, Mohumrmid Alii Khaun in conjunftion with the Englifh^ carried on 
the war againft Chunda Khaun, who was cordially the friend of the French. The arnvies of 
both the infidel nations contended for the province of Arcot, and after n^ny battles and much 
bloodfhed, the Engliih and Mohummud Alii Khaun, having pledged their faith to Chunda 
I i . Khaun, and under that fanflion made him their prifoncr^ put him to death, and obtained poffef- 

' • fion of the whole of the Arcot province, yielding a yearly revenue of near four crores qf rupees^ 

, When the Englifh had thus eft'ablilhed themfelves in Arcot, the^^ turned their views to the 

conqueft of Bengal. To this end, with the fame treachery and deceit which has been above 

/ defcrib^d, they applied to the viceroy of Bengal alfo, for a fpot of ground; and havmg ob- 

tained poffeffion of fufficient for a fingle houfe, they there ftationed their people as for the 
/ purpofes of trade, and waited their opportunity. About this time the viceroy of Bengal died>. 

and contentions arofe among his children and relations.. The £nglifli taking part with the 
one, fubdued the other, and rendering that, other entirely dependant upon themj, obtain- 
ed poITeffion. of the whole dominion of Bengal ; a territory coniidiag of four Soobahs, and 
yielding an annual revenue of twenty crores of rupees. Not far from thence is- a place call- 
ed Lucknow, the ruler of which was Mirza Amauni,* {AJfoff-oo-Dowlab) fon of Shudjah-00* 
Dowlah. By intrigue and chicane with him, they {the Englifh) intruded themfelves into that 
* country alfo. What is more extraordinary is this:' lately Mirza Amauni (ent an ambaffador 
to Zemaun Shah, the king of Cabul. This circumftance coming to the knowledge of the 
EngliQi {Governor) General f, who refides at Calcutta, he proceeded thence on a vifit to Mir- 
za Amauni, and having leagued with the mioifters of that country, caufed Mirza Amauni to 
be poifoned, violated the cnaftity of his widow, and plundered his houfe, of money and jewels^ 
to the amount of twenty crores of rupees. Throughout the territory of Bengal, wherever 
there were men of learning, fcience, and rank, the EngliCh havQ forcibly taken prifoner* their 
wives and daughters, violated their chaftity, and carried them off to their own ifland^ and coun* 
try. Seizing the youths of the clafs of Syuds J, devotees, and learned, men, and obliging 
] . them to cat the flefli of fwine,thay have proclaimed it by beat of tom-tom.* In the country of 

• Ihis is the name by which tbi late fiz'ur AJof-oo-Doivlah was called during tli lift time of bisfatktr* 
+ Lord Tsignmcutk. % The Sjuds an thafe dtJctadtifrQm the prophet, 

♦ JJpecits of drum. ^ Pr^kmatioss^are ufuallj made by bsat of drum* 


--^ '^ 


Bengal and In all^bther places where their authority prevail^, they .Tet up fwine«butchcr$, and 
'Caufe them to fell the flcfii of hog& publicly in the Areets and markets. 

All this power and authority have the Englifh acquired in the fpace of forty years. 

•About twetity years ago, during the life time of my late revered father Hyder Alii Khaun, 
-difputes occurring among the worthlcfs Sirdars of the Poona infidels, Rogoonaut Row, the 
uiicle'Of Narain Row, the head of the Poona Siate, treacheroufly murdered his nephew: the 
4riiKbulent fpirit'of the chiefs however obliged him to feek refuge at Bombay^ a place in the 
^poiTeflion of the £ngli(h. 

The Englifh, obtaining from him money and jewels to a lai*ge amount, detached an army 
with Rogoonaut Row for the reduftion of Poona, The Poona minifters deceitfully felefled 
a child of two or three days old from their own clafs proclaimed hira as the genuine offspring 
of the murdered Narain Row, and as the fucceffor to the Mufnud (throne) and affembling an 
army, marched to oppofe the Englifh and Rogoonaut RoV. Finding therafelvcs unable to 

-cope with the Englilh, they repeatedly fent letters by ambaffadors of rank to the Prefence of 
his late Highnefs, (tyder Alii) foliciting his alTiftance. His Highnefs prudently confidering 
that, although it is declared" Infidels are impure,'* yet it was more advifable to afford, 
than refufe, his afliftance to the infidels belorigmg to the country, (becaufe thcfuprcmacyof 
the Englifh was the fource of evil to all God's creatures,) with a view to the aid of Poona, 
TXKtrched to Madras with a vaft army. Many engagements enfuedand many places fell^ and 
.Madras itfelf was neat being taken, when it pleafed God that his Highnefs fhould eqd hii days 
in that expedition v he died in the vicinity of Arcot* After this event I continued the 
war, and afte^ many viQories and the capture of numberlefs prifoncrs, the Englifh fent their 
ambaffadors, humbly, aod by engagement and oath, to fue for peace. Although I was not 
myfelf difpofed to grant them peace, yet by the earnefl advice of, the nobles of the Khodda- 
daud Sirkar, \ contented. Four or five years after, when ambaffadors from the Khoodadaud 
Sirkar arrived at the Sublime Torte,* and after reprefentingtbei"entiments of friendfhip, re- . 
turned to the PrefcQce^ the Englifh j-eceiving information of this. circumflacice, with hearts 
inflamed, immediately conceived that all the tribe of Iflaum werq about to league together 
fori their deflruQion. They knew too that they had given your Highnefs proofs of their evil 
difpofition, and therefore uniting tonhiemTelves Nizam Alii Khaun and the infidels of Poona. 

-they waged war agairift ftie KhoodEdaiad Sirkar for four years. At length, near an hundred 
thoufand of the followers of the faith had determined to flay their wives and families with 

^ their own hands^ aftdrulhing upon the infidels, drink the cup of martyrdom and plunge the 

Jnfidels*into hell. The counfellors, the lords, and the refpefted fages of Iflaum, all agreed, 
that this attack upon the dominions of the Khoodadaud Sirkar was in confeqnence of the 
dejputation of.ambaffadors.with letters td the Sublime Porte; and therefore, that it was advifa- 

^ ble by any means to accommodate matters for the prefent, to communicate to your High- 
liefs all that had occurred, and joined with your Highnefs's aid, proceed to exterminate the 
infidels. I approved the reprefentation of my faithful fervants, and furrendering three crores 
and thirty lacs of rupees in treafure^ and half my/Country, (which was all a dead lofs to me) 
put an end to the conteft. 

The Englifh having adopted a determined Telblution to fiibdue the whole of Hinduftan^ 
and to fubvert the Muffulitian religion, and having anited to themfelves Niiam AUi Khaun^ 
and the infidels of Poona, have for five years paft, been devifing the means. Accordingly, 

..they have lately written in plain and undifguifed terms, that it is their intention to deftroy the 

, religion of Iflaum. "JEvil defigns return upon the heads of ihe inventors." The infidels of 
Poona, in confequence of the difagreements prevailing among the minifters at Delhi, have fub- 
verted that country, and having deflroyed its houfes, have erefted their own temples on 

/their ruins; they have. pofleffed themfelves entirely of that kingdom, whilft a poor fightlefs 

• Tipfoo Suttautitin his letters to the French^ efirihes the enmity of the Brifijk poxaer to bis friendjUp for them ; in his letters fo 
^2maun Ukah, be afcribo, it to his having ^eputsd ambaffadm to that frihci, and krt be imfut^s it io bis delegation of an tmhajj 
.^•Jthe Ottoman PorU. 

^ individual 

74 * ' ' 

individual of the royal family of Delhi, whofc fenrants pat ootliis eyes, U fcated in hishoufc^ 
in a ftatc the rooft abjcft. The refources of his maintenance are fixed from the fale of tht 
fruits cf his gardens, and he is obliged to pay the pvice (of thai maintenance) cringing to thofc 
treacherous infidels. 

Near five hundred ihoufand of the infidels of the diftrifb of Calicut, Nuzzurabaud^ 
iZufferabaud, and Afhrufabaud, who were wavering on the precinQs of obedience, hAve 
bcea converted at. different times. Praife be to Cod, that the whole energy of the 
well direScd mind of this labourer ip the way of the Lord, on whofc forehead is en- 
' graved the motto, ** They dread not the terrific day of jadgment/' is continually exerted^ 
to fupport the religion of Mahomed. Accordingly, having lately been informed of the 
cxceflive commotions excited bv the Ipn of ifbdool Wahaub* in the neighbourhood of Mec- 
ca the holy, I immediately addreffrd letters to the fuprcmc minifter Yoofuf Vizier, to the' 
Shereef of Mecca, and the fervants of the holy receptacle, (meaning tbtpface at Medina where 
Mahcmedh hutted} purporting, that k was my intention to fend a confiderable force under 
the command oT one of my approved fons, and defiring ihem to write to me a particular ac- 
count o( the fituation of affairs th that quarter; for theiiluftrious Kaajra, is the objeQ 6t 
Veneration to the followers of truth, and the objefl of the regard of ibe AU-powerful ; and 
to do fervices thereunto, is produftivc otbleflings b ih in this world and the world to come. 
The ref^efted and accpmpliQicd Syuds, Syud Alii Mohummud and S)ud Modaur oo Deen^ 
ore now nominated, and deputed with this fciendly letter, to reprcfcnt various points of great 
importance, and , to .communicate the .fentimenfs .of my mind; and with uiftru6ion5to re-' 
tnain in attenc)arxce,on ^your Majefty during three years. I truft that they will be honored 
by admifiion to .your Majeft/'^ prefcnce, and have aiHopportunity of a pcrfonal conference^ 
and of jftating to you my lentiments, and that their reprelcntations will obtain full credit with 
your Majedy. May the viftorious banner3 of Iflaum be ever pre valentj and every trace of 
herefy and infidelity Jbe wiped away J . 

ji Utter to ibe Jame effect as tbe^fore^oing was ajfo ^toritten to Zemaun Sbah^ Je^ral alterationi 
however , which w^e ne^ejfary to adafi the lett,er iotbefUuation of Zemaun Sbab^ are injerted in thie 
jmargin of the draft. ^ - 

A True Tranflation, 


¥• T. to the Gavernment. 


# AhdoolWakai4uiAen^fni^f mn enierpriKing MAhmdanfcif4U^mhofimeymr4fiM0eJMn 
t'm 9f yjtich is the abjuration cf the fignal kinors *wbi(h art paid to Makimei, His doBrine does MPt extend to a denial of tbt 

^propagating tbeit ienttj bjthjwrd. His Jin bos Jkccudt/dkim 

rs miff^uy but it places. kirn in the condition merelj of a mcjenger of tbg ^ord ofOod^ P^pfing in himfilfno titU to tbe ada^ 
potion of mankind, Tbis man obtained nfcry numerous profefytes, wbo tra^tfed wtA 4^ttUiu$iKtfi$t ^Sffis, Arabia, and fgyfto 











F R E N C H, 


4th May, 1799. 

\^ z ^ . _, 1.. 

.*-M. *., f 

x^ \ 

7he following French Papers, from No.j. to No. 25, are literal Copies of Papers 
found in the Palace of J'ippoo Sultaurit at ^eringapatam^ cfter the capture of that 
place. . ' 

The Copies were all altered at Seringapatam by Captain Macaulay, Private Secretary 
to the Commander in Chief and tranfmitted by him to Lieutenant Colonel Kirkpatrickj 
Military Secretary to the Governor General. 

The mark Ajy is the abbreviated Signature j or Byze, of Tippoo Sultaun himfelf 

The Orthography of the French is extremely incorre£i in the original Papers^ efpecially 
ivrthofe dated in the year 1797, which appear to have been written under the Sultaun* s 
diredlions^ by the Captain of a French VeJJel then rejiding at Seringupathm. 

From thefe Papers, it appears that Tippoo Sultaun has dif patched three Embajfies to 
the Executive DireElory. at Paris, ftnce the commencement of the year 1797. 

The firfi in April 1797, which was difpatched from Seringapatam^ but proceeded no 
farther than the Sea coaji^ from the caufes ajjfigned in the prefatory matter to No. 13, 
page 30; the fecond in OBober 1 797; and the third in July 1798 : But the Ambajfa^ 
dors errtployed on the lajl^ did not leave Tranquebar until the 'jth of February 1799. 

The nature and objeEl of thefe EmbaJJies is fully explained in the following Papers. 

The Papers from No.- 5/^21, contain a detailed Jlatement of the TranfaSions of the 
Sultaun^ s Ambqffadors at the Mauritius, in January, February, and March ^ 179^; of 
the landing of the French Force under the command of Mejfrs. Dubuc and Chapuy at 
Mangalore ; and of their fubfequent admiffion into the Sultaun s Service. 

In the Papers from No. 22 to 25, will be found the particulars of the EmbaJJy which 
the Sultaun difpatched to France from- Tranquebar^ at the moment when he profejfeda 
defre to receive an Ambajfador from the Governor General^ and to cultivate the relations 
of Amity and Peace with the Britijh Government in India. 

y^ I 



No. 1. 

Taunt 1e Duodi de la zAne^ decade de Germinal 
V aa t^eme. de la Ripublique Framaiju. 

Tipous Sulians le Viaoricux aux Citoyens 
compofans le Pduvoir Executife de la Rc- 
publique Fran^ais. 

JE vous Talus & Voui Touaite cnB qua voire 
nations toutcs ftSrtes de bonhe urs, Le CH. 
S. Ripaud eft airiv6 par la fuitc dun combas 
dans mon pais, fon petis navire coule bas 
deaux, comme il y avoit longiems que je 
defirais favoir des nouvellcs de voire na- 
tions je lais fais venir aux Lieux ou je fais 
sna refidanccsje I'ais quefionne fur les tnou- 
vemans^de la guerre, fur votre pofifions, et 
fi^ vous panfitfee a votre enciens allii il ma 
<}ittouce4es difpofifions ec Ics bonne intan- 
lions que vous avie, pour moi, & mon pais, 
ce qui ma rendus le coeur bicn contans ; & 
jiha ehgagi a faire les demarches que je fais 
4iupfes de vous, dc vous cnvoifle Crois de mes 
chefe de coo fiances pour vous temoignee 
mon amitie, & renouveller nocre ancienre 
alliances, dans Tecris que je vous envoye 
vous voir6 mon attachemans, mes difpofi- 
fions, ct les fentimans de mon coeur pouc 
voire nacions que j'ai toujours aime, panfe 
pour le bicn dc mon pais, comme je penfe 
pour le biens du votrc^ votre allii. 

(Signe) f^ 

No. !• 

Seringapatam, tbe^dof Jpril^ ^797%^hij^ik 
year of the French RepubHe. 

Tippoo Sultaun the Vi3orious to the Citizena 
coropofing the Executive Power of the 
French Republic. 


I SALUTE you, and wifh every happinels 
to you and your nation. Citizen Ripaud ar« 
rived in my country after having; fuftained an 
engagement; his fmall vcfTel had nearly foun« 
d(*red at fea. As I have for a long time been 
dcfirous of receiving ijitclligence from youc 
nation, I brought him to my ufual place of 
refidence. I queftioncd him. with regaj4-tp 
the operations of the war and to your condi« 
tton,* apd I enquired whether you thought 
of your ancient ally; he informed me of all 
your plar>^^ and of your good hitentions to- 
wards me and my country. His communi- 
cations gave me cordial fatisfa^lon and en« 
couraged me to make the prefent advances 
towards a revival of inteicourfe by fending 
to you xhree of my confidential chiefs to tcf- 
tify to you my fricndfliip, and to renew our 
ancient^ alliance*; in the writing which I fend 
to you, you will perceive my attachment^ 
my d»fpofition, and the fentiments of ray 
heart for your nation which I have always 
loved. Study the welfare of my country as 
I Iludy that of yours. Your Ally, 

signed /^ 





Patam h Dmdi dt la ume* decade de germinal^ 
Van r^eme. de la Refubliquc Francaifes. 

Tipous" Sultans le Viftoricux, au Reprefen- 
tans du People qui refide aux Ifles de 
France, & de la Reunion. 


VOUS n6 dcves pas ignorce ramitie que 
mon perc & moi avons toujours eus pour les 
Fran^ais, j'ai cherche toutc les occafions a 
le prouvedans votre encicns regime : j'ai fait 
mon poffible depuis le commanfemans de 
votre revolufions a vous faire connoitre les 
fentimans de mons coeur; faute d' occaGons 
ct celle de ne pas^ avoir auprcs de mot des 
perfonnes inftruiies fur vos moeurs et vos 
ufages, je n'aipu jufqu'a ce jours vousfaires 
connoicrdfi mes intanfions. Le heureux ba- 
zars ma procur6 le citoyen S. Ripaud Tun 
de vous officiers que ceft repdu a mes pricre, 
ct a repondu a toutes les quefions que jeltiis 
ais fais, et j'ai vue qu'il merite ma confian- 
ces, fur ce qu'il . m'a dit je vois que c'eft 
Tinftans de vous reitaire 1' amitie que j'ai 
toujours eus pour votre nacions. Je recon- 
nois le fublime de votre conftitutidns, et 
pour vous le prouv6, je propofe-a votre na- 
cionSf et a vous. une a£le d' alliances et ide 
Fraternit6 ; qui foilles a jamais indifolubles, 
and qu'il foit di£l6 fur les principesrepubli- 
quain, la loyaiite &, la bonne fois, que votrjC 
patrie & moi ; et mon peuple, ne fafibns plus 
qu' une famille» q'un meme fermens nous lis 
* pour la vie ou par la more, que vos enemis 
feront les miens &, ccux de mon peuple, .que 
mes enemis deviendront les votres, voila 
deforn[iais comme je veux traite avjrc mes 
allies, — vqus voilles par la tous mes fentimans 
pour votre nations, qu'en j'aure la preuv/e 
des votre^ je maitre toutes <nes prommaices 
a executions — mais Citoyens Reprefentans^ 
je ne les maitre que quans je voire vos forces^ 
tens de maire que .de tsiire arrive dans Tlnde. 
La derniere Guerre, (c'eft a regree que je 
fuis obligee de vous tracer )es <malheurs que 
mon amitie pour, les Fran^ais m'a cout6;) je 
foutenais avec zelc & courage toutes Jes prc- 
tanfions des Fran^ais, les Anglais les ambi- 
tieux Anglais, ne fe fantans pas affez de 
force ni de courage pour m'attaquer de front, 
ce font allies avec les Marates & les Mogb- 
les, and m'ont attaque de toute parts, au mo- 
roans ou j'etais fur le point de les vaincre 
Taroiee Fran9aifcs, que commandoit Mr. de 


Seringapatam^ the 2d of Jpril, 1797, tbe 5<i 
year of the French Repubtic, 

Tippoo Sultaun the Viftorious to theReprc- 
fentatives of the people rcfiding in the 
Ifles of France and of La Re-union* 

Citizen Representatives, 

Yourannot be ignorant of the friendfliip 
\ehich my father and myfelf have ever enter- 
tained for the French, I fought every op- 
portunity of proving it during your farmer 
government, and I have done all in my power 
Jince the commencement of your revolution t^ 
make known ioyou the fentiments of my bearti 
Fiom want of opportunity and of intercourfe 
with perfons acqus^inted with your cudoms 
' and manners, I have *not been able before 
this time, tos inform jjqm /!of my intentions* 
• A fortunate chance has Tent me .citizen Ri- 
paud (one; of your officers) Avho atm^ requc^ft 
has anfwered all the queHioits which I put to 
him. I confider him to be worthy of my 
^confidence, and from what he has told mp, 
I perceive // is now the m$ment for me to 
revive the friendjbip which I have always , en» 
tertained for your nation, I acknowledge the 
fublimity of your conftitution, 'and as a 
♦proof of iiiy fwctfky '/ propo/e to your nation 
^ni to you, a treaty of alliance and fraternity, 
y^bicb fhall he for ever indijfoluble, and /hall be 
founded on Republican principles, of Jin eerily and 
good faith ; to the end that you and yeurjiation 
with myfelf and sny ptople^mayJpceome one family \ 
ythat the lame oath. may bind us for life or for 
death ; that your enemies may be mine and thofe 
^f my people ; and that my enemies may be con^ 
Jidered as your%. Thus xlo-I wifli henceforth 
to treat with my allies. You now fee my 
difpofition towards your country; when I 
fliall receive a. proof of yours, I will fulfil 
my promifes ; but, citizens Reprefeniatives, 
J will not fulfil thefe engagements with yoti 
until I fee your forces, as weH naval as 
military, a6lually arrive ^in I^dia. During 
the laft war, (it is with regret that I am oblig- 
ed to recall £0 your memory the difafters 
which my ftiendlhip for the French Nation 
'has brought upon me,) I maintained Witti 
zeal and courage, all the pretenfions of the 
French. The Englifh, the ambitious Ei>- 
glifli, not having i.ifficient confidence in their 
own flrength and courage to attack me firt- 
gly, formed an alliance with the Mabratt^s 
and the Nizam, and attacked rue. in every 

! ,. quarter. 



iCoffigriis, cut ordria de M. de Buffis de m'a- 
bahdonner je lespayais ccpendant tres biens, 
& il ne leuf manque rien, et oe quis. mis le 
combles a mon indignations, Ics ordres por- 
taisd' angager Mr- de Lalis qui commandoic 
Ic partis Fran^ais, que j' entrefcnais de ce 
jetiraire aufli, ainfi que Ic partis Butenotes je 
mi aupofee a jufte titre pour ces dernicrs, 
depuis ce moment le degout f'emparas de 
mon monde, reduit a me fervire de mcs pro- 
pres forces, abandonne de mes allies je fus 
force de faire la paix, j ai perdu la moitie du 
meillcur de mon pais, & j'ai donn6 en argens 
efFeQive trots cents miilions trente mille RoupUs^ 
vous voice quel perte j'ai fait- Reprefen* 
tans ce qui eft pafse eft pafsc; je ne vous ais 
fais' la Sitafions de celte verite que pour 
vous faire fcntir que ci je declare la Guerre a 
V09 EnnemiSf que je ne veut pas etre«ban'f> 
donnc & que vou« ne pourc faire la paix qu^ 
prealablement je aille donhe mon Confente- 
ment, & qui moi & mon peuple nous foillons* 
eompris dans le traite de paix ; il y a encore 
une Chofes qu'il eft bons de ne pas obmaitre, 
pour prouver la L6yaut6 de notre bonne fois 
reciprcque, c'eft.que ni moi, ni mon peuple 
neconnoiffans' pas les ufages des Republi- 
q^iains Fran<jais ni les Republiquain ne con- 
noidans pas auffi les' ufages de mon pais, et 
que fi Tun des citoyens des deux partisVenais 
i manque, aux ufages, il feroit fur.le Champ 
reprime par ces Superieurs,. fen que cela. 
troublas en riens rtinions,.& Tamitie, qui 
doit raigne entre de bons allie, je mait cette. 
claufes quoique, le Cit. S. Ripaud,,.maillei 
affure, que le mintiens & la plus grande ri- . 
giditte & le refffeQ:'aux Loixjjaigncdans les 
arm6e republicaine, les miene yferont tenus 
fUr le meme pieds. Je demande auffi que le 
General en Chef fe cpnfulte avecmoi en tous 
ce qu'il poura entreprendre^-pour la reufite de 
la deftruQion de nos Enemis communs, 
comme connoiffans le pais, les ufages, &c' 
leurs manis, c*eft une cbofe jufte, qu'il ne 
peut trouver'. mauvais, Heureux momans 
te voila donque arrive ou je peut verse, dans 
le Coeur de mes amis toute la haine que j'ai 
centre ces opraifeurs du genre bumains. Si 
yoixs voulemc feconder en peu il ni auras pas 
un Anglais dans toute Tlnde, vous en avez 
les forces, & les moyens, par vos Noirs 
affranchis ; c'eft nouveaux Citoyens font re- 
dout6 par les Anglais, joins a vos troupes de 
JUigi^ies en peut nous purgcrom Tli^e de ces 


quarter. At the very moment when I was 
on the point of conquering ihtm, the French 
army under the command of M. de Coffigny^ 
received an order from M. de Bufli to aban'« 
don me, though I had paid them well, and 
they were in want of nothing ; but what 
filled me with indignation was, that thofe 
orders extended tt> M. de Lally, who com- 
inandcd a body of French in my pay, to 
^withdraw himfelf with his party, this I oppo-^ 
fed and on juft grounds. From that moment, 
my army became difgufled. Reduced (iji- 
gly to my own refources, and abandoned by 
my allies, 1 was compelled to make peace, 
with the lofs of half of my dominions, and 
three Crpres and thirty thoufand Rupees 
in fpecie. Behold what have been my loffes 
Reprefentatives ! What* is paft is paft; I 
have cited thefe truths in order to apprize 
you, that if, I fliould declare war againft 
your enemies, I will not be deferted, nor 
(ball you have the power of making peace 
without my pjrevious confent, nor without 
including myfclf a^d my people in the treaty. 
For the fecurity of our reciprocal fricndlhip 
and good faith, it is neceffary to ftipulate 
one preliminary condition. It is this, that 
&s my people are ignorant of the cuftoms of 
the French Republicans, and as the Repub- 
licans are equally, unacquainted with the cuf- 
toms of my country, if one of the citizens of 
either party, (hould violate the cuftoms of 
the other, he ftiall be reprimanded immedi- 
ately by his own fuperiof, without any in- 
terruption of the good underftanding and 
harmony, which ought to fubfift between 
good allies. I infert this claufe, although 
Citizen Ripaud has affured me, that the ob- 
fervance of the moft fevere difcipline and 
of lefpeft for the laws exifts in the Republi- 
can army : Mii\e^ ftiall always be conducted 
in the fame manner. I require alfo that xhe 
Commanding Officer fhal! always confult me 
on every meafure which he may undertake 
for the deftruftion of our common enemy, 
bccaufc I am acquainted with the country, 
its cuftoms and manners. • This is a referva- 
tion that he cannot confider as offenfive. 
Hcippy moment ! the time is come^ when 1 can 
deppfit in the bojom of my friends^ the hatred 
which I bear againft thefe effrejfors of the hu^ 
man race. If you will affift me^ in afhort time 
not an EngVfhman- Jhall remain in India; you 
have the power and the meant of effeSing it, by 





^•lcele^lts, joins «ti ^cfots.qae. jc fab joucr^ 
v^outc rinde eft en mouvcmcujr, &praiite.& 
Ibndre furies Anglais. ^dece coteiie vous^n 
rinaSagaife; vos Entmts^ ctimme je v^usTais 
Ju Jeronf Jes miens, a prefans .qucvous faves 
. mes difpofifiona faite mai favoir les j»rotrc-te 
plus promtenian« poflibles, & furtom ne me 
faites pas depromeitcs qucvous tic poaviez 
, exicutcr; j'ai gafde^lc Cit. S. Ripaud paw 
' repondre atous ce que^ous me marquerez, 
. je lui traitemans digne de la charge 
". qa'il octjupc.auprcs de tnoi ;-jc vous prie dc 
* ne pas' lui en fa voir mauvais gree, au cou- 
traire de i' approuver/ & de le tranquiiise fur 
' les craintes qa'ij a que I'on lui impute^ quHl 
auroit fuis foB paK .& fon Drapeau7C,'mo' 
. live si iouables pour que je m'iotairaifes a 
luis, & vous prie de rauthorife a reftaire au* 
pres de moi, pourfervire fa patrie, vos Colo- 
nics, & men pais. Je Tais garde, et il n'a 
. confentis qu'a forces de folicitafions, ctant 
tres attache a llfle de la Reunion, ou il y ais 
etablis. Si vous confentez k mes propofi* 
tions il eft-bon que vous fachiez ce que je fe- 
:3rai pour Ja Republique ^ran9aifes^ .^^ces 

Article i. 

*Jc m'oblige auffitot Tarrivce des Troupes 

tTranjaifes a la Cote, de nourrir rArmee de 

Tcrrcs & de maire cxcept6 les Boifons Eu- 

:ropaine je fournire tous les neceffaires com- 

me Farine Ris Viande, Ac. &c. 

Article 2« 
Je m'oblige auffi a faire les avances en ar- 
gent, pour tous les belbins des armeesde tef« 
re & d^ maire. ^ 

Article 3. 

J6 m'oblige a fournire tous Iqs Boeuf ive- 

.eeuaires avec leurs attelage, pourrArtillerie 

des troupes Republiquaines, & aui^ des 

BoeuOs^ Chanieaux et Camatiis, pour tranf- 

^porte les Effais^ & i>agage des Officers. 2c 


Article 4. 
Je m oblige a fournire palanquin pour les 
Gcneraux, S^ At% chevaux aux officiers des 
plroupes de la Rcpublique. 


i£n guas que Karmce Fran9aises vingt \ 


y^urfree Higroes, mtb dfe/i HHii^ fiH%efts (Mmi 
'. dreaded by the Englijb) joined to jour troops if 
UbeJine, we fxnll purge India of theje villiam. 
^be Jpriifgs wbick I bave touched bave.put all 
■ India imnotion^my friends are ready to fall upon 
z tbe Englijb ; ./or every tbing bere rely on my dif* 
r.^retion* Teur enemies^ as I bave apprized yon^ 
Jball he mint. Now you are apprized of my 
defigns, delay not to- inform me 'of yours^ 
but make -no promifes which you eannojt per« 
N form, I have retained citizen Ripaud to an< 
* fwer your letters, and I will give4iim a falary 
-worthy of the (ituation whick he holds near 
-myperfon. I entreat you not to be offend^ 
*. ed with him, but on the contrary to approve 
of what bahas done, and to quiet b-is appre- 
hensions of being confidered ^s a deferter <^ 
his counlry and of his colours (a laudable 
fnotive- which interefts me for his welfare) I 
requeft you to authorize him to remain in bis 
prefentfiation witft me for the fervice of his 
country, of your colonies, and of myfelf. 
/ detained bin^y nordidbexon/eut to remain fill 
after mucb /olicitation, hcix^ extremely at« 
tached to the Iflafid of Bourbon, to which he 
: belongs. In cafe you (hall confent to my 
propofitions, it is neceflary that yo^ fhould 
know the extent of iny power to ^fiift the 
:MKreAch..Republic9 and its army. 

'Article 1. 

T engage, immediately on ihe arrival of 

(the French troops on the Coafl*, to vi6(u^l 

both the land and fea^fbrces, (European \u 

quor excepted) and I will furni(h all necefla- 

kj^ies. iuch as flour, rice, meat, wood. &c. 

Article 2. 
I engage alfo to make advances 6F money 
'for 'all the wants of ^theiand^nd fca equips 

ARTieLB 3. 

"I engage to provide all the bullocks necef* 

ffary for the artillery of the Republican iroapi. 

as well as the bullocks,. cara els, and lafcars^ 

.for carrying the Jutggage of tke officers arid 


Article 4. 
:T engage to provide palanquins for the Ce- 
iierals, and horfes for the officers of the trpops 
of the Republic. 

Article 5. 
In cafe the Ftench army, (hould. happen t0 




fBAt^qni de poudre^ou munisions je m oblige 
d'^n fpurnir, 


' Auffitdt que rarmee Fran^aises aurade* 
barqu6e, je marcher^ avec mes troupes qui- 
Ic premier momans ferons conjpofce de trentc 
milie hommes dc cavallerici & de trente raille 
hommes. d'tiifantefie & Artillerie bien difcip- * 
linee^ ayens armes, munifions, & routes chofes * 
Deceffair^s pour lareufitedendtre entreprifes*. 

yoila cequeje defirfi que ta^Fvance faces pour- 

AFtTICLB t, . 

^ ^ ^ue fous> n^importe quel pretexte que cc 
' puiSe etre, que la Republique Franjaife no 
jfaces point la paixj fen que moi, & jnon peu- 
ple ni aille confentis^ & que notts^ foUionv- 
compris dans le traitc de paix. 

♦. I. Articxe 2. ^. 

Qoe comme les Troupet Republiquaines re« - 
coivent cette avantage de moi ; que les G|E« 
oereaux! que lee convmanderont, n'intrepran- 
drons rien fans prealablement s'aitre confulte • 
avec iDoi» pour la reuffite.&rle bien commuu 
deno4 armeei refpeSlivea, 

ARTlCi.B 3* , 
Selee G^nereaux Fran^ais & les troupesr •; 
Republiquaines, cpnnoiflais des traitesdans 
mon pais, ou que moi & me^ troupes connoi- 
trais des Traites dans Tarniee RepubUquaine, . 
lejs chefe des partis du caute da iraite, s'en < 
(aifirais^ etU feraisexecuterapres des preuves ' - 
bien otantiques> icn que pour cela ramitie 
faille troublee de pars oud 'autre, etam pour >^t 
lameme caufesi nos intairais^n^en ferons qu!uiw. - 

Articlb 4* 
Comme je propofe k la Republique Fran- 
(aife faire Tavance, & de fournir I'argent ne- 
c^ffaire tant pour les Troupes de terrejii que ' 
celle de'Maire, il eft jufte, que j*en foilie* 
rembourcc^la fih de la guerre fur levproduit 
des Somtnes ep argent que nous prendrons 
fur nos Enemis comtnun^ 

Article 5. 
Tomes prifes faites fur nos Ennemis com- * 
fnups, corarae Placc^ Foris^ Pai$\'jirgent^ 
Marcbandi/efy Navire^ Munitions, &c. &c. fe- 
ront partageesj a eyaluaifons egales & comme 
de bon Frere entre les Troupes de la Repub» 
tique & moi, ^ mon peuple. 

Art. 6* 

be in want of gun-powder, or other ammunt' 
' tion, I engage to fupply it. 

Article 6. 
As Toon asithe French army fhall have difr 
embarked, I engage to march with my troops, 
vhich fhall in the firft inftance confift of thir- 
ty thoufaAd cavalry,, and thirty Ihoufand in* 
fantry and artillery, well difciplined, with 
arms, ammunition, and every, thing neceflary 
for the fttccefs<x>f our enterprize* 

What I require t>n the part of France is aa 
follows: . 

Articls 1- 
That the French Republic (hall not ijndef-^ 
any pretence whatever, conclude peace, but • 
with the confent of me and my people, nor ^ 
' without including, us in fuch treHtyi 

Articls 2./ 
That as the troops of the Republic, will d'e* 
rive fuch advantages from me, the Generala 
in command fhall undertake nothmg without - 
fitfl confulting me, .to enfure the fticcefs of ' 
the com4aMn Mufe, and of our refpe£Uve ar<«^< - 
wics.. ^ 

Article 3. ^ 
Should the French General or Republican* 
Iropps, deteO; traitors in my country , or fhoulcT ' 
I or my troops come to the knowledge of a- • 
ny fuch in the French army, the chief of the 
party wherein the traitor may be found, (hall 
caufe him to be feized and executed, upon au- - 
thentic proofs of his guilt,/ without prejudice ' 
to our mutual friendihip. fince engaged in ' 
ibeiame 6aufe,. ouriniereftsare the fame. 

Article 4. : 
As 1 propofe- to make the advances, and 
fiirnifh the necelftry fuppliies^bf money to the 
French republic, both for the Tand and the fea 
foices, it is juft that! ihould be reimburfed at 
the end of the war^ from the fums of money- ♦ 
which may be taken from our common cne* 


Article 5. 
Every capture made from our common e- 
nemy, as towns, forts, territory, money, mer- 
chandize, {hips, ammunition, &c. 8cc. fkalL 
be equally divided at a fair valuatioafrater* 
nally between the troops of the Republic, . 

Aaf. 6. 



- Article 6. ' 
Comme j'ai fait dc grandes jpcrtes pour 
foutenir les Intairais des Fran^ais, la dcrni- 
ere Guerre, que j'ai perdu' la mpitie & le 
roeilleur de mon pais, je demande que toutes 
les villcs, forts, pais, ainfi que les contribu- 
fions que je pourrc prelevee foille exeptfe de 
1' article 45. qu il m'apartiendront de droit^ 
fans que lesVroupes Republiquaines y aille 
aucune pretentions, ni drois, c'cft requite 
que je reclame de tnes fr6res. 

Article 7. 
Si la Fortune de la guerre, nous rans pof- 
faifeurs de Goas, & de Bonbee ; tous ies 
pors de ^Bonbee & tous le tcrritoire de fa 
depe'ndance appartenans au Angkis, apparti* 
endrpnt de droit au Fran^ais, & Goal & cejj 
dependanqes m'aparticndroQt. 

Article 8. 
Je demande que tous les prifonniers, 8c 
prifonnieres dc rafes, Anglaifes & Portug^i- 
fes, qui feront fait par les Troupes Repub- 
liquaines, & les miennes feront traite avec 
humanite, tant qu'aux Individus (leurs for-; 
tunc nous appartenans) ils feront tranfportes* 
afraix coinrauns hors des Territoires Indiens, 
dans.un. Lieux, bien loins de vetre & des no- 

Article 9. 
Comme les places, ports, forts, & pais, ors 
celui ftipulc dansl'article 6. feront partagc, 
nous y mettrons a fure & mefure qu'il feront 
coriquis des garnifons, et cecte article fera- 
regie, entre les Gcncreaux Frahcjais ct moi, 
commd egalement il nous fera libre fi le 
qilas Texiges de faire fauter les forts qui 
pourais nous devenir inutile. 

Article iO« 
Pour executer la conquete des pofieffions 
Anglaifes, & Portugaifes ou leur Cq3 intay- 
aife, il fa audroit que vous manvoille de cinq 
a diy mile de vos troupes de ligncs, ou gaf- 
dcs nationnaux, de vingt cinq a trente milQ 
de vos nouveaux Citoyens, {fi vous avez mis 
le decrct a executioaj de vos plus delure & 
les mieux inftruis^ ceux enfin qui pourroient 
troubler vos colonies je vous reponds d'une 
conquete promptc ^ facile* 

AUT. lU 

As I have fufFcred greatly in fupporting . 
the caufe of tho Frepch in the laft war, 
when I loft. the beftpart of ray country, I re- 
quire that all the ^owns, forts, territories or . 
contributions, which I may be able to feize 
within my former boundaries, be exempted 
from tliq 4th article, that they ihall become 
mine by righf^ and that the Republican troops 
ftiall have no pretenfions or claims thereto;* 
I claim this a£l of jufticc from my brethren. 

Article 7. 
If the fortune of war, (hall put us in pof- 
feffion of Goa and Bombay, the port of 
Bombay and the territories dependant on^it, 
belonging to the Englifh, fhall belong oF. 
right to the French; but iGoa and its depi^ib". 
jlencies ojiivc. 

Arttcle 8. 
I demand that all male and femal^j^ifo^- 
•ners as well Englifti as Portuguefe; wWfch 
which fhall be.taken by the Republican troops 
.or by, mine, fhall be treated with humanity, 
and with regard to their perfons, that they* 
fhall (th^ir property becomfng the right of 
the allies) be transported at our joint.. txr 
pence, out of India, to fome place far dif^ 
tant from ihe^territorie? of the, allies, ,\ ,^ 


As the towns, pojts, forts, and cerritories 
l};ipulated in the 6th article, are to be^divid«< 
ed between the allies, ^hey (hall be garrifon-*^' 
ed as they may fall into our h^nds, ,^nd t^ei 
{tipulation« of that .article fhall be afterwards < 
arranged by the French General and myfelf^'i 
wjtb a difcre^ion, if circumftances require it^? 
to blow up any fort which may be dceme^ 

Article lo. 
In order to atchieve the conqueft of the, 
Englifh and Portuguefe poffeflions, and thofe , 
of their allies, it is ne.cefrary.thaf I fhou.ld, 
bjC afiifted vith from five to ten thovifand 
regular Troops or N.ational /Guards; ^^n4^} 
from twenty-five to thirty thoufand of your 
new Citizens, (if you have put the Decree 
into executipn) fclefting, the mofl Jubtlc^ 
and beji inftruSied of them; tbo/e in Jhort 
who are likely to dijlurf the peace of y out own 
Colonies; I will anfwcr for our quick and 
.«afy fuccefs, 

• Art, ilf 



Article ii. 
' 'vVour faciliter la Defcente a la Cote, eft la 
pVifes fubites de Goas, Pors efcancielles pour 
votre Efcadre, & vos vaiffeaux de Tranfport/ 
il faudroit v/nir debarcuer dans mon port 
' d'Onor fiiuc paria lat. 14. 36 & de long. 70. 

Article 12. 
Pour que je foille prevenus du Oui^ ou 
dc Non^ fi vous accept^z mes propofi- 
fions, & apres vous etre bicn confuhe, 
je vous prie de me faire paffer par Viin 
de vos va^ifleaux a mon por de Manga- 
lore la pluspromtcmcnt poffible, votre de- 
cifions. Pour que rien ne manque a I'ar- 
rivec de voice efcadre^ Lavifeaux trouveras. 
un Officicr Fran^ais a Mangalore qui lui fera 
donner tons les fecours neceflaires, & me fera 
parvenir vos inftanfions, pour qu'il n'ait 
point de furprife ni aucune doutancc. La- 
.vifeaux aborera pour tout le terns qu'il f^rra 
iViouille dans mcs rades, les pavions Ameri-. 
quains, pour fignale de rcconnoiflance, il 
maitra a fon grjind'mat pavion natiorialc fii- 
perieurs^& celui de Badaircinferieurs: mes 
Envoycs le portent a cette EfFais; je defire- 
rais biens & vous prie que ce foit le Citoyen 
Aubaingue qui commande ccs ^etit Avifeaux, 
comme conn iitans mon port&: les ufages de" 
4non paU. 

Artjcls 43. 
•J'envoye quatre de mes Chefe, que ont 

^roerite ma confiance, pour trailer en mon 
nom, les articles t}ucje vous envoy e, fi vousr ^ 

ne pouvez les accepter en entier ni les maitre 
a execution fans les ordres dupouvoirexccu- 
tif de vptre mere.patric, je.vous prie de faire 
paffer trois de mes Chefs, fur un de vos meiU 
Ueurs vaifl&ux, & de leur ^joindre -umCito- 
yen que votre Sagefle vous ipggerera, pour 
leur fervir de guide & de Confeil, pour 
Frances; je les envois -€xprais, & lis font 
chargccs d'un paquet,' & de dire mes inftan- 
fions auprcs du pouvoir cxecutif ; je ne peut 
y envoille mon navire funs que les Anglois 
ne foubconoaceht quelque chofe d'oftile de 
me part, fi vous venie avec TEfcadre renvoille 
moi avec elle^ je vous prie le 4e. de mes 
Chefs, fenfi que mon nayii?e, lequel je vous 
prie de faire doubler en Cuivre, & nous nous 
arrangerons i cet Effais, mes ci cependant 
vous croillcZ) qu'il retarderoit la marche de . 
^otre ConvQis^ VQUS n;ie renyoiUcrez a la fai- 


Article' ti. 
To facilitate the attack and captuie ot 
Goa, a port eflential for your Squadron and 
your Tranfports, it will be neccffary to dif- 
cmbark at my Port of Onorc, fituated in 
latitude 14. 36 N. and 70 longitude. 

AkTiCLE |2. 

That I may be apprized whether you ac- 
cept or rejea my propofitions, 1 requeft, that 
after having fully confidered them, you will 
drfpatch a Pactet-boat to Mangalore, to 
inform me of your decifion as expeditioufly 
as poflible. That nothing may be wanting; 
on the arrival of your Squadron, a French 
officer will be ftaiioned at Mangalo/e, to 
afford the neccffary aBiftance, and to advife 
me of your intentions. To avoid any fur- 
prizQ or doubt, the Ship during the time (he 
may remain at anchor in the roads, fliall 
hoift Ameficah colours, with the National 
Flag at the main -top-maft- head, over that 
of the Sultaun, which my Envoys Carry for 
that purpofe. I am defirous, and therefore 
particularly requeft, that Citize'n Aubaigne 
may be appointed to command this Packet- 
Boat^ as he knows my Harbour^, and is ac« 
.guainted with the cuftoms of my Country. 

AktrCLi 13. 

1 depute four of my Chiefs, who have pro- 
•ved themfelves worthy ofmy confidence, to 
treat in my name on the articles v/hich I 
tranfmit to you, but fhould you neither have 
the power of accepting thetn altogether, nor 
of carrying them into effea w'ithout an or- 
der from the Executive Government of your 
mother Country, I requeft you to di'fpatch 
three of my Chiefs in one of your beft Vef- 
feb for France, and to join with them fome 
Citizen whom your ^ifdom may felcft, to 
guide and to advife them in France, I dif- 
patch thefe Chiefs for this exprefs purpofe : 
They are charged with a Packet and with 
orders to explain ray intentions to the Exe- 
cutive Power; I cannot fend my Ship thither 
v(ithout giving the EngliQi reafon to iufpe6l 
fome hoftile defigns on my part; if you fend 
a Squadrd^n, fend*with it the remaining one 
of the four Chieifs and alfo my fliip, which I 
requeft may be Coppered, and we will ar- 
range matters accordingly. If hoWever yoa 

. . Ihink 




fan propi^e avcc i|n Capitaioe ^ deq^ Offi- 
cicrs^ qvLcjc paycrak. 

Article 14. 
NoiM comm^nferons nos cxDJoui guer^ 
ricM fur \c$ Anglois^ ct Portugaw, & fi les 
Mogoles & le Marates prenoient leur partie^ 
nous leur ferion$ la Guerre; devenant nos 
enemis, il faudroit les fubjugueF & lesfendro 
nos tributaires, 

Rcprcfcntans voila mcs imanfions, il ne 
f aut pas que men attachement pour votte na- 
tions me faces eprouvc de la peine^ coxnroc^ 
le terns paflc, je yous prie de bicn rcftechir 
avant que de me repondre, ccla maitre biea 
de ramertume dans mon coeur puifque votre 
reponfe me fera agir, fuivaitt cc quel comi- 
endra. ' 

Je fais dcs voeu pour la reuffite de nStrc^ 
entreprife & la continuation de la profpe- 
rite des armes de la Republique Fran^ai^ 
une& indivifible; Sc pour une promptc re- 
ponces. Je vous jure une amitie tnviolablei 
ppur votre nations. 

A True Cbpy, * 


think that the Ship cannot be Coppered ivltH* 
out delaying the Voyage of the Convoy^ yovfc^ 
vrill fend the Ship back at the proper feafon^ 
vith a Captain axid two Q£^ei:'«hoai< I will 

Arijcle 14. 
We' wiU commence hoftilities againftthe- 
EngUflt and the Portuguefe; when, in cafe the 
Nizam and the Marattas fbouid join them^ 
we will naake war againft them alio, ifor it will 
then be neceflary to fubjugate them. alTo and 
to render them tributaries to us. , 

Thefe^ ReprefeniatiTes, are my intentions^ 
do not let my attachment to your nation ex- 
pofe me to the fame calamity which I- for- 
merly fuflfisred, I entreat you ta refteS well 
before you return an anfwe.r, or you may 
cxpofe me to great anguifh of heart, fiJice I 
fliall aft according to the tenor of your an* 
fwer. I offer up my vows for the fucccfs of 
bur emerprize. for the continuation of prof- 
perity to the Arms of the French Republici 
one and indivifible^ and for a fpeedy anfwer. 
I fwear aa iayiolable friendflijp for your 


(Signed) ./^ 
A.imctppy, C. MACAULAY, Sec: 

A true Tranflation, 
G. G. REBLEV French TranlUtot^ 

No, 2, 

tt iu^di dp la ieme. Decade de Germinal Vem 
5e. de Id Republique Franfai/es. 

■* • . / ' 


JE VOUS adr&ffes mfi qua vos reprefantana 
& au principaux chefe, mes intanfions, raon 
AmitiC)Cnfin tous mes Sentimans que j'ai dans 
mon Coeur pour votre nations. Jenvois qua« 
tre de mes chefe pour vous en auiiri de vive 
vois, jaufes efperer que vous les prandrc en 
confideraGons, & que vos me fere une repon* 
ces par Lavifeaus que je follicite, qui fera 
fuivaqs les defires de mon Coeur, jatans tout 
de votre zele pour votre patrie« le citoyen Ri- 
paud nia dit les QbligatioAs que Von vous de* 


The ^i^f April, 1707, the ^tk Tear 9ftht 
freneo RepulHc. 


I ADDRESS to you as well as to your Re- 
prefentatlves and principal chiefs^ the afluran'- 
ces of my intentions, of my fricndfh4p,in (hort, 
of every fentiment of my heart towards your 
nation. I fend four of my chiefs^^to confirm 
thefe affurances verbally. Ihope you will 
take my propofitions into, ^onfideration^ and 
lend me an anf^^r conformable to the deiire: 
of my heart by the packet boat which I have 
requeued you to difpatch. I cxpeft every 
thing from your i^eal for your country. Ci- 

■ s 



*^o{t» qne par votre fageflc voin tv{6 preferVtf 
vos colonies, envoillc hfi6t des forces j'aiitr6 
ia Anglais Tidie dalle left attaque je 'yo\i$ 
pries He menvoille par lavifeaux un Citdym 
four /aire ines ecrUures en Francah^ le Citcytn 
Ripaud ne fc forte pas bien tt il neji fat tcri*- 
vainSf jatans toute de voire fagefles^ je vous 
severe, votrcallic. . 

l^lane h duidi de la teme. Decade de Her^ 
minal^ ran j^eme. de la R^fublique Franfaifes. 

Tipous Sultans le yiftorieux, au Reprefen- 
tans du Peupl^ qui refide aait Ifles de 
France, & de la Reunion. 


VOUS ne deves p^s ignorfe ramitie pute 
nnon pere & moi avons toujours cus pour Ics 
Frani^ais, j'aichcrchc toute les occafions'4 
le proavc dans vdtre enciens regime : j'ai fait 
tnon poffible depuis le commaafentians de vd^ 
tre revolutions & vous faire connoitre les fen« 
timans de mons Coeur ; faute d* occafions et 
-telle de ne pas avoir aupr^s de tnoi des per« 
"fonnes inftruites fur vos moeurs et yos ufages^ 
je n'ai pu jufqu'a ce jours vous faires con- 
hbitr^s mes intanfions. Le hcureux bazars 
ma procure le citoyen S. Ripaud Tun de vous 
.•officiers que ceft rendu a mes pricre, €t a re* 
pondu a toutes les quefions que Je luis ais fais» 
et j'ai vue quit merite ma connances, fur ce m'a dit je vois que c'eft Tinftans de vous 
rcitaire Y amitie que j'ai toujours eus pour 
votre nacions — Je recortnois le fubiime de 
v6tre conftitutions, et pour vous le prouve^ 
je propofe a votre nacionSi et a vous\ine a£ke 
d*alliances et de fratcrnic^; qui foilles a ja- 
mais indifolubles, et qu'il foit di6le fur les 
principes republiquain, la loyaute & la bonne 
fois, que v6tre patrie & moi ; et mon peupiy 
ne fa/ions plus qu^une famille, q'un meoie 
fermens nous lis pour la vie oil par la more, 
que yo% enemis feront les miens St ceux de 
mon peupte, que mes enemis deviendront 
les Totres, Voita deformais comme je veux 
Irait^ avec mes allies — vous voilles par la tous 
mes femimans pour vdtre nations, qu'en j'au- 
le la pteuve des voire, je maitre toutes mea 


ilzen Ripaud has apprized«ffie of the'obtig^* 
lions due to your wifdom which has prelerv- 
ed your colonies. Send me troops, and I 
Will divert the Engliih from the idea of at^ 
lacking you. 

/ rdqueft you id fend by the packet boat a per* 

/on qualified to write my di/patcbes in the French 

language. Citizen Ripaud is not in good bealtb^ 

anSbeftdes is no writer. I exped ever/ thing 

ffom your Wifdooi. t revere you. 

Your Ally, 

(^Signed) f^ 

Seringapatam; tbe 2d of Jpril^ ^797 ^ the ^tb 
Tear of tbe Frencb Republic. 

Tippoo Sultaun the ViSorious, to. the Re* 
prcfehtativcs of the People refiding in the 
Ifles of France and of La Re-union. 


YOU cannot be ignorant of the friend-* 
Ihip which my father and myfelif have ever 
entertained for the French. I fought every 
opportunity of proving it during your for- 
itier governTi)ent, and I bave done all in tnp 
power fince tbe commencement of your revolution 
to make known to you tbefentiments of my beart. 
From want of opportunity and of intercourfe 
with perfons acquainted with your cuftomt 
and manners, I have not been able befori 
this time to inform you of my intentions^ 
A fortunate chance has fent me Citizen Ri^ 
paud (ofie of your officers) who at my re- 
queft has anfwered all the queftions which 
I put to him*. I confider him to be'xworthy 
of my confidence, and from what he has told 
me, I perceive it is now the moment/or me t$ 
/evive tbe friend/hif whicb J have always en^ 
ttrtaintd for yournitim, I acknowledge the 
fublimity of your conftitution, and as a proof 
of my fincerity Ifropoji t^ your nation and to 
you a treaty nf alliance ani/raternity whicb /hall 
be for toer indifjoluble and *fhall be founded on 
Republican principles^ of fincerity and good 
faith ; to the end tbatyou and your nation, with 
fnyfelf and mf people may become one family: 
that the fame oath may bind us for life or for 
death ; tkat your enemies may be viine and tbofe 
of my people ; andytbat my enemies may be con- 
fider ed as yours. Thus do I wifli hencefprth 
to treat with my allies. You now fee my 
difpofition towards your country, when I fliall 




prommaices a executions — inais Citoyen Re- 
prefentaiiS) je^ne le$ maUrc que quans je vo- 
ire vos forces, tens de maire que de taire ar- 
rive dans rinde. La dernierc guerre,, (c'eft 
' a regrec que jc fuis obligee de vous tracer 
Jes malheurs que raon amitie pour les Fran- 
(;ais nt'a coute;) je foutenais avec zele & 
courage toutes le pretanfion^ dcs Fran^ais, les 
i^nglais les ambilieux Anglais, ne fe fantans 
pas aflez de force ni de courage pour ni'at- 
taquer de front, ce font allies avec les .Mara- 
tes & les Mogoles, and m'ont attaque de toute 
parts, au momans ou j'etais fur le point de 
les vaincre I'armee Fran^jaifes, que comnoan- 
doit Mr. de Coffignis, cut ordrc de M. de 
Buffis de m'abandonner je le payais cependant 
tres bien, & il ne leur manque rien, et ce quis 
mis le cotnbles a mon indignations, les ordre^^ 
portais 4^ angager Mn de Lalis qui comman-^ 
doit le partis Fran9ais, que j' 
ce retiraire audi, ainfi que le partis Butenotes 
je n)i auposie a jufte titre pour ces derniers, 
depuis cc moment le degout f 'emparas de 
mon monde, reduit a. me fcrvire demes pro- 
pres forces, abandonne de mes allies je fu& 
force de faire la paix, j'ai perdu la moitie da 
meilieur de mon pais, & j'ai donnc enargensr 
effeftive trots cents millions trente mille roupics^^ 
vous voice quel perte j'ai fait. Reprefen- 
tans ce qui eft pafse eft pafle ; je ne vous ai& 
fais la Sitafions de cetie vcrite que pour vou& 
faire fentir que ci je declare la Guerre a vos» 
£nnemis, que je ne' veut pas etre abandonn6 
& que vous ne poure faire. la paix que prea- 
Jablement je aitle donnc mon Confehtement^. 
& que mci & mon peuple nous foillonscom-. 
prisdan^-le traite de paix— •il y a encore una 
Chofes qu'il eft bons de ne pas obmaitre, 
pour prouver la Loyaute de notre bonne fois. 
rcciproqud, c'eft que pi moi, ni mon peuple 
ne connoiflans pas les ufagts des Republi- 
quains Fran^ais ni les Republiquain ne con- 
noiffans. pas auiffi les ufages de mon pais, et 
que fi Tun des Citoyens des deux partis ve- 
nais a manque, aux ufages, il feroii fur le 
Champ reprimc par ces Superieujrs, fen que 
ccla troublas en riens Tunions, & Tamitie, 
qui doit raigne entre d« bons allic, je mait. 
ccite claufes quoique le Cit. S* Ripaudi . 
mailies aifure, quo le mintiens.& la plus 
grande rigiditte & le refpeft aux Loix, raigne 
dans les armee repubjicaine, les miene y fe- 
ront lenus fur le menfie picds— Je demande • 
auffi.queje General en Chef fe cpnfuUe avec. 


receive a proof oC yours, I will fulfill foy po^ 
mifes ; but, Ciuzens Reprefcntatives, I will 
not fulfill thefe engagements with you until 
I fee your forces as well naval as military 
a£lually arrive ia India* During the laft war 
{k is with regret that I am obliged to recall 
to your memory the difafters which my 
friendfhip for the French Nation has brought 
upon me) I maintained with z.eal and cou-^ 
rage, all the pretenfions of the French. The 
Englifh, the ambitious Englifti, not having 
fufficicnt confideuce in their own fttength. 
and courage to attack m^fingly^ formed an. 
alliance with the Mahrattas and the Nizam, 
and attacked me in every quarter. At the 
very moment wheh I was on the point of 
conquering them, the French army under the 
command of 'M. Cofligny, received an order 
from M. de Bufli to abandon me,. though I 
had paid them well, and they were in want 
. of nothing ; but what filled me with indigna- 
tion was, that thofe orders extended to M. de 
Lally, who commanded a body of French in 
my pay, to withdraw himfelf with bis party, 
this I oppofed and on juft grounds. From 
that moment, my army became difgufted. 
Reduced fingly to my own refources, and a? 
bandoned byi my allies, I was compelled ta 
make peace, with the lofs of half my dorni^ 
nions, and three crores and thirty thoufand 
icupees. in fpecie. Behold what have been 
my loffesreprefentatives! What is paft is paft.; 
I Have cited thefe truths in order to apprize 
you, that if I ftiould declare war againft youc 
enemies,. I will not be deferted, nor (hall 
you have the power of making peace with, 
out my previous confeot, nor without includ- 
ing myfelf and my people in ihe treaty. For. 
the fecurity of our reciprocal friendfhip and. 
good faith it is neceffary to ftipulate one pre-- 
liminary condition. It is this, that as my. 
people are ignorant of the cuftoms of the 
French Republicans, and as the Republicaifs. 
are equally unacquaintedwiih the cuftoms of 
my country, if one of the citisiens of either 
party fhould violate the cuftomaof the othcr^ 
lie fhall . be reprimanded immediately by his 
own fuperiour> without, any interruption of 
the good underftanding and harmony, which^ 
ought to fubfift between good allies* I infert 
this clauie, although Citizen Ripaud has a(-> 
fured me, that the obfervance, of the moft. 
fevere difcipline and of refpeft for the laws, 
exifts in the Republicao army : .mine. fb?IU 





. tnoi en tous ce qu'il poura erltreprcndre pour 

I la reufitc de la deftru^ian de nos Ennemis 
commun.s comme connoiifans- le pais, l=cs 
ufa^cs, & leurs manis^ c'eft une chofe jufte, 

. qu'il n^ peut trouver mauvais. Heureilx 
momans le voi(a donque arrive ou je peat 
verse dans le Coeur de mes amis toute ia 
haine que j'ai contre ces opraiseurs du genre 
humain^. Si vous voule me Feconder en peu 

. il ni auras pas un Anglais dans loute I'lncfe, 
voUs en avez les forces, & les moyen«, par 
vos Noirs afFranchis; c'eft nouveaux Citoy- 
ens foot redoutc par les Anglais, joins a vos 
troupe« de Lignes en peut nous purgcrons 
rinde de ces fcelerats, joins au refors que je 
fais jouer, toute llnde eft en mouvetnent, & 
praite a fondre fur les Anglais, de ce cote fie 
vous eu ma Sagaife; v^s Enemies ccmmije vous 
le* aisdit jeront lesmicns^ — a prefans que vous 
favez mes difposifions faite moi favoir les 
Yotre le plus promtemahs poITibles, & furtout' 
ne me faiies pas d^ promessis q;ie vous ne 
pouyiez ^xccuter; j'ai garde le Cit. S. Ri-, 

^paud pour repon4re a tous ce que vous me 
marquerez, je lui ferai un iraitemans digne 
de la charge qu'il occupe aupres de moi; je 
vous prie de ne pas lui en favoir mauvaisr 
gree, au cohtraire de I'aprouver, & de \t 
tranquilise fur les craintes qu'il a que Ton lui 

' imppte, qu'il auroit fuis'fon pais, & fon Dra- 
peaux, motive si louables pour que je m'in-^ 
tairaises a luis, & vous prig de Tauthorife a 
ri:ftaii;e aupres deimoi, pour fervire fa patne» 

' vos Colonics, & mon pais. Je I'ais garde^- 
ct il n'a confentis qu'a forces de folicitafions, 

-etanl tres attache a I'lfle de,la Reunion, ou 
il y ais etablis. *'Si vous confentez a mes 
propofitions il eft bon que vous fachiez ce 
4JUC je ferai pour la Republique Franjaifes; 

^ ces Arj;ftecs, 

Article Iw 
•Jje m'oblige auffitot I'arrivee des Traape« 
Fran^aifes a la Cote, de nourrir 1' Armee de 
Terres & de maire except^ les Boifons Eu- 
Topaine je fournire tous les necesiaires com- 
me Farine Ris Fiande, &c. &c. * 

Article 2. 
J^ m.'obllge aufli a faire les avances en ar^ 
jg^nt, pour tqu^ lesbefoins des armces de.tcr- 
uTc & de maire. 

Art, 3. 

always be conduced in the feme manner. I 
require alfo that the commanding ofEcer fliall 
always confuU mc on every meafure which he 
miy undertake for tKe deftruftion of our com- 
mon enemy, becaufe I am acquaiited with 
the country, its cuftoms and manners. This 
is a refervation that he cannot confider as of- 
fenfive. Hap^ moment ! the time is come when 
I can dspojit in the bofom of my friends ^ the ba^ 
tfed ^bicb 1 bear againji tbefe opprejfors of tbe 
human race. , If you will affiji me^ in a fbort 
time not an Englijhman Jhall remain in India : 
you bave tbe power and tbe mea^s of effeSing 
it^ by your free negroes^ witb tbefe new citizens 
[mucb dreaded by tbe Englijb) joined to your 
troops of tbe line, we will purge India of tbeji 
villains. The ffrings which I have tonchei 
have put all India iH motion^ my friends are rea* 
dyto fall Upon tbe Englifh: for every thing here 
rely on my difcretion. Tour enemies aslhav^ 
apprized you, Jhall be mine. Now you are ap- 
firized of my dcfigns, delay not to inform 
roe of yours, but make no promifes which 
you cannot perform. I have retained Citi- 
zen Ripaud to anfwer your letters, and 1 will 
give him a falary worthy of the fituation 
which he hofds near my perfon. I entreat 
you ftot to be offended withvhim^ but on the 
contrary to approve of what he has done, and 
to quiet his apprehenfions of being conQder- 
ed as a deferter of his country and of hi$#co.. 
lours, (a laudable motive which interefts ipe 
for his welfare) I rcqueft you to authorize 
him to remain in his prefent ilation with me 
for the fervice of hi.s country, of your colo- 
nies, and of myfelf. / detained him, nor did 
be confent to remain till after much folicitation, 
being extremely attached to the ifland of 
Bourbon, to which he belongs. In cafe you 
fliould confent to mjy propofitioiis, it is ne- 
ceffary that you fhoAld know the extent of 
my power, to affift this French Republic, and 
its army. 

. • Article 1. 

1 engage, immediately on the arrival of 

the French troops on the Coaft, to visual 

both the land and fea forces, (European li- 

quors excepted) and I will furnilh all neceP- 

I'aries, fiich as flower,' rice, meat, wood, &c. 

Article 2. 
' I engage alfo to make advance of money 
for all the wants of the land and fea equip- 

Art. 3. 



Article 3. 

Je tn^oblige a fournire tous les Boetrf ne- 

-cessaires avcc leurs attclage, pdur rArtillerie 

^es troupes Republiquainjes, ic aussi des 

Boeufsy Chameaux ec Camatiis, poar tranf- 

porte les Effaisj A bs^gagc .4es Officiers, & 


•Art ic LIE 4. 
Jetn'obligc a fournire Palanquin /pour lot 
' Oeneraux^ & des Chevaux WK, Clficersdei 
troupes xle ki Republique. 

AaticLE ;;• 
En quas .que i'armee Fran<;aifes vingt '4 
'TDanque de poudre> ou munifion^je la/obligQ 
den fourmn 

'AaTiCLB 6. 

AuQiiot -que Tarmce Fran^aifes aura de- 

^IBIarquce, je marcheri avec mes Troupes qui 

.pour le premier momansferons cotnpofee de 

trcnte millc hommes de CavaUerie. & de 

trente luille hommes, d*Infanterie & Artille- 

Tie bien dirciplinee^ ayens arraes, munifibn^, 

& toutes chofes necclTaires j>ouc la reufite<le 

,j)dtre fintreprifes. 

Voila cequije dcfire^^ la. Ftmnefi fyci^s pcmr 


Que fons n*khporte quel pretexte que ce 
5)^iire ctre, que la Reppblique Fran^aife^ ne 
flees poitit la paix^ fen que moi^ 8c mon 
peuple ni aille confends, cScque^nqus foillooj 
<ompri« dans ic trai.te 4e paix« 

Article iu 
<gue comme les Troupes Repnbliqualne« 
vecoivent cettc-avantage de moj ; que les Ge- 
neraux, que les commanderont, n' intrepran- 
4rons rien fans prealablement f 'aitre confal-*. 
:ie avec moi, pour la reuflite & Je bien cora« 

mun de jios^^xnees refpedives. 


Seles Gincteaux Fran^ais 4^. les Troupes 
Hepubliquaines, conncHflais des Traites dans 
^mon pais, ou que moi & mcs troupes connoi- 
irais desTraitesidan«rarmee Repiibliquainc, 
les Chefe des partis du caute du traite, f 'en 
faifirais, et le ferais ex6cuier apres des preu- 
*ves bien otantiques, fen que pour cela I'ami- 
tie foille troublec de pars ou d'autre, etant 
pour la memecaufesj^nos imairai^n'cn ferons 
* AiiT. 4. 

AftTlCLB 3» 

1 ^wptage to provide all the bullocks-«e- 

f^cffary for the apttllery^ or the Repiiblie«n^ 

troops, as well .as the bullocks, camels, and 

lafcars, for carryiag the^aggaigeof tbe offi^ 

•cers^nd foldiers. 

Article 4. 
I engage to provide Padanqtiins for the 
"Generals, and Horfes^ for the Officer^ of the 
etroope of^ihe Reptrblrc. 

Article 5. 
In e^fe the Trench army Ihadld happen 
to be in ^lant of ,gun-powdcr, or other am- 
; flounition,^ {^engage to fupply it. 

Artfcle 6, 
As:foon as the French army fliafl have 
-'difcmbarked, I engage to march with my 
troops, which {fa^ll in the ^rft inftance con* 
fift of thirty {hoafand cavalry^ arid thirty 
thoufand infantry and artillery, well difcip- 
' lined, with arms, ammoBition, and every 
thing neceflary for the/juccels of our enter- 
prize. - ' - 

1/jfh^t requite on the part of FTlaceisas 
» follows : * 

, Article 1. 

That rbe French Republic ihalliiot vndet; 
M\y pretence whatever, eonxlude peace, but 
with the confent of me and .my people not 
without iiKckiding us^inluch treaty. 

Article s. 

That as t)he troops of the RepubKc, will de« 

«Tive fuch advantages from me, the Generale. 

in command fliall undertake nothins without 

.firft confulting me, to enfiire the fuccefs of 

the common caufe, and of our refpeQive ar-* 


Articli g. 
Should the French General or Republican 
troops, dete6^ traitors4n my country, or Ihould 
I or my troops come to the knowledge oF 
any l^ch in the French army, the chief of the* 
party wherein the traitor may be found, ihall 
:<:aufe him to be feized and executed upon 
authentijc proofs of his gui)t, without preju- 
dice to our mutual friendfhip, fince engaged 
iin the fame caufe^jpur int^refts are the ^me» 

Art. 4« 

^ 1 



Art^C€S 4, 
Camme je propofe a la RepubKqise Fran* 
^ife faire I'avance^ & de fournir I'argent^ 
neceflaire tant pourles Troupes dc t^re, que 
«elle de. Maire, il eft jufte, que j'en foilles 
rembourc^ a la fin de la guerre Tur le produit 
des Somtnes en argent que jidos preiidroiis- 
fur nos Eneoiis coittmun.. 

Article 5; 

Touted prifes f aites fur nos Ennemis torn* 
ttutis, comme Ftaa; Forts, Pais, Argent^,. 
Mar<bandifes^ Navire^ MunihonSi- &c. &Cfc 
feront partagees, a evaluaifons egales &vCom* 
ine dfe bon Frcreemreles Troupes d6 la-4t6-- 
publique & moi^ & mon peupk. 

A'RTICLS 6, - 

Comme j at fak de grahde? pertes pour^ 
feutenir les Intairais des Fran^ais, la derni- 
cre Guerre, que j'ai perdu la moid^ & Ic " 
meilleuc de mon pais^ je dem^nde que toutes ^ 
Ics villes, forts, pais.ainfiqqe les contrrbufi- - 
onsque]je pourrc preleve foilte exept^ d^:; 
1*1 article 4^. qu'il m'apaKiendront de droit, , 
fans que les Troupes Republiquaines y aille 
aucune pretentions, ni drois,cxftrequiiex}i|€ 
Jc reclame de mes freres. 

Article 7*.' 
Si la Fortune de la guerre, nousrTsm^ pof*. - 
faifeurs de Goas^ &. de Bonbee; tons les pors 
-lie Bonb^e & tous le territoire dt fa depen^ 
dance appartenans au Anglais, appartiendront 
de droit au Fran;ais^ & Goas &.ce* dc^en-' 
dances m'apartiendront. 

Article 9\ 
Je demande que tous les: prifdnhiers, &': 
prifonnieres^ de rales, Anglaifes & l^ortugai- - 
iels, qui feroni fait par les Troupes Repabli- 
quaines, & les roiennes' feront traite avec 
burn^anite, tant qu'auxlndividus'(leurs fortune 
nous appartenans) ils* feront tranfportes ^.. 
fraix commons hors des Territoires Indicns^ 
dans un JLieux, bien loins de votrc and.^des 

Articli ^ 
^ Gomme lefs^phces, ports, forts, <6 pafs> ort' 
cclui ftipule d«ns Tarticle 6» feront partage^ 
nous y mettrons-a fure & mefure qu'il feront 
conquisdes Garnifons, et ceae article fera 
regie, etrrre fes Gencreanx Kran^ais et moi^ 
comme •g^Iement il nous seraiibre si le q^ua& 

licxige* * 

Articlb 4« 
As I propofii to make the advances^ and 
fiirnifb the neceflary fupplies of money to the 
French Republic, both for the lan^l a«d fea 
forces, it is juft thar I fliould be reimburfed 
at the end ot the war, from the fums of money 
which may be taken from our common ehe- 

ARTIci£ 5,. 

Every capture ma^e from our: commoik ^ 
«nemy, as towns^ forts« territory, money,* mei^ 
chandize, Ihips, ammunition, &c. Scc^ (hall 
be equally divided at a fair valuation frater- 
nally between the troops of the Republic^tne^r- 
and my peqple. 

Article 6, 
As I have fuflFcred greatly in fupporting the-* 
«aufe of the French in the laft war, when I 
loi^the beftpartofmy country, I require 
that all <he towns, forts, territories or con- 
tributions, which I may be able to feize with- 
in my former boundaries, be exempted from*^ 
the 4th Article, that they fhall become mine 
by tigbi, and that the Republican troops ^ 
fhall have no pretcnfions or claims thereto. 
X'claim this a& of jufth^e from-my brethren* 

Akticlr 7; 
If the fbrtune of war, (hail put Us in ,pof* 
feflSon of Goa and Bombay, the port of Bom« 
bay and the territories dependant on it, be* 
longing to the EngUfh, fhall belong of right • 
to the French ; but^ Goa and its dependen- 
cies (hall be mine* 

Art lets '8.- 
I demand that all male and female prifoners' 
as well £ngli(h as Portuguafe, which fhall 
be taken by the Republican troops or by mine, 
fhall be treated with humk^ity, and with re- 
gard to their perfonsj that they (ball (their 
property becoming the right of the aUirs) be 
tranfported^t our joint expence, out of India, 
to fome place far diftant from the territories 
of the pities. 

Article 9« 
As the towns,. ports, forts, and territories 
^ftipulated in the 61b'. Article^ are to be divi- 
ded between the allies, they (hall be gar ri Ton- 
ed as they may fall into our hands, and the 
ftipulations of thait article (hall be afti&rwards 
arranged by the French General and myfclf, 




I'exiges de faire sauttr les forts qui' pourais 
natts devenir inutile. 

Articl£ to. 
Pour cxccutcr la conquete des pofleflions 
Anglaifes, & Portugaifes ou leur Gos.intai- 
raifc, tl fa udroit que vous manvoille de cinc^ 
. a dix mile de vos troupes de lignes, ou gardes 
nacioQnaux^ de- vingt cinq a trente mile de 
Yos nouveaux^Citoyen5, [fi vous avez mis le 
decrct a execution] de vos plus delure <% 
les mieux inftruis^ ceux enfin qui pouft'oient 
troubler vos Colonies je vous^reponds d'uae 
conquete prompte & facile. 


Article ti. 
Pour facililcr la Dcfcente \ la Cote, eft la 
prifes fubites de Goas, Pors efcanciellcs pour 
Totre Efcadre,& vos vaiffeaux de Tranfpoft, 
il faudroit venir debarquer dans mon port 
d'Onbrfitueparlalat. 14. 36 & de long. 70. 

Article. 12, 
Pour que je foille prevenus du 0««> ou da 
JVImt, £ vous acceptez mes pvopo^iions, & 
apres.YOUs etre bien confuitc, je vous prie de 
me faire pasiser par V un de vos vaisseaux a 
mon port de Mangalore la plus prompte- 
mcnt poffible, votre decifions. ^Pour que rien 
ne manque a Parrivee de votre efcadre, La- 
Tifeaux trouveras un Officier Fran^ais a 
Mangalore qui lui fera donner tous les se-^ 
cours neccssaircs, & me fera parvenir vos 
instansions, pour qu'il n'aic point deYurprilc 
ni aucune doutance. Laviseaux aborera 
pour toutle terns qu'il sera mouille dans mes 
rades, les pavions Ameriquains, pour fignale 
de^reconnoiffance, il maitra a fon grand mat 
pavion nationale fuperieurs, & cellii de Ba- 
daire inferieurs : mes Envoy^s le portent ^ 
cette ETffais; je desirerais biens & vous prie 
que ce foit la Cicoyen Aubaingue qui com- 
mande ces petit A^vifeaux, comme connoif* 
fans mon port <^ les uf^ges de mon pais. 

Article 13. 
J'envoye quatre de mes Chefe, que ont 
mcrite ma confiance, pour trailer en mon 
nam, les articles que je vous envoye, si vous 
ne pouvez les accepter en entier ni les maitre 
a execution sans les ordres du pouvdir exe- 
^utif de votre mere patrie, je vous prie de 
faire passer trois de mes Chefs, sur unde vos 
meillieurft vaisseaux^ & de Icur ajoindre un 


with a difcretioR;if circumftances require it,. 
to l?low up any for^t which may be deemed 

Article lOk 
In order to atchieve the conqueft oF the 
Englifti and Portuguefe poffcffions, and tbofe 
of iheir allies, it is neceu^ry. that I fhould be 
affifted with from five to ten thoufand Regu- 
lar troops or national guards, and from twen- 
ty-five to thirty thoufand of your nem Citizens 
(if you have put the decree into,execution)- 
Selefting, the mod /ubiU and bell inflruSed of 
them: tbofe in/hort who are likely to didwhtht 
ftaceof four own Colonies 1 1 will anfwer for out 
quick and eafy fuccefs. 

Article 11. 
To facilitate the attack and capture of Coa, 
^ port effentially for your fquadron and your 
tranfports, it will be neccffary to difembark. 
. at my port of Onore, fituated in latitude 14. 
36 N. and 70 longitude. . 

Article 12. 
That I may be apprized whether yoa accept 
or rejeft my pitopofitions, I requeft, that after 
having fully confidered them, y6u willdifpatch 
a Packet-boat to Mangalore, to inform me of 
your deci{ion ais expeditioufly as poffiblc. 
That nothing may be wanting onahe.arrival 
of your fquadron, a French oflSfcer will be fta*- 
troned at Mangalo/e, (o afibrd the neceflaryr 
affiftance, and to advife me of your intentions. 
•To avoid any furprife or doubt, the fhip du- 
ring the tinne (he may remain at anchor in the 
roads, {hall hoilLAnierican colours, with the 
National Flag at* the main-top-maft-head^ over 
that of the Suhaun, which my Envoys cariy for 
that purpofe. I am defirous, and therefore 
particuharly requeft, that citizen Aubaigne 
may be appointed to command this Packet- 
boat, as he knows my harbours, and is ac- 
•quainled with the cuftoms.of my country. 

Article 13. 
I depute fourbf my Chiefs who have proved* 
themfelves worthy of my confidence, to treat 
in my name on the articles which I. tranfmk 
to you, but fhould fou neither have the pow». 
er of accepting them altogether, nor ofcarry*- 
irig them into effect without an order from 
the Executive Government of your motly^ 
country, I requeft you to to difpatch three of, 


\ • 





Citoyen que voire Sagcffe vous suggerera, 
pour leur servir de guide & de Conseil, pour 
Frances ; je Ics envois exprais^, & ils sent 
chargees aun paquet^ & de dire mes instan- 
sions aupres du pouvoir execuiif ; je ne peut 
y eavoille mon ntivire fans que les Anglois 
ne foub.connacent quelque chofe d odile de 
me part^ fi vous venieavcc TEfcadre reovoii* 
le moi avec elle je vous prie le 4^. de mes 
Chefs^ enfi que mon navtre, lequel. je vous 
prie de faire doublet en Cuivre, & nous 
nous arrangerons a cet Effats, mais ci cepen- 
dant vous croillez, qu'il retarderoit la mar^ 
cbe de votre Convois, vous me TenvoiHerez 
a ' la* faifon proprice avec un ' Capitalize '& 
deux Officiers^ que je pa'yerais, • 

Article 14. 
Nous commanferons nos exploiis guerrier^- 
for ks Anglois, & Portugais, & fi les Mogo- 
les & le Maratcs prenoicot leur panic, nous^ 
leur ferions la Guerre; devenant nos ene- 
mis, il faudroit les fubjuguer & les rendre 
nos Tributairef. 

Reprefentans voila mes Intaafions, il ne 
feuc pas que mon attachement pour votr^ na- 
cions me faces eprouve de la peine, com me 
le tems pafle, je vous prie de bieh reflechir 
avant que de me repondre, cela maitrc bici^ 
de lamertume dahs mon coeur puisque voire 
reponfe me fera agir» (uivans ce quel con« 

Je fais des voeu pour la reussite de noire 
entreprife & la coniinuacion de la prosperite 
des armes de la Republique Fran^ais une & 
indivifible ; & pour une prompie reponces. 
Je vous jure une, amiiie inviolables pour 
votre nations. 

A^ True Gopy^ G. MACAULAY, Sec;. • 

my chiefs in one of your beft veffels for France, 
and to join with them fome Citizen whom 
your wifdom may feleS, to guide and to ad- 
vife them in France, I difpaich thefe Chiefs 
f9r this exprefs purpofe : They are charged 
with a Packet and with orders to explain my 
intensions to the Executive Power; I cannot 
fend my Ship thither without giving the Eng- 
li(h reafon to fufpedb fome hollile defigns on 
my part ; if you fend a fquadron, fend with it 
the remaining one of the four Chiefs and alfo 
my (hip, which I requeftmay be coppered, and 
we will arrange matters accordingly. If how- 
ever you think that the Ship cannot be cop* 
pered without delaying the voyage of the con- 
voy, you will fend the fhip back at the pro- 
per feafon, with a Captain and two Officers 
whom I will pay. ^ 

Article 14. 
We will commence hoftiliiies againft the 
Englifli and Portuguefe ; wherf, in cafe the 
Nizam and the Mar rattas (hould join them, 
we will make war againft them alfo, for it will' 
then be neceflary t6 fubjugaie* them alfo and 
to render theni tributaries to us. ^ 

Thefe, Reprefentatives, are my intentions, 
do not let my attachment to your nation ex- 
pof(? me CO the fame calamity which I former- 
ly fuffered. I entreat yoa to rcfled well be- 
fore you return an anCwer,or you.may expofe 
me to great anguiQi of heart, fince I (hall a6l 
accordingjo the tenor of your anfwer. I of- 
fer up my vows for the fuccefs of our enter- 
prize, for the continuation of profperity to the 
arms of the French Republic, one and indi- 
vifible, and for a fpeedy anfwer. I fwear an 
inviolable friendfliip for your nation. 

[Signed) ^ 

A true Copy, G. MACAULAY, Secretary. 
A True Tranflation, 

G. G. KEaLE, French Tranflator, 





No. 3. 

' Dc Patant Lepremdi de la ler Decode dt f&- 
ttal^y Van 5« d^ la RepuMiquc Fran^aife. 


I>EPUIS que j'ai eu TaTtHti^ de vous ccrire 
mes couriers (bnt arrivies qui tft'ont apris los . 
noUvelles fuivantcs, que vous nc ferea pai 
fache de favoir. 

Nifamme JU'ailic des Anglais^ Chefc des 
Mogole, eft trcs mal et ne peut en revenir par: 
. fon grand age. It a quatrc £nlan« qui fe dif-* 
putent ce qjiii fera Ch^fe^ il y en a un qui 
m aime beaucoup & qui eft celui, qui eft le 
plus aim€ des Chefe & du peuple, qui aura^ 
la preference. . 

Uii des grands Chefe Marate, 8c un des 
forts appuis de» Anglois, Savoilics Madauras^ 
vient de mourir, par un coup marqe, il a mon- 
te fur un £difice» il eft tombe & il s'eft tue, 
II n'a point d'Enfans, c'eft cequi a occafion* 
ne la Guerre Civile dans ces Eiats, c'eft a 
qui com-raanderas. Le Deiis^cH auffi en. 
mouvemans, le Rayas Jamacbas, mon Ami, y. 
eft arrive, & a commence a attaquer les Ma* 
rates, qui ont et6 defait dsms ce Pais com- 
plettement, c'eft un efFet de ta Provjdence ; 
LeCicl nou^venge des Marates. Tousles 
Princes de L'Inde avoient fort a fe plaindrft 
plus ou moins deux. 

II fe fentok fort de l>*aj)puis de* Anglais^ 
qui ne peuve les fou<enir ils ont crop de leurs 
propre deffenccs. 

Aujourd'huy que la Guerre Civile eft ehta 
les Marattes & les Mogols, les Anglois nc 
Ibnt pas mieux traites, Le Nababe, Mir/a A- 
manh Chefe de Baitigale, ayens fus I'arrive* 
du l3acha$ Jamacha^ au Deli, a commence 
b Guerre aux Anglais, avec avaiuagir ; a Ca- 
iicute ils on ei6 attaque par le Rayas Con^is 
B>amme Ramme Chefe de Contengris, qui Icur 
a tue entroi^ forties mille Europeens & trois 
mille Sipais: Par toute la Cote ils font at- 
taqucs, tous font revolt^ contre eux part ra- 
port aux Vexations & aux Imports qu'iU ont 

A la cote de Coromandel depuis le Mazu- 
lipatam jufqu'a Madras and Arcatte, tous les 


No. 3v- 

Jeringapatami the iii£^f ^prit^ 17 97* ^^ 5* ' 
Tear oftbt^^French Republic . 


SINCE I manifeftcd tny friendfliip in wrjt^ 
kig to youi^ my meffengers have arrived with > 
the following int'elligcnGc; wbiih wiH not be y^ouw 

The Nizam^ an ally of the EnglifK, and 
the Chief of the Moguls, is very ill, and his 
^reatage leaves no profpea of his recovery. 
He has four children who are difputing. the 
right of fucceflion, one of them who is much 
attached to me, is the favorite of the Chiefs^, 
and of the people^ and is expeCled to fac^ ^ 

. Sewoy MaVdoo /?tfw,one of the great Mah- 
raita Chiefs, and a ftrenuous fupporter of the. - 
Englifli^ is dcad^ ahd by a fingular accident^ 
in falling from the top of a palace- He had : 
no children, and the difputed fiicceflion has 
kindled a civil war in that Siate^ Delhi i^ 
thrown into confufion^by the arrival of Ze- 
man Shah> my friend, who has attacitcd the^^ 
Mahrattas and completely- defeated them in 
that quarter. This is the aft of Providence. 
Heaven feems to revenge us on the Mabrat*- 
tas. All the Princes of j f^idia have reafon to 
complain of them. The Mahrattas relied on 
the EngUfh who could not affift them, being 
Ailly employed in defending themfelves* • 

Whilft a civil war exifts in the Mahratta 
and Nizam's doniinions, the Englifh are not' 
•better fituated, for the Nobob Mirza Amanis 
(Afoph-ud^Doula), Chief of Bengal, having, 
heard of the arrival of Zemaun Shall at Del- 
hi, commenced bo^ilities againft ihem, and 
with fome advantage. AtCalicut^they have, 
been attacked by the Cotiote Jlajah,. Conjes 
Ram Ram, who haskiiledin three fallies, fouo 
Europeans and 3000 Sepoys. On the coaft of 
Malabar, they are attacked on. everv fide; and 
the revolt is gerteral, owing to their vexati- 
ous Government, and to the taxes whidi they 
have impofcd. 

On the coaft of Coromandel, from M^fult- 
palam toMadras and Accot^ their tyranny ha»^ 




^ftWDest petitS'J^ grands a force de vcxationt 
* dca Anglois, fe foat Fcvolt^s, Sc iis difputent 
9vec eux leurs droits, derDi6rement le Fits 
' du Ft6re du Nabab de Madra«, qiri com- 
' mande un parti pour les Anglois, a eu le coa 
^ coup^pacces Chefesqui fqirtcnnuye de Icurs 
^ jours, i 

Je vous marque tautes ces nouveiles pour 
^vous fajrc'voir, quil eft terns de venir ; i peu 
^ de fraik nous les chaiTerons dc llnde. Comp- 
« te2^fur sion amitie. 

P/ S. General je vocs prre d'accepter une 

''foible marque de t'^ftime que j'ai pour vous, 

c^eft une arme que j'ai fais faire dans mon 

paiSs je. vous pri^ de I'accep4er4'un aii'ffi bon 

'Coeupcorome je voos Toffre. 

A True C^y^ C MACAULAlT, Secretary. 

excfted revolt amongft all Jtbc Princes, power- 
ful and weak, who all, affeVt their rights ; and 
^nephew of d)e Nabob of Madras, who held 
a coifximand underthe Englifh, has lately been 
"killed by his own Cbie&y who were become 

I itvform yoti of theft events in order to 

prove to you, chat it is now the moment for invade India. With Iict4e. trouble we 

(hall drhre them out o( India. Rely on my 


(Signed) f^ 

P. S. General, I entreat your acccpiancc 
of a flight mark of the perfonal efteem I en* 
tertain foryou, it is a weapon made in my 
country, and which 1 requeft you to accept 
with the fame cordiality as I offer it to you. 

{Signed) /^ 

A True Traiiflation, G- G. KEBLE, 
French Tranflator. 

De Tatarte le primiJi de la ter Decade He 
florealy Van ^me. de la Republique Fran^aife. 


DEPUIS que j'ai eus ramiti6 de voos e- 
"^erir mes/Coari6 font arrive, qui mont apris 
nouvellesfuivantes que vous neferez pas fach£ 
de favoir. 

N!famme Lalie des ATiglais, di^'fe des Mo- 
gole eft trts male, & ne peut en revenir, par 
fon grants age, il a quatre Enfans qui ce dif- 
pute a qui fcra'Chefe, il y en a un qui m'aime . 
beaucoup, 6c qui eft celui qui eft le plus aime 
des Chefe> & du peuple, qui aura la prcfer- 

Un des grans Chefe Marate & un des fors 
apuis des anglais Savoilles Madauras, vient 
de mourir, par un Coup marque, il a mont6 
fur unjc Edifices, il eft tombe & il c'eft tue, 
il na point des Enfans, teft ce qui a occafi* 
pnne la guerre civile dans ces Etats, ceft a 
qui commanderas. Le Delis eft auffi en 
mouvement. Le Rayas Jamachas, mon ami 


No. 4. 

Stringapatnm^ the 2tfi ef ApriU ^797» ^^ 
5M year cf the French Republic. 


SINCE I manifefted my friendfhip in wri- 
ting to you, ray raeflfcngers have arrived with 
the following intelligence, which will not be 
-difpleafing to you^ 

The Nizam, an ally of the Englifh, and 
4he Chief of the Moguls, is very ill, and his 
great age leaves no profpeft of his recovery 
He has four children who are difputing the 
right of fucceffion; one of them who is 
much attached to me, is the favorite of tht 
Chiefs, and pfthe people^ and is expeded to 

Sewoy Mad'hoo Row^ one of the greaTt Mah- 
rattab Chiefs, and a ftrenuous fupporter of 
Englifh, is dead, and by a fingular a(:cident^ 
in falling from the top of a palace. He had 
no children, and the difputed fuccclfion has 
kindled a civil war in that State. Delhi is 
thrown into confufion, by the arrival of Ze- 
man Shah my friend^ who has attacked the 




y eft arrive et a co'mmehc6 a attaquer les Ma* _ 
rates qui oni 6ie dcffait dans ce pais com- 
plaitemcnt, ccft unc Effai de la Providence, 
1« Ciel nous venge des Marates, tous les 
princes dc I'lndeavait fort a c^ plaindre pJus 
ou nnoiensdeux. II ce fentoit fors de lapuis 
des Anglais, qui ne peuve les foutenir, iU ont 
trop de icurs propre deffences. 

Aujourdhui, que le guerre ci\41e eft che 
les Marate iet les Mogole^ les anglais ne fopt 
pas mieux iraiicis; le Nababe Mir fa Jmanis 
Chefe du Bengaile, ayant fus I'arrive du Pa- 
chas Jamacihas au Oelis, a commence la 
Guerre au Anglais^ avec avantage; a Cali- 
cuie ils ont etc attaquc par le Rajas Ccngis 
Ramme Ramme^ Chefe de Cpntengris, q li 
leurs a tue en trois fortis mille Europens, & 
trois raille fipaife, par toute la Cote ils fopt 
attaque, tous font revokes contre eux, par 
rapors au vexfafions & au impos qu'ii oiis 
mis. ; 

A la Cote de Coromandelle depuis.le Ma- 
fulipatam jufqu'a Madras & Arcatc, tousles 
princes, petis & grans, a force de vexfafions 
des Anglais fe font revokes, & ils difpute 
avec eux leurs drois: dernierement le iils 
du frere du Nababe de Madraffes qui com- 
mande un partis pour les Anglaisi a eiji le 
cou coupe par ces Chefe, qui font ennuye dc 
leurs jours. 

^ Je vous marque toute ces nouvelles par 
vous faire voire qu'il eft terns de venir; a 
peus de fraijc nous les chaflerons de Tlnde, 
compte fur mon amitie. 

(Signe) f^ 

P. S. .Dupuis ma lettre ecrite je viens de 
recevoir par un Navire Arabe, qu'il v a 
beaucoup defordre dans le Bingale, I'arrive' 
du Nababe Jamachas a Laquenos fait trem- 
ble les Anglois furtout a Calci;ctas, ils font 
dans la ConfternaGons, il ne peuve empeche . 
la jan6lions de Mirfa Amanis avec Jamachas, 
il parok quils veule ce venge des Anolqis, 
envoie moi donquc des forces pour ce join * 
dre au mienne, pour leur joue auffi inoi ce 
qu il merite. 

A True Copy> 

No, 5. 

Mahrattasand completely defeated .tliemiii 
that quarter; This is the a6f of providence. 
Hceven feems to revenge us on the Mahraitas* 
All the princes of India have reafon to com- 
plain of them* The Mahrattas relied on the 
Englifh who could not affift them, being ful- 
ly employed in defending themfelves. 

Whilft a civil war exift^ fn the Mahratta 
and the Nizam'sdominions^ the Englifh are no 
bc-tter fituated, for the Nabob Mirza Amanig 
(Afoph-ud-Doula), Chief of Bengal, having, 
heard of the arrival of Zemaun Shah at Dtel- 
Iii, commenced hoftilities againft them, an4 
with fome advantage. At Calicut they have 
been attacked by the Cotiote Rajah, Conjes 
Ram Ram, v^ho has killed in three fallies, 
1000 Europeans and 3000 fepoys. On the 
Co^ft of Malabar, they are attacked on every 
iide; and the revolt is general, owing to their 
vexatious Government, and the taxes which 
liiey have impofed. ... 

On the coaft of Coromandel, from MafuH- 
patam to Madras and Arcot, their tyranny 
has excited revolt amongft all the princes^ 
powerful ar)d weak, who all affert their rights, 
and a nephew of the Nabob of Madras^ who 
held a Command under the Englifti, has late- 
ly been Jcilled by his own cjjiefs, who >vexip 
become defper^te. 

I inform «yoa df thefe events in order to 
prove to you, that it is now the moment for 
you to invade India. With little trouble wc 
fball drive them out of India. Rely on my 
friendfhip. ' 

P. S. Since writing my letter, I ^ave learni 
by an Arab fliip, that great difturbanc^s pre- 
vail in Bengal, the arrival of the Nabob Ze- 
maun Shah at Lucknow, has made the En- 
glifh tremble, particularly at Calcutta, where 
they are in great c.onfternation, as they are un- 
able to prevent Mirza Amanis ^Afuph^ud- 
Dowla] from joining Zemaun Shah; it appears 
that both thefe princes are determined to be 
revenged of the Englifh; fend me thea 
troops to join with mine, that I too may treat 
them as they deferve. 

(Signed) y^- 

A Trpc Tranflation, G. G.'KEBLl!;, 
f reiich Tranflator. 

V No. ^ 




No. 5. 

Di VJJle de Prance h 6 Pluvioje dn6€. 


LE Roi nous a ordonne pour la folidirtde 
4' Alliance avec la Repliblique Fran9aife de 
' prctcr ferment des deux Cotes fous les Pavil- 
ions des deux natitms, et de faire felon votrc 
cotiiame cette cercmonie, c'eft pourquoi 
nous yous ecrivons c^tte Demande ; cela fai- 
fant ne pourra que retraicir Tamitie et I'alli- 
-i^nce offenflF & defenfif de fa^on qu'elle ne 
^ui£Oe .jamais fe rompre, nous vous pfions 
pour cela de faire raffembler tous les chefs 
& les hommes neceflaire pour pela, et de- 
vant noos de faire lin 6crit paffe & figni de 
toos, et imprimer le Sceau de la Republique 
Fran9aife, & nous le remeitre entre les 
4nains» cela faifant, les ennemis pourront fe 
.•diminuer devant nou9; & ncj)eut que ren- 
odre les deox .allies contents, c*e(l ce que 
<«nous vous faifons favoir & vous prions de 
nous ctoire les plus finceres . 

4e>^vo8 Serviteurs, 
^«. .. ASSEN ALI KAN, 

Par ordre des Ambafladeurs, 
<pottr Gopie> DEB AY, Interpreter 

The Seals oT the parties affixed, 
^nd a true C«py, G. M ACAULAY, ^S£€. 

No* 5* 

fie IJk 0/ FtMice^ the 26ib January, 1798 i 
the 6tb Year of the Republic. 


The King has commanded us^ for the con- 
firmation of the alliance with the French Re- 
public, to take a folemn oMh underthe I^an^- 
. ard of the two Nations, and to perform this 
ceVemony according to your cuftoms ; there- 
fore we addrefs this requeft to you; youif 
compliance will render the bonds of ouc 
friendfliip, and of the offenfive and defeniive 
alliance indiObluble* We reqaeft you to 
affemble all the oncers and men neceflary 
for this ceremony, and i^ our prefence, to 
draw up a wi'itten inftrument, to be figned 
by all parties prefent« fe^ed with the fcal of 
the French Republic, and delivered into our 
hands ; this will weaken our enemies and re- 
joice the two allied powers. 

This is what we wifli to make known to 
you, and we entreat you to. believe us the 
moft fincere df your fervatlts^ 

fr.n.^\ J ASSEN ALI KHAN, 
K^tgnea) | maHOMED HIBR AHfM. 

X true Copy, by order of the Ambafladors, 
(Signed^ DlEBAY, Interpreter. 

A True Tranflation, 
;G. G. KEBLE, French Tranflatbt. 

No. 6. 

COPIE des conditions ic propofitions du 
Prince TypoosSultan,.que fes Ambafladeurs, 
A'fTen-Ali-Kan, & Mahamed Hibrahim, ont 
fenvoycz en Europe de Tlfle de France, ftir 
les deux fregattes parties le 5, Fevrier 1798, 
pour une alliance ofFencive & defenciv« 
avec la Republique Fran^aife, & pour de« 
mander du fecours, pour reduire les Anglois 
nos ennemis commiins & les chalf^r de llnde, 
;jir il eft poffible. 


No* 6. 

-COPY of the ftipulations and proppfals olF 
the Prince Tippoo Sultaun, which hisambaf^ 
fadors, Aflen AH Khan and Mahomed Hi- 
brahim, have difpatched to Europe from the 
Ifle of France, by two frigates, which failed 
from thence on thtiNgch February, 1798; for 
eftabliifaing an ofFemive and defenfive alii* 
ance with the French Republic, and for foli- 
citing the affiftanfe of France to fubdue our 
common enemy the Englifh, and to drive 
them out.of India» if poflible. 





Le Prince /engage de fournir \toui I'armee 
Iranfai/e les vivres niaiffaires^ comme, Ris, vi- 
cnde, Manteque, &c. II ny a que les Liqueurs 
Spiritueufes.dont il ft treuve tout a fait dinu} (3 
*dont il nepourrapasfottrnir: ilfournira avjfi a 
I'armee Francaifc &€ quoifaire trmfporter &? les 
chefs, G? les EfeSs ; ainfi que toutt les munitions de 
Guerre (3c. faitaVJ/ledcFrance u 4. Fct^ritft 

. » Pour Copie conforme a ToriginaU 
; (Signi) DEB AY. 

Q Seal of A/eH diey Cawn, 

'-d Seal of 9{dhom6i Hihrahim^ 
6 Se^f of Delay^Interprctcr. 

A True Copy, 

The Prince engages to futnijh the tobol& 
French army withibe neceffary provijions, fuch 
a$ rice, meat, gbee, '(^c. fpirituous liquors, he 
cannot fupply ; he' will provide the French army 
with carriage for the officers and for their bag^ 
gage : he will aljo provide all military ftores. 
Done at the Jfle of France ^ the ^h, of February^ 

A True Copy, 

(Signed) DEBAY. 

o Seal of Affen Alt Canm, 
D Seal ofMahommcd Hibrahim, 
a Seal ofDebay, Interpreter. 

, A True Tranflation^ ^ 


French Tranflator^ 

No. 7^ 

No. y. 

Les R eprefentants de I0 
Colonie de rifie de France, 
a Tippoo Sultaun. 


VOS AmbafTadeurs nous ont fait part de' 
rintcntion ou vous etes de former avec la 
Colonie de Tlfle de France des Liaifons ega.- 
lement avahtageufes pour les deux Nations. 

Nous ferons tout ce qui fera en notre pou- 
voir pour repondre a vos defirs. 

Nous avons rendu compte de votre Am- 
ba(fade au Corps legifiatif Fran^ais, & nous 
fomtnes perfuadfis que la France entrera par- 
faitement dans vos 'vues* ' 

Le Gov^neur General Malartic vous in« 
ftruira des mefures qu'il a prUes & de celles 
qu'il compte prendre pout vos Interecs & les 

Les Ob^ets que produifent vos Etats ou 

,qui f'y fabriquent, coriviennent en general 

i ndtre Colonic, tant pour fes' Subffftances, 

que pour fon Commerce intcricur & exteri- 


The.'ReprefeMatives of tbes- 
Calony of the Ifie of Ftmu^ 
to Tippoo Sultaun^ 

Sa^iutatiok asd Fr'Ateiinity ! 

YOUR ambafiadors have communicated 
to us your intention of forming with the co- 
lony of the IQe of France, a conneftion e- 
qually advantageous to both nations. . 

We fliall make every effort in our jpower 
to anfwer your wiflies^ 

We have communicated the objeft of your 
cmbaffy to the Legiflatiye Body of the French 
Government, and we ^re convinced that 
France will enter completely into your views. 

The Governor General Malartic will ap- 
prize you of the fteps which he has taken, 
already, and of thofe which he has in con- 
templation,for promoting our mutual intef efts. 

The produce and manufaSures of your 
dbminions will find a market in this colony, 
either for internal cotifumption pr exporta- 
tion ; and we can fupply you in return^ with 




^. Voys ttawerwxkm nttmoti ^\tukgi> - 
XMttxs quel voer-pvojeu guMriers-ejKgdiiU 

(Signe) FOUQUEREAUXi Prefident.' 
Par I'AHemblee Coloniale, 

H'AULmER, Sec. 

A True Copy, 
- C. MACA'UI-Ay,,Sec. 

nrilhary prbjeias t€q«ites; 

(SigneJ) FOUQfiREAtJX, I^efiJieat]^ 
By order of the Colonial Affembly^ 

HAUi^I^ltl^J SecreUr/K 

A TrucTraoflatiqn,. G. Q. H.EBLE, . . 

Frencb Xranflf«0r< 

I I 


ttj p \ I i hj ii ti ri i l • / n r\ 

No. 8. 

J/le de France^- 2 UVenioft wt 6^.* 

NOUS vous foiihaitons le bon jour, ct 
bortne fame. Vous favez que nous fomme ve- 
nus ici croyants y trouverdes forces confidc- 
rables que Ton nous avoit dit y eire„ & que 
ralliance etant fait avec notre prince, nous 
pourrions les emmener avec nOus pour battre 
vos ennemis, qui foivl les notres, vous favez 
aufC, que fi nous etions venus pour faire du 
nonde, nou$fferions vents monis de tous <:6 
qu'il faut, & d'argent p^ur cela« 

"Mais vos bontes pour noire Prince, & ne 
"voulanC pas. nous renvoyer, comme nos fom- 
mes venus Seuls (en emmenant fi peu de 
monde ne pent faire Touvrage que notre 
Prince defire) ayant fefolus d'envoycr avec 
nous ceux qui etoient de bonne volon* 
te, cet ouvrage ne peut fe faire fans argent* 
car des perfonnes qui fe prcfentenl a nbu5 
demandent de Tanganc Nous ne pouvons 
emmener ce monde, vusque c'eft des rccrues^ 
& n'avons pas d'crdre. Ceux qui font con* 
tantes de venir avec npus, nous les emmene- 
rw\^ mai« leur paye ne fera fixee que devant 
le Prince. Si ccia vous caufoit trop d'ouv- 
rage, nou& vous prions d'envoyer avec nous 
des ambaOadeurs aupres de notre prince qui 
traiteront en ineme temps de cela, faurons 
aufli £omme le Camp Fran^ais qui eft la eft 
traite; & ceux qui partiront d'ici par la fuite, 
feront iraites de meme, & notre Prince en- 
voyera pour cela de I'ingent, avec des am- 

/ baffadcurs 

The yie of Franu, the a ijt February, 1 7 98* ; 
the 6th Year of the Republic. 

MAY health and happinefs attend you. 
It is known to you that we came hither 
with the expe3ation of finding a confiderabla 
force, which we were informed was in this 
ifland, and with which, upon the conclufion 
of an alliance with our Sovereign, we expe6k- 
ed to have returned to him, to conquer your 
enemies who are alfo ours. Ybu know that 
had we been deputed to make the levies our- 
fclves, we (hould have brought a fupply of 
money, and. all that might be neccBary for 
that purpofe. 

That we might not return empty-hand- 
ed, as we came, you have agreed to raife , 
volunteers for us; the fmall force which 
you have offered* cannot accomplifli ihe 
defigns of our Prince; but even this incoh- . 
fiderable force cannot be raifed without mo^- 
ney; all thofe who offer to enliftj require 
tnoney from us. We cannot enlift them, 
it is contrary to our orders; fuch however hs 
choofe to go with us, we will take; but op 
condition that their pay ihall be fixed by oiir ' 
Sovereign. Should this propdfal appear in^ 
convenient, we requeft you will fend Ambaf- 
fadors with us to adjuft this point with our 
Sovereign ; they will then learn, on what 
terms the t'rench now in his fervice are en- 
tertained; thofe who may embark afterward^r 
{hall be entertained on the fame terms, and 
for this purpofe our Prince will fend money 
with his Ambaffadors; buLit muft be under- 
ftood, that whether men are to be enliftcd 





bafladeurs^ foil pour emmener des recruest : 
c'eft vous qui les envoyerez ; foil pour dc- 
jnander du Secours^ c'eft vous qui Tenvoy- 
erez aulfi. 

Nous vous prions de nous envoyer, le 
plutot poflible^ vus que les ordrcs de not re 
Prince font de maniere/ a ne pas pouvoir 
Fcfter longtenis ici, cela faifant vous obligerez 

Vos tres humble & tres 

Obeiflants Serviteurs,. 

JMtre icritepar mot DEB AY Interpriie, par 
orJre des jimbajfodeuif^ pour Copie. 

° \Scals of the Ambajfadors ofTtppoo SuUaun.. 

Q SfidofHebay^ Inttr preterm, 

A Tjue Copy, C. MACAULAY,.Sec.. 

forbis fervice^ or whether your frodps are 
to be fent to his affiHance, they are to be- 
conveyed by you. 

We requeft you to enable us to depart 
fpeedily, as our orders will npt admit of our 
remaining long here; and by your compliance 
you will oMigc, 

Your moft obedient humble Servan ti,. 

A True Copy cf the Letter Written by order of 
the Ambajfadors by me; the Interpreter^ 

(Signed) DEBAXL 

° I Seals of the Amhajfadars. 

XL^ Seal of Debay. 

A, True Tranflation, C: C KEBLE, 

French Tranflatcuc^ 

No. ^r^. 

Jfle de France^ le %,yentaj€^an.tQu. 


JE fliis trop franc pour vous laSfler ignorctr 
que je fuis tres mecontant de votre lettre de 
Ge matin. Voire Sultan vous a envoye pouV. 
nous dfemander les Secours qui. dependent de 
nous aux conditions que nous trouverons. 
juftes, & noapas a celles que vous nous pre* 

Tout ceque je vous ai demande ces j0urs^. 
ci, m'a ete ditie par le General Dagincourt 
qui eft connu» pa'niculierement de voire Sulr 
tan, fous les. ordrcs duquel il a fprvi, etaiitr 
Capitaine de Grenadiers dans le Battalion 
de R^ment de Tlfle de Erance, qui a faii^ 
une Cainpagne la. guerre dernicirc, aux or- 
drcs de Bader & daTipco Sultaun : ainfi je^ 
perfifte a vous deroandcr generalement>pour 
ta^s les Offieiers & les Volontaires le traice-- 
went «; Iw Vivres fuivant I'Etat que je vou« 
ai comaxuDique derniecenvenu^ 

No. 9; 

Ifif-xf'FraKieitbe 2ytb February ^ *?98/ 6/i& 
Year of the Republki 

ram of too fihcere a temper to fuffer yoa- 
to. remain ignorant of the great diffatisfaaion . 
which your letier of this morning has given 
me; your Sultaun deputed you tofolicit bur. 
aid on fuch conditions as we might deem juft^.. 
andinot on tbofe which you no\M prefcribe to 

The demands which I have propofed to ' 
y^eu within thefe few days paft^ were framed ^ 
by General Dagincourt, who is particularly 
known to your Sultaun, under whbfe orders • 
he ferved when a Captait) of Grenadiers in- 
the battalion of the regiment of the Iflc of- 
France, which made a campaign during the 
laft war. under the Bahaudar and Tippoo Sul- 
taun, I therefore perfift in demanding for all 
the officers and volunteers, the pay and pro- 
vifions ftipulated in the laft fiatenaenx which L 
tranfmitt^d lo. you. . - 



Ce qu' on payoitil y dix am, ne peutpas 
fe-comparer avec ce qu' on doit payer au« 
jourd^ hui. 

Celui qui avoit a cette Epoque 150 Rou«> 
ptes par moisj en demande aujourd hui, 600. 

Vousnevoulez pas dc Chirurgiens, vous 
tktn aurez pas» & votre Frince vous en faura 
mauvais gre. ' 

Les officiers & les Volontaires, qui parti- 
ront avec vous, ne doivcnt pas faire 50a 
Lieues pour etre affurq (du traitement qu^- 
Tipoo Sultan leur (ixera ; Je leur ordonnerai 
de ne debarquer que lorfque Tipoo Sultan 
les aura fait affurer, qu'il leur accorde le trai- 
tennent 8c Ics Viv^res que je lui propofe; 

Non^ n'aoons pas ete x>ms chercher : VQUS eteS' 
venusnous demander des Secours \,^\f\^\ vous de« 
^ vez vous foumettre aux Conditions que je 
vous propofe^ qui font juftes 8c raifonables^ 

Salul & Frat^rnite, 
LeGoovern£ur General, 

(Signi) MALARTIG^ 

A.True Copy, C. MACAULAY,.Sec; 

The pay which was granted ten years ago, 
cannot he made a rule for the pay which 
ought to be given now. 

Thofo who at that period. received 150 ru- 
pees per months now demand 6oo. 

You' do not chufe to take Surgeons ; you* 
ihall not have them ; but your matter will not 
be Satisfied with your conduQ on this article. 

The officerr and volunteers who are to 
accompany you, (hall not make a journey of 
500 leagues, to afcertain^hat pay Tippoo 
Sultaun. may chufe to fix for them: I {hall 
order them not to difembark until- Tippoo 
Sultaun fhall have (atisfied them, that he will 
allow the pay and provifions which I progofe 
to him. 

IVe have not /ought you^yeu camt to /olicir 
cur aid^ you ought therefore to fubmit to the 
conditions which I propofeto you; they are- 
jjtift and reafonabVe. 

Salutation and Fraternity, 
(Signed) MALARTlC. 
Governor GeneraL 
A True Tranflatibn 

G. G. KEBLE, French Tranfhtor. 

Nb. la; 

I/lede France, Port Nord Oue/i le 18?. 
Ventofe, an 6eme. d& la Republique' 
Frangaife, Une et Indivifible, report'-' 
dant au% Mars ijgS, Fieux Stite. 

E*e Gouverneof General des Ifles de France;. 
& de la Reufiion, aa Nabob Tippoo 

LE Ciioyen Jacques Qenis Pitcher, Ecri- 
vain attache au Gouvernement, defirant ob^ 
tenir de votre Grandeur un Paravanah, a 
Teffet d'etre employe dans la faftorie, que 
vous vous propofez de faire ctablir dins ceite 
Iflfei Permettez moi de vous demander en fa. 
faveur toutes vos bontes & I'obtention de la 
pilace qu'il foUicite, 

Le'Citoyen Pitcher jouitici de la meilleure 
reputation; il a de bonnes moeurs^ une pro- 

No. 10; 

Ifle of France, Port North Weft, ihk' 
i%tb Ventofe, 6tb Tear of the French^ 
I()spublic, One and Indiviftble, anfwer^ 
ing to the 8th March, 1798, O. S. 

The Governor General of the Ifles ot 
France, and of La Re-unionj to the Na«- 
bob Tippoo Suhaun. 

CITIZEN James Denis Pitcher, a writer 
attached to this government, being defirous 
of obtaining a perwanna'h from your Highnefs 
for the purpole of beln^ employed in the 
fadlory which you propofe to eftablifti in thi*^ 
ifland : permit me to requeft your favor to- 
wards him, and the grant of the office which 
he folicits. 

Citizen Pitcher bears the beft reputation 
here) Jits ^morals are gpod, his integrity un- 


( " 



bitq5fuTe^ &t iui*Gara6t^re trtiidoiwi il' eft 
ca outre tres imcUigetvt/ aftifr ancklaborieux* 

Vos Ambaffadeurs, qui I'ontbeaucbupvd; 
&*auxquel& il a tXh da quelquAi unilite; vous 
conHrmeront tous le«^4e«iotgAagej Ayantageux 
que j^ jt^p pWsi re»(li;c»ajj,Qitqy:cn.Pupt^v* 

JefVOu«> faurai beaucoupde^gfci Priace, 
de tout V'egaril que vou^ .vattdfcebi^aa^oif 
a ma recommendation. 

Salut. & Fraternitb, 

fSi;ff»(; MAJLARTIC. 

ATrueCopy, C. MACAULAY, Sm^. 

bkniiihed, andihis. tempcTi traAabiei; he J» 
baiidefi iatelUgetitt^ a6live:iamllabQrio:mft 

Your Ambaffadors who have feerr a great 
dc»l of him, atnd to vibom he- ba9 be^c^ of 
fonc' fervice, wiU confir» to 'y9Ut aU;the^s^-t 
vantageous teftimonies which . I feel mudi 
pleafure in rendering, to the qharaSer of cU 
tizen Pitchen 

1 Ihallbe extremely obliged'^PriDce, by,the 
-attention- you may be pleafed to pay to my- 

Salutation &, 


A True Tranflation, G. G KEBI^E, 

French Tr,aDflatw. 

J/le de France^ le 14^. Ventoft, an (y^. 
de la Republiqut Fran^aife^ (pu le 4 
MarT 1798. y 


-commandant LES forces NAVAL'ESDE FRANCE, 

Prince TiPOO. 
VOS Ambaffadeurs, Aflen Ali Kan ct 
Ibrahiip Saeb, m'ont remU la Lettre, dont 
VOUS m'avez lu>nore, qui m'a fait copnoitre 
qu'ils avoient votre conBance, & que vous 
defiriez que la France vous envoya des For- 
, ce$ pour declarer la Guerre aux opprefieurs 
de rinde, Ics Anglois. Je (uis bien fache, 
. que les forces navales que je .commande ne 
foient pas aflez confiderables en ce momenCi ' 
pour les conduire de fuite dans I'lnde, y oc- 
cafioner une diverfion qui feroit ^vantageufe 
a vos Interets ; mais, fi, commeje Tefpcre, 
mon GouvernCment m'cnvoye de nouvelles, 
je fcrai tres empreffe a aller chercher nos en- 
neipis communs, & deconcourir avec vous a. 
Jeur abaiflement. 

Avant Tarrivee devos Ambaffadeurs, j'avois 
^crit a mon Gouvernement, fur la nccef-- 
fixk de hater cette mefure; & le lendemain 


Na 11: 

IJle of France^ tbe i/^tb Ventofe^ tbe6ti 
Tear of the French Republic^ or the 
4th of March 1798. 



Prince Tippoo, 
YOUR Ambaffadors, Affcn Ali Khan and 
Ibrahim Saib, have delivered to me the let* 
ter with which you have honoured me, by 
which I learnt that they poffeffed your confi- 
dence, and that you defired France fhould 
fend you troops in order that you might de- 
clare war againft the Enghfh^ the oppreffbrs 
of India. / am txtremely concerned that tb^ 
naval f^rce under my command H not at prefent 
Jufficiemlyconfiderable to admit of my proceeding 
to India^ to make Juch 'a diverfion as might for-^ 
ward your inter ejisy but if I fliould be reinforce^ 
ed as I expert ^ I Jhall be very eager to Jeek our 
common enemies^ and to nffift you in tbeir rir-. 

Previous- 1^ the arrival of your Amha£a^ 
. dors^ I had addrejfed the government of my . 
country in Europe, on the neceffity of expediting 





*€te leurarrivee, 'j'ai envoye deux fregatesep* 
France, qui lui portent les nouveaux ofFrcs 
que vous faites. II eft facheux, que Vous 
n'ayez^pas fait'connoiire piutot vos bonnes 

Prince Tipoo, vos Ambafladeurs, ont em- 
ploye beaucoup de zele pour v6tre Service ; 
nvais maiheureufement, nous ne pouvons tie- 
tourner les moyens qui nous font confies, 
pour la garde de nos Colonies : Cependant 
vos Ambafladeurs m'ayant fait connoitre 
votre defir d'avoir quelques Officiers in« 
ftruits^ poui; former voire Marine, jem'em- 
preffe de vous envoyer le Oapitaine de Vaif- 
foau DoBUc, & fix autres Officiers, que je 
vous recommende particulierement, & que 
j'cfpere,rempIiront vos vues par kur bonne 
conduite, & leurs Talents dans le metier de^ * 
la maride. 

Vos Artibafladeurs ayant temoigne le 4efir 
de vous rejoindre promptement, je leor don- 
ne-, pour les conduire, une de naes meilleures 
Frcgates, commandec par le Capitaine L'Her- 
mite, Officier de, diftinSion, que je vous re- 

Salut. LeContre-Amiral, 

(SigneJ SERCEY. 
A TrueCopy^ C- MAG AULA. Y, Sac. 

■this mea/un, and the day fuhfequeni to their 
arrival, I dejffatcbed fiuu) frigates to France xoitS 
the new propojah which you , offer ; it is to be 
reiretteM that you did not Jooner apprize us of 
your favourable difpojition^ 

Prince Tippoo, your Ambaffadors have 
exerted great zeal for your fcrvice, but un- 
fortunately we were not at lib'erty to divert 
to any other obje£t, the means confided to us 
for the protedion of our colony : your Am- 
baffadors having however informed me of 
your wi(h io have fome well inftruftcd officers 
lo form your marine, I haften to fend to you 
Captain Dubuc, who commands a veffel in 
the fervice of France, and fix other officers, 
whom I particularly recommend to your fa- 
vor, and whp, I hope will anfwer your views 
by their good condud, and their naval (kill. 

Your Ambaffadors having ceftificd ati anxi«- 
ous wifti to return to you as fpeedily as pof- 
fible, I have given them one of my beft fri- 
gates, conimanded by Captain L'Hermite, 
a diftinguiflied officer, whom I recommend 
lo you. . 

Salutation, (Signed) 

A- True TranH&tion^ 

Rear Admiral. 
PVench Tranflator,. 

No. 121^ 

C^fie ^une Lettfe dw General Cos- 
sign y, aux Envoy es du Pafcha Tipou 
Sidtan^ au moment de kur Departe. 

JE fais mes excufcs anxEnvoycs du Pat- 
cha, fi mamauvaife Sante m'empeche d'aller 
les voir mais je n'aurois pas eu autre chofe 
a leur dire pour le Prince, que ce que je vais 
ccrire ici & que je defire, qu'ils tranfcri- 
vent pour en rendre compte au Patcha Ti- 
pou Sultan. 

j'allure le Patcha Tipou Sultan de mon 
refpeft'anAde mon devou6ment, Jfe^lui don^ 
ne ma farole^ que j'ai tranjmis dans le terns, ^ 
Jdelement, fes proportions^ ^ Jd lettre au Goti^ 


Na 12. 


Copy of a letter from General G o s - 
SriGNY, to the Ambaffadors of the Prince 
"Tippoo Sultaun^ at the moment of their - 

I BEG leive to offer my apologies to the - 
Ambaffadors of the Padflia, my ill health 
has prevented me fr6m paying them a vifit, 
but I fliould have had nothing further to 
communicate to them, fof the information of 
the Prince, than what I now propofe to write, 
which I defire they^ will tranfcribe for the 
purpofe of tranfmitting it to the Padfha Tip- 
poo Sultaun^ 

I affure the Padffra Tippoo SuUaun of my 
refpeft and devotion. / give, him my word 
that I faithfully tranfmitted at the time when I 
received, them^ his proportions and his Utters to 




vernem^t Fran^ais ; je Juts fur que U tdut efi 
arrivi par Duplicafa^ ^ue Juivant fa recom^ 
mandafion^ jai otfervi le flus grand Secret^ four 
ne pas U compremetre avec les Anglois, id par- 
' ceque k Gouv^nement Frainfuis lui meme fiefl 
' pas dam I'ufagsdt donner le fecret defes Ope- 

La preuve/que les propofitions de Tipou Sul- 
tan ont ete acueiUies, cejl qkelles fontrejiez fecr^t 
en France meme, cependant, il ne conviendra 
peutetre point a la France de faire unt Expedi^ 
iion Jans I'Jnde, ce qui depend d'une paix plus 
ou moins eloignee avec les Anglois, mats je donne 
Vaffurance au Patcba^ qu'il fCaura pas a fe re* 
pentir de fa premiere Jemarcbe, &? de la Confix 
art£e, qu'il avoit mife en mot. 

La France fen fuisfur, confiderera toujours 
le Patcba comme un de fei plus fidelles allies, 
nous navons neglige fon fFaquil tf mot, aucun 
des moyens^ qui font en notre pouvoir pour in- 
ftruirt It^Gouvernement Frarffais desvrais lu'- 
terets du Paicba : inter its que nous regardons 
,eomme neceffdirement lies a ceux de la natioft 
Franfaife dans L'inde. J'.efpere, qu'un jour 
7ipou Sultan, connoilra, que je raifervt, dans 
cette cirxonfiance avec le mime Zele^, que lorfque 
fetois aupres de lui. ' 

Pierre Monncron ti'exifte plus, le Patcba 
'rignotoit, & I'ignorc peutetre encore, ce- 
pendant, il ne lui a point ecrit, & ne m'a 
point donne ^ moimeme de fes nouvelles, ' 
quoi qu'il ait envoye ici une Copie des Let^ 
tres de Pierre Monneroq^ .c*eft done Tipqii 
qui a donne fon fecret^ & il n'aura rien a 
nous reproch^f fuivant Iqs evenemen^s* 

Je n'ecris point .au Patcha d'une part.par- 
ceque ma Sante & la Goutte que j'ai dans ce 
moment m'empecheroit de le fahre cooime je 
le defirerofs^ & pqifguil n'a pas juge lui 
pieme^ qu'il .dut m'ecrire, & que j'ayoue 
fr^nchement, gue je ferois tres fach6 que 
nies lettres Juflent renvoyees comme Toqt 
clccclles de Pierre Moiineron; touted les let- 
tres quej'ai ecrites a Tipou Sultan, dans 
tous les terns, & ceHes qu'il m'a ecrites per- 
fonnellement, je les ai toujours envoyes aii 
Gouvernement Francois ce ont etc ^refte- 
ront toujours fecrettes, puifqu'il y va de fon 
Interet & de cclui dela Nation Frjinsaife. 

Je renouvelle encore une fois mes cxcufes 
.a^jLix cavoyc«-du Patcha, fi pa mauvaifc Sante 

tbe French gaoernment, and I am ctrtam that 
'the wbole is arrived in duplicate; agreeably alfo 
A) bis recommendation, 1 ohferved tbe greateft 

fecrecy, that be might not be committed fpitb tbe 
Englijh, and becaufe the French government ii- 

felf is not in tbe habit of publijhing tbe Jeer eis of 
its operations.. 

J be proof that tbe fropt^tt ions of Tipfoo Sul- 
taun have been received, is, that x they have 
remained fecret even in France; perhaps it iis 
not convenient for France to fend an expedition 
to Indiay as it mu/l depend upon tbe profpeR of 
peace, more or lefs dijlani^ with tbe Engliflf ; 
but I affuxe tbe Pad/ha, that be will have no 
rtafon to repent of thisfirft fiep, nor of the con^ 
fidence be Jbas repofed in me. 

France, 1 am tertain, will always confider 
tbe Padfba as one -of its mofl faithful allies : bis 
Vakeel, and /, have not negleSled any of tbe means 
in our, power, to inform the French government 
of the true inter efts of the Padfha : interejh 
fubich we confider as neceffarily blended wifh 
thofe of the French nation tn India. I hope tbt 
time Wf II come when Tippoo Sult^un will be con^ 
vinced that I have ferved him on this occafton^ 
with the fame zeal^ as wbfn I was near bts 

•Peter ^Monneron 4s no more: tfae Padflia 
v/as ignorant of his death, and perhaps is ftiH 
ignorant of if : H« however has not written 
to him, nor has be written to n^, although 
he has fent to this place a copy of the 
letters of Pet^r Monneron : Ij is tber^'- 
fore Tippoo wbofias publijhed his own fecret^ 
and Jbe cannot hereafter ref roach us pith the 

1 uio not write to tl?c Padflia, as my healthy 
and the goat which I have at this mom«nt» 
would prevent me from doing it in the man- 
ner I couljd wifli, and j)ecaufe he ha^ pot 
lliought proper to write to me ; and I more- 
over candidly confefs, that I (hould be very 
fprry to have my letters returned in tlje man- 
ner that Peter Monperort's were. All the 
letters wbiph I have at various times writt^ to 
Tippoo Suhaun, as well as tboje which be bos 
fer/bnally written to me, I have conflantly for*- 
warded to the French government ; tbe letters 
have always been, and will continue to remain 
fecret, becaufe iis intereji, .and that of 4he 
French nation requires it. 

I rouft again repeat my apologies to the 
AmbafTadorsof the Padiha, if m^ iil heahh 




«ie ine permet point d aller Its voir avant teur 

' 4epart de eette cotonie; car j^aurai eu le plus 

^rand defir dis faire connoifTance avec eux» 

«^ de pailar «nremble da /Paicha ; cannoif- 

4knce^ que in'aurois d'autant plus etc agr6- 

jMcg queieur Sageffe^ & 1eur bonne con- 

^ttite.ici 4am 4a miffion que le Jatcha leur 

.«Confies»^'<inrpirois le plus grand defir de les 

fCOnnoiti^ Te\i|ourt ^ il glorioux -pour 

r^voL d'avonr^reinpli avec4inin6tion & dignite 

'le pofte hdnorame qu'iU.ont occupc ici un 

Jnfiant pourHes interets de leur Maitre, de 

s'jr ecre acqais l^eftime genera^, & particuli* 

;eremem» de tou$ les chefs par leur SagelTe, 

:lcur Prudence, hur aifcretion, dans la mif- 

:fion» dont U« ontite charges, & dont Ms fe 

' Ibnt acguiues .avec cette fagefTe, Sc cette 

digrtitc coavenable aux Envpyes d'un grand 

Prince, de la 'Juftice duquel il doivent at- 

tendre .un accucil favorable, Je les prie de 

vQuloir bien agrcer mcs veux pour l.eUr 

^antc, and le fuc<:6s 'de leur Voyage, 

^e Giis perfaadcqu^iUferontvaloir aupret 
^e Tippoo Sultan, la^ metnoire, que mon 
Neveu X.ahau(re La JLouviere lui addrelTc 
ainfi, que la demande qu'il fait au Prince, 
Son memoire m'a parus renfermer de bonnet 
.vues concernant les tnterets du Patcha, *c'eft 
ce^qai (ne .determine a iQur rQcomQia^ndeir. 

JcJcs prie encore d'aflurer le Patcha que 

^Je prendrai toujours leplus grand interet I fa 

' Gloire, Sc que je defire que les fucces, qc h 

^ndfn d-dn si grand Priuce^remplifle VMnivea. 

fSigneJt Le Gemeral Cossign.y 
fim bahiMion U i^de Vtf^tofi Van 6emm 

A True Copy, 


fliQuld prevent me from feeing tbem befom 
their departure from this colony, for I (houtd 
have had the ftrongeft defire CO become ac- 
quainted ivith tbem, and to have converfed 
v^ith their;, refpeding the Padflia; their ac- 
quaintance would have been moreparticu- 
larJy agreeable to me, as their dilcretion, 
and the good condu6l obferved by them here, 
duong the courfe of the Embaffy with which 
they were entrafted by the Prince, infpircd 
tne with a Very Tgreat defire to know theoi. 
It will always be highly creditable to them, 
to have 61led with diftrnftion and dignity, 
<he honorable poft which they occupied here 
lor the interefts of their maftec; and to have 
acquired the general efieem, and tbe parti- 
i^cular regard of all the Chiefs of this ifland, 
by tbelr wifdom, tUeirpriidence^ and difcre* 
tioo, in the milBon with which they were 
'Charged ; in the execution ol which they 
have acquitted themfelves with that gooa 
fenfe and dignity, Uecoming the Ambafla- 
dpr^pf a great Prince, from whofe juftice 
they have every reafon to expeQ. a favora- 
ble reception* J beg them to accept my ' 
4>eft wijhes for their healthy and the fuo 
«c^fs^f their voyage. 

i am perfuaded that they will ufe (heir 
influence with Tippoo Sultaun, in fup^port of 
the inemorial which my nephew Lahaufle La 
}x>uvfere, has addrefled to hfm, as well as 
the requeft made by him to the Prince. His 
memorial appeared to me to comprehend' 
^b}e3s of great moment to the interefts of 
the Padfha, and it is this which determined 
me to recommend it. 

I dtice more requeft them to affure the 
Prince, that 1 (hall atwaystake the greateft 
intereftin his glory, and that I am anxious 
that the fucceisand name of fo great a So« 
ver^ign, fliould be extended througliout the 

^Signed) General Cossigny, atbis Jhuje^ 
the 1 4/A Ventofe^ 6th Tear^ mrejponding with 
the ^tb March If ^i. 

A True Txanflation, G. G. KEBLE, , 
French Tranflator. 

No. 13, 

No, 13. 




No. 13'. 

No.. 13, 



jiu ^ariier-Generat de f TJH de France 
le 1^.- Venfje^, Tan be de la Ripub* 
'lique Fran^aye. ■ , 


]*AI recju h Lettre dbnt voiis iti'avcz ho- » 
Tiore; une mahidie que j'ai effuyce pendant 
le Sejour de vos Anr^baffadcurs a L'Ifle dc' 
France, m*a empccbe de me trouver aux di- 
vcrfes conferences qu'ils ont tehaes avec le . 
Gouveirteur General fur Tobjet de la Miffion^^ 
dont vous Ics avez charge; inais je ne doute, 
pas que la Republique Fran^aife n'apprenne,^. 
& nc partage avec plaiGr les Offices de. voiie 
alliance et de ybt^t Amiiie. 

j'aurais perfonellement define, qu« KEtat. 
des farces Fran^ai-fe dans Tlnde m'eutfourni 
Tdccafion d'aUer vous porter moitneme raffu^ 
ranee de Tamitie de Jioire Reput>lique & de 
partager la gloire de vos armes concre fes 
Ennemis & les Ydtresrtnais les Circonftances^ 
a£kuelle^me privent de ce double honiiear* 

Je vous pric Prince, d'agreer les Vbeux 
que je forme pour la profpcrite de vos armes^^ 
& la Continuation de v^tre gloire. 

{Siffti), MAGALlJON;/ 
A* Tii^e Copy^ . C. M ACAUJLAY^ S*«^, 



March iygS i the &th Year of t^.^ 
Fnncb Republic. '^ \ 


PkiKCE^ . . ' ^ ; 

1 received thfc letter with which yoM ho^^ 
Dored ifne; ficknefs prevented me from at-; 
tejiding the various conferehces which your . 
Ambailadors held with the Governor Gene* 
ral, on the fubjcft of the miifion with which? 
you had charged them. - / have bou^ever m * 
doubt ^ that the French Republic will Joon learn . 
and joyfully partake your cvcrlures cffriendfibifj 
and alliance. 

I fhould have been glad if the ftate oT^ 
the French force at this time in Iiidia^ had 
;aUQwed me in perfon to have affured you oT^^ 
the fri«nd(hip of the Republic^ and to have. 
p^ theglary of your arms ag^inflb:)! 
cur common, encmy^ but the a£kual .ftateof a^ 
fairs deprives me of that' double honor. 

1 intreat yoi^ Prince^ to accept my wifSTi^a 
for the profperity of your arms, and the cott* 
linuatioB of your glory » 

(Signed/ MAGALLOW. 

(A, TruerTraaOation) G. G. ItEBLE^; 
, FrencbTxaiilUtomi 

No'. 14-. 

Au ^es grand Prince T^ippoo^^ SuUaun* 

Bflcba^ en faCgur^a Seringapainanii,. 

Grand Piiince^. 

UN Fran9ais dont le notn n'eft pas ignorf de 
Tou5» et qui defire ette utile au g,enercux allie 




to the gnat Prince Tipft^l^Uam Bacha,. 

^ at-birCotfrf j^Smngapaiam* 

Gkxat Prince, 

A Frenchman whofe name is not unknc^wii; 
tayou».aQd.who wifhes to be ^ufeful to the 




.4« fa niliaoy fVifit avec imprefleifirat l'oc<a- 
Con du rctour dc vos deux envoyes Affen AK 
Kan et Mahomed Ibrahim^ pour fe rappeler 
« voire ibuvenin / 

j^eux'riHMiMur devour ecrire de Pondi- 
•dieri au ttiots de Septembre 17921 en vous 
«nvofant Tetat da chargement de monVaif- 
feau le Pbenix, ct je previiis Ic Gouverneur 
Deffefne, que'^'allas paffer a Mangalor pour 
«y mettre a terre un parti de beaox et bons 
fufils grenadiers qae je vous deftinois. Ge 
General m'obferva queje courois |e rifque 
<l'etre vifiti et arretee par les Anglois, mais 
lorrqu'il vn ma ferme refolution de tenir a mon 
projet, il m'approva et je partis. Cette af- 
faire m'a procur^ le precteux avantage de 
recevoir plufienrs Paravanahs de voire main 
< conferve tres foignettremeoi. 

Votre Mrniftre AITaraff-Ali Kan fe ren- 
f0it a Mangalor au Commencement de 179^; 
;I1 y recut les fuGls et en fut tres fatisfait* 
Je ne'fuspayc qu'en partie, il medonna.une 
'^elegflatioo^ pour quatorze mille Koupies 
^iiir Brown, de Mahe, lequel m'en a donn^ 
tine fur* unc autre perfonne^ et je ne fuis pas 
encore paye, mais ce n'eil plus voire gran- 
deur que me doit cette SoIde« 

Rcprefentant dupeuplede Tlllc de France, 
rj'ai eu Ic bonhcur de roe trouver Prefideni 
de Comite de Sureic Publique, lorfque vos 
Envoy6s ont dcbarque en ceite Colonie, ct 
j'ai etc le premier a leur temoigner^a latif- 
fa^lion q^ie nous epronviot>5 en recevant par • 
mi nous Jes fujets d'un Prince Allie auquel 
npus (bmmes (inc^rement attaches— mais fi 
;iiotre joyc a etc grande vn inftant, noire 
trifteOe a etc prdfonde en apprenant que 
vous aviez ete trompe par Rigaud fur les 'for- 
ces que nous avion« dans cette ifle; le feul 
renfort que la France ait envoye depuis le 
-commencement de la Guerre, n'eft que d'un 
^ataillon que nous avons envaye a Ba*tayia, 
pour aider les Hollandois a conferver cette 
.placdf et ceci en raifon des fecours que nous 
en avons retire en argent, vivrey et muniti- 
ons navaliersgcar il faut- que vous appreni- 
tz grand Prince, que livres a nos propres 
moyens, nous avons du quoi fuffire, et nous 
avons jure dp nous enfevelir Tousles ruines 

igenerous ally of his nation, avails himfelf 
with eagernefs of the opportunity oflFered by 
the return of your Ambafladors, Huflein Ali 
Rhan and Mahomed Ibrahim, to recall him- 
^felf to your remembrance. 

I had the honor to write to you from Pon- 

dicherry in the month of September 179?, 

encloGng the manifeft pf the cargo of my 

ihip the PhcenKx, «nd I informed Governor 

^Defrefne that I propofed going to MangalQrr> 

for the cxprefs purpofe of landing a quantjlty 

of beautiEul and excellent ^grenadier fufees, 

intended for you. That General obfervqd 

♦to me, that I ran the rifque of being fcarch- 

ed and detained by the Englifh^ but when 

he faw that I was firmly rcfoTved to adhere 

to my projeft, he approved of it, and I de- 

partcQ. This ciroumftance has afforded me 

'the ineftimable advantage of receiving many 

Perwannahs from you, which I carefully 


Your MiniRer Afheruff Ali Khan arrived 
at Mangalore in the Beginning of the year 
1793. He there received the fufees, and was 
'fatis6ed with them:' I was paid only in part; 
be gSive me an order for 14,000 Rupees up- 
on Brown of Mahe, who gave me a bill on 
another perfon, and I have not yet receiv- 
ed payment, but it is no .longer your High- 
ntk who is r^fponfible to me for the amount. 

Being a Reprefentitive of the people of 
the ifle of France, I had the happinefs of 
being Prefideni of the committee of public 
fafety, when your AmbaHadors landed in 
•this colony, and I was the firll to teftify to 
them th^ fatisfa&ion we felt, at receiving 
amongft us the fubjeSspf an allied Prince, 
to whom we arc fincerely attached: but if 
^ur happinefs was great for ajmoment, our 
.grief was profound to learn that you had 
been deceived by Ripaud as to our forces 
on this ifland: the only reinforcement which 
has been fent to us froin France Gnce the 
commencement of the war, 4s one battalion, 
which we have fent to Batavia to sifflift tbp 
Dutch, in the prefervation of that place: thjs 
we did in return for the afliftance which we 
had drawn from thence in money> provifions, 
and naval (lores: For you muft know Great 
Prince, that pur own refources are fufficient 
for our fuppprt, and we have fworn to bury 
ourfeivcs under the ruins of ..our ifland^, ra- 



de noire ifle» avant que no3 ennemis en de« 

J'ai cu ibuvcnt Ic plaifir de vifitcr vos Ea* 
, voycs, ct j'ai fait en forte de les tirer de cet 
ciat peifible dans Icqoel lesjettoit le defaut 
de reuffiie de leur mifliom Je les enc;pura- 
geois en leur difant, que vous ne pouviez 
pas vouloif rimpoffible, et qu'ayant fait tout 
ce qui ctoit dans leur pouvoir pour obtenir, 
leur confcience devoit etre tranquile, et 
vous favez. Grand Prince, ce que je vai» 
tOtts dire avec francbife^ que le roanda- 
laire qui a< fait tous fes efforts, et qui n'a ce- 
pendant pu veufflr, a des droits a la recon^^ 
Boiffance de cehii qui lui i accorde fa coa-^ 

' Si Aflen-Ali Kan et Mahomed Hibrahihi. 
fi^ont pas mieuTLfait, fi vos defu*s ne font pas 
lenplis, c'cll le malhetir des circonftanccs 
feui quils faut en accufer, mais je jure par le 
nomfacre de I'honneur, qu'ils ont mis tout en 
ouvrage pour executer vos volontes, et qu'ils 
fe font cbmportds en fujets vraiemeni atte^ 
€h6s et fidelei a kui^ maitre^ 

Lks conferences ont ea lieu au Gouverne^ 
soenc avec les Genereaux^. et trois reprefen.* 
tants de la Colonic^, du nomhre duquels j'a» 
I'avantage d'etre. VoS' £n voyes. ont toujpucs 
'defir6s qu'on ne compiit dans le public que 
ce qu on nepouvoii pas cacher„ j'ofe vous 
affurer* Grand Prince, que nous avons tout 
lieu d'etre &tisfaics de h conduite bonnete et 
de^^ente qu-'its ont tenu ici, et telle qu'on de« 
voit rattendrc^'honn^ur de leur caraftere et 
envoy^s- par vous. lis ont obferves que le 
traitement fixe pour Jes divers grades etort 
trbp confijderable, que les Francois qui font 
au Campdt Lale ne font pas aulfi forcement 
pay^s mais^ le General Msriartic vous met a. 
votre aife en^ permittant aux fran^pis de re^- 
venir^frvous n'approuve pas ce qui a eti fixe 
ici. La pofition de vos envoyes etoit cri*- 
tique/ ^i It trouvoir places entre. le defir 
d'etre utihb a Ibur maitres et Ik crainte de lui 
deplair^ Refuiei ce fecours quoique foible, 
^'ctoit d0nner ta p^euve que vous ne fcaurois 
pas fair le facrificed'un peu d^argent, ce quit 
fturoit ftc je penffe impolitiquej pour le pre* 
font et pourravenir : il faut d'aiHeurs difti^n^ 
guer des. hommes^ qui quittent leurs families 
et Vaifance dont ils jouiflenl ici, pour aller 


iber than fee ouc enemies the pofleflbrr of IH^ 

I often hadthepreafureoCvifitingyourami 
baffadors, and I Ibcceedcd in relieving tliem 
from the painful fituation into which they 
were thrown, by the failure of their miffion; 
I encouraged them by faying, thatr you could 
not defire impoflibilities; and that, having 
done every thing in* their power>- their con- 
fcience ought to be at ea<c : you know,. Great 
Prince, what I frankly declare to you, that aiv 
agent who has ufed every effort, althcuglai 
without fuccefs, has ftill a claim to the gra- 
titude of thofe who granted him their con»-' 

Jjf^ Hujfem AU Khan ani MaJmncd" ISrdbim^ 
Kave not been entirth ftkccefsjul^ if y^ur m/he$^ 
have not Been ac€cmpil^ed^, it is alpne io be astrf- 
buied io the unfortunate cir^mjiancis oj iht 
times; but I fmear by the facred name of ho^ 
9for, that tbiy have ufed every effort tv exeiutt 
your orders, and have ccnduSed themfelves Uht. 
SuhjcBs, tmli attached and faithfuLta tieir^' 

7Ke co^firencts were conduHeJP at the Go^^- 
'Otrnment*houfe with the Generalsy and three 
Reprefenlaiivtiof the colony; in the number of^ 
whom I have ^ advantage to rank. Tour 
envoys were always defir ous that nothing fliould' 
h made public but what could" not foffibly he- 
concealed ; and I may t^nture ti> affiire jou^. 
Great PHnce that we have etkryreajbn ta hejk^ 
M^fied with th» correB and Btcoming oonduSl 
obfervtd by them during cKtir refOinc^t here^ 
it was fuch as was to he exptUed from th& 
honor ff their charaScr and fit cm j^r Am^ 
baffadors. They obferved that the allowances: 
fixed fcr- the different ranks wtretoo great; and 
that the French in thtcampofLaily'nrenot p 
, highly paid; hut General Malar tic relieves you . 
from any embarraffhent on that point, by per- 
mitting the French to return, fl>ould you not be 
Jatisfiedwitb^bat^^as been concluded bert. 

The fituation of your Envoys vfas critical; 
ibey found tbmfiivts'in afiate of fujpence, deji- 
reus of b^ingufefut to their Mafthr, but at the 
fame time apprebenfroe cf incurring bis di/piea-- 
Jure. To have refifed tbeftfua^ours though tri^ 
fiing^ would have been a con/ejion that you would 
not facrificc a finalt fum cf money ^ this t think bun impolitic not only with rejpe^ 



^ORtairetnent fervir dans un pays qu'ils ne 
'eOnnoiffenl pas, ct il ne faut pas moins que 
le defire de vous etre utile, pour avoir permis 
a^ces Citoyens de quitter ies Colonies pen- 
(laWla guerre, d'autant plus qo-'il y en a par- 
tie qui bat d*anciens mtlitai/es, poffedant Ies 
connoiflances'de leur etac» ce qui eft une prU 
vation pour nous, mais il n^ a point de me^ 
•ite a obliger lors <|u'il n'en coute riea» 

Permelez moi (jratid Prince dfc m'entrf- 
fenir un moment avec vous^.mon amour pour^ 
ma patrie, mon attachement^ourfes allies, et 
particulierement pour le digne fits du cele<-^ 
bre Hyd^r^Ali, et ma haine bien- Condee 
pour Ies Ahgloisy.ou plutot contre)>eur$ gou« 
vernernents ; Tout cela, dis je, vqus etes urv 
fur garant que je ne dirai rien^que ne fait fui-^ 
vant VQs vrals interet& 

QueHe eft dbnnecettefatalhequi a jufqu'a^ 
preient divife Ies princes Afiatiqoes? Rienr 
. n'eft plus facile a con^evoir, c eft? la tenc- 
breiire politiques des^Anglois, ce fontieurs 
princrpes machiaveliques qui ont mis tant de 
peuple fods leur joug» et qui Ies ont rendus^ 
Ies opyrefleufS' de I'Afie. 

II an eft temf^-cnfe^iif, tous pouviKE ccrav 
fer cette nation ambitieufe, mais il eft iiece£* 
fdite que la Cbur de Poonah, qivi Je Souba 
da Decan, que Ies Tartares, que le Rajah de 
Travancore, que.tous^tes Rajtahs, Nababs, et 
Soubabs; quetou«^ Ics Chefs de TAfie enfin,* 
fc reuniffent pimr combattre, vaincre, ct chaf- 
fer ces orgueilleux Anglois^ mais it faut que 
la bonne for prcfide I'alliailce, il faut qu'clte 
foit adroitement faite, a Bn que Ies Princes 
dont Ies forces ne font pas tres^confiderables'^ 
n^ fe irouvcnt pas- fuhguguc^ faut d'avoir agi" 
enfembie; mais lorfque le. plan aura 6tc bi'en 
contertfr. lorfque de toutes Ies parties de T Afic 
Ies Anglais fe trouveront preflcs leur perte 
eft inevitable. Vous ave& ite en guerre a« 
vec tou& Ies Princes ^d'Afie> il faut deveni* 
ami, et leur prouver par Ies proportions q^ie 
vous leur ferez, que vous voulez I'etre r^le* 
ment ; il i^ faut pas qu'un prince f 'agrandife ^ 
aux depens d'un autre,, mais il faut que ceux 
qui gemiffent fous la fervitude des Anglois 
en foienc affranchis^.et que chacun ak part a^ 
leur dcpoailles en raifon dcs moyens^ qui! 


U tbtprt/ent^ tut alfo iofuiurc times; hejides ;/ 
is necejfaryto make Jme diftinBion in favour of 
thoft wb$ have their families^ and the ccmfortt 
wbid>tb^ enjey bcre^ tc/ervc as volunteers in a 
country with wbieb they are totally macquain-^ 
ted. Nctbfftg iefstban our great defirt to Jerve 
ym would bave induced us to permit thofe 
eitizens /o leave the colony^ during t^e war^ 'par^. 
ticularly as fome of tbem are experienced jMi- 
irs wbo pojefs a knowledge of their pro/ejion, 
and are therefore a us\ but f bete is na 
merit in obligations wbicb coji nothing. 

Pefmit me, Great Prince, to converfe a 
moment with you. My love for my coun- 
try, my attachment to its allies, particularly 
to the deferving fon of the renowned Hyder 
AUi, and my xaell founded hatred of the En* 
gUpi^ or ratber of their Government; all tbis I 
fayjkould convince you, ibat^IJhall/ay nothing 
which is not diSatea by a regard for yew true 
interefts^ f 

What is then the fataRty which has hitherto 
divided the Princes of Afia ? Nothing is more 
eafily under flood. It is the dark policy of the 
£ngliflf, their Macbiavetianprincif Ies ^wbichhave^ 
JubjeHed fo many nations to their yoke^, and reu-^ 
dcredtbim the oppreprs of jifia^ 

Then is ftill time however to crujb this am» 

titious nation; but it is necejfary that the Court 

ofPoonahs the Soobab of the Decan; the tar^ 

ears: the Rajah of Travancore ; all the Rd- 

jabs^ NabodSyOnd Sbobabs ; that all tije chiefs of 

Afta in fioftyJBould unite to attack^to overthrow^ 

and finally to expel thofe haughty EnglxfB. But it 

is abfolutely mcejfary that the aHiahce Jhould bt 

founded on good f ait b^ and that it fiould be fkiU 

fully formed^ in order that the princes whofe 

forcei are inconfideratle' may not find tbemfelves^ 

overpowered^ in tonfequence of a want of concert ' 

between the parties : but when the plm Jball bave 

been properly arranged;^ and when the Englifi 

fhallfindtbemjelves affailedfrom every quarter of 

Jfia, their aefiruSion will be inevitable. Tour 

bave been at war with all the Princes of Afia^ 

you mufi now- become their friend^ and prove to 

them by thepropofals you make^ that you arereal^ 

ly willing to become fuch. One Prince muft not 

aggrandize himfelf at tlie expence of another^ 

but it is proper that thofe who groan under 

the bondage of the Englifti ftiould be eman-^ 

cipated^ and that each individual fhould pav^ 

' ticigate 



founrira^ et auflt earaifon de &;f»ofiuofi*lo^ 
cale, mais je ie diraj e.ncoc^» fi Talliance .^Af 
£aite de bonne (o'l, Ci chacuajde^ ContraAaf^s 
•y troUve fon compte^les epg^^emanu feronji 
obfervcs,niais s'il cq ,cft au(remei)t,fi qiie:lqu*iMi 
de^ contra^ans eft Icze^ it ne Hicndra aTei 
cngageipents que jurqu'au teg^p^* ou qnelque 
circonftance ou.evenefxiQiruf^vofable.lui per- 
mettra de les infreindre* iSt £ par borxhtsvir 
il nous arrivolt des forces 4'£(Vope> doiu 
nous pourrions difpofer a v^j-e faveur, fi la 
miflion confie par lei Ge;aera4|x de terre ,et 
de mer, et par la Colonie, aux Citoyens Ma- 
got et Seguin^Je.. premier commandant les 
fregates que portent . vos depeches au Gou- 
vernment Fran^ais, et Tautre Aide de Camp 
du General Malartic, envoygs pour appuyer 
les demandes qu'il fair, a fin d'obtenir les fe- 
cours les plus confiderables poflible, fi cette 
miffiofi, dis je eft heureufe, quel ferok votre 
avantage dWoirfi'avance prepare lesmoyeus 
ade voQs venger, en punifleot ceux qui vous 
ont fait trahir par^vos propres fujets^et de 
rentrer dans t'heritage que vous ave2 perdu 
en partie^ parceque les. Princes de Afie qui 
etolent arm^s contre vous, n'ont pas fenti que 
plus les Anglois devenoient puiflants, et plus 
jls.leurs fourniroient j^^z Armes conire c\i^ 

"'^es differentes religions . ont fouvcnt cm- 
^eche des Alliances qui auroient 6ii avanta* 
geufes a divers Nations, mais les fauITes con- 
siderations ait difparu, la philpfophie et la 
.raifon ont fait taire les prejuges, et les memes 
ctats voyent en Europe, les Eglifes Romain, 
Calvinifte et Luthericnne. L'homifte qui a* 
dore Ie Creaieur, lorfque les vocux qu'il lui 
addreffe Tont finceres et partenc du Coeur, 
Dieu laifte^omber furlui UQ. regard de boa* 
te et Texauce, 

Les difpofitions du Souba du Decan voita 
font connus, ainfi que celle-de partic de Marat- 
tes et des Tartare ; je crois^ouvoir vous affu* 
rcr que Ie bon Prince Ram R^jah dcTra- 
yancore, ejEl fatigue de 1 oppreflion fous la- 
^quelle les Anglpis Ie tiennent, Raman Kef- 
vin, font pi^mier miniftre rferoit, je penfe, 
bien difpofe a agir contre ces defpots, mais 
ies moyens lui manquent; je fcais que c'eft 
#V(^c bcaucoi;^46 'peine qu'il a confenti a 


tici^te in their f >oils in ^rcfi^rtiQin «• ilrtt 

{tid which .he (hall furniib;^s -^inreH as to l)i| 
local pofition. J wfll repeat/tbat if the alli-i 
a4ice be made with good. fnitii, if each of tha 

. cpii(ra8ihg paaieslhHll find his intereft iRit» 
ihe eQgagemencs will be cbfervrd ; i>ut fiiouid 
it prove oth^rwife/ ihouid any one of tha 
con(rading parties be injured, he ^H obfenre 
his engageuiem^/no longcr\%J>an jifntil foma 

.circumitan^eor favorat^le event fhall give 
>him an opF^iitunity -of, .infringing tfaem. if; 

/fortunately, wj Jhould rrcfixu tro-ps from Eu* 
rape which we. can difpijei>f in yQur favor i if 

, the commijffl^ mrh wkico ihc-iiitval ^mdmiiita- 
ty gencrah ff ihe colony bavr tMtruJitd Citiztni 
Magot and Sguin, ii^e former the commMdef 

,v of the frigate which carrier your difpaUhn ti 
the FreMf.h iicverhmsnt^ md the-lattcr Aid de 
Camp h 9daJ4r general Malartic^ ftnt to gho 
grialer ef^eacy to Ih^ appHcadonr^fkith he ha^ 
made for as large a reirijorcemtnt asp^fjible; f 
fay^ if ihh deputation be forlunattt tohat witt 

-Mot be your advantage in-having freptared iefort* 
nan J the means qf avengiyig^outfri/^'6f puni/h-* 
ipg thofe zubo Jbave caufed ycu U be betrayed iy 

<your own /uljeffs;^rJ of recovering that intc* 

ritance of ^aktok yoxk have been in part deprive4% 

rlfecaufe the Pri^ccs^f Afia^-tohn tok tip ^rms tf- 

gainft you, were n i fenfible, thatinprcportion 

-as the Engliflf bctame fowerful^ ttey woulf 

JurnifoUbe^^Qwen cf the Eifi^ wUb.^rtm againfl 
.ioch otter., ^ 

The djfferenoe of religion hai 6ften pre- 
vented alliances .which' would 'have pr/ived 
advantageous to divers nations but thcfe 
^falfe principles have difappeared, philofophy 
aadreafon have filenced prejudice, and the 
fame ftatein Europe tolerates liie Roman Ca- 
tholic« the Calvinift, and the Lutheran 
Churches: the flfian who adores the Creator 
and offers up vows which are fincere and pro- 
• ceed from the heart, is regarded by his God 
jvith an eye of benignity and forgivenefs. 

The dtfpofition tfthe Sst/bcfb of the Decan are known 

'fa ysUf as are alfi thoft of the Mahrattas and Tart rr 

Jlateu i think I may ve^we to ajfure you^ that tb§ 

good Prince Ram Rajah of Tr^vancorey is tired of the 

opprejfion of the Englijb : Raman Kffvin^ his prime 

fkhii/fery would I conceive be well difpofed to a^ again/t 

. thffe defpots^ had he ihe means: I know that it woe 

With great reluefance he confenttd to fend away Afigee 

dtia-Oombe^ who commanded his troops at Parour^ as 

well as the other French officers who commanded bis 






fi^vi^ct^Mi^l'de la Coiirf>r qui ctmiraan* 
dok fes troupes aJvParrour, ainfiqmrleaautrcs • 
oifiders^ J^Tarieois^qtiiMCominandojent fcs Ba« 
ttrbons. . L'Imcpet de ce Rajah^ fi jc ncme*" 
Irobnpe, 'ainiixj^c le voire, cxtge que vous lui 
pttapofi^^^e devcrttr voire allic ; que tout ref- 
iftntmcnt celle; qi4c Ics ancienes quereHcs - 
ftiient eteiiue^ oufarlits a jamais, titab liirlout, 
Grand Prince, menages la. ncgociation de 
m^niere qrte le*«*.Ang^o^s•^^e puifTeiit Ten v 
doubter, car cc Prince reroit ccraf|;. ctlcs • 
Angloiit en le depouillant, augrhenteroient ^ 
d'auunt leura Moyens contre vous. Croyex 
ma parole, Grand Prince, un dcs plux beaux 
J9Hrs»de ma vicifera celui ou j'apprendr^i 
^uc voire Reuifion avcc les- Princes d'Afie> , 
v:)US fburnira les.tnoyens d'aneaaiir la puif- ' 
fiiiKe Angl;aife,datiayindc. 

J'ignor^s Grand Prince^ .fi ma franehife 
voua plaira, et ft vou» ne trouvcrez mes ob-* 
feryaMons deplac6es, mais ce qu^ je fcais, , 
€<:(( <}ne je defireqiw voim falliez des grandcs 
C(inqueies fur ks Ar^^lois, ^t que votre fuc- 
ces vous metteut a ineuic de rendre vos peu* 
pies heureiix enb» devenant vous mcme. C'cft 
levioeu ii iccrc d'iiii vrai fraiicais qui eitavec 
1 efpeft CL confidcf uiioju^ 

Tri Grand Prinee,v 
Voire ires bumW« tt ires obeitL-nt Serviteur, . 


J^di France Le 1 5 Vsntafe attS Je laRe.-Fu' 
KJm Cbpy> C. M ACAULAY; Sic.: 

bttfalhnt. The tnunftt #/ tiit Ritjmh^ ff'fdmitH^ 
* diceiv^ nquiffj equally with your ^^h^ ihaty9ufiiouVi^ 
f^ipofit tar him ^gn sllsanee : tbSt sit tifentmefit Jb^ut^ 
ceafcj and' that j^ur amint ftudt Jh^uii h$ eutlngu\Jh^ 
§d and firgMkn fi/r^ innr : But above ally Gnat- 
Printe^ conduSI tbe^negwiatioH in fu^b a manner thai 
thi Sngiijh . may :n$p- fuj^tei- it ^ for etbitmfe rtiY 
Prince wilt4t MttHyerujbtdi and the BngUfi in dep-' 
pJiing bintt nriJi inxreafe their means efa^ing ag^nfl* 
yen. Believe m/j GYeat Prince^ ene of the brigbte/t dayt^' 
efmy life ivilt be that en which / Jhall bear^ tbatj by. 
reuniting with the Prlnees ef Afoj you have a^quireJP 
ehe means of annihilating' fbe^pewer of tbe^ EngV0>-iM^' • 

I know not, Grieat Prince, whether mf^^ 
franknefs will be plcafing ta yoii^ or whether- 
you may not confider n^y obfervations as of* 
ficiou3» but of this I am certain^ that my arfxi- 
ous wifh is, that you may make great con-*, 
quefts froiii iheEnglifli; and that by this 
Juccefs you may be enabled to render ypur- 
people and yourfelf :happv« This is the fin- 
cere prayer of the true Fteocbman, who is - 
with cftecm and refpcfti » 

Great Prince,: 
Vbur moll humble and moft 

obedient Servant, 
C^igned) M. DESCOMBER. 

JJU of France^ the i^'^ Ventofe in the btb year ef 
ihe Frenib Republic^ or^he $th of March^ 1798, 

A Triie Tranflation, 
G, C. KEBLE, French Tranflktor* 

OOPT. Jjh deFranre, Pj^t N^rd Ouefiy 
le iy Ventyfe^ ran 6'de la Re* 
pttiliqut Fran^mfr\ une ei in^ 
diviJibUf rep-mdant au^jMurSf 

lit-Gduveraeuc General dfs I (lei ()e France^ 
ct dc la Reunion, Au Nabob Tippoo ^ 

JVAI recu le 20 Janvier dernier (vieUT 
Hik) ^votre Icurfe foui»*«U 4ai« du Septidi dc 

No** 15* 

Copv^ IJk of France^ Port NorttfFiJf' 
the i^th Ventqft intbe 6tb 
year of the French Republic^ . 
one and indwifible, anjwtr^ 
ing to the jtb March ^ ^79'« ' - 
Old Style. 
The Governor General of the Iflcs of France 
and La Reunion, to the l^abob Tippoo 

/ RECEIVED on the' 20th J^anuary la/f^ (oil 
Jlyk) your letter under date th$ ^h O&eber^ 1797% 




Ik deuxieme J>ccade de VeodiBiiiiaire Tan 6^ ' 
laqucllc m'anjQonce que vovs m'cnvojrcz \e, 
Capixaioe SLipaud que yous avez retenu, «t 
deux Amb^ifikdeurjs pour ntc parlcr de vos 
affaires, au^quelsje peut prendre la plus 
grande confiaDce daos tout ce qu ils «ne di« 
rant. Vos Arobaifaideurs m'ont fait enfuUe la 
i«mi(e de la Note de vos demandes au Direc- 
totre Executif, tendantes afaireunealliaace 
offenfive etdefenfrv^ avec les Franf 013^ cjt 
vouspropofez par cette note d'lentretenir a 
v.Qs frais, tant que la guerre durera dans 
rinde^ Ics troupes .qu'on pourroit vous eoi- 

Nc me croyant pas autorifc par mcs pou- 
▼oirs a fairc cette alliance avec vous» j'ai co- 
voyc de fuile par deux fregates cxpedics pour 
France, vos propofitions au DireSoiipe Exe*. 
catif. Je n'ai aucun doute qu'U ne 1^ prenne 
dans ta pius grande confideration,^t je fuis 
perfuade qu'il vous enverra le phitoc poflible 
le fecours d'hommes que vous demandez, et 
dont vous avez befoin pour attaquer vos en- 
nemis qui -font ceux de U Republique Frao^ 

En attendant que ce fecours rous foit par^ 
vcnu, je vous expedie la fregate La Pre^ 
*neufe, commandee par le Capitaine L'Her- 
xniie, pour vous porter vos Ambafladeurs et 
leurfuite, ainfi que les OfBciers, ChirurgienjSi 
ct Volontaires qvle j'ai fait j^cruter dans Ic^ 
deux Ides. 

Je joins ici. 

t . — L'Etat nominatif des OfBciers de Ma* 
rine que vous delirez avoir pour conduire 
vos Batimeni, et pour vous former des ma* 

2.— L'Etat nominatif des Ofificiers de terrc^ 
Chirurgiens et Voloutaires. 

Ces Ecats prefentent le grade de cha^ue 

Vous recevrczauffi cijotnt les tarifsdes ap- 
pointxpents d^ Solde a alloucr par mois, in* 
depeudamant du traicement et yivres, a cha* 
que grade et a toutes les perfonnes qui paf* 
fent dans vos Etats. 

II eut ete plus regulier qu un tfaite fgc paf« 
(e entre vos Ambaifadeurs et moi, et (ign,e 
:par les deux partis,, lequel vous auriez ,ratifi6 
afi retour de vos AmbafTadeurs. Mais je 
jD^ai pu obteoir d'eux qu'ils f 'engageafieht a 

SpbUff annsuncid. t$ tnt that fcu ij/ Jefmiid CgpUhi 
Rifaud^ wbom pu bad tngagtd in f9ur fefvice^ MnJ* 
tw$ Jtmkajaior4yt0 conftr wkb mi n/pedlifig tbe JIati* 
ff y$ur affitrt^ and that I migblfplaa^ht gnatijl cwnm* 
jidetMi in whativtr theff might communUatc* Tour Am'». 
baffadors afterwards dellvir$d to me j$ptr imm^rtinium 
§/ the B^ewtlve Direa0ry^^ending40fQrm: 
an eilli^n^i effenfini and deftnfvoi twith tbe frdncb^^mni 
bj wbicbjHt offer to entertain aiyour^wnexpenc^^ tV 
long as the war In India JbaU Jgfitf be U$of^ ^gf.maj 

ffot thinking m)felf auAofixtdbj^ fopjeriU im^ 
£]uie this atlianct withpuy *i immidiatijf difpatcbe^d f%90^ 
frigatee to France ivitb your^tbo JRxicot^ 
tive DinStory. I baviiut tbi fmnUift Anbif §nt tbat 
Jtboy willitake your propofd into tbeir $n^ fetious <99f* 
deration \ and I am perfuadid ibai they will fend ff on . 
asjpeedily as pojpble^ thefuccours of- menwbicb ^you di-. 
mandi and which you requin for tbepurpofe of eittaefk,' 
ing yiur enemies^ p/boare^ffi tb44nemes,of tie ^nnci 

In tbe mean time^ and wbilft waiting the arrrudl J^J 
ibefe fuecours^ I difpatcb tbe Preniufi f^igate^ com-r 
mctndedby Captain L^Hermtto^to convey bad your Jm^ 
bajidors, and tbeir fuitCfWib tbs-officers^ furgeons and 
vohinteersi wbom I bave rtcruk^d in the two ifiandM 
for jour Jimici. 

I have^MntXfi to this letter^ 

i% The roll of ,tbe papers ,cdnipofing tbe 
marine eftabliihaient, wbipm yoii were defi- 
Tous of having to commind your fbips and 
^ form feamen for you. 

8. The roll of the land officers^ of die 
furgeons^ and of t^he yoUinteers. 

Thefe lifts exhibit the refpeftivc ranlci of 
th^ officers. / ' 

You will alfo receive with this letter tbe 
monthly pay tables of the allowances to be 
given, independently of the appointments and 
provifions, for each rank, and for every per- • 
fon who (hall enter your territories. 

.It ^would have been m^re regular^ had a 
treaty been entered;4nto between your ambaf- 
fadors and myfelf, and figned by Doth parties, . 
which you might have ratified on the return 
of your ambafladors^ but I could not perfuade , 




Forairm'tHfe PAliitdk Af sfiRiseXKATAvi. 


^ |fcrtW*.ce' tfaUt: Its nl'oiit affaVAque voiii 
•: fcriiiineAnlJiftlibiemcnt dfbit a ma dcman- 
de, ct qtfe <l8s A^fkJimements et Sbrde, Trai- 
tomfcnt ei yivres, que jai arrett, feroierit 
cxaSem^nt el regalicfcmcnt payez ct deli- 
vres a la fin de chaque naois. S*il eh etait 
autremerft, jauiorife cous les Officier$» Vo« 
lontaires et autrec a profher du retoiir de la 
frcgate, et de toutes les occafions xiti'ib troci« 
veroAt-pour rcvenir daos cea Jflcs; 

Jfc dois atiSi vous preirenir que moti inten- 
tibn eft dans tous -les temps ils foient libres 
de iquitter vos etats^ qu*en confequence votis 
leur falfiez fournir tous ic« moyens neceflai- 
rej(, que toule aiSifianqe et prote&ion leur 
•Tdit accordee/et q9lls n'^prouvent aucun 
empechemeni m tAoteftatioii '^de ki pStrt de 
vos fujets. 

L'Eftabliflemerft a'toti Comptdtr^^dc 'irons 
'•-defirez avoir dans cette ITle, pour vous fa- 

ciljter les moyens de vous lier d'avantage 

avec les Fran^ais, prefentant dt% avantages 
-Tcciproqaes, vous poUvez fairc etablir cfc 
'Comptoif lorfque vous* le jugerez xonvertable. 

t*s deux ■Mufulrtian^'et- les Tran^ais ^(Mb 
^ous vou» pTOpAfe* 'dVnvoyer a cct ewBt, 
'<trouveroni facilemcnt une maifon 'commode 
'pour les recevoir. -iU feronc fous la protec« 
-tion du ' Gouvcrnement, et ils jauiront dc 

tous les privileges accord6s 'a cecte forte 

Je.vaisa.prefcnt vottj^arter de la bonne 
^conduite qu'ont tenue vos AmbafTadeurs^ et 
'de TempreHement qu'ils ont conftamment 
-mis a cxecuter ponftuellement les inftruc- 
tions do'nt vous les' avez charges, j'aime leuf 
rendre ceUe jufiite^ qu'ils indritent a tout 

D abord ils ont ren^is a leur defeeiite dans 
x:ette Colonie toutes les lettres done its etoi- 
ent porteurs pour les Reprefentantis, et les 
Ceneraux de tertre et de mer* lis ont fait 
prieres fur prieres ct vivement follicite ren- 
voi dc forces conftderaWcs pour leur Prince, 
comme le portoient fears inftruStions redi« 
gees fur les rapports qui vous avaieni ete 

Apres avoir balant6 a accepter le'modi- 
^cfecoursen hommes qui leur etaic ofFert^ 


tKem to undertake to'Bgn the treaty,; ^ey aC^ 
fared me that you would mp(l unqfucftionably 
agree to my demand^ and that the appoint- 
ments and pay of the trbpps^^ as well as the 
efta'blifhment and proviQons which I had re* 
quelled, would be exa£lly and regula^rly paid 
at the end of every mondi. Should it prove 
'Otherwife, I authorize all the officers, v6lun« 
Ibers and others, to avail themfelves ' of the 
teturn of the frigate, or of any other oppor* 
tunity which may offer^ to retuirn tb thefe 

I muft alfp premire, that it is my intention 
^ihat they (hall at all times be at liberty to 
^quit your territories ; and I therefore requelt 
yon will give orders, that they may be fumilh* 
ed with the necdfary meajts, that every af^ 
fiftance and proteftion be granted to them, 
and that they may not be filbjeded to any 
hindrance or mol^atioti on the part of yont 

^Tbe eJldiHJbment cj the faBury which ym 

are anxioui to haoc in ibis I/lsftd, in crdtr to 

^/^cililate the means ej conneSing your/elf 'inore 

clofely vnth the French^ prtjenting reciprocal 

^dvantages^yeu are at liberty to ejlablipi it when^ 

-ever you may thinl prefer. The two Mvjfelmen 

-and f he Frenchman whdm you prapofe tojf^nd'for 

that purpofe^ will taJlljfitSi a cemmodious Houfe 

Jor their reaption. They /hall be under the 

proteBiim ef Gofvemmenl^ and fheyjball enjoy all 

the pf¥nlf$e$ vjually granted to Jiixb efiabii/k"' 


I miift now mention Co yoa the good con- 
du6l of your Ambafiaders, and the 'anxiety ^ 
they hare always (hewn to execute pundually, ^ 
the commi^GiDn with which yOu had entrufl* 
ycd them ; I am happy to render them this 
juftice which they on every account deferve* 

ImnUiiately en their drrival in this Colony, ' 
they delivered all the letters^ with which they 
were entrufted for the Reprefentatives and for 
the Naval and military Generals, They urged 
entreay upon e^ireaty^ and firenuovjly fplititei 
the difpatch oJ\a confiderable Force to their 
Prince^ according to the tenor of their infiruc^ 
tionSf founded (,n the reports which had been made 
to yous 

After having for fome time hefiiated to accept 
oftheinconfiderable ajfifiance in men which was 


• «<« 






yos Aoibafladeurs Te font decides a le rece« 
voir, ^apres raflurance formelle queje lear 
ai donnee de vous faire pafler non femement 
d'autres forces a mefure qu'ils arriveront de 
France^ niaU encore les hommes de cette 
Ifle qui' fe determineipnt par la fuice a pafKr 
dans rinde« 

. Vos Ambafladears ayanTegalement folli'p 
citi avec inftance une preftation de ferment 

{>our cimenter Talliance dejjat exiftante entrc 
es Francois et vou*,, j^s leur ai rcpondu que 
cette alliance ayant toute fa force> je penfal 
oue le Diredoi/eExecutif et le corps legifla- 
tif de la Republique Fran;oife„ ayoient feuU 
le drpit de la cimenter de nouveau. ^ 

Enfin je ne peux vous rendce que des te« 
Oioignages avantageux de leur honnetete^je 
vous aflure qu'ils & font cqniportes avec 
bonneur^ et d6ccnre, et que toutes Icurs de- 
marches n'ont tendu qa'arobtenir, pour vos 
interets^ les forces confiderables qu'ils.etoieni; 
venu chercber de votrc part. 

lis Vous diront que j'ai fait une Proclama- 
tion ^ui a eti^ envoy6e dans tous les GantonSv 
de I'lfle poujr recruier des volontaires^ 

lis VOU5 diroiu qqVn navire a ete expedic^^ 
a rifle de la Reunion pour le meme objet* 

lis vous diront encore* qu'un Embargo^ 
Gfo6ral aetemisfur tous lea fiatimens qui^ 
ctoient dans le Port, afin qti'aucuns des diteS' 
Batimens ne puiflent fe rendre dans I'lnde^ 
et dans- les detroics, qu'apres ie dqpart de la 
fc^gatela Prene\}fe» qiui, lesramene dans vos% 

J^ai cru devoir prendre cette dcrnrere mcr ' 
fare, afin que les Aivglais nos ennemis com^^ 
muns ne fuifent points inftruits du parth^ait* 
quel vous parai/fez determine a leur egaid^ 
ct^d^ I'envpi d'hommcs qup je vous fais» 

Sur la demande qui m*^ etc faite par voa; 
Ambaifadetirsi je vous envoye (ix Caiffes na* 
merotees 1^ 2^ 3, 4, 5 & 6 contenant des ar^ 
bres des Jardin^es plantes de I'Ifle de France^, 
pkis d^s.plan^ de differentes fleurs, et deux 
fi^cons contenant chacun. une^mufca decou- 
verte, objet de curiofite de cabinet d'hiftoric 
Q^r^llcj^ J5 def^c que le tout . vous^ arrive 


^Strti i9 ihm^yourJwiaffadm ^eUrminif H^ 
receive it upon tie filemn affuremcct wbi$b f 
gave tkem^ todifpaich teypu net only /wt Treofe^ 
as might arrpoe Jhm Prance^^ but alfi tbtffe 
from this I/land wh9 might hereafter, refohe /c 
j^receedto India. 

Tour Amhaffadorpbaviftg likewi/e/oHeiiedw^ 
tuitb great. earneftnefs^ to cement' the alliance en^^ 
ijting between the French andyourfdf^ hy a/or^ 
maloatb, I informed them that a$ tbisalUanceftilt 
remained in full force, I though f the Enecutivo- 
DireSlory and the LegiJIative Rody^f the Frentl^ 
Republic had alone a right to renew the cofffitm^ 

In (hortj I can only give you advantage^ 
oils telttmonies-of their good condud'; they 
conduced themfelvesj I can aflure you, witb^, 
the mod perfcft honor and propriety, and aW' 
their aff ions have been well calculated to pro-^ 
cure for your inter efts the confiderable force whick^ 
Xou. h/td^ireiled them to obtain. 

They will telt yon, tb'ati publiJheHa.frocIa-" . 
mat ion which hhs been Jenl i^to all the Cantons^ 
of this ifland for the purpofe of raifing vo* 

They will infornuy on that a vejil has-been d^' . 
patched to the IJland of Re^union, fop the fame* 
purpofe . 

They will inform you Ukewije, tkat. a genial. 
Embargo has. bteri laid on all the. Ve0s in thit: 
P^Yt, in order that- none might fail for India or- 
for the Sh-aits, until after the departure of the- 
Prcneufe Frigate'^hich conveys your Ambajb^^ 
dons back to your Territories. 

I' neceffary to adopt this lafl men^ 
tioned meajkre, left the Englijb, our cmmom. 
enemy, fhmid be apprized of the part which yon 
Jeem determined to adopt with regard to them, 
and of the fupplyjfj mtk which I have font to , 

In confequence of the requcft made to me 
by your Ambafladors, I fend fix cafes num- 
bered.!, 2, 3, 4, 5^,,and 6, eontainifig gardeo 
UPces, plants of the Iffe of Praneet and plants, 
of different flowers, with two flftflts, each, 
containing a nutmeg full blown, an objeQ of-. 
much.curiofity in natural biftory, I hope 
you will recdve them ail in good Ofder; the 





%icn conditionc. La tous ccs objcts, 
fignce dc tM main, a etc rcmifc a vo« Am^ 

Je icrminc ma lettre «n vous invitant a 
»voir confiance en moi ct clans tout cc que 
jc*vous cms. 

Nc crpycz pas fiTaicilcment ccux qui voOs 
trompent, appliquez vous a faire connoitre 
aux Marattas leurs interets, en leur difanl 
^u6 vos cnnemis font xeclement les leurs. 

Ecfivez a touslfes Princes acflndoRahd 
loua le*>flabab$ du Bengalc. Dites leur que 
vos cnnemis font auffi les leurs, ct que 1c 
temps eft arrivee fe dcbaixaffer, de vos enne- 
tnis cpmmuns. 

Faites des facrificcs d'argent— Paycz bicn 
yotrc armee, ct donnez de I'argent aux Maf- 

' En.quoi vous fert Targent? ^ric.grandc 
arepuution eft au dcOus de tout. 

Votrc courage ct les refources dc votfc 

genie mc font connus; L*un ct Tautrc fuiv- 

rpnt en tous lieux Ic fils du grand Aider 

\Ali/Kan vflw/ates fait pour, repaflcr fare- 


JEfcrivc«moi*quelquc fois. Pourquoi avcat 
«ou8 tant tard6 a me donncr de vos nouvcU 
4ea? Vous n'auriez pas eu^c faux rapports. 
Ic fcais.cepcndant qu'on a du bicn vous par- 
tier du Corps IcgilBatif ct da dircQoire £b&- 

^ bteDfaifance «c la Rcptkblique Fran- 
^aite^ fa politique ct'particuliercmcnt Ic dc- 
fir qu'cllc aura dc pcrpetuer I'amitic avec 
vQtre Scrcar^ cr dc confolidcr la bonne har- 
monic qui a toujours cxiftc cntre vous et les 
Fran^ais^ la dctermincront a cnvoyer dcs 
Ibrjccs dans llnde. 

Quand vous m^ccrivct, irou« pourrez join- 
4drc a vos Icttrcs unc traduQion en langue 
Franfaife^ gn Anglaifc^ ou Portugaifcn 

Je fttisle ptuszclc ct Ic plus ardent dc vos 

. {SignO MALARTIC. , 

A.crupCopjr^Ct MACAULAY, Secretary. 

account of thcfc articles under my fignature^ 
has bceo delivcied to your AmbaflTadots. 

t conclude my letter by re^tclling you to 
ptace confidence in mc, and la every thing 
that I ihall write co yoti^ 

Believe not fo readily thofe lrfa» dctetv« 

Endeavour l>y every meani in ydut IM^WM 
ta point out to the Marattahs theit ttte lft» 
tercfts, by fatisfyin^ them, that yoM^taitt 
arc in reality theirs. 

Write to alllhe J^finces of ttin^oftan linj 
^o all the Nabobs of Bengal, tell them that 
your enemies are alfo theirs, Mi ihdt ihiHmi 
is^^me to rid your/elves -of y$uf <mmntmirijf^ 

Make facrificcs of yoirr moftey, paiy yotkf 
army well ; a!i4 give money to the Marfat^ 

Of what ufc to yoii is money ? A great re- 
putation is fuperior to every thing. 

Your courage and the refources of yottr 
genius arc known to me, both will every 
where attend the Son oF^thc Great Hyder 
AHy. Khan, you are deftined to furpafs even 
his fame. 

Write to me fometimes; why have you 
delayed fo long to give me an account of 
yourfclf ; you cannot -have rrcccived falfc re*- 
ports. I know however that much has been 
faid to you of the Legiflative Body and the 
Executive Diredory ol France. 

Tbi beneficence of the French Repuhlie^ ifj 
Pelicy, andpmicukrly its depre to perpituate 

Jriendjhip wtthyour Government, and to confirm 
the Harmony wbicb bas iver fubjified between 

you ^and the Brtneh^ will induce it to /end 3.'roops 
to India. 

When you write to me, you may add 16 
your letters a tranflation in French, in En- 
glilh. or in Fortuguefc. 

I ^m your moft zealous and moft attached 

^'^^*"' (Signed) MALARTIC. 

A T«e Tranflation, p. G. KEBLE; 

French Tranflatoc* 





MarUu. Tarif de b Soldc 4<^s.0fficiers. 
de Marine de toui grades qui 
pa (Tent au Service da . Nabab 
Tippoo Sultan* 

Sefignation da Grade* Selde payable parr 

mois independent-* 
ment do traitement- 

A un Gapitaine de Vaiffciaux et 

Cap. de Port, «... moo R9r 
A Cbaque Lieutenant deVaJfieatH 500 
A Chaqvie Enleigpe de Vaifle^u^ 300 
Au Maitre du Port^ • . . i^^o- 
Au Charpeatter Conftru£keur» soo 

Nous General en Chef, Gouvemeur Ge** 
neral des Ifles de France et de la Reunion^ . 
et Cooimgndaat General, des eftablrffem.^na 
Francais a TJEft du Capde bonne j£iper^nce» , 
avons arrete et arretons k prefent Tarif de 
ta Solde desOfficiers de Marine de tptu^ 
grade.^ poup etre ci^Iiii execute en fpn entier« 

Fait au Port Nbrd ooeft de Mte de France 
le loYentore Tan fix dela Republique Fran-^ 
^oife, une et indivifible. 


ATrue Copy, C. MAC AULA Y, Sec. 




Statement of the pay of the.^&r 
ficers of the marine of . all rMk9» . 
vho 9Rtec into the Teryice of (he 
Nabob Tippoo Suhaun. 

Drftinfiioa o£« ranlu. Pay per nioiitli^iii^^ 

pendently of the .ef- 
tablifhtnent fixed by 

Tb a CaptaWoftf Ibipior Gap«atii 

oftheport^ . sooo Rw 

To each Lieutenant of a (hipi 500 
To each Enfign of a (hip, - 3^0 
To the Mafter of the port, «* 'ago 
To the Ship Builcler,/ - 200 

We the General in Chief, Governor ^e*» 
neral of the Iflei of fVance and df -La ke« 
uoipni. and Commander in Chief of Ae 
French e^abUfhments to the oaftward of the 
Cape of Good Hope, have determined, a^d 
do hereby determine^ the prefent rates of the 
pay of the officers of the marine of all raida». 
to be obferved in all refpeS;f. 

Done at Port North Weft in the Hie of . 
Irancethe 7th March X798,'in the 6ih year 
of the French Republic, one and uifiytfibie^ 
(Signed} MALARTIC* 

A True Tranflation^ G. G. KEBLF, 

r Fnneh TMntat^r*- 





Eut 4es Officitrs tx Maitres^^ 
paflent ai; Service ^ Nai>air« 
Tippoo $ttU^. 

LEtlRS^ N0M9. 

Pierre Paul Du Buc, 

LBVR aaADis*. 
feaux • 

Charlemagne Marc de 
la Rabionaire, 
Jacques fiarthe, 
Pierre FHletaz, 

|acq^8 buaemaine, 
Miizbel LeI6e, De ('Orient, MaitPe 4e Bori. 


Lieutenants De 




Cokmk JMol the ofEcea and maften 
vho enter into the ferviee oC 
tiiejNahqb^ Tippoo SttluuQ. 

T^Era HAUM. T<CEIR aAlfK^ ^ 

Pier/e Pad Du Bue^ Captaiq. 

-Charlemagne Mare de la Ra«*^ 

binaire, ^Lieutesants. 


Jacques Rohi^rt^ 
rierre Filletaz, 
Piepre fetfe, 

iacQues Dudemain, 
licliel JLdee» of L'OriiBl^t ^Mafter of the 




JabqtiiesMttlef« PeBour-i Charpentiei Con^ 
deauxt i ftru£^tur. 

Ccrtifie veritable par nous-- Gouvemeor 
General des Ifles de Franoe ec de Ur Reuni-^ 
bn, au Port Nord oueft le 17 Vintofe Fan & 
de la Republique Francaifetine et indivi^!^ 

X^gui) MALARTia 

A True Copy, O. MACAULAY, Secv 

jfacqaesMullcttoTBourdeauxi Ship Builder. 

Certified as true bjr ns^ Governor GeneraJ 
of the Ittes of France^ and La Re^union^ ai 
Port North Weft; the 7ih of March 179*/ 
The 6th year of (be French Republic. 

(Signed) MALARTia 

A True Copy^ G. G. KEBLE, 

French Tranflator. 


Tariff delii Soide dca Volontaire&« 
dt tou$ gradeit mi paffent au Ser- 
.▼ice du Nabab Tippoo -Sultan.- 

BefigSAtion^'du Giado; Solde' payable par> 

Hioi$ auie Volon-^^ 
taf res^ independe^ 
ttient de Vivrca- 
(^i doivent leuir ' 
etre fourni. 

Au* Chef deftrigadej Commandant^ 2000 
A Chaque Chef de Legion. - - i8oa 
A Chaque Chef de Bataillon, - 1 500^ 
A Chaque C^ftaified'Infanterie - 

etCavalerie, .----• 500* 
ACbaque Lieotemmt^ ct Sous^ 

Lieutenant^ * - - - - - j^t^ 
Au Prtrte DrapeaiH ----- €0 
A Chaque Sergent Major^ et Sergeot^ ^(y 
A Chaque Caporal^ - ^ . « • 40. 
A Ghaque Fufilier V6lontaire» ou ' 

Cavalier, •--•-•- so 
. A Chaque TambouTi - - * >. »l* 
.A Chaque Cbirurgien/ • . * • ^o^- 

Nous General en Chef, tSouverrieur Ge* 
neral des Etabliffemens Francois aTEIldU'^ 
Cap de Bonne Efperance, avdils anretc et 
artetoRS^ kqprefent Tarif de la Solde des Vo^^ 
lontairea dto tous grades^lpour-cehii<€3te€ali 

Fait au IPort Nord Oueft de ri!ler dir 
France, le 17 Ventofe l*an 6 de la Repub* 
Kque Fran^ife uoe et indlviliblc^. 

{Signe) MALARTIC^ 

A true Copy, C. MACAULAY, SE<h 

No. 17.. 


Rates of the pay of the volunteers 

of all ranks who enter into the fer- 

^ vice of the Nabob Tippoo Sultaua* 


Pay per month of the 
vdufiteersi— indepen- 
dent of'provifions, 
which are to be fur* 
nifhed them."^ 




500 * 



To the Chief 6( Brigadies cdtnteand- 

ing, . . • • - Rs. 
To each Chief of a LegioA, 
To each Chief of a Battalion, 
To each Captain of Infantry and C a 
* valry, - - . - 

To each Lieutenant ttndSub-Lfeme- 

nan% ... 

To the Bearer of the Colours, 
To each Serjeant Major and Serjeant 
To eack CorporaV, 

To each Private of Infaiitry and Cavalry, 20 

To each Drummer* < • « 2 

To each Surgeon^ - * 500 

We the General iir Chief, Governor Ge- 
irefil of the* Ifles of France, and of La Re« 
unioiv and Commander in Chief of the 
Frendi eftabliflimems eaift of the Cape Of 
Good Hope, have dtetermifred> and do hereby ^ 
determine^ the pfefem r^tes df the pay of vo-- 
luQteers oF att ranks^ to be obftrved in all* 

bone at Port NorthWeft, intljie Ifle of 

Fraiicej^tht 7tb Aftir^^ i798,in the 6th year 

of the r^ehcb Republic, one and indivifible. 

(Siffiidi MALARTIC. 

( A TrueTranfiatioDi) O. G. KEBLE, 

French Tranflator.' 

No. 17* 




Kb. l6. 

he Capitate da Vaifeaux de la Repnilifue 

: Prdngaife tlommandant la Pre gate La 

Preneufe^ en rade de Mangalor, U 5 

Floreal^ au Sonverain Prince Tippool en 

fon Palais a Sberin^apatm. 

SouVERAiN Pacha, ' ' 

Expedie dc Tlfle de France, par rAmtral 
Sercey, Commandant les forces maritimes Ac 
la Republiquc Franfaife detaches dans 1e' 
mers dc I'lnde potir rapporter en un dc vos 
ports (V05 AmbafTadeurs Aflem Ali Can,, ec 
Mahomed Ibrahim, que vous aviez expedics 
par )e Citoien Rtpoux, aupres du Gous^eroe- 
ment -de I'Ifle tk France; JVi I'bonneur de 
vous annoDcer mon arrivce en ce jour, 5 flo- 
real, fur votre Rade de Mangalor, ainfy que 
vos Amba'flTadeurs ^ les Fran^ais que vous 
a expedie le General Malartic, fous les Or* 
dres de Monfieur Ic Commandant Chapuy 
pour la Terre& Mr. Dubuc Commandant la 
ner^ rendus fur vos Etats. 

Je me feliciteray d'avantage d*avoir iit 
cho'ifi pour remplir.cet^ miflion honorable, C, 
rapproche du mauvais temps fur vos Cotes ne 
devenoit' yne raifon de fi\*tn .eloigner ' de 
fuite,,& s'il m'eut et^pofliblc dc me rendrc 
aiipres de vdtre M^ijellc; raflurer moi-memc 
de mon r.efped 8c devQuement* 

Je charge de vous le temoigner & en nie- 
me temps mes vifs regrets de mon depart fi 
prompt, Aflem-Ali-Can, qui fe rend aupres 
de Son Souverain lui rendra coroptc dc £9 

Avec autant dc jufiice que dc pl»fir, jiP 
fuoe a votre Majeft^ que vos deux Ambafla* ' 
dcurs pendant 50 jours, qu'ils ont €ik i moa 
bord, fe font conftammenc fait diftinguea par 
toutes les .qualites Sc vcrtus du Caradere done 
vous les aviez revctus, & que leur debarque* 
ment de mon bord,' ^infy que leur depart de . 
rifle dc France caufcnt des regrets aux a* 
mis, que leur conduite cxemptc du plus Icger 
reprocbe, levif a fak en Tun & I'autrc en- 
droit, & je ne peux vous fouhaiter rien ide 
plus heureux qu'un grand, nombre de Sujets 
auffi,fideles 6c attaches gu'eux* 


No: 16. 

The Captain in the Nav^ of the Frenc% 

PepublUi-^mmanding the Prgate la 

Preneufe^ in the R^ads 4>f Mangabrd^^ 

to the Sovereign Prince ^ippoo^ inJ^ii^ 

Palace at) Heri^apatam, the 25/^^ A-^ 

pril, 1798. 


Having been difp^tched from the Ifle c^ 
France^ by Admiral Sercey, commaoder of 
the naval forces of ^hic French Repul)Iic, on 
fi^rvice in the Indian feas, to bring |>ack to 
one of your ports your ambaffadors, Aflen- 
Ally Khan and Mahomed Ibrahim, vhom 
you had deputed by Citizen RipQUx,tothe; 
Gove/iiniemofihe Ifle oT France,! hdv^ the 
honor to announce to you my arrival this 
day the 25th of April, in the jroads .of Man-- 
ga^lore, witb j^Qur . ambaflTadors iRfd the 
Frenchmen whom General Malartic has feik 
to you under the orders of M. Chapuy, com* 
xnanding the land, and M. Dubuc, ponn|maiv4« 
ing the naval forces. 

I ;ihouId felicitate myfdf the mofic onhav^ . 
ing been fele£led for tbishonburable com«- 
mvffion, did. not the approach of the ftorm/ 
feafon oblige jne to haften my departuiiir^ 
and deprive me of the honour of prefenting 
to you in perfon the aflvcaA<cc^pf jnnijy refp4$^ 
apd attachmciic. 

I have reqpefted Aflen-Ally-Klian who U 
about to approach bis Sovereign with an te« 
count of his embafly, to exprefs to you my 
zeal for your fervice, and at the fame tin^c 
the lively regret ¥rhich I jeel at being obli^« 
tA fo foon to de|iar|t. 

With as much jufttce as pleafure 1 can 
aflure your Majefty, that your ambaflador# 
during the fifty, days they Ikave been on 
.boacd my Aip, l»ye rendered themfelvea 
confpicuous for all the good qualities and - 
virtues required in the ftation ivith which you 
have inveited tlfem^ and that their quittin(( 
my .fliif), as well as their depariup from the . 
Ifle of France, has been the caufe of regret 
to thofe friends whom their irreproachable ^ 
condud has gained them ; nor can I wifli you 
greater happmefs than to pofiefs many fub- 
jeds as faithful and as much attaphed to yoa 




Jaloux de voot marquer moo Zele i voos 
fbnrir & de vous procurer un moyen de cor* 
refpondre, avanc le mouflbn prochaio, avec 
mon Gouvernemeot, j'ai Thonnear de voui 
|irevenir» que fous quinze a dtxhuic jours au 
plus tard» je pourrai remouiller » Mangalor 
Sc de la repartir pcutctre pour Tlfle de 
France; vous poufez pour cette Epoque 
m'hotiorec de voire reponfe Sc de yos ordres» 

Comtne it me feroit poffiBIe, & avantageux^ 
i rifle de France de lui reporter cent cin- 
quante i deux cent Tonneaux de ris en. 
facs en ro'y rcndant ; J'ai I'honneur de vou»' 
en faire la demande*. 

Jc renaeiirai Te rccu de ce que j'aurai em!»- 
barque a votre Gouvernetnent de Mangalor^^ 
1 qui volis voudrez bien donner Tordre de 
men faire la reroifcs^. fi toutes fois ccia e(ti 

Mon fe^u deviendrait tine dctte que con*- 
tradera cnvers yous» mon Gouvernement, Sc. 
dout il f 'acquittera felon \cf$ defirs Sc a vor 

Comme j'ai deja eu l^onneur de vou»'. 
Pobfcrvcr, & comme vous Ic fcavez fans dou— 
tc» pafTer guinze a vingc jours ou plus tard 
votre Cote n'cft plus praticable, je vous offre 
raes.^ (ex vices. & vous fais ma demande pour 
ceite epoque^. gaflc laquelTe, malgre moi je. 
(erai^contcauu dc quitter Man^lor, avec le. 
regret de ne pouvoir vxnis redcvenir utile 
auj^res de mon Gouvemement & fans pou- 
voir lui reporter dfc vt>s nouveMcs,. cc qui 
pourroit vous etrc aVantageux, ainff^ qa'au;^ 
Gene^ux Malartic Sc Sercey, jaloux de vous 
eire utiles.. ' 

Au-rcfte comptez ftir mon zele & ma bon* 
D« volome a vous fcrvir Sc agrecravec les 
fenttmencs. de ma haute Confideration & de 
mon attachemenc fans bornes a vos^Interets^ 
Us voeux ardents que /addrefle au ciel pour 
le Triomphe de vos armes Sc la fplerideur de. 
Votre Gouvemement. 

Jai I'honneur d'etre avec un dcyoactacnt . 
fans bornes de votre Majeftc, 

Le plus attache & zele ferviteur, 

fSigne) L'HERMITE. 
' Capitaine de Vaifleau, Comiuandant la 

A True Copy, C. MACAULAYv Sec* 

No. 17. 

Anxious to evince my seal to ferve you, 
and to procure you the means of correfpon* 
ding with my government before the ap« 
proaching 'monfoon» E Have t&e honour to^. 
acquaint you that in fifceen or eighteen days 
atfurtheftg I may poflibly tou<3 again at 
Mangalore^ and from thence perhaps fail for 
the lue of Frande, you^ight by. that period ^ 
honour me withyour anfwer, and your com- 

As it would be advantageous to the lOe of* 
France^ and convenient to me^.to carry thi« 
theron my return, from 150 to 200 tons 6t 
rice in bags, I have the honour to make a 
demand for the fame. 

r will deliver the receipt for whatever 
quantity I may Ihip, at your government of 
Mangalore^to whomfoevcf you may pleafe to ' 
order to make over to me the quantity re- 
quired, if th^t be polfible. 

What I receive, will become a debt^ due 
by my government to you> of which they- 
will acqaic tbemfelves in any mode you may 
think proper. 

As I have already badtbt honor to ohfervi to 
jw,, and as you without doubt inow^ that i« 15 , 
or 80 days at the furtbeft^ your coaft will na kn^ 
gfr be /afe\ I offer my fervices and confine my 
requefi to that periods/or when it is pajfed^ I 
fiall be under the abjolute necejftty of quitting 
Mangalore^ with the regret of no longer hav^ 
ing it in my power to be Jerviceable to you with' 
my government s and without being able to givo 
them any intelligence from you which could prove 
advantageous fo you^ as uell as to Centrals^ 
Malart'tc andSercey, who are anxious to ferve 

As for the reft, rely on my seal and good 
wifhes for your fervices, and accept wiih the 
fentimenls of my lively refpe£t a^d attach* 
ment to your imercfts, the ardent prayers 
which I addrefs to heaven for the triumph of 
your arms and tlie fplendour of your govern*' 

I have the honour to be with a devotion 
which knows no bounds, 

Your Majefty's mod attached and zealous 

(Signed) L'HERMITE, 

Captain in the Navy, Commanding the 

A True Traction, G. G. ICEBLE, 

French Tranflator» 
No. ij. 


rlS^ffeKS^tM. tl*EMRE^«<Jlt; L\Ndl7AGm 

v^i du GofiV^nemefit F^^nfoisaupu^ 

JE m'emprcffe' d'annon€er STotrc Majdle 
njon. arrivec dans vos £tais» ainfy cjuc cclle 

. des.officiers^^ Volantaires .Fcanjois, que Ic. 

. Gouverneiir General Matartic vqus envoye^ 
dont vau$ trpuveres cy-joinLlc Controle ex«^ 

Vqtre Majcftcy vcrra dans le Noraibre de« 

-Volontaires une Vingtaine de Soldats de Cou* 

Iciir de dHFerentcs nations .^,Caftes, dont la 

- majeure partie pourra etre employes avec fuc- 

cecs, dans Ic Service de rAnillcrie., 

Elle y verra un Chef de Legion, qui a toos 
. les Talens, militaires propres a remplir avec , 
diftin6tion la place de Commandant des trou- 
pes : ainfy que deux officicrs d' Af UUcric do^t 
j'efperc qu'elle Teraiatirfaitc. 

J'ofe me .flatter que vdtre Majeft^: rhcttKa 
a meme tous lesiMilitaires, que le Gbuvcrnc- 
irientOJ^ran^aifeluj envoye, et lui enyerra, de 
lui prouver, qu'ils ne metiront jamais dc dif- 
ference cntre le Service d'un PrincCj^ dont 
noils cheriffons et appreiSons fi ;bien TaUi-^ 
^ ance, & pelui do leUr Pairie, 

J'ai rhonneur d'informer yotre M,ajeft6, 
^.que j'ai trouve ici a peu pres. tou« les SecQura . 
^ que je poiivois defirer poyr ma jtroupe* 

Le Zele& raSivite quele Commandant de « 
Klangalore a mis, tant pour.Ie dibarquement 
-.que pour«6ire reception, doit me convatncre 
des foins qu'il a donnes a tout ce qui a rap^ 
port a nc^us. 

Je ne pourrois rien ajouter aux Elogcs auf- 

fi juftes que meritees que I e General Malar- 

tic fait a votre Majefte de vos Ambaffadeurs 

Affen Ally Kan & Mehcmet Ibi^hinrii [ear 

.conduite diftingue, fous tous I^ rapports, tant 

a Llfle de France, que pen^^nt la Trover fee, 

& particulierement pendant le Combat que 

jious avons e(] en rad^ de Cakchery avec 

..deux Vaiflaux Anglois^ montantes cinquante 

.deux Canons, portants les ofBciers d'un Kegi- 

^ent^ VLii batailioQ de Sepayesj & deux 


''l!^'t'tmmand€r In, Chiefs t^fstheiT^^ 
fmt^tp^4be^Eren€h O&^rnment to the. 


.4 1 baft en t^ announce to ^our MajeiHy my 

-arrival in your kingdom,' and that of tbe 

French officers and volunteers fent to ypu by. 

.the Governor General Malartic, c>f >vbofD^ 

;^ouwtllfind the mufter FoU annexed. 

Your Majefty will obferve Aat among the 

-volunteer* there are about* twenty foldters of 

colour, of different nations and cafts, the. 

greater part of whom may Jbe employed with 

advantage in the artillery. 

You will there obferve' the Chief of a le- 
gion, poffcifing every military qualification, 
for filling with, diftindion the (tationvof Com^ 
msinder in Chief^^and two officers of ^riilltry^ 
^with whom I faopeyouwill be Satisfied. 

Iflaitermyfdf that your^Majefty -will af^ 
^foird an opportunity to the military which the 

French government already bas^^ent, and 
-niay hereafter fend you, ' of Ih^wing that they 

never will make any diftihftion between the 
'Te>vice of .a Prince whofe alliance we fa 
.1)ighly efteem and. appreciate^ ^nd the fervlce 
-of iheircouniry. 

1 have tbt bonprto Uffifm^your Majefl^f 
fbaf I bave found ben almoft^^Ul tbc^Jifi^nce 
vbicb I could 4^ri:fot>-mjt}iropfi$j ^ 

Tbe zeal and aSfivity Jbewn by ibe'C6m^0n^' 
.dont of Mangalore in tbt idifemiarlMion and 

rueptionof ibe Ircops, bas unmnoed Me of tbe 
;great attentwi wbkbbebas^fMd 4a tvtfy Jbmg 

$bal regarxbdu^. 

-1 'can add 4)e(hlng to the welt delerved 
.commendation which 'General Malartic has 
^xpreffed to youT Majefty, of your Ambaffii* 
^ dors Aflen Ally Khan and Mabomed Ibra- 
him ; their exemplary condu£t on every oc- 
•calion, At the Ifle of France, on the paffage^ 
and particularly during the a6tion which we 
bad in Tdjicherry roads v»rirh two Engliffi 
(hips mounting 52 guns, having on board the- 
officeis of a regiment, a battalion of Jcpoys^ 
ami twoilaiuUrd:!^ jiU whi^bwc captured and 





Brapeaux, que nous avons enlevcs & envoyes 
a rifle de France ; ies a fa^itcherir & efiimer . 
comme ils le meritent. 

Fai rhonneur d' exprimcr a voirt Majefle 
Ic deiire extreme que j'atd'aller lui prefenier' 
mes hommage & lui faircpartde tous ies de- 
tails qui ont rapport a la Miflion dont le Gou* 
vernemenc Fran^^ois m'a charge; & failirai 
toutes its occafions propres a paouver il^ ydtre 
Majefte, que vo$ interets, voire Gloire & 
celle de ma Nation ne feront deforinais qu ui> 

Je p^ vdtre Majeft^ de me mcttre a^ 
meme de me rendre le plutot poffible aupres 
4-£Ue & de donner des ordres ppur que 
le Detadiement^ ainfi que tous ies Effets qui 
font confiderableS) le fuivent &4fie le retard- • 
ent pas. 

Nous efpirons le General Dubnc & Moi^ 
d'^vancer leD^tachement qui reilera aux or^- > 
dres du Chef de Legion Dumoulin« 

Jai rhonneur d'etre refpeaueufemc/it, . 
SoDVERAiK Pacha, 
Votre tres humble & tres obeiflant Serviteur, » 
(Sigxi} CHAPPUIS, , 
Le Commandant General^ Envoye du Gou- . 
vernement Franfois* 

ATrucCopyj^'SigWi/; C.MAGAULAY, , 

Steictary.^ . 

difpatched to the Ifle of France; has merit-^ 
ed our general efteem. 

I have the honour to exprcfs to your Ma* 
jefty, the extreme defire which I feel to 
prefentmy homage to you in perfon, and' 
to communicate all the details relpeQing the 
miffion v^ith which the French government 
has entrufted me; and alfo to afTure you, that 
I (hall feize every opportunity of proving to 
you, that your ititcrcfts and your glory (ball 
henceforth be confidered by me^ as united- 
with thofe of my country. 

I requeft your Majefty will 'enable me to*' 
proceed to your Prefchcc as foon as poffible, 
and iflue your orders that the detachment 
with the baggage which is confiderable, may 
follow without delay. 

Genera) Dubuc and tityfelf^hope to prc*^ 
cede the detachment, which will be left un- 
der the orders of Dumoulin, the Chief of 
a Legion^ 

1 have the honour to be re{pe£lfu]iy» 
SovERBiGK Pacha, 

Your moft obedient and 
^ moft humble Servant, 

(Signed) CHAPUIS. 
The Commander in Chief, 
fent by the French Government. 

A True Tranflation, G. G. KEBLE, 

French Tranflator. 

No. 18; 

No. 18^ 

Z^ Capitaine des Vitijpsaux de Guerre ie 
la RepuMiqut Franqaife^ line & In4u 
vifible^ Envoye comme Commandant Ge* 
neral des Forces Navales^ Par le Gou^ , 
vernement, auprh du Souverain Pacha 
TJppoo It Vi£ion'eux. 

Souvkrain Pacha, 

JE me joins au General Chappuis, pour 
annoncer a votreiMajefte mort arrivie avec 
xnesOScicrs envoyes p^r Ies Gcneraux Ma- 


The Captain of the Ships of War of the 
French Republic^ one and indivtJi'Je, 
appointed by the Government to the ch'uf 
command of the Naval Force aSling un^ 
der the ^vereign Pacha Tippoo Suttaun^ 
the Vidbriou^. 

Sovereign Pacha, 

I unite with General Chappuis in appriz* 
ing yoiir. Majclly of my arrival, and of that 
of my officers- di4>atched by Generals Mal^r^ 








lartic and Sercey pour feryir (bos vous Or- 

II ne nous refte inaintenant d'autre defir 
que de prouver a votre Majeftc le Zcle, & 
la fidelite, que nous mettrons en toute Cir- 
conftance, i ce qui pourra contribuer a voire 
Cloire,. & au Succes de vos armes. 

La Republique Fran^aifei alliee depuis 
tongtems a voire augufte pere/ a regue votre 
Ambaffade a I'Ifle de France, de mani6re a 
vous convaincre que les Interefts refpeAiFs 
de* nos deux Nations ne feront qu'un ; nous 
fommes envoyes parelle auprcs de votre Ma- 
jeftc pour confolider, & renoureller, Thar- 
monie, & la bonne amitie qui a deformais 
regner entre vous et les Fraa^ai^. 

II eft urgent, que votre Majeftc donne des 
Ordres pour que nous puiffions arrivcr au- 
prcs d'elie Ic plutot pofliWe» avec nos Ba- 
gages, le Temps devient touts- ics jours pre- 
icieux & la mauvaife faifon qui s'avance, 
pourrait retarder notre mifliou aupres de 

je metsinclus TEtat des Officiers, je penfe- 
qu'il feroit plus, i propos de les laifler a 
Mangalor attendre vos or-dres, jufqu'a ce que 
▼ous ay6z decide les mouvements de la ma« 
line, d apr6s les^ rapports que j'aurai Tbonr 
Bcur de vous faire fur la fituation de la Cote 
&du Port de Mangelor ; alors je me rendrai 
avec le Major de la Marine, aupr6s de votre 
Majeftc, Sc vous dohneriez des ordres au 
Gouverneur de Mangaior, pour qu'on leur 
donnat tout ce qui leur feroit neceffaircs 
jufque vos ordres ulterieurs. 

J'ai aulS un Maitre de Port & un Cbntrac- 
teur, qui tous les deux ont eg^lement des 
Talents dans leur parties ily a de plus aufty 
un Maitre Charpentier & un Afpirant de 
iparine, Jcune OfBcier. 

Avant dc fermer roa I^ettres je ne puis 
m'ennpecher de vous faire I'Eloge* de vos 
deux Ambaflkdeurs Affen Ally Kan, & Me- 
hotnet Ibrahim, il eft impoffible de mreux 
rcmplir leur miffionj qu'ils ne I'ont fait, heu- 
reux 'font les Souverains qui ont beaacoup 
de Sujets auCTi zelcs & auffi. 6delles : je me 
plais a leur rendre la j'uftice qu'ils meritent, 
& votre Mjyeftfe apprendra par le General 
Chappuis i& moy tout ce qu'ils ont fait, au- 
pres>cies Ceneraus de la Republique Fran^ 


tic and Sercey to ferve under your orders. 

We have no wifti but to convince your 

Majefty of the zeal and fidelity with whicb 

. we (hall a6k in every fervnce which can con« 

tribute 16 your glory and to the fucceft of 

your arms. 

7bi French Republic^ the ancient Ally of your 
augujf Faiber, has received ycur Emheffy to the 
Ifle of France^ in a manner which cannot fail ta 
convince you that the refpeStive interefts of the 
two nations will be confidered as one; andznf 
are efpecially deputed to your Mojefty^ for the 
purpofe of renewing UndconfoliiaUng tbatfriend' 
Jbip and harmony wpich has bitberto- reigned 
between you and the French. 

The near, approach of the rainy feafon 
renders it neceffary that your Majefty Ihould 
give orders for our journey to your PrefenCe 
with our baggage as fpeedily as poflible, thai 
we may incur no rifk.of delay in our miffion^. 

r enclofc a return of the officers under my 
command ; it feems advifable that they (hould 
remain at Mangalore until your naval. efta- 
blilhment {hall be fixed by the report which 
I (hall have the honour to fubmit to you, 
with regard to the fituation of the coaft and 
har&our of Mangalore, and in the mean time 
you fliould iffue orders to the Governor of 
that place, to fupply them with every thing 
neceflaryi until your final pleafure (hall be: 

I have brought a port maftjsr and a (hipr 
builder, both well qualified for their refpec^ 
tive departments^ I have alfo with me a. 
mafter oarpenter, and a marine cadet. 

I cannot conclude my letter without pay- 
ing a tribute of praife to your ambafiadors, 
Hu(Tein Ally Khan and Mahomed Ibrahim ; 
their duty could not have been more faith- 
fully difcharged; the Prince may be deemed' 
happy who has fuch zealous and faithful fub- 
jeQs. I feel a particular pleafure in render^- 
ing thisjuftice totheir merit; with General 
Chappuis I fiiall relate more particularly to 
your Majefty; their exertions in foliciting ihe 
Generals of the French Republic at the l^^ 





^aifr a rifle dc France, pour vos Intcrets & 
voire Gloire* 

J'aiThonneur d'etre ires rerpefkueufementi 
, Souverain. Pacha, 

Votre Tres bumble & Trcs 

T Obeiffant Serviteur, 

(SigniJ DUBUC, Capitaine desVaiffeaux 

de Guerre de la Republique 

Frangaife, Une & Indivifible, 

Comdt. les Forces' Navales. 

A Mangalor^li 28 Aprils ^798. 

of France for your glory and interefts. . 

I have the honor to be very refpeafully. 
Sovereign Pacha,. 
Your mod obedient bumble fervant, 
(Signed) PUBUC, Captain of the Ships 
of War of the French Re- 
public, one and indivifible, 
and commanding the Naval 
Mangakre^ the sS/^ ^ih ^79^^* 

Etdt des Officiers de la Marine de la Re^ 
publique trangaife^ Une & Indivifible^ 
Envoyes par les Gineraux Malartic Gf 
Sercey, au Service de Souverain Pacha 
lipoo. - J 

Ms. Ms. Dubuc, Capitaine des Vaif- 

feaux de Gurtre de la Republique Fran9aife 

Uhe & Indivifibe^ Commandant les Forces 



Lieuts. des VailTcaux de la 

Ms. Ms* 

St. Genes, 


l.a Rabinais, 

Ms. Ms. ' 

JE^illetas, .^ Faifant TonQions de Major 4e 

V la Marine. 
Petit, j Enfignes des Vaiffeaux de la 

Dudemaine, •< Republique. 
iielee, 11 Maitrc DireQcur des Tra. 

vaux du Port. 
Merlet, I Conftrufteur des Vailfeaiux 

r Charpentier. 
JSelSere. ( Afpirant de la marine, Jeune * 
'} Officicr. 
Francois Robert, Charpentier. 
Onze Terfonnes, attaches a U Marine, 
j1 MangalorCi fc 28 Aprils ^798. 

Major de la Marine. 

Vu par nous Capitdne des Vaifleaux de 
Cuerre de la Repuolique Fran^aife, Une & 
indiviGble, Commandant les Forces Navales. 

(Signi) DUBUC. 

A True Copy, C. MACAU LAY, J^cr^tery. 

No. 19. 

Return of the Naval Officers of the French 

Republic^ oru and indrvifiile, Jent by 

Generals Malartic and Scrcey, for the 

fervice of the Sovereign Prince TippoQ» 


M. M. Dubuc, Captain of the Ships of 
War of the French Republic, and Command- 
ing the Naval Force. 

M. M. 
St. Genes, 

La Rabinaisj 
M. M. 






S Lieuts. in the French Navy.- 


JA&in^ Marine Major. 
MidQiipmen in the Fn 



Matter DireQor of the works 

of the Port. 
Ship-^builder & Carpenter. 
Marine Cadet. 

Francois Robert, Carpenter. 
Ele.ven perfons, attached to the Marine. 
Mangdlore, the 2Bfb Jpril, 1798. 

(Signed) FILLIETAZ. 
Major of Marine. 

Attefted by me, Captain of the Ships of 
War of the French Republic, one and indivi- 
fible, and commanding the Naval Force. 

(Signed) DUBUC. 

(A True Tranflaiion^ G. G. KEBLE, 

French Tranflator. 

No. 19* 

■^^ —MMh^' m 1 BiiM^^h^ji, ^A 

.^ — — 

t . 

\\ . 




No. 19. 

^"^ Demander faites au GSniraux Francois ^ 
paries Oitfs du Sefcar. P^ur Copie. 


NOUS voui prions de nous dire fi les Ge- 
neraux Malartic & Serfai vous ont envoyes 
aupres <lu Pacha, comme Ambafladeurs de 
leur part, le facbant, vous ferez introduita 

. felon votre Caraftere ; Sc nos Coutumes. 


Nous vous prions^ audi de nous dire/ fi ks 

.-Generaux iMalarttc & Scrfety, vous ont en- 

vo)^s pouf fcrvir Ic Padcba, vous ferez reju 

comme des Grand homnaes a noire coutume. 


Nous vous prions de meme de nous dire, 

^fi vous ayez plein pouvoir pour tout ce qui 

fe fera avec vous au Dorbart ^t en meme 

terns fervir Ic Padcha^vous ferea^ re^u comme 

des Grand hommes a notre coutume. 

Ju iiamp du Padcha a 0,0^ yuin 1798, vteux Stile* 

A True Copy, C- MAC AULA Y, S^c. 

No^ 19. 

Copy of the ^eftiom pftt to the FcfM 
Generals^ by tbe Chkfs of the Sircar. 


JFe requejfyou to Inform usy ffiheG^irats Malar^ 

ttcyand Serceyi kavifent youtd the Pacha y as Amhajfa^m 

.dors from them \ when we are informed on ihis pointy 

youjhallbe introduced according to j^ur dignity and 

Mur cujioms* 

*- 2.> 

PTe requiji you alfo to inform usj if the GeHerab 
Malarticj and Sercejy havefertt you tojerve thi Pacba^ foatl he received as' nun of ^inSion according 
to our cuftoms. 

We requeft you ^Ifo to inform usy sffduhave full 

powers to tranfadf hufinefs with the Durbar \ and at 

the fame time to ferve the Pacha 5 you fiall then he 

i^eceived and introduced -as men of.diftiniiion according 

rto our cuJioms% 

.Jn tbs Camp wf the Vacha^ this zotbyune 1798, O. S, 

A True Tranflation. G. G. KEBLE, 
French Tranftator. 

.Lej Ghiraux Francois iCayant rien h 
plus a Coeur^ que de donrur au Sercar 
du Pacha Tippoo SuUaun^ Us renfeig-^ 
nements^ & Cqnnoijftmces^ ^U^il efl en 
leur pouvDir de kit donner fur leur 
^ CaraMer'e & I'objet deleter m-Jfion, ri^ 
pondent a lapremieu quejiion. 

LE Gpuverneur General Malartic, repre- 
fentant la Republique Franjaife dans fon 
Gouveriiement de 1 Ifle de France, nous a 
expedie aupres du Pacha, en qualite .d'En- 
voyes de la Republique ainfi que te Contre 
Admiral Sercey, pour 4es reprifeuter a la 
Courdu Pacha. 

Le Gouverneur General Malartic, Ale 
..Contre Admiral Sercey, nous ont envoye 
pour fervir le Padcha dajis nos grades refpec- 

'Tie French Generals banxmg nofbmg more 
at Jheartf than to give to the Sircar of 
the Pacha^ Tippoo Sultaun:, the Eocpla-- 
nations and Information^ which it is in 
their power to afford as to the dignity 
and the objeEt of their iMiJion^ unfwer to 
the ^ejiion. 


That the Governor Gtne^al Malartic reprefenting 
the French RepubHcj in his Government of the Ifle of 
France^ has difpatched us to the Pacha^ in the quality 
of Envoys from the French Republic^ as has a^ 
Rear Admiral Serfyyto repre/eat them at the Cotert 
of the Pacha. 

The Governor General Malartic^ and Rear Admiral 
Se^cey^ have font us ia ferve the Pacha in arms^ 
according to our reJ^eBi^ve ranks and prof ejjions* 

'^Inthe original thefc qucflions.were .written in the Perfian ' J^anguage, in a ^;ptrate.cQloBio oppofite to tbe Jceitcb, 

■ I >■ < ! I ftl l> ' ^ 




^T^ous avons toute autoritc & pouvoir de 
traiter au nom dc la Republique Fran^aife^ 
ainfi qu au nom des Gencraux qui la rcpre- 
iement a Tlfle de Frafice, & que nous repre- 
fentons ici, tant avec le Pacha, qu,' avec fon 
Dorbar, d' Alliance entrelesdcux nations, qui 
doit fervir de bafe fondamentale, popr toutes 
le& grandes Chofes que nous aurons 4 propo- 
fer & que tous nos iraites gencralement fe- 
ront prefentes a la Convention Nationalc, & 
ratifies par le pouvoir Exccutif a Park, 

Au Camp de Cheringapainam, k ler. 
Thermiddr, Tan Sixi6mi& de la I^epnbliquc 
Franijaife unc & Ihdivifible, repondant au 
,ao. dejuin 1798, vieux Stile. 

Les Gejieraux Fran^ais de la Republique. 


A True Copy, C. MACAU LAY, Sec. 

fFi havifuU.p9Wirand authority in the name of the 
French Republic^ and in the names of the Generalsy 
who reprefent the Republic in the Ijle of France^ to 
tr}at with the Pacboj and with his Durhavy of an 
Jlliance between the euro nations^ which is to ferve as 
Ihe fundamental hafts for aU the great objects which Wi 
may have to propofe; and all our treaties Jhall be prefented 
to the National Convention^ and ratifed by the Execu^ 
five P&wer at Paris* 

Done in the Camp at Seringapata'my \Ji thermidor^ 
in thk 6th year of the French Republic^ one and indivi" 
fsblci correfpondingivith thetothjune^ 1798* A ^• 

The Generals of the French Republic, 

(A True Tninflatioa,) G. G. KEB'LE, 

French Tranflalof% 

No* 110. 

, tarif des AppointmMs des OJfficters de 
Marine. . 

LE Cotntaandant General Dubuc, «ooo 
'Rotipies * par niois dottt il laiffem 500 Rou- 
pie$ au Sercar, qui lui feront payez au re- 
taur, & il rejevra 1500 Roupics par mois. 

Les Lieutenants^ - *• • • ^5^ 
Lcs Enfeignes, ------ 200 

Maitre dc porl, - - - - - - t^o 

Conftruaeur,. ---|---i25 
Charpentier, - - - - - 50 

Jkfplrani Befliere, - - - - 5? ' 

♦ dont Mr. Filletas Ic Major, qui vient avec 
moi en Europe, aura 300 Rupees par mois. 

Arnui k 8, jfuHlei 1798. 

(Signe) DUBUC. * 
Le Commandant Genera!. 

J'acccpte pour le moment-^ 1506 Roupies 
par naois payable d(^ Siiite, avec la promelfe 
du Pacba d^^voir les deax mille a mon retour 


No* 20. 

Rates of Pay /or the Officers of the 
Marine. ^ 

THE Commander in Chief Dubuc, 2000 
rupees ♦ per rabnth, out of Which he wiHleave 
500 rupees, in the hands of the Sircar, to 
be paid him on his return, and he will receives 
1500 rupees per month. 

Lieutenants, - *' • • Rs. tjo 

Midfhipmen, --*-.- 200 

Matter of the Port, - -• - 150 

Builder, - - ' - - - - 125 

Carpenter, - - - * - 50 

^The Marine Cadet Beffiere, - ^ 50 

♦ of which Mr. Filletas, the Major, who 
goes with me to Europe, is to. have 300 ru- 
pees per month. 

Settled the Ztb jufy, 1798. 

(Signed) DUBUC, 
The Commander in Chief 

I accept for the prefent 1500 rupees per 
month, payable immediately, with a promife 
from the Pacha, to fay me 2000, on my return 




d'EurppCj apres avoir retnpli la* miflion dont 
il roe charge. 

h%€ Jmlkt 1798. 
Le Commandant General de la Marine, 
(Signi) DUBUC. 

A True Copy, 


frem Europe^ after having executid the Camm^^ 
Jion with which he charges mt. 

The ith Julj, 1798. 

(Signed) DUBUC, 
The Ccnmander in Chief of the Marine^ 

A True Tranflation, G. G. KEBLE; 

JFrcnch Tranflatior. v 

No. 21. 

J'ai rcfu du Sercar "Coudadad la 
Somme de dtnx mille fept cents 
quatre vifigt une Pagodes Ba^" 
dtr 13 cinq fanons^ comme fuit: 

Pour huit mois dues a Debay, 171 
,Pour fix mois d'avance, - 1:28 | 
FourfixmoisduGenpralDiibuCyipaS 1 fo. 
Pour fix mois pour Filletas, - 385 10 fns. 
Pour un mois de la marine comme fuit: 
Un Lieutenant, 
Un Enfeigne, 
J Maitre de Port, 
J Conftrufteur, 
1 Charpentier, - 





- - 10 11 

Total, Ps. Bader 2781 5 fns. 

Au Camf du Pacha, le a8 Jfuillet, 1798. 
(Signe) DUBUC, 
Le Commandant General de la Marine^ 

Nota Bene, aue fi les Officiers & toule ce 
qui eft attache a la marine, ne rcmplit pas 
exa6tement fes devoirs avec intelligence ils 
feront deftitucs es entoyes. 

Le Commandant peneral de la Marine. 

A True Copy, C. MACAULAY, Sec. . 

No. 21. 

I HAVE received from the Sircar Couda« 
bad, the fum of two thoufand feven hundred 
eighty one Behader pagodas, and five fanami^ 
in (he following manner, that is to fay. 

Eight months due to Debay^ - 171 
Six months in advance, - - - • 1 28 
Six months to General Dubuc^ 1928 
Six months to Filletas, - - - 385 
One month to the Marine, as follows 
One Lieutenant, - . - - 53 
One Midftipman, - ... 42 
One Matter of the port, - - 8^ 
One Builder, - - - . - f6 
One Carpenter, ^ •• ^ . 






Total, Bchadur Pagodas, 2781 5 

In the Camp of the Pacha, th€ aith July 1798. 

Commander in Chief of iht Marine. 

N. B. Every officer or other pcrfon be- 
longing to. the Marine, who fliall not dif. 
charge his duty punftually and with flcill, 
Ihall be-difmilled and fent back. 

(Signed) DUBUC, 
Commander in Chief of the Marine* 
A True Tranflation, G. G. KEBLE, 
French TranQatop*. 

No. 22^ 

Le Sercar Coudadadau DireBoire Executif 
reprefentant la Republi^ue Fran^aife, 
une et indivifible, a Pans. 

AU Nom de Tamitic que le Sercar Cou- 
dads^d et fa Nation vouent a la Republique 


No. 22. 

^&e Sircar Coudadadto the Executive Dip- 
reSiory^ reprvfenting the French Repub^ 
He, one and indivtfible, at Paris. 

In the name of friendfhip which the 
Sircar Coudadad, and the fubje&s of the Sir- 




Fran^oirc, laqucITe amiti^ et alliance dure- 
tont autant que le foleil etla Lune brilleront 
dans le Ciel, ec fcront fi folidcs que les* eye* 
nemens tes plus extraordinaires ne pourront 
jamais la rompre ni la defunir. >' 

Lcs anglois jaloux de la liaiTon et de TamN 
tie qui regnoient depuis long terns entremon 
3ercar et la France, fe font reunis aux Ma- 
rattes, a Nizam AUie Kan, et a mes autres 
ennemis pour me declarer une Guerre auffi 
odieuiequ' injuftequi a durec pluGeurs an- 
nees et dont les refultats ont ete fi funeftes 
pont moi, qu'il m'en a coute^mes plus belles 
provinces, et trois croureaux et trente lacs 
de Roupies. 

La Republique n'ignore certainement auw 
cunes de ces circortftances. malheureufes, et 
combicn j'ai fait d'eflForts pour difputcr pied 
a pied le pays que jv'ai etc oblige de ceder 
a nos Ennemies communs. Je n'aurois pas 
ete force a des facriBces auITi cruels (i j'avois 
etc fecouru par les Francois mes anciens al- ' 4 
iies^ trompes par le projet perfide de Con- 
way Gouverneur General a Pondicherry^ 
trame et ourdl avec Cambel Gouverneur de 
Madras, I'evacuaiion de la place ou il com- 
mandoit. Elle voudlra fans doute en chaf« 
fant les Anglois de leurs riches pofleffiona 
dans rinde^' reparer la faute de fon ancieii 

£tant depuis longtems anime des m^mes 
fentimens, je les ai fait exprimer au Gouver- 
nement de Ifle de France, par I'organe de 
deux Ambaffadeurs, d'ou je viens de rece- 
voir a ma grande falisfaftion, des rcponfes 
telles que je les defirois ainfi que le Drapeau 
^Kepublicain par le Chef de Brigade Chap- 
puis^ et le Capitaine des Vaifleaux Dubuc, 
qui m'ont emmene les foibles fecours que les 
circonftances ont pernris au General Malar- 
tic et au Contre AroiralSerccy de m'expc 
dier en Soldats et Officiersi 

Je garde pres de inoi ce premier OfEcier 
ct vous envoi le fecond en qualite d' Amba^f- 
fadeur pour en vous demaodanr, votre alli- 
ance offenfive ct dcfcnfive, obtenir des for- 
' ces allez impofantes, pour que reunis aux 
.jniennei^. je puiffe attaquer et aDean^Hr a ja-' 
mais nos Ennemis communs en Alie. Jie 
vous rcmeura mon Etendaid qui reiini a cclui 
de la Republique^ fervira de Bafe a raliiance 

• que 

car, vow to the f'rcnch Republic, which 
friendfliip and alliance fliall endure as long as 
the fun and moon fhine in the heavens, and 
vrhich fliall be fo folid, that the moft extraof'- 
dinary events fliall neither break nor difunite 

The Englifti jealous of the conneftion^ amf 
friendfliip which for fo long a time has ftib- 
fiftcd between my Sircar and France, fome 
years ago united againft me with the Mah- 
rattahs, the Nizam Ali Khan, and mv other 
enemies: and declared a war as odious as 
unjuft, which lafted feveral years and of which 
the refult was fo fatal, that it cod me three 
crores and thirty lacs of rupees in money, 
and my fiiieft provinces. 

The Republic is certainly not ignorant of 
anyofthefe unfortunate circumltances, nor 
of the many efforts I made to difpute inch 
by inch, the pofleOion of that country which 
at laft I was obliged to relinquifli to our com* 
mon enemy. I ffiould not have been driven 
to fuch cruel facrifices had I been aided by 
my ancient allies the French; who were de- 
ceived by the perfidious machinations of 
Conway the Governor General of Pondicher- 
ry, who was then plotting with Campbell, the 
Governor of Madras, for tlie evacuation of 
the place commanded by the former. No 
doubt the Republic will now repair the fault 
of their formtr Government, by driving the 
Englifb from their rich pofleflions in India. 

Tbeje fentiments wUb which I baveloni been 
animated^ I have made known to the Govern^ 
ment of the Ifle of France through the organ of 
two Amhajfadors from whom I have had tht 
great fatisfaSion of receiving fuch an anfwer 
as I defired^ together with the Republican Flag 
hy the handi of Chappuis, Chief of a Brigade^ 
and DubuCy a Captain of a Ship^ who aljfa 
brought with them the inconjiderable fuccour of 
Officers and Men with which circumfiances per^ 
mitied General Malartic and Rear Admiral 
. Sercey tojupply me. 

I retain with me the firft ofihtfe Officers and 
fend the fecond to you as my Amhajjadcr^ who 
in reguejiing your alliance offenfive and i>ftnfive^ 
will, Itrujl^ obtain fuch a reinforcement cJ'irot>pj^ 
jS joined to mine, may enable me to attack and 
annihilate for ever our common Enemies in Afia» 

I fend you my (landard,. which, united 
with that of the Republic, will ferve ;xs.,a 
bafis for the alliance into which our refpec- 




que nos deux Naiions vont contra £lcr,. ainfi 
que les Mandats particuJiers que je le charge 
de vous communiquer. 

Jclui adjoins Sheclc Abdoulraim, ct Ma- 
Wmet Bifmilla, raes fujets qui font cgalc- 
inent charges dc me icprcfentcr aupres de 

Quclques foient deformais les circonftances 
ou puiffent fe trouver nos dta^ riations foit 
enfeoible ou feparement^ aiiiQ ^ue dans tou- 
tes les afFaires qu'clles pourront trailer, que 
le bien> la Gloire ct Tavantage des deux en 
Ibient toujours le but, que leurs fentimens 
refpeftifs ayant pour garant les alfurances de 
fidelite et les Cermens uiit6s par chacune 
d'elles et que le cici et la terre fc rappro* 
chent et fe reuniffcnt, plutot que dc voir jar 
mais notre alliance eproaver la moindrc al« 

Dans mon Palais a Cheungampainam^ U 20 
JuilUt, 179&. 

(Signi) y^' 

A True Copy, C. MACAULAYv Sec. 

tive nations arc .about to contraS; andwrtfe^ 
it, the particular articles which I have charged ^ 
Captain Dubuc to cooiiDUoicate to you. 

I join with bim my fubjeSs Sberk AbdouU 
raim and Nfahomet Bifmilla, wha arc equally 
authorised to reprefent me with your Go- 

Wbatfver mdj be the future ftatc of our two 
nations^ whether blended or fefarate : into what" 
ever engagements th^may rejpeaiveiy enter; may 
the pro^erity, the glory, and fblejutcefs of both, . 
be flill the common obieSt of each-^may the fen- 
timenis which they fm for each other be guaran* 
teed by mutual affurances offidiUty, and by oatS% ^ 
of reciprocal obligation, and may the heavens ani. 
the earth meet and unite 'ere the alliance of the 
two naticms Jbali fuffer tbefmaUeji alteration. 

Ja my Palace atSei^ingapafamfJuly 20^1798^1. 

(Signed) f^ 

A True Tranflation, . G* G. KEBLE, 

Erench Tranflatop*: 

Ifott, detdemandes quemes Ambajfadcurs 
doivent fatrt au DircSIoire Executif ^ 
Paris^ * 

Article 1. 
Dix ou quinzc mille hommcs dc troupe de- 
toute arme, Infanterie, Cavalerie et Artilleric. 

Article 2. 
Unc Armce Navale, quiicra la Guerre fur 
"la Cote ou feront nos Armees, pour les fa- 
vorifer, e^ les renforcer en cas de befoin. 

Articls 3* 
Le Sercard fournira, toutes-les munitions 
de Guerre et de bouche aux Armees de la. 
Republique, ainfi que les Chevaux, Boeuf^ 
Charroix et Tentes, qui Icur feront neceffai- 
res, a Vexception des liqeurs d^Europe qu'il 
n'a pas dans Ton. pays* 

Arxiclr 4. 
On prendra pour toutes les marches et o- 
peratioas militaires , quelconqucs, les.. ordres. 
du Roi. 


ANoteoftBe Propofals to be made by n^' 
Ambajadors tofBe Executive Direc-^- 
tory at Paris. 

Articlb I. 
For ten or fifteen tboufand troops of cverjr * 
defcription, infantry, cavalry and artillery. ~ 

Article 2.- 
A qaval force to aft on the coaft where -* 
our armies may be, to favour, and to rein- 
force them ia cafe^of neceffity. 

AkTfCLE 3. 

The Skcar will farnifli all military fforcs^ . 
and provifiofis for the army of the Republic, 
. as well as horfes, bullocks, carts and tents^ . 
tpgether with every other neceffary, excep- 
ting European liqiipra,. which^ his countr/. 
does not afford* 

Article 4; 
On all marches and itiilitary operation^ . 
the King's, orders are loh^ oblervcd* 







Article. ?. 
^L'expedition fcra dirigee, dans un point 
de ta Cottc Cororaatidel, et de preference a 
Porte Novo, ou.rcfeftuerale dcbarquement 
des Troupci^ ou fe rendra d'avance, ou a 
point nomme le Roy avec toute fon Arinee ; 
Son intention etant de debuter les premeires 
<^}eration5j au (ein du pays ^nnemie. 

* . • * Article 6. 
.. Le Roy demande que la Republi^ue lui 
donne avis par Tenvoi a Mangalore, de deux 
. Corvettes partant d* Europe, a vingt jours 
de didance Tune de Tautre, du Nombre des 
Vaiffeaux et de Troupes, qu'elles lui envoye 
chfin qu^'il fe mette en campagne au'fliiot, et 
fe trouve a meme d'etre Maitre de la Cocte 
Coromandel, avant Tarivee'des forces 
Republique, et etre a meme de pourvoij:^ « 
tdus fes befoins.. 

Article 7. 
Toutes les Coqquetes que fe feront fur les 
"Ennemis, a Texception des Provinces, que 
le Jloya cte oblige de ceder aux -Anglois, 
aux Marattes, a Nizam Alii Kan, feront 
^partages egalemcnl, cntre^les deux Nations, 
ct-.d'-apres les convenance TefpeQives. ^ Le 
meme Pariage aurVlieu auffi des Vaiffeaux 
£;nngnfiies, et des Colonics Portugaife, pour 
ai^demnifer.le Roi des depenfe$de la Guerre. 

Article ^. 
Que Til felevc quelque difBcuhe entre 
les Armees Alli6s, chacune d'cux a^uront la 
rcfetve particuliere de leur juftices, ftlon 
*^leurs lois, et coutumes, et que toute difcu. 
^ipn, quay auroit rapport, feront traiies par 
cerit enitre les deux Nations. ■ 

Article 9. 
Que quelque foit le de^Iir^ de la Repiib- 
lique,*de donner la paix a I'Angleterre ou de 
cqntinuerla Guerre, de vouloir bien le con- 
fiderer pour tojujours comme un Ami, et un 
; fiddle AUiee le comprendre dans tous fes 
.traites, et de le prevenir de toutes fes in- * 

;*Aiiticle .10. 

Toutes les Francois quelconques, que foot 

ct vi^ndront, dans les Etats du Roy, feront 

comme Amis et AlJies, ils pourront allcr, vc- 

.gaii^et cojiimercer fans qu ils ne leur foit fait 


Article 5. ' ' '*' 

The expedition fliail be direfled to fotpe' 
point of the Cororaandcl Coaft, and in prefeV-*' 
ence, to Porto Novo; where the diferobar- 
kation of the troops fhall take ,phc€;: 4md 
^bere the King^ with bis whole army^ willAf^': 
f tat, eitber before tbe arrival of tb&^ French 
army^ or at any time appointed^ it being bis in- 
tention to commence operations in tbe heart of the 
enemy s country. 


ne King deftres that the Republic will inform 
bim, by difpatcbing to Mangalore two Corvettes 
from Europe^ within 20 d(^ys of- Bach otber^ of 
the number of Ships and troops which are to be 
Jentfrom France^ in order that be may take tbe 
field immediately^ and bt majler of the Coroman* 
derCqaft^ before the arrival of tbe Republican 
forces, and thus be enabled to provide for alk 
their wants. 

Article 7. 

All tbe conquejls^wbicb ntay le made from the 

Enemy ^ excepting tbofe Provinces which tbe King 

has ieen obliged to cede to the Englifh^ to the 

Mabrattas, and to Nizam yilfy Khan, fhdtl 

be equally divided' between the fuDo nations^ and 

acxxrding to their refpeSlive convenience. The 

fame divifion fball 4ilfo be made of tbe Enemy's 

Ships y and of the Portuguefe Colonies ^ in or Set to 

indemnify tbe King for the Expences of the l^ar. 

Should any difficulty arife between the 
allied armies, each ihall obferve juftice ac^ 
cording to their own laws and cuftoms, and 
every difcuffion r^ating to them fliall be 
conducted ki writing, between the two na« 

Article '9. 
Whatever may he the dejire of tbe Republic^ \ 
whether to give^ peace to England^ or to continue 
tbe War^ the King trujis the Republic "will 
always have the kindnejs to, confider him as 'a 
friend and faithful Ally; and accordingly com* 
prebend him in all its Treaties^ and apprize him 
cf all its intentions. 

(Signed) f^ 

Article io. 

All perfons of tbe French Natjon, wbofoe^er 

now are, or may hereafter , come within tbe terri^ 

tories of tbe King^ fhall be treated as Friends and 

dlUds; tk^ fball have tbe liberty of paffing and 

repaffmg ^ 




. tucun trottUcs moleiJ:atioii| ou empechement^ 
nuis<«i]( coatraire djs recev^r loute a^ftance^ 
et feoottr««.aa befoin, * 


D'Emmener a rnoii* Service quatre Fon- 
deufs de Cam^n^e BronzKq'u^trt Fand«urs 
. eA fer, Quatre Taperiert^ quatre Etamcurs de 
Olace. qusktre '<3oulereir8 ^e Glacei auatre 
Verierfi/deux Ingerfieurs de Marine, .deux 
bons ConftrudeujTii • ' '-' 

Donn^ 'dans mon Palais de Cberingua" 
patnar^, foos ma'fignatui^ ^et c*eile de mda 
pfethier mitoiftVe. et revfetu du Slccaii de 
I'EutileittdeJuiltet 1798. - 

A Tnic (Jop/^ C. ^ AC;AU^.^T^ S/pc. 

repaffing, and oftra^ing^ witlt^t.anj ftfiefigSm 
cr kin^nct^ on tbf contrary^ tbey JbaU r^a^iycfe* 
Vfrjf j^andfi and:JuftoHr, vk'cbjiejfm^ ^!¥fc* 

Article I4,. 

To procure for my ferviee^ four fettndert' 

•of brar$» andrfour foiMidert o^ ii'6ii-e&nH«ifi^ 

fdur paper-makers, four glaff^oaCer^;'£(Mkf' 

^ glafs faunders^four glafs-cutterii, two navid ht^ 

gineers, and two good Hiip-buildcrs* 

Given in my palaceofSeriogapfttani, tinder 
my Sfgtiature and that ^ myWifiie Mtliiter«^ 
^^ith ^he Seal of the^&ate affixtict lli^ «ith 

'' '■ ^ (Siifnti) 

4 True Tranflation^ p. G^ KEB^l 

■ '- *\ 


AYAkNT -une entiere Con6s|nce<!ans*4e 

.«le^ ct I5^fidcKte enve'rs la P^aiVJlb'cJu .^1^6/- 

eii DubuCj'Capilaine' des Valirpaiix de 1^ 

JCepubliqueFran^aini un^ &indivi(iblej Com*-* 

nandant C^eral; de^ ima. Marine, je I'ay 

DommCi Anotomd Tunile md^ AixibafiUd^i^rs, 

, aupres du Qiredoke E^xccutti^ i Pjaris: pQpr 

y remplir^ ponfitueUemdni;^ les oidres^ que j^ 

Juy ai dohoe^luy donnaht^^L cet^.^ffbti tpii^ea. 

Jes t'ouvoiis let plus etendus; *& abfi^wiKot 

.^ne^effaires, au blen Miffion que je iuy 

, confie, promettant, 8c rn'obligeant, envera ia 

Republique J^randaiA^, 4ine'e^^ indiviliblc^ de 

ratifier toUtea, iei n-iu]tes. et lbs Ij'hgagi'^nts 

,.que Ic Citoyeri &uWc pduri^'^i^endfe aVec 

Ja. Convention' fiJationare, i&'le't3ire8btre 

Donne^dfUU mon Palai|, de Cheringua* 
f^paiiMiAi fous riia Sieoature, & cejle de mon 
VPrcmier MiQjfter^^ft: ' r^klu ""Ai Sceau de 

^'£ta't/ *' J •'*'*^***'*^' •- i^'^ *•'' -^ ' *'''^ 
l^eao JnUUt ij^t. 
i^Xmt^^^ C.MACAULAY, Sec, 

1^ fig. 

^^Tflh THE ptENCH. REPUBkl^ 

PL'ACJNG enfire con&fmte in^.ibe'fj^iOk 
-xeal aitijidettQ manif^edMith^&ubuii taS^^ 

,J bave afpointedyMddo^ b^t^afpoint^ bim one 

Jkrs t»bifkl hwj giy4ft Urn^ - .fm^k^iti^t^^^ 
Jgiw. kimM4& mojb e^nifim:p9mfrsrJ^€jif^ . 

trujftito bim, pronfififigland^bi^^^iiii^ 
4he Frencb Ripublit^one and in^viftbU, iortatify 
JSie fngajpainti wmcb^Citlzeii J)ubuc may ent(r 
Mti i^mi ^naU ^ib^liytjonmc^ 
MndlHt' Eitiiii^t ^utOry M P^mi'as vieW' 
as'ii;ith tbeAftifs dni ^(rl^ln.'w^ fha^^ 

. • * 

my i^naimri aid thai of my Prime Uim/Ur^ 
vAih ihaSeal tf State aMin^d^tki %Qtb jfakh 

xl^r - - •' •'•'■ *^ - ^ "^ - - y^ 

' A Toie t«a»aatioii» G. G* KESLE^ 

;, J . . ^ ., .. . •:: • i^feooh TraUaidc* 



vomn m ftitUtktt /it i«iti]Kr^A¥ATAMr. 


4tvi(n>Ie» CommMdant Cenet al do iim^ Ma- 
ffiiic^. Il^titborire par jia jprefen^^ )ettre de Cre- ' 
dH; a.fe ]m>curer, foit envefa U R^publiqMd 
IS^^aife; foit av^c des agens particulicrs^ > 
•txHis let foonmesj <p4t pourr^ avoir befpi|i * 
pour rempKr les Ordres que Ifc Juy| ai doon^^ * 
^ pour difcr5 $chau ou d^penies^/qMi^^l ciroira 
* uirgcmes/^^ iieceflajrei a 1 avaniage de fa 
WtHfionL Voul^nt que la diUe Ifttije dc Cre- - 
dit^ eutibioute force & valeur m^obliig|C de ^ 
l^ayer^ ou^fairo paycr^ toui^i Jei!trv.te$ quer-^- 
teCicoyeh DubttCi^tireramr inon Sepcard« - 

. bonni dans ino(p f aTais. de Chering^apat*^ - 
nam^,fou5 ma Srgqature, & Gelledemoh Pee? - 
mier Miniftre^ etrevetu du SpeaUide I'EiaU- 
X^ 20 -jHiliit 179s* 

. A Tme Copy, C MitOAU£A¥i Site. > 

Letter I^Creiiifirpm ibe Sirear^ ^fyodi^ 

J^avj of ibe frtnOt ^^^ 

i^^ivifiWf ^^ ^ammdmier in Cbi{f'*^ 

of Wjf Marine: 

fiJitiVi^, ^r^iitt coSfid<?we in tbe fidlc- 
Jily of Cjlij^cii DttbW Captain in the ^airy ? 
oftbeFrenchiRepvMmQne^d indivilibK^ 
and Commandejf ia Chief of my Marine.; I 
authofiae I^im^.by ihia prefeot JLectcr of Crc- 
i|i t. Id proepi^ either fjrom ihe French Q.epii]b' 
Itc^ or from Iiidividu4l9ir fv^ fums as he n^y 
require to f^l^li ,ihe. oifderf I b^yc^iven him 
for^dilferer^cpurchafe^orto aefray expencea 
\^hjch he mayjtuni(;urge9tpr,/)eceDiu^ ipr 
the a4y?n»M;C/otW^ ^pina dcurbMs 

that^ |he iaj4 Letter of Qredit Ihpuld have full 
^ower andy^lue^jl hereby bindmyfeirtQ pay, 
oi^^^cau((;toJ^ the bills of e^cbaoge 
which Gkizeh Oubuc may draw upon my Si(- 

Given in my palace of Seringapatam. under 
my Signature, and that ofmy PHtn^ minif- ^ 
ler, with thi^ Seal of State i^ed^ the aoth 
J^ly. »798. 

A True Tranfladon,<J. G. KEBLE^ 



NTd 14; 

>. I 

Ctfp/: pf jLef ti^r pfim iboboc to Tippo0 Sul<^ 
taan, dated i.6tbJplBcnsinbrf, ^79^' O, S. 

I. . ■ ;v , . ■ .. , . . . ^ 

G]iAN»-1^At;in^ Salvt s* Rbifict. 

LM hommci font hMfeufi^Meilf^ irHv^ • 
Ittais il noa»iBBiiqtt^ IrctMKe h plb^MKAi 
ti^lle, i!r/ ieftfp-tjii'.ilti'olff'^HfiSt^n route, naiii^ • 

fSm eh *root«r tt toQi< ^iive» ji%(nr de )a di* ■» 
■|[(btice ^^itmm\i,'e( dff leur :exaaittid6 
a>o6s .feryir.'qaarfd « tatti je croi« i^afih ft ' 
Ibiitatuc^t ies Uimbetfp^n^nt trois'nkoi^ 
clidemi.^ Lg# AkiMrftta ifHt j<i votis a«ak ' 

jCqpjT: oralvtterfrem^Piibvc 'to Tippo^* 
Sukaun^ dated j6tlf December 175^8, O; & 

THE ta«fl«Arafti>»1«fllft} bu< A^^^^ 
tM artiele^ n^fll ifltfttifl «i>e dilt #a»tii)i,'bar 
iriiK^beet) leffeon th^iold/lifi^liowevet 
tdgektheiftitra fiewdayi; the umiwj^re T«i 
4>ikch'afniid, that th^ IMif kia fmr, pmthi 
•djleirjtvrneyi yptt may J4)dge of tNetr diU» 
l^eiice and punfiinlHyfor your fervice j hk •' 
my iOWtt par^ I believe they muftl^ve tie4 
their lector three monthaandahalr^ Hir* 
camdw vbkb I fea{«o yoa on the li'th of 




exp^die Ic l imc du moU dornier, font de re-* 
tour hier avep la scponfe de votre Majefte du 
29ine du mcme mow ; je me hatte de vous les 
renvoyer puifque fe font dts gens tres fidelies, 
et que je voudrais qu'on recompenfat gene* 
reufement. La pirjonne f\xx\ d6i( fournir Tar- 
geant ne paroic pas, et je n'entends point 
parler^ je crains heaucoup qu'il auradegran-* 
des peines pour obtenir de fe faire payes» je 
f enle qu'ii eft tres indifpenfablerae'nt hccef- 
* faire que vous m'expedics I'ordre pour pren- 
dre tout Targent qui eflr chez Merctlre tout 
de fuitfe, et que vous y joignes unc Icttre de 
credit, comrac je vous TavaU demand^ fiir 
la Republique: L'importance d^ ma miffiQn 
eft telle, et dont \t refultat doit ctre fi avan- 
tageux a votre Majefte, que* je ne fcaiffois 
trop le repeter, que I'argent doit etrc comptc 
|)our rien lorsqu'il fagit d^ grand^s affaires; 
]J faut que je pars, et pour cela il faut de 
I'argent, Dans tous les pays. I'argent eft le nerf 
de I'intrigue et de la guerre, fi votre Majefte 
ne Veut pas etre ruincpar les Anglois,ei per- 
dre le vos bond et vrais amis les 
Francois, donnez moi done une aftez gran(j[e 
marque de confiance en me donnant des 
moyens, on n'arretera pas des Socars^ a.- 
vec de Targent fur tout fi.c'eft de pagodcs' 
a, Tctoille; de.ia diligence a m'en envoyer, 
et je parterai tout de fuite. Les etoffes 
ne font pas arrives, et je vais envoyer dea 
gens pour les faire veoir. Je demande a 
votre majefte de m'autorifer a prendre un An 
d'avance d'appointments, comme elle me Ta 
promis pour aflurer a ma.^famille de quoi 
vivre pendant mon abfence, puisque les Gk 
mois que j'ai regu font finis le 8me du mois 
prochain, et qu^ j'ai etoia forci de depenfer 
t^ut ce que j'avois, et qu'il ne me refte plds 
rien, Les Anglois m'ayant pris mon vaiffeau 
ct njcn argent; vousxrouverea. ma demande 
de toute juftice, enfongeant que. ma famille 
eft dans un pay^ etranger ou eHe n'a aucun 
refource,. je rreitere done . que votre majefte 
me.donne pl^in ppuvoix a.cet egard, pt que 
Ton me faffe tenir des moyens. tout de fuite ; 
tcs Aloarates me promettant d'etre, de xeigur 
dans trente jours, j(^,puh partir daj^s quaranU^ 
11 ferait bon d'avoir icicbez votre Ouaquil 
q^uatre paires. d'alcarates, pour, qu'oo- vous 
dpnne toutes leshuit jours des.nouvclles j'ai . 
its ce qu'il fauc pour c.ela»; je vous recont- 
n^ande le Ouaquil^ il n'eft pas^ affcz paye, ct 
vpiU huit mois que la Cachene ne lui.a rieri 


laft month, havd retur^^cd yith your Majefly'S* 
reply, datedrthe igib of the fame month*; I: 
haften to fend thehfi back, as they are faithful 
men, and I fliould vrifhHhem to be liberally 
pecompenfed. Thtperpfn who is to furfiilh- 
the money does not appear^ nor>do I hear any 
thing of him. I apprehend that there will be 
much trouble in obtaining, payment, rcoo- 
fider itas indflpenfably neteflkry that ybu- 
ftipuld (^nd me an order to take up immedi- 
ately all the money in the hands of M^c^, • 
t and accompany it with a letter.of credit on 
the Republic, as requeft^dby me; the ioi- 
portance of my miffibn is fuch, and the refuk 
promifi^s to be fo advantageous to your Ma- 
jefty, that I'cannottoo often repeat, that Ipao- 
ney ought to be confidered as aothing whea^ 
matters pf fuch cbnfequence ace ia agitation; 
I'muft fet off, but to do this, money is necef- 
fary ; in all countries money is the fihew of 
intrigue and of war ; if your Majefty does not 
wifli to be ruined by the Englifh, and to lofe 
the afliftance of your good and faithful friends • 
thfe French, Ihew meafufficient mark of your 
confidence, in fupplying ms withthe means*; 
they Will not ftop Saocars on the road with..- 
fpecic; efpecially if itbe in Star Pagodas; 
fend me a fupply with all expedition, and I ' 
will fet oflF immediately. The Cloths^^are not 
arrived, and I am about to fend perfons in - 
fearch of them. I requeft your.Majefty wilk 
authorize me to take upa years advance of pay, 
according to your promife, to enable me to-. 
fecure to my family the means of lubfiftencc • 
during my abfeQce ; as^ ibt fix months for- 
which I received an advance, will expire oa- 
the 8th of next month. I have bcipa obliged 
to expend all I had;- and have now nothini^ 
remaining- the Englifli having taken both my 
veflfci and money; you .will- find my rcquoft: 
reafonabIe,wheri.youeonfider that my family 
is in a ftrange country and d^ftjtgte of reibur- 
CCS. I again folicit from your Majefty full 
powers^to that effeft^and that the means m«ay 
be immediately furniflied.,me. As the Hir^ 
carrahs affart me oj^ their niurn in thirty 
day^ I can g&i uxx)ay in fkrty. It virill be 
advifable that you fhould ftaiion here with 
your vakeel -eight, Hiccarrahs,, that you 
may rei:eive intelligence every tight days 
which I have.the naoans of arranging. I se^ 
commend the Vakeel to you,, his pay is- in* - . 
fufficient, and it is now eight.months that.tha 
cuichery ha^ givea hiiu nothing,; hc.ihoul-d 


r ' 



4&nndr n lulfaut auffi aid PaUKU|uin» rEtivoye 
d'un Graod Rrince» auJ$ noble ec.*aulli.gc;ne* 
icux que vatr.e Majiefte^ ne dpi; pas allcr a , 
pied, conun6 un Couly^. '^tes vous content 
de moifcdites m'en un diot, vous favez com- 
roe je volis fuis attache, ct vous aurcz de 
vrales preuvcs de ma fidelite, je fupplic votre 
Majefte de continuer vo5 boiucs, et votre a- 
miiie, a mon bon ami et collegue, le General 
»Chappuis; voycz.Ie fouvcnt, plus vous le 
,^nnoitre»* plus vous verrez qu'il merite 
de coiifideration; c'eft un hommad'honneur^. 
vxai> ct de bon confciL 

]^\ apprfs que votrcr majefte a ccrit au^ 
Gouverncment de Madras, et au Lord Mor»- 
ington. Qa'ellc fera Tiflue de leurs rcponw 
Te ? Tcnez' vous en garde contre eux, foyez 
pret a vous defendre, ou a attaquer; les pre- 
paratifs de la guerre fe cbntinuent avec un 
grands rapiditc ; Tarmee de Nizam doit deja 
etre en marche^ il faut I'arreter, Les Apglois 
ont vouhi faire enlever votre Ouaquil^ Sadata: 
Chide Varanj mais j'ai decouvert le complof^ 
ti il n'a pa« reuffi ; il eft neccffaire que votre 
Majefte 'ecrive tout de fuite au Gouverne^ 
went de Tranquebar, par un Chameau Coir* 
rier, pour lai recommander et lui deman-* 
der fa proteQioh immediate pour votre Ge^^ 
neral en- Chef Du Bug, fon Major FiHiq|ta», 
ct rinterprcte Dcbay et votre Ouaquil, Le 
Ldtd Momington, Gouverneup General de 
Bengal; el le- General Clarke, doiventvenir 
a la Cotte a Ja fin de cemois, pour entamer 
del negociations* avec votre Mftjefte, qui (t 
elles Ae leurs font pas avantageules, elles leur 
leront vous declarer la Guerre, doni le refuU 
i!at dok etrCj 3'envahir voire pays-etvou* 
dctroner; en: vous fubftiluant'ct-aux Here- 
tiers de vptte couronne, un Nabab, de leur 
ftbricque ; votre majefte voit bicn qu'il ne 
Tagit point moins, qae d^ la perte de voire 
Royaume: il faut iravailler, et negocier fur 
tout ppttT vcms la maintenir jufques au mo« 
mentou je poarrois vous lafaire atfermir pour 
toujours et a vos augufte&'£nFans\ Avec le» ia 
trigues que les anglois entreiicnnen&dans tous * * 
ks Dobardesde I'lrtde, il leurs eft trcs facile 
dtf canfer d^ troubles ; el ils pcu vent peut etrc 
vous detacher de toutes vos allies, il eft vrai- 
femblable qtt>'en faifant une grande diverfion 
et des traiteset^qu'ilspeuvencreulfirdans une 
jjiouvelle Guerre contre votre Majelle, il 
viendroit a bout enfuite de detruire la puif« 
fincf Maratte^ eta ieui:s .enlever impune-- 


have befidea a palaqkeen : the Ambaffador 
of fo noble and generous a prince as yourfelf, 
ought not to goon foot like a Cooly. Are 
you fatisfied with me ? tell me in a word you 
know my attachment to your p^erfon, and you 
Ihall have fincere proofs of my fidelity. ' I 
beg your Majefty to continue your goodnefs 
and friendftiip to my true friend andCoUeague 
General Chappuy ;* fee him often, . the more 
you^know him the more you will be fatisfied 
that he merits your confidence : he is a mati 
oFrhe pjurcft honor, faithful; and a found ad- 

• Ibave been infdrmed that your Majefty 
Ihks written to the Government of Madras, 
and to Lord Mornington. What will be the if- 
fae of their reply ? Be on your guard againft 
them, be ready to defend, or to attack. The 
preparationt for war continue to be carri- 
ed on with great rapidity ; the Nizam's troops 
muft by this time be on their march : they 
muft be checked. The Englifti attempted to 
carry oflpyour Vakeel Sada Chide varan, but 
I difcovered the plot, and it has not fucceed- 

Your Majefty flionld write inftantly to the 
Government of Tranquebar by a camel Cou- 
rier, requefting its immediate protection for 
your General in Chief Dubuc, your Major 
Fillietaz, the Interpreter DeBay, and your 
Vakeel. Lord Mornington, the Governor 
General of Bengal, an jl General Clarke, arc 
cxpcfted on the Coaft at the end of this month 
for the purpofe of entering npon a negociati- 
on with your Majefty, which, {hould ir not be 
fticcefsful, will be followed by a declaration 
of war;, the objeft of which will be, 'to take 
away your country and to dethrone y pit 5 
fubftituting in your place and that of the 
heirs of your Crown, a Nabob of their own 
creation; your Majefty muft perceive that 
nothing lefs than your Kingdom is at ftake. 
Tou mufi exert yourjelf and in particular en^^ 
dedvour to preferve it by negociatioff^ till the ' 
moment wbenJJlaiter myjelf^ I/hallfecure h to 
yoUy and to your auguji Children Jor ever. 

By means of the intrigues carried on by 
the EngliOi in all the Durbars of India, it is 
eafy for them to excite commotions, and they 
may detach from youperhapsaU your Allies, 
it is very probable that by divifion and nego* 
tiation, in the event of their fucceeding in a 
new war againft your Majefty, they mayac- 
compliflithe dcftruClion of the Mahrattah. 





fh?Evi&\}^ fm ifkmcH L\n6^kM, 

"^intnttom ct qinl^ fours a^^oit et4 ced? par 
utt noavtJUU tirtEtite 4e p«ix» I! eft done cW- 
dfenmaprtt ae leutt iriteitta^ ii traiteir «bii* - 
jolnteWttit w«: VOtts^ afin db^ twovei* ttfae 
Cardrili^ fijre rt ^tttucttd dS^^'^Uhfe JtiWe 
puifllintli, dont cNaquif meml^lie' 4oit.fe rtiaUir 
pour defendtie lesacqaifiddiii ou les^c<^Hi».^ 
<}ue ebicune a ftit ai^' ]^i^ ^ Votti'tViSs 
£gne dans votit capitale, aveb totites le piar- 
fiefs eotitra£hintfe&; LeSi' Atigtbli' vbui ^iii^. 
eenti Ifes Marattefs dbivebt' voUs ftmtd&if^^ <(k 
ne pas votlslaiflef'e'xpdsi a fuccamberl liab 
Barriere que vous feparedbs prcmiersj^ d6it: 
fiibfifter fans que riciKpciit la bftfsr oa lac 
rofnpre; iroiis devcskooolpusrfttr vot^allj». 
lUucant que vol iatepets ieioni^CDiBrnMiki^^ ti^ 
voHft fdfiesMbandonne fitcesinterefta oeffi^i^ oum 
a. plus forie raironsUls^eooiit decomriureA ott. 
^'ii5C<»nMienc€nt a votM crafhdfe.. Ldcmpsv 
eft couvt ct' prMieuJ^. it . faui leur prouyet 
yo8 boones-ifUentiomw ^i gagiier lea>Aii|gk)is. 
de vite&^iBectie djts obftaokt a bturi^ne|j»* 
cktion&^a JPdM pour^n relard^^. on^n env 
pecherl'effeu DansunepareiHe^eiifw^flture' 
fes. Maratea. dotvent hire vaioir la foi dea^ 
Tiraites, ne pias oublier a^rapj^f/ ana^'An'- 
glois,. leaXecours qii'iU leursDOC acGardie» eoii> 
ue voire Majeft£» d'en exiger la reeoanoilr 
fance, quails, font en droit d'en jattfiidrei afim 
4t concilter tous,les imeret^ re%e^s» aye& 
Ics cir<:onftaneet delioates ourxhicuQe d^eUfe* 
£^ lrouve,,pouc etre al'abri des reprochea^ eti 
dtt manque die foi» &r raccompUfiemeiit dtt» 
ualte de paUcCB entiepou> en article (Vpar^ 
alors &le9 mo^^ensde conciliation nepeuventi 
pas.reuffil^ il Aut q^'ils airm^nten dtligonce^. 
^'ils mena^ot la nation^ infra&mce» tf. le- 
ery arreteia peu^ etfc» touies lesrefokHions* 
siiilitairesvethoftile9€ontre voire M|^eftc« SH* 
CB etoit autreiHent, iL faut^tir^^repdei jeter^ 
le founreau ^ loio» qu'on ne le trouve pkis> et . 
Ic fore dea armea en decidera* Nous n'avons^ 
^Hcoce aucttne noiiviette afleai- inferefiante 
d'^urope^ La RqmbMqiEie eft cominnelkmenfr: 
vidtorieiifei fur tous fea-efmeinica^ etsie&i&itt 
]tapai}La l'Alig}ftiarre# Scindka difep 
t>ehli^ et) jopenfe qji^ii^bit avoirfioila^on-^ 
QuetedtAgta;^ ilferaboii.q|yK voilte Majefie 
Mpecbe dea cQuriersi pour le pieveqir fovtt 
da fmte de Itf fiiuaiioftW von^^bua crovvieaa 
1^ fiipplie voire Majefte a biesi1ife:iDa.Let^ 
ftc^ k JhM)€hife».ia.«dtte»et voire int^ 

^(5W)er^ artdf'/iexze vridi impsntQr-every*i^f^^^ 
whkb miyba^^ebeett€cd«a to t1i«4i utidtfr - 
a'neW tifeatyol^- Peart V it is cvidaMy i!beu 
tJwitk* iritcreft lo^eotcribtd a jqhitf tt^aty with ^ 
ybu,tbatb)?thcmeto^ofajpowerfw^^^^ ^ 
foA tiiaj^ eftaWi(b< *a-ffirm fetoHty' ft>r eabh - 
bU)^ andio ihfir Ici^^kch'' titJ^ 
dpende ih def^Hdidgibe'attiqbilittbTls oi* tef- 
jKbnrtbact^eMieF ibay^iki^cf maLde*skthe Peate - 
dodduQeS: at ybai>eiptial>wii!r tH6 feveral j 
dontrkSfrrg' Fartits.*-^ l^e Sn^Uflb';direatM: ^ 
ybit^the M&rrattas:obg|fttbfix{^ aud 

not aUov^you-to be o^pofed- todeftruQion ; 
the barrier tbatTepante^ ^oufrom t^ former 
0iigKlt ta be preferved> fof^ that nothing may 
he able, t^ break or deftroy it { yoa may. place 
a d^endance on your^ AUie$ wl^ile your^in* * 
ler^a are the fame, but you will beabandon- - 
adif tbofe interefta (boiild ceafe to be muttt^ 
al; otmcire certainly ftill^ If they {hould be 
dbA>luiety at variance orifyour Allies (hould \ 
iHl^n to fear y^oui> Your time i.s^ibon aud 
preeious,.^ you inuft 'convince tbem of your 
gQod intentions;, anticipate iheEn^hfli by . 
your a0ivity:i and thraijf impediments mthtm^ 
way.' which diall retard their neg9ciauons at ^ 
Poonaby or render; them ineffe^Laal. Under 
Aich circum^(lancea.^he Marrattas ou^t to i n- 
fift on the faith ^f Treaties/ to remind the 
£togliih*of the affiftancethey afforded them 
agamft your Maj^fty ; and to urge |he grati- 
tude which they have a right ta;exped. They - 
may reconcile the different Intcrefts of the ^ 
partiesWitb the delicate fituatioii iii which thev 
are pkaedjaad avoid the repnJiach of a breach ^ 
of faiths either in regaid to tbe^execOtioiic^of i 
the treaty of ;peace generally^ orany pat ticu- < 
lar article of it ; if theiemc^ut of conciliation » 
&il» they.muft immediately arm*ai>d menace - 
the Nation which (hall have infFiagjBd tba 
treaty; the mere outcry wiltperhaps put a fiop , 
to all the military and hoftUhi proceedings a** 
^uuft your Majf fty ; if otherwifet tbe $word '* 
muft na drawn> the feabbard^muft be caft 
a«iay wh^e it may. never ag^mba founds and 
the lorfiODe of^wap mttft>deiude the eveni*\ 

Wc havd not yet reeetvdi '^any interefting,. 
ACWafipomEuffope; the Riepi^ic^ctfkiiinuea- 
nBorioiiia over all her Memiee and refu(ea' 
petee to^ j^Hghtnd. .Scinde*^ hte already t»*- 
ken Ddhvandi think he muft have eoc9pl^ 
tedkhe ecMaiieA of Agra. Your Majcfty wUU> 
dawatttodiffMitcb Coiiriera tohmtaa hiaai^ 
imiQcdiJttely oCtl^ fiiaaiiQis y oa^aie i& w . . 




Majefte^ dc <iui j*ai I'libaqeur d'cire srtc 

' Le General ^en OheC 

fSi^JI DimUG. 

4^'^TnK Cf>p)tt,Gu MACAlUuAlii, S«c; 

I beg ypitr Majeily.s^iL Mad atttBtiv^Iy 
in)(,Ietcer,iidiicjh^hasbe^nfolely di^aud by 
xandpiir, inftk ai^ ^ regard for ymr real |ii« 


« ••■ 

I pmyi(»Q(idch«r«ireiy d»bg»ayfoeeei£(i 
acGOfdtDgco-thswnberoiyour Mj^eft)r. I 
bam abft bandr io be with re%eft. 

The Commander m Cb1er» Cajp- 
tain in the Navy €^ me 
F^r^nch Rep^btic^ one and iii^ 

JkE^or HUftax kegs 1%^ tie homage cf bk- 

. (AThieTfAfhttori)) G.G. KEBLE, 

French Tnnflttoh 



.1 > \ 

No. 2^. 

I^<;^v 2.5p 

? tetter fromTippoo Siiltaun to'M. Babttc. 

DeCheringampatamy le 2 Janvier^ ^799^ 

LES Alcaras portants v6tre Lettre du Sehee 
dernier, font arrives le tr^me — On leura 
donne dix Roupies de prefenc. II faot faire 
votre poiSble pour partir trcs vltc» car fa 
preffe beaucoup. Les Etoffcs doni vous me 
• parlcz, qui nefont pas arrives, fonr revenues 
- id fans ordre, jc^Ies ai Tait repartir de fuitc : 
-^ elks n'arrivcni pas bien vitCi que cela ne 
-vouscrapeche pasde partir. I,a4eurede 
"Credit pout France, que yous 'demandez fe 
' 'trouve dans les pacquets« J'efpere xjue vous 
"trouvefcz la perfonne, ^qui dott vous comp- 
ter de Targent, nous4a regardons tromme btcn 
(ure ; iriais fi, par hazard elle vous roanquoit : 
^achez moyennant vdtre Lettre de Credit, 
d'arranger les afiaires & partez bien vite. 
''Vous de devez pas douter, que vous avez 
toute ma confiance, et que je vous regarde 
comme un de mesbons amis: Nous fommes 
convenusehfemble de tout ceique vous aviez 
a. faire, II eft inutile & meme dangereux d' 
.^crire encore, parceque les Icitres fe pcrdent, 
-& ce qui mlnt^rrefle le plus, c'eft v6ti'e de- 
part le plus vite poflible — vos D^peches ont 
etc intercepties une fois & ont fait connoitrc 
vdtrc defiination^ cc qui eft ucs^ facbcux. & 

%etter Froyai.TiippQp-SukMvacp NL Dcbiift. 
SeringapafiMi H^e 2d Jmuofy 1 799* 

TfaeHircanrbs who were the Bewcrrcfyoiir 
Letter of the 1 6th ultimo arrived onlhe goth* 

They have been paid as a prefem ten rupees* 
Tou muft make every exertion to iepeari with all 

^^ffible expedition^ for it is urgently necejfary^ 
The Cloths which you mention w not iting ar^ 
rividy have hem Uourht hack without orders. 
I have caifed them to Ir returned again without 

\dtlayy butjbould they not arrive immediately ^let ' 
not this prevent your depar Jure, ^he Letter of 
Credit for France which you defire is in the Fac* 
ket. I hope that you will fmi the perfon who 
ought to pay you the Money : We conftder him 
ns entirely to le depended upon; hut ifheftfouli 

fail^you will endeavour hy Means of your Letter 
xf Credit to arrange matters^ and depart asfoon 
as poffiUe. Tou need not doubt that you pojefs 
my entire confidence, and that Iconjideryou as 
one of my vtry good Friends. We have fettled 
together eoery thing which you have to do. It 
is u/elefs and even dangerous to write again, he^ 
eaufe Letters may he lofi, and what I am moA 
anxious about is, thai you fbonld depart as iquiek* 
ly as poffibU. Tour dikatches have already been 
once intercepted, emd p!ht furnifhed information 
i\f \^{ix ifi'SiwaiioM nsAielKas'Sue^okoeaiaa^ummeeodM 




fi vwf ccrivcz ehtoVfun^ fois, he nbrtimez 
perfonne, nous rious entciitfmns'tdtrjbui^Sj'i'cft 
ainsi que je yous ai tohjbtffif ecrit! i Voiis 
demandez qiie j'envoye de Targent d'lci; 
comment cela peuijl fe faire, pujfque ks Letv 
tres pa/Tent avec dtfEcuUeJ / Je vous auto* 
rife, a prendre fur la Lettre d^ Credit pour 
JEuropc re que ^^ous jugerez apropos, pour 
vou$, ainfi que pour les autr^s affaires, apres 
le Depart de cetie Depeche j* expedierai les 
hommes neceffaires pour cniretenir la Cor- 
refpondance. Je comptc uniqiiement fur la 
Providence, et je penfe que je ferai feul; 
mais Dieu & mon courage vieridront S bout 
de tout. On a envoye a POONA, tnais ce 
qu'11 a de plus interreflanc pour 9101 &' 
prefle, c'cft votre depart, levez tous les oblia- 
cles & partez bien vite. 

Written m the Copy; in Perftaii to tbefolkwini 

Draft of a Letter dated (he 2^tb of Zaukrec^ 
anfwering to tbei2d of Redjub^ 1226 from 
the Birth of Mahomed^ (corref ponding with, 
the .2d of January 1799 J in reply ^ an 
Arzee (or addrejs) from,Dubuc. 

KJxMt, Copy, C. MACAUJLA.Y, Sac^ 

If you^Jbould write again^ mention nonamni 
we fball always underjland each other : I havt 
all! ays written to pu in that manner. 

You aCk me to fend money from hence : 
how canrfhu'bedoiie-^hM Lditers pafs wiiti 
fo'in«ich di£icahy ? I'dbtfaorize^ou to take 
up by means of the letter of credit upon Eu- 
rope, whatever you may require for yourfelf - 
as well as /or otheKp^rpofes; after the depar- 
ture of this difpatch,! will ieqd thq neceflfarjr 
pcrfons to xrarr y on the corretpondencc. /r^^ 
folely on Providence^ expelling that I /hall be alone^ 
aha unfupported ; but God and my^ courage will 
accomplijb every thing. I have'fent to' Poortah, 
but it is your departure which mod intereft« 
niQ^ and which is tfidft preifing. Overtime 
.^11 obflacles, and depart with (peed » 

(Siigned) f^ 

^ True Tranflation, 


f reqch Tranflaior. 



Au Citoyen Sultaim Tipou le Vic- 
torieux a Patane. 

Du QiumkepuhliquMin^U Trididtla ier. Df* 
cade de Prairial L'an ^etne» . 

Au Suluuri Tipou le Vi6lorieax> L'allie de la 
' Republique Fran^ tis, el le bien aime de& 
Republiquain fes Enfans Salus^ 

. CiTOYBN Sultan^ 

JAI re^a ta Lettre que vous mav6 faisl'amv* 
tic de roecrire je prans la Libertf de re- 
pondre Anrqiie pat Artique. 

A cella^que concerne M. Raimons^ jai lus 
la lettre qo'il eqris ^u Cit :, Dompar^, M. fin que lui a laire detre ane 
homme que.veus etre Fran^ais qu dumoin^ 
que Ton. Lf t|rpille$ teUe^ le tous pour favoir^ 
Yos invatn^QWy et celle de la Republiques 
votre feurs> il defire que Ion I'lntruifes de nos 
moyens de nos Forces^ et.dic il quil a facri* 
fie la m4cur$ pauje de Ton biens pour.prquve 
et foutenir les Vxintfsisi, et leurs noms dans 
rinde^ que ^ paFtie> X'apelle celui de$ 
Franfaiv^^.fnul <i^ atoi^oUFs porteJe pavil- 
lions^ . 

Vous le connatfe bon Prinze, et la France 
encore mieux^ il a fait la guerre, a qui^ a 
vous i'alie tie ma nation, eeft par cette vois 
quil vous vcux prouv6 fa lincerite^ il a abore 
Tenciens pavilHons Fran(ais> ce netcrit que 
pour voiis retire les Franfais que etais fous 
Tosordretil eft au Service d'un Prince votre 
enemie et le notre, et Sindigne alliances des 
Anglois, avec le quel il eft journellemans^ 
' mes roon Princes avec les mecbans il faut ce 
fervire de pareilles arme^ il ne faudroir pas 
lui faire appercevoir que vous VavS/devoille, 
Gi veus voule me parmaittre de lui Ecrire>. 
je ferai fi biens enforte de Tamen^— pour 
^qu'il reponde a vos deQre: il ikut eo a&ire 
politique ce fervire da bras da quelle Ton 
voudroit le poigne coupe, et maitre votre e<^ 
nemis, ors detas de nous nuire, foit par ces 
Ecxiscou ces a&ions^ je vous le repaiire^ vos 


T& the Citizen Sullaun Tippoov 
the Vi6lorious, at Puttun, (Ser- 

Prom theRHublicanCamp^ the 3^ day of tRer 
iji Dtcad 0/ Prairial, the ^tk Ycar^ (Maf 

23t ^797)- 
To Tippoo Sultaiin the vi&orious, the Ally of 
the French Republic^ and the well beloved 
of the RepttUicana tier Children ; Health.^ 


I HAVE received the Letter, vhich yodr- 
have done me tihe friendftiipl 'to Write to^ 
me, and I take the liberty of replyitig to it ar<» 
tide by article* 

With refpeft to that which relatts to Mon— 
ficur Raymond ; I have read the Letter wjit-* 
ten by him to Citizen Dompars : M. ^,W;*' 
mond more fubtie than He, has theair.ofiipi 
man, who WDuldbe a Frenci^cxian ; pr who 
would at leaft^wiQx to be thought fo, and thi^ 
with a view to difcovet your intent jons, ^nd 
^ho(e of the J^pMbUc^ Y5uir 3ifter : He i;af* 
prefles. a wiw, *o*iie iworaieti oif our means^ 
and of our force^alledjun^jtjhat he has fao^if^** 
ced the greater part QUJi^propcrty^ toprovp 
his attichmeni to the F;retu:hw ^^ to fupppjt 
the French^ and their n!ame jn Jni^ia.; that lits 
jparty. is called, theFrea^h fiartyy and that he 
^s always Iborne the French Colours* 

He is known to you, Ekcellent Prince, and 
ftill better to France. He has made warl'On 
whom? Oh you^the Ally oT my Nation! it Is 
thus, tfcat he woiild^prove ko ydui his l^nceri- 
ty : he has^ erefted the antient Standard of 
France: this wasonfy to difengageyou from 
the Ftench, who- aElod under your orders. He 
' is in the fervice of a Prince, who is both yotiir 
enemy, and ours>. and has formed an unwor« 
thy alliance with the Engliih, with whom he 
n m conftant habits of intercourfe. But my 
Prince,^ in dealing with traitors, we muft make 
ufe of their own Arms : you muft not let him- 
perceive that you have unmaflced him. If you' 
will but permit me to write to him, I' will"^ 
lead him on till he falls into the very tracic: 
that will anfwer your purpofes. Ih politics^, 
we muft endeavour to. make the arm do our 
wor)[» which we would be glad to fee cut ofiv 


xs9 . 

intairais roe font aaffi cha!ra<iue ceux de ma 
nation, et compt£/ur la franchiFcs de mon 
coeuT, mais Raimonsr a laire de vous faire 
dea^ avances aye laire de repandre a cQtte 
confiances ct pcraiette moi de jouc unr role, 
ailpres de lui, il fera vos< v61onte5 foi^ en 
fure, tous fin quil eft, je le jure, et vous fere 
fati^faiu . ! 

A legars de ees homnies' qui font au fer% 
ci lis avpit inerit£ ta inors, foie (lire <\^'ih 
hiaiurais point eus de graces, je n'aime m'les 
Lache, ni les traite et foie fure que votre 
42uans fera teems, a^ec toute fa^dighite et le 
reipe£t qi^i vous eft dus, je-ne le commande 
pas mais je fui Republi<}uain,Tet je leurs feral 
connoitre, que vous ne les paye pas pour k 
debauche ni I9 vices, il faut qui Is gagne Tar- 
gens que vous leurs donne et que partous ct 
dan^ tous* teimps, quil foillis en etat de fou^ 
/t^rfr vdtre precieux noms, et votre glorie, 
il,^oiinmances a mecoiite, je les rendfe digne 
'ije cette honfieufr, et ce heft pa une petjie ta- 
^he a pres lebrS abandons pife; ■ 

Une Ordf e *4e V6u^> ecrite au Cit l5ompars^ 
cii ce terms ci indus,- fera le meilleur efFais.^ 
Votre voroni6^'ra execute. Lundi ^pres midi 
'tt Vous le parmaitt je ire avec Le Cit : Ca- 
noniirs, ftir votre pUee dexefcifes, por les- 
"^faire tire an Blanc ; je teurs fait faire 'tous^ 
fcs jours fcs exercifes en blanc — mes cottr- 
•me .c'eft "J'tifa^fe chc les, repubKquains a 
avoir une petfte'pieffes de . catinons avec 
xhaque Compagi^is de Enfantris pour les 
faire evolue, ec favorife les ataques ou ' 
tes retrjiit^^.ou les Efcaramouches des Cava* 
iiers, ceft pourqpoi j^e «vou^ avois demande 
une de vos plus petite ptefies, a prete feuloians; 
ces pieffeadjans ladionce manis a la bricole, 
vos volonte Ion des lois, je vous (buaite tous 
les^ bonheur que voMf ro^rite. 

Votre Citoyep,. 

CSigpe) RIPAUa 

and put it out of^ our enemy's power to burt 
us by word or by deed. I repeat to you, that 
your interefts are as dear to me, as thofe of 

Sy own Nation r and you may \ely. oti. the 
anknefs of my . he^rt. Raymond pretends 
to make advances to you; feem to return this 
mark of confidence, and- leave me to play my 
part with him. I fwear to you, you fliail 
have every reafon to be fattsfied^ and, as' 
cunning as l?e is, be fhall but Work^o accom- 
plifli your defircfls*.. ^ 

With refpeft to the men who are in iron^ 
Bad they deferved dtofh, be perfuaded Jtliat 
they fhould 'have leccived no mercy : Fda^ 
not love either cowards or traitors, and you 
may reft affuced,tbat your Camp Audi be or- 
dered with atit^e dignity and reipeS which 
is due to you. I do notcommand it^ but I 
am a Republican, and I will make them know 
that you do not pay them either for their de- 
bauchery or their vices, and that they^ muft 
earn the money which you gi*e chem; that ' 
every^ where, and at all limes, they VnuR be 
teady to maintain youir pl;edibiiir^nainc anfl 
•glory. Thej^'bcgin to liftietttcr;ircr^^.l 
render Ihfem worthy ofthfs'hoHpr, and this 
U n6 trifling attetttpt; after their late diforder- 
* ly behaviour. An ordiy-^rom you to the citr- 
^(Stt'Dompars, conceived in iRe terms of the 
'writing enclored,',would have the beft efFetir. 
Your will fhalibe complied with ; on^Monday 
aftertfoon I will-takebut,withy6ut perroiffibn, 
the citizen gunners to your place of j^xercift, 
that they may fire at the target; I make them 
pradice d<)ity firing at the mack. But as it 
is tl)e cuftom among the Republicans to attach 
a fmajl. piece of Artillery to each company of 
Infantry, for the purpofe of manG&uverin^;,. . 
and to favor attacks or .retreats,, or the &ic- 
mifhes of Cavalry, I had requefted of you 
merely to lend me one of. your fmalleft Field 
.Pieces; theCe. pieces intixpGof aj3ion,,ac& 
drawn with traces- 

Y/)ur wiftiQs are Laws, twifli ypaall the- 
' hagpin«fs,you defer ve. 

, v Your Citizen, • 

iSfgned) RIPAUQ*- 





, .J^ pris lc/Ciu>y«n Domp«rs» cotxims Com- 
immdaux, dj f 'iaftruirc poiir comandc lui me- 
m>» Ifcs Republiquain Fran^ais qui font fous ccs 
'ordre, qu'il ordonne egaltnans a ces officiers 
de finftruire leurs meme, enfi que les fous offi- 
ciers, jc vous donne atous un mois pour vous 
ioftruire, je jugere moi merae des mouvetnans 
nnlitairc que vous fere execute a cette Epo- 
que. Pour etnb Republiqu^n it faut etre in* 
Itruis et avpir de lamour propre Sc merite 
I'eltime dc tcux qiii ndus Paiyes, jufqua ce 
jouf'Vdiis «veziieglig6 ce devoirs a bonnet te 
homme reparre tses emriens erreurs merite 
mon £ftim6, vous fere faire tous les jour^ a 
tons lea Oiteyevis que vot Oommande et fen 
aiicane diftinftions que celle de la vielles, 
Texercifes du Fufils, et da Canons, ceux qui 
exercerons biens au Fufils, et au Canons^ ne 
ferons Texercifes que tous les Lundis feiile- 
roans fur ma places, ceux que ne paflerons 
pas biens les temps, Teront fuivantes leurs 
fciences divife en 2eme. et 3emc. clafes, ceux 
de la 2em. ferons Texercifes trois fois par 
. Semaine, ceux de la seme, tous les jours 
jiffqua cc que tous vos Citoyens ne parvienne 
a etre de la premiere claffes, tous au fuHls qu 
au canhons, il faut qu'il foilles tous fufilliers 
et canoniers, ' veille que cette ordre foilles 
mifes a execution, vous men repond6 donne 
auffi I'ordre a votre cavaleris de Tinftruire, il 
iaut'^ous etre abile a ma v;oIonte. 

aA True Copy, 


I defire t1>^ Cin^en Dompars,.as Comman* 
A^ni, to ^qualify himfelf, that he may be aS'.c 
to command in perfon,thV French Republic 
cans vrho are under his orders. That he will- 
in the fame manner, require his Officers to" 
qualify themfelves to c6mmand, as well as 
his inferior Officers, I give you all one month 
to enable yt>u to pra&iie, and I (hall Judge 
myfclfofthe military evolutions which you 
may be able to perform at that period. To 
be Republican*:, it is neceflary to be well in- 
formed, to poffcfs a degree of pride, and to 
merit the edeem of tbofe whofe pay we re* 
. ceive. 

Hitherto you have negleftcd ihefe duties 
of honorable men, repair your former error s>, 
and merit my efteem,you will daily make the* 
Citizens whom you command,>vithout any dif* 
tinSion, except that of age,pra£iice with tlie 
niufquet and great guns. Thofe who perform 
their exercife well with the mufquet and can- 
non, will pradice only every Monday on my 
Parade; thofe who will not make the moft of 
their time, fliall be formed according to their 
refpedive acquirements into fecond and third 
Claffes; thofe of the fecond Clafs fhall ex- 
crcife three times a week; thofe of the third 
daily, until all ^bur Citizens become qualified 
for the firft Clafs, both with refpcft to the ma- 
nagement of the mufquet and of the artille* 
ry ; they muft all be equally expert ^t the 
4fnufquet and the artillery. 

Be careful that this order be carried into 
execution, you will be anfwerable to me for 
it. I flue orders alfo to your Cavalry to in- 
ftruQ themfelves. It isproper that all (hould 
beperfcft. Such is my will. 

A True Tranflation, 
French Tranflator. 

This LiUer eftablijhes thefaO^ that M. Ray* 
mond^ Commander of the French Army at Hydera* 
had /bad opened a correfpondence with 7ippoo 
Sultaun. IVitb regard to the Standards under 
tdhicb M. Raymond's Corps /erved, they were 

. delivered up at Hyderabad on the 221/ OBohtr 
1798; they confified of the Three- coloured Flag^ 

furmounied hy an Embkm, reprefenting the Otto ^ 
man Crefcent^ transfixed by a dagger^ on the point 
^f which was placed the French Cap of Liberty. 




^be Originais oftbefoUomng Tranjlatkns tf Letters from tknersl Bume^arte vire 
£omfmmcated tx^Captain Wilfm at Mocha ; and the TranJaiUns were by bim trati/mttei 
io tbe Governor in Council At Bombay. 



Head porters at Cairo, jtb Piuvoife, jtb year ofibe French SUpuUic^ ofie andindmj^. . 

BUONAPARTE, MenAcr of the National Convention, General iQC)hief,ioibe«ieftMq[ni«' 
dBccnt SULTAUN, our greatcft friend TIPPOO SAIB. 

You have alreadv been informed of nw arrival on ihe borders ^ the RodiSea,' ividi nai in^ 
fiumerabie and invincible Army^ full of the defire of delivering y6ix froai the ikon fckc of 

I eagerly embrace thisopportumtyof teftifyingioyouthe defirt J have <^ bcin^ informed 
by you, by the way of Mufcat and Mocha^ as to your political fituatidn. ^ 

I would even wifli you could fend fome intelligent .f^edbnJl^.Sliez or Caii^^poflisll^t^gypiir 
confidence, with whom I may confer* 

May the Alntiigh^ increafe your power and deftroy yxmr Enemies, 
i^eal) ' iiigned) ^pNAPARTR. 

True Tranflate from the FreniSh, / 

{Signed) FRANCIS WOPPERS, Tranfliton 

^ran]ldie<ffa Lefterfrom (General Buonaparte to tbe Sbereef ofMtcca^-writtenin JbrtAic^ 
wit bout Date, and received at Judda, tbe ijtb February, , 1799. 

YOU wlPbe fully informed by the Nocqueda of this Dow» how tranquil ai)d quiet every 
thing is at Cairo and Suez, and between thdfe places ; and of the tranquillity which is efta* 
i)liftred among ihe Inhabitants. Not afingle Mamaluke pppreflbr remains in the Country^ 
and the Inhabitants withoutdread or fear, employ themfelves in weaving, cultivating the grouncC 
and in x>tber trades as formerly, and by the blefling of God« this will be. daily indreafing, and 
ihe duties on Merchandiee and the Taxes will be leffened. Tbe duties on Merchandize are 
nowtirefemeas they were prior to their being raifed by the Mamalukes \ the Merchants have 
every afliftance granted them, and the road between Suez and Cairo is open and fafe, there* 
fore do you alTure the Merchants of your Country, that they may bring their goods to Suez, 
and fell them without dread or apprehenfion^ and may purchafe vql exchange for then»t Aich 
Articles as they may wiih. 

I now feadyou a letter far our friend Tjppoo Sultaun^ oblige me by forwarding it to fais 

A True Tranflation, 

{Signed) S. WILSON^ 

Copies of tbe abcwt Letters weregt'Oiett to my Moonfiieefor i»aj ty Sbaick Soliman and Mahomed 
Ameenj,therShereef i iJlViziar and iji Secretary^ 

{Signed) S.WILSON. 

A True Copy, 


P^eriian Tranflator to the Government* 










• V^-^r' 




AND government; 


Written jth Mdrcb^ 1798;^ 

THE particiilarsofche late difturBances in Codote, and their termination by the fubmif- 
fion of the Rajah^ m\\ no doubt have been communicated to you. From the friendfhip 
vhich fubfifts between the two States, I think it^properr however, to acquaint you» that during 
the exiftence of thofe difturbances feveral letters were prefented to the Company's Officers^ 
who were reduce the Rajah to obedience, . in your name, . bearing a Seal aQercod to be 
, that ofyour Sircar/claiming the-D)ftri£l of Wynaad, which adjoins to Cotiote. I am fatisB- 
cd, that if thefe letters^had been written with your fandion, they would have been tranfmitted 
to me in the ufual manner, andi^as the di£tates of friendflrfp vcquire. Although I ean there-* 
fore have little doubt, but thefe letters were fabricated b^ theadvifers of the Rajah in quef-» 
tion^ in (he hope of obtaining^ his own purpofes^^ by. exciting a.mifundcr{landing between the 
two States; it being equally uie intereft of both States that tKcr views of fuch Ihort lighted per- 
fons fliould be expofed and defeated, and that meafikres ffioufd be adopted ta prevent fimilai^ 
practices in future $ I.have thought it proper toappria^e you of the above circum dances, and^ 
at the fame time to aflWre. you; that in the event of your having- any claims on the DiftriQ of 
Wynaad, I hav^ every difpoiition to attend to them; .and For that purpofe^ if neceflTary, to di« 
xe£tweU«infonn^and.refpe£l:ableperfbns tobe deputed* from Bombay to the fpot, or any 
where on the frontiers. of the two States that may be. concerted as moft convenient, to meet 
perfons on your part to fettle the right of the* refpeftive States^ to that diftri6t, or ro any 
places on the boundary- between Malabar and your territories, the right to which may be un- 
fettled. 1 need not add, th^ fuUeft aflurances that this Gbvernhicnt will moft readily agree to 
whatever may appear equitable on enquiry.; and 1 am fatisfied that you will be aftuatcd by the- 
Jamc feniiments of juftice and good faith. ' - 

Confidering the abov^ as a proof of my fincere defire to maintain the friendfhip which has-- 
been io happily cftabliflied between the tWQ States,' I truft you will rejoice me with freq.ueat: 
aircpums of your, welfare, &c, , 

' {Signtd) JOHN SHORE.. 

A True Copy, 


Perfian Tranflator to thC'Govcranacnr*.. 




Received* 7.6t6 ^prit^ '79^* 

I jHAyp been favoared with yoar letter, f notifying your intention of returning to Eu- 
irbpe^ and tbe nomination of Lord Morninffton^ vho is of rank, to the office of GpVernor 
Genera), in whom the fame difpofition would be manifefted with yburfelf to cultivate and im» 
prove the friend&ip and good underftanding fub6fting between the two States, and an invio- 
lable s^dhcrence to the engagements by which they are conn^6led, See. It is very well : You 
mud imprefs Lord Mornington with a fenfe of the friendfhip and. unanimity fo firmly fubfifi- 
ing.betWQe0.u«, and conllantly favor me with letters communicating your health and welfare^ 

A True Tranflation, 


P. T. to the Go¥einBaeAt» 


Riceiued TjStk April, 1798; 

, I jiAVE been highly gratified by the recei^^ of your l#tler (yide that written 7th ot 
Vki^i) "kiA )VaVe uhderftood its friendly contents. 

Wyiiaad (%^^^ Wynaur) i$. the name of a J Kurreea in my territoiy in the midft'6f a forett 
oftrtek, with an inconlidfrable number of habitations upon it ; the inhabitants of which liavs^ 
•vef been it^markable for their turbulence, for which reafoDi ^a fmall fort was (ong ago ereo 
tcdthetei, which is gjirrifoned by my troops. They have always been^diforderiy and turbfit^T 
lent, and thiere has beenxonftant occafion to chafViie them* The faid Kurreea. is ficuated 01^ 
the Table land/near Tambachecry. All the talooks cededto the Company were particularly^, 
^ecified in the treaty oC peace, in order to pcevent repeated altercitiotfs. I did- not cede gk. 
lingle talook to the Company on. the Table land, nor has theCodipan^ any concern .there. 
Ihave no doubt but thacMn confeqjjience of the reprefentation of fome interefted perfon, yoa 
have writteawith a view to have fuch defigning; reprefentations expofed, and therefore I 
write thus particularly* Juftnow no- one inthat Kurreea^has excited any difttubance or conw 
motion ; my fubjeSs do not frequent tKe country below^ the T4ble land, which has long.con* 
fiituted a barrier to both parties. The plain andaliubelow tlje Table land-belongsto the Cona^ 
pany; above it are my fubj^fts. There-arermountains fituated, between. This matter does^ 
not require inveftigation and didiberation. 

Believing my friendly, heart difpofed to pay every, regard, to- mitb and^ ju(l:ice,.and' t(X 

^ On this day Tippoo Siiltian*t Ambaffiidors landed at Mangalore on their retom from the Ifle of Francer 
*t^.The Letter allnded to* being merely €om[^imentary« i«x>mitted. 

:|: TheXamt mMoza* Th(i:term niiage.doci not aofwec to the word Korrecai)! Mozah, which ftgnifiet not ooly. y 
AftUiUsge icfelf^.hut ths landahdonging to it... 

^ ftrength«!ftj» 

.. J 

AND ^OVJifltirWEWT. 114; 

ftfengtben the fbmdatjoof ofharmtfiiy.mdcom I htm 

you will always gwify mc. by lettertjictifying y oiir wdfim^ ^^ 

A True' TranflStiM; 


P* T« wikm GovernMcnt. 


Received fjth May^ 179^^ 

I WAS liiucb gratified by tKe receipt of your friendly letter^, communicating tbc depar- 
ture of Sir John Shor^ and y6ur having talcen charge of the Government until the arrival of 
the Earl of'Mornington fvide that written 26tH Mireh, 1798). As you^rea friencC I have no 
doubt of your xonftant 'di^fitioa to ftrengtheh the bonds of fincere attachment between the 
iwo States. 

The Coorgali people 'hSve entered ind taken- up their abode in Kakint-mun^ul and Coloor« 
Bauchee, two Kurreeast below the ghautt and woods, where tbey commit violence and in* 

iure the ryots; an officer with a rmall detachment was therefore fent to bring them to reafon^ 
^Ut they wiKhot hearreafon and only want to excite difturbance; I have written this for your 
information^ left Any perfons fhould reprefent the<:ircumftance to the Company's Govern- 
inent in a manner contrai^ 40 what is the real fad. ^ You muft write to the Coorgah Rajah, en« 
joining andinfiftihg on his^ qijiittng tkofe two ICurreeasi and. remaining within his own boun- 
dary above^e ghaut«i,tand iii liHure not to go beyondthem. ^ Believing me folicitous for the 
good tidings of your ^welfare, I hope you will conftantly- gratify me with Jroor friendly letters. 

A^Trile f TranQiirion, 


Pei^fiaa TranJDiacor to the Government. 

Written the ij^hjune 1798. 

IMMCJ)1ATEL7 oninyarrivatatBeftgali;.SirA!ured Clarke communicated to me your 
friendly letter to htm, ftating» that Ibme people of the Coorgs^ country having defeended from 
tbewdjHods and mountiinsi had fixed their refidencern the village of Kaunumungle and Coloot- 

(Recapimlttte the contents of the letter.) 

* Tht lecttr alldd^ lo/)>eiiig nerelf ConplineiKary* ii omitted. 
#itJtee«ts a viili^wiib th&adjaccM land iMloBg^^ 



^ Sir Adured Clarke has alfo cominuhicatcd to me your anfwcr to the letter from the late 
Governor General Sir Joha Shore, fefpcaing the cl^ras of the. Company and of your High- 
nefs to the diftria of Wynaad, bordering on Tambercherry. 

Being anxious to afford you every proof in my power of my finccre deGre to maintain t]ie 
good uhderftanding which had fo long fubfiaed between your Highnefs and the Company, I 
made it one of the flrft objeas of my jittention to examine all the papers exifting on the 
Company'* records, as well rcfpeding Wynaad as the diftria of Souleah, in which it appears 
that Kaunumungle, and Coloorbajee are fituated* 

From thefe papers I find that not only the right to the diftrias of Wynaad and Souleah has 
remained in doubt, but alfo to the diftria of Amerah, and Erfawarafeemy, and to fome other 
inconfiderable territories on the fide of Malabar. 

Your Highnefs is well aware that it is a maxim among States^ who are fincerely difpofed 
to maintain the relations of amity and peace, to bring all contcfted points of this nature to a 
fpeedy determination. 

A feafona^le and temperate difcuffion ofthofe differences of opinion, which muftoccafion- 
ally arife between powers of the moft pacific difpofition^ tends to prevent quarrels between 
their fubordrnate officers, and to obviate the mifreprefentations which each party is apt ii^ 
fuch cafes xa make, to the refpeftive Governments. This is the moft friendly, as well as the 
inoft prudent cour&r, and will always defeat the views of interefted and defigning perfons who 
may wi(h to foment jealoufy and to difturb the blefling of peace. 

For this objea Lord Cornwallis, the Nawab Nizam AH Khan, and the Paifliwa Pundit Per- 
d'haun, wifely provided in the treaty of peace concluded with your Highnefs at Seringapa* 
tam« by eftablifhing a regular mode of bringing to an amicable adjuftment with the knowledge 
and approbation of all parties, any queftions which might hereafter arife, between your High- 
nefs and any of the Allies refpcaing the boundaries of your adjacent territories. 

I am perfuaded that it is your HTghnefs's difpofition to maintain faithfully your public en* 
gagements with the Company. On my part ybu will ahvays meet with a religious adherence 
to every article of the treaties fubfifting between us. On this oecafion therefore it is my intefv- 
lion to depute a refpeaabre and difcreet perfon to meet upon your fromier fiich of your offii- 
cers as your Highnefs may pleafe to name for the purpofe of conferring together, of difcuffing 
the grounds of the refpeaive claims, and of fatisfying each other on alt points refpeaing which 
any doubts may be entertained on either fide. 

It would not be confiftent with your Highnefs's high reputation for juftice and good faith, to 
refufe to enter into this candid inveftigation, I therefore entertain no doubt, that as foon as 
you (hall have fully underflood the nature of this reprefentation you will afford every facility 
to the condua of the neceffary enquiries, and will ufe your endeavours to bring them to a fpee«- 
dy determination, and for this purpofe that you will without delay direa your officers at Korial* 
Bunder (or Mangalore) to enter into conference with thofe deputed by the managers of'the 
Honorable Company's affairs oa the Coaft of Malabar. v/The refult of the conferences will be 
communicated to me by the Govertiment of Bo/tibay with all: praaicable difpatch; and you 
may rely upon It, that after a regular difcuffion (hall have taken place according to the efla* 
blimed law of nations and to the praaice uniformly obferved on every oecafion- of difputed 
boundary which has arifen between your Highnefs and the Allies, fince the conclufion of the 
treaty of Seringapatam, I will not fufpend for one moment the full acknowledgment of what* 
evipr ihall appear to be your juft right. 

In the mean time, as the diftrids of Amerah and Souleah have been in the poffeflioii^sf the. 
Coorgah Rajah for feveral years, your Highnefs will no doubt fee the propriety and juftice of 
recalling the troops fentinto the neighbourhood of Souleah. Your Highnefs muft he fenfible 
that until I have been fatisfied of the juftice of your claims in a regular and amicable manner^ 
I will never fuffer any of the Company's Allies or Dependants^ whofe country ^and inteeefts I 



confider to be in every refpeS the fame as thofe of the Companyt to be forcibly deprived of 
territories of which they have fo long held poffisffion: With the mod cordial difpofition to 
maintain the intercourfe of friendfliip with your-Highnefs, I trad that I fliall always meet an 
equal return on your part ; and therefore I cannot but lament, that your Highnefs did not im- 
mediately refort to the eftabliflied channels of peaceable negociation, in place of ftationing a 
military force upon the frontiers of the territory poflefled by an Ally of the Company. 

■ Confident however that your Highnefs upon a full review of all the circumftano^ of the 
cafe^ will be equally inclined with myfelf to conform to the di&ates of juftice, I am fatisfied 
that after our refpe6live officers fhall have conferred together, and explained to each other all 
matters that remain in dbubt, we fhall have no difficulty in terminating thefe long depending 
queftions to our mutual fatisfaQion* 


A True Copy, 


P. T. to the povernment. 


Received lotb Jufyf 1798. 

YOUR Lord(hip's friendly letter* containing the agreeable intelligence of your arrival at 
Calcutta, and your taking charge of the Company's aflpairs reached me at the happieft of times, 
and afforded me a degree of plpafure and fatisfadion that cannot be adequately exprefled upon 
paper. May the Almightv profper to your Lordfhip this event ! By the Divine Grace, the 
exalted fabric 6f union ana attachment, and the firm foundations of friendfliip and harmony, 
)>etween the two States arc ^9 full flrength. To adhere to the obligations of exifting treaties is 
a conflant objeft with me« Your Lordfhip is from your heart a friend and well-wither, and I 
am confident will hold in mind the obfervance of unioi^ and concord, I hope you will conti- 
nue fS> gratify mp bv ^ttjejrs ^ot^fying your welfare. 

A True Tranflation, 


P» T, to the Government. 



Pated ift Suflfer ^213, or 18th July, 

Received %d Augujlp 1798* 

In happy time I had the pleafure to receive your Lordfhip's letter,, which afforded ine great 
fatiffaiftion, and its friendly irontents have been ttaderftood4-(vide letter written 14th June.) 

* Tlis letter alladed to, being mcrd/ conpIisMocaiji it ooutCsd* 





Since the^ time that the eounuy^^of Nuggur and KoriauWas^ firft Tobjtigated, 'tbe*Talo6lLs of 
Aitieeraand Sfl(^teahi in which {latter) Kantainiingleand^ aresfituated^ bavejbe- 

longed CO Koriaul, aiHl this is'proved and corifirmed by therecords of a-eentury. Tbenamoa 
oF the perions who paid the cotledions of thofe Talooks to the officers of Koriaid^ of thole who . 
colleded the revenues df them, and the aecounts of advances made to the Ryota for the pOr* - 
pofes of <:uHivacion^re containcdxin4hore records, and from the (irft eftabliflnnent of the.i^ii* 
thority of this Sircar tlowo to the ye^r taao of Mahomed^ they have been attached to the 
countjry of KoriauK 'The Coorga people have had no concern in them. Indeed, >between 
the above Ta1o6ks,and the Copi^ga country vaft hills interpofe. By the treaty of peace, the 
Talooks of Ahmednuggur otherwife called Chucktoor,. belongs to my Sirkar^^nd Wynaad'(oir' 
Weenaar) i$ a Kurreah (or village with its apperuining lands) among the Kurreeahs of Ah* 
mednugger.above the Tambacherry p0[(s« The territory dfrt4e Company is below 4hatpa&, 
and the bills form » barrier 4>etween. 

Yqur Lordihipbas written that ^^ fabofdioate<>fficcr8:are4iatiiraUyvindinedto«&kemifre- 
"^ prefentations to their rafpefiive Governments in fuch trivial cafes and to foment jealoufcts 
and difturbaQces/' '^t is certain (hen, that in plainand^fimple. cafes, the reprefentationst>f in* 
terefted people will not have any.. weight .or credit whatever with your LordQiip. Neverthe* 
lefsas your Lordlhip is delirous of obtaining an explanation and removing doubts, orders 
have been iflued-to the officers of Korianl, to confer with the perfona who may beappomted 
from the Malabar :fide, and fairly to ifcertain.^nd remove .aU doubts, a perfim of laakfliall 
alfo be deputed by me for this bfmnefs* 

* By the favor rf Cod, the bonds of firiendfiup rMd union are/Jkmfy drnmn iolmion tbo two 
Statif, ^ I Mk4o ibi lafi depooaypofcd topvi 0dditional firongOt to tkoUn^M Jyfim of 
amity and peaa. 

Believing me graUfied by -the ^agreeable intelli^ce of your LofdfliipSs welfafi^ I iiepe 
you .ipiU,aIw«^y« eontii^ue. to iigoice nc by your odulantingiatteffa. 

A True TFrtiflatioii^ 

;N. B. £DMONSTQ|f«; 


WtittntjibAatgifi. t^gfi. 

YOUR Highnefs's letter nave mt great fatisfa&ion ; ^t the-fame time ibat it reached me^ 
I received from the commiffioners in Malabar, their final opinion upon/the fiii^eft cf Wy- 
naad. After a full examination:, of. every circumftance fdattng to your ikhts ojA to thofe 
of (he Company, I am now convinced that Wynaad was not ceded to the Company by the 
treaty of peace, and therefore that it belongs to .your fligbneb. : As it never will be my wilh 
to conteft the fmalleff particle of your Highnefs's rights, 1 have direAed theicommiffioneio 
to make a fbriaal acknowledgement of the juftice of yoorxltimvto Wyfiaai)» which diftrift 
you will occupy whenever it may A4t your ple^ire. 

x« Letier»lifom Tifpes 8otti«ii lo ili^fio«wiior«r Ai^UbofrFisaeti tod tolbt^SMeatiiafiMlsirfi Afts* MicUSsHbt 
the thud time, the eo«Qpentioii of s Frsncli fsice for thesalefmiutioQ of the Britidi poivw ta laditt «ad tniiimilciiig tholpcci* 
&c Tflnditiot of sa sCbbiivc •lUaaspv bons dM tiro difi fuhfciiiiiat id AtiiiH tf ibiS;kttn> iVUrtkiadMORvlMHlcaoi^ IMffiioa Jk 


^ As fome doubts^ however, remain whether the Tambercheny Pais be not ineloded in the 
ceffiont made to the Company, by the treaty of peace, I have direded the ofl&cers of the 
Company co confer on that fubjed with the perfon to be appointed by your Highnefs. All 
queftion between your Highnefs and the Company with remeft Co Wvnaad is now brought 
to a happy conclufion : the right to the Tambercberry Pals, and to tne talooki of Amerah 
and Souieab and Erfawarlifeemy, ftill remains for difcuffion. You will find me.^ncerely dif« 
pofed to confider the feveral queftions relating to thefe diftriOs, with the fame impartiality^ of 
which I have endeavoured 10 afiford your Highnefii an unequivocal (eftimony in the final Ceti* 
ilement pf your claims upon Wynaad. 


A True Copy, 


P. T. to the Governmenu 

Dated 20th RabbeeoolAwid 1213 Hegiree^ or 2d September ijgS. 

Received 2%tb September^ 1798^ 

1 HAVE had the pleafure to receive your Lordfhip's friendly tetter, purporting that you 

liad^eceived die final opinion of the Malabar Commiffioners upon the lubjeQ of Wynasui* 

after a fdll estamination of every circumftance^ that your Lordmip was now convinced that 

"Wyoaad belongs to me i that therefore yoti had direded the commiffioners to make a formal 

:aicknowledgement of my claim to that Talooki but that fome doubu yet remained with 

Tefpeft to>& Pa(s« (vide letter written 7tb Auguft^ 1798) 

Tambeiclierry which is bdow the Ghaut^ by the'treaty of peace came into the Company's 

<^ffeffion. Ako^t the GhauU is Wynaad. which confifted of a few habiutions^. and has for a 

v^ng time been defolate ; the Ghauts arefituated between and alfo belong to me ; it ( Wynaad) 

^onfifts of nothing but forefts and heaps of ftones. Accordingly long ago this faft came re« 

»eMedly ^^under ocular infpeQion^ at tne time when meafures were taken for the fettlement of 

vtheliA^bardiftriiEU; and whateverdoubta there may be upon this head will be folved by a 

<sffeference thereto. In^like manner the right to the Talooks of Ameera and Soulea which 

vmpertaia to Couriaul (Mangadore) is proved by the records of a century^ in which are in- 

^ferledi the names cf the coUefitors and oefirayers of the land tax. Nay^ a copy of the parts'^f 

«ftthofe records fliall be fent^ when^bv referring thereto the circumftancei refpe&ing Ameera and 

Soulea» Erferawiarafeemy, &c. win be afcertained and laid open. Mifchief-makers by darting 

empty dsfpntes and altercation^ hope tc^accomplilh their own purpofes; but by the favof of 

Godi the Countaina of union and harmony between the two States poflefi too much purity and 

eleatfndj to be fttUied by the devices of fdf-intereftcdperfons. 

Continue 'Confttntly to gratify me by letters denoting your Lordlhip's welfare, s 

P. Sr * SewaraTemy allb belong to me. . The Talooka which were ceded to the Company 
^npalKti€uiar^enttmefilediii.the treaty of ^ I beg you will refer thereto for information. 

A frue Tranflation, 


P. T« to the Government. 

^arUffi^bAlylialifaZiMvrsnkaqr* ^^^^^ 



^-1— i-!-t .*» 


I Received 2J^b OSober^ ^798- 

j THE Talooks of Ameera and Soulea^ in which Cauntmungle and Coloorbachee are fita- 

I ated^ have belonged to Cburyaul (Mangalore) from the year Rejah 1070 Mohummuddee to 

f ^ the end of the year Shadab 1226, a term of 156 years ; thirty-fix years ago a body of 2000 

I Goorga peons were employed in the fervice of the State^ and fome villages in the Talooks a- 

. bovementioned yielding 3423 Pagodas, continued for a Ihort time to be affigned' for their pay, 

) but fince fix and thirty years that even has ceafed. This trivial affair can only be afcribed to the 

, • turbulent difpolition of interefted men, who, by nature, are ever feeking opportunities of fowing 

; the feeds of diflenfion ; of this, I am confident, your Lordfliip muft be well convinced. 

The pcrfon who is now in Coorga is not of the pofterity of the Coorga Rajahs» but 
of a different ftock. 

Conftandy gratify me with friendly letters* 

POSTSCRIPT,— Mr. Duncan, the Governor of Bombay, has written to me, that two 
perfons of ihtegrity and ability,, from among the civil officers {Talookdars) on the coaftof 
Malabar, have been deputed to enquire into the claim of the abovementioned Talooks, and 
will ihortly arrive; orders have been iffucd from my Sircar alfo^ nominating Shaikh Shahau^ 
ud Dien and M«er Mohummud Ally, perfons of integrity and honor, to negoctate with the 
deputies abovementioned, and afcertain fiy>m records and fads the dependency of tb<( 
above iiamcd Talooks on Co\iryauI. 

A True Tranflationi 

P. T, xp {the GovermiieiiCt 

m II II I i % \fmif^mmm 


Written ^b N^emher^ i798» 

TOU have doubtlefs received information of another excefs of that unjuftifiable ambitioa 
and infatiable rapacity, which have fo long marked the conduft of the French t^ation. They 
have invaded Egypt, a country, from which they were in no danger of moleftat|on, and from 
whofe government, diey could not even pretend to have received the flighteft provocation. They 
have comjpitted this ad of violence in contempt of the treaties fub^ftipg l^etween France and 
the Porte, and without any regard to the acknowledged authority of the Grand Seignor, fo 
long eftabliftied in Egypt. Nothing can more clearly expofe their total difregard of every 
principle of public faith and honour than this unprovoked and unjuftifiable aggreffion ; and it 
will no doubt afford fatisfaQion to cveiy friend to juftice and good faith, and particularly to 
every friend of the Britilh Nation, to hear, that by the fuccefs of His Majefty's Arms, the 
French have already fuffered for their injuftice and temerity. Certain intelligence has juft 
been received, that thiVtecn fail of the line^ which ha(|i been employed in the expeditioii 



againft Egypt, mdtinting 1024 guns, and carrying about 10,000 meni being at anchor in the 
Port of Bckir, near Roietta, at the mouth of the Nile, were attacked by an equal number of 
His Britannic Majefty's fleet; an ' engagement took place which termmated in the capture 
of nine flitpf. of the French line; two more were blown aip, one of them of 118 guns, the 
French Admiral's, and only two made their efcape from the valor and (ktlV of the Britifli 
Admiral. All communication being thus cut off between Egypt and Europe, the troops^ 
who have landed in Egypt muft in all probability perilh, either by famine or by the fword. 

This very fignal viftory 1$ to be afcrihied to the juftice of the Britifli caufe; and to the aid 
of Divine Providence, favouring the gallantry of our forces and punilhing the injuf^ice and 
impiety of our adverfary. On the fame afliftance I rely with confidence for a continuation 
of fimilar fuccefles, and for the final triumph of His Majefty s arms, over « Nation, who have 
fliewn themfelves the general enemy of mankind. Confident from the union and attachment 
fubfifting between us, that this intelligence will afford you fincere fatisfaftioui^ I coald not deny 
myfelf the*pleafure of communicating it» 


A True Copy, 

P« T. to the Govcmoient^ 


• fTri/fen BtB November, 1798.. 

t HAVE received your letter informing me (recite the fubftance of the letter received on 
the 24th Oftober*) 

It affords me fincere fatisfa£lion to learn that you have nominated two perfons of integrity 
and honour to meet and confer with the deputies appointed, under my orders, by Mr. Dun- 
can (the Governor of Bombay) for the purpofe of inveftigatlng the queftion regarding ^he 
Talooks of Ameera and Soulea. It u only by means of regular enquiry, and amicable 
difcuflion, that fuch quefticms can be adjufted among independent powers. My determination 
in the cafe of Wynaad was dt£tated by thofe principles of juftice and moderation, which 
always dire61: the Company's government; nor (hall my fcrupulous adherence to the Tame 
principles be lefs manifeft in my decifion on your claim to the diftrids, at prefent in queftion; 
the pofleffion of which fliall not be withhotden from you for an inftant, if, after full inveftiga- 
tion I (hall be fatisfied of the juftice of your title to them. 

It is a well known truth, that they who ai'e the moft ready to refped the juft rights of others, 
are the moft vigilant and refolute to maintain their own. ' . 

I have underftood your fentiments concerning the *' turbulent difpofition of interefted 
** men» who» by nature, are ever feeking Opportunities of fowing the feeds of diffenfion/'. 
For the happinefs of mankind, it is to be lamented, that tbefe authors of confufion are too 
numerous, afliduous, and fuccefsful in all parts of the world. In no age or country were the 
baneful and infidious arts of intrigue ever cultivated with fuch fuccefs, as they are at prefent 
by the French^ Nation. I finderely wi(h that no impreffion hiid been produced on your dif- 
cerning mind by that dangerous people: but my fituation ienabtes me to know, that they have 





; reached fwt Priifencej and have endeavoured ta pervert the wifdom of your Gomieib and to 

) in^igate yoo 4o wair againft thofe^ who have given you no piovocation. 

It ii impoffiblc that you ftouldluppofe me to be ignorant of the intercoarTe which rubfifti^ 

between you and thi Frendi» whon^you knov to be the inveterate enemies of the Company^ 

and to engaged in an unjiift war with the Bmifliv Nation. You cannot imagine me to 

) be indifferent tothe tranfadiona which have paffed between you and the enemies of my Coun* 

j try; nor does it ap^ar. i^eceffary or proper that I fliould any longer conceal from you the 

^ furprize and c6ncent'witli^ Which I perceived yon ^fpofed to involve, yourfelf in all tiie ruinotu 

conrequences of a/connexion^ which threatens not only to fubvert the foundations of firiendfliip 
between you an^ the Cofnpany^ but to introduce into the heart of your kingdom the princi- 
> pies of anarchy and' cohfufion^^ to Ih^^^^ own authority to weaken the obedience* of 

/ your fiibjedssy andt to'deftroy th$ religioa which you revere. 

f Immediately after my arrive in Bengal I read your correfpoadenee with Ae late Governor 

General Sir John Shorten and with the afiing Governor General Sir A lured Clarke, andE' 

I perceived with great {ati5fo6t]on^ that^%i all your letters^ you conftantly profcfled a difpo- 

lition to ftrengtben the bqads of lincere attachment, and the foundations^ of harmony and 

' concord, eftabliCbeci between^ you and the Honourable Company. I received particular 

i pleafure from reading yoi^r laft Jeiter to Sir John Shore, in which you fignified your amicable 

delire, that he (houla imprefs me with a ienie of the friendihip and unanimity, fo long^ fuhfi^' 
ting between the two States. Your fiibiequent letters to me have ^abounded with pro&ffiona d 
the fan]ie friendly nature. 

Combining thefe profeffions ofamitv on your part, wixh the proofs which the Company V^ 
Government have coliftantly given or their fincere difpofition xo maintain the relations of. 
friendihip and peace with you; and adverting at the iaioie time to your reputation for wif- 
dom and difcernmenr, it was ]r)a(ural for me to be esttcemf ly flow to believe the various ac«> 
counts tranftoitted to me of your negotiations with' the French, ana of your military prepara- 
lions* But, whatever my reluflgnce to credit fuch reports might be, prudence required both 
of me and of the Company » Allies, that we (houkkadgpt certain meafures of precaution. and 
fetf-defence ; and thefe have accordingly been taken, as you will no doubt have obferved. 
The firiiifh Government and the AUies, live in peace and- friendihip^: 
with ail their neighbours ; entertaining no projeas of ambition, nor any views in the leall in* 
compatible withiheir refpeftive engagements, and looking to no other obje&$ tban-tbe perma*^ 
nent Security and tranquilltiy of their own^ dominions and fubjefls,^ will always be ready, aa 
they now are^ to afford y^u every demonftration of thele paciBc difpofitionsr 

The Pefhwa and his Highnefs the Niaam concur witkme iy the obfervationt which I have 
offered to you in this letter, and which, in the name of the Company and of the Allies, I re- 
commend to your moft ferious confideratiom But as I am alio deCurousof communicating ta 
ybu, on the behatf of the C6mpany and of their Allies, a plan calculated^ to promote the mutuat> 
tccurity and welfare of all parties,. 1 propofe to depute to you, for this pucpofe,^ Major Dove- 
ton, wno is^ well known to you^ and who will explain tp you more folly, and particularly the 
' fble means, which appeai* to myMi and to the AlUeaof the' Company, effedual for the: 

(alutary purpofe of removing all exifting diftruft and £urpicion,,and of eftablilhing peace and 
good underftanding on^ the moft durable foundations^. 

You will, I doubt not, tet me know at what time and place it win J>e conveni<int to you to* 
receive Major DoVeton, and as fboni as your friendly Leuer ihall reach me,. I will, dired him to> 
proceed to your Prefence. 

I {hall expeft your anfwer to this tetter with an earneft hope' that it may correfpond^ with* 
tl^e pacific views and wilhes of the Allies; and that you may be convinced thai you cannot 
in any nianner better confult your true inter^ft, than by meeting with cordiality the prefent 
friendfy and moderate advanee to a fatisfaStory ^d amicable fettlemcnt of id points, on 




which any tloubt8*or aaxietv may have arifen in the minds either of yourfelf or of Ae 

I. I 

A True Cop)r^ 


P. T. to the Government. 


Writtin December id, 1798. 

I HAD the honor of addrefling a friendly letter to your Highnefs, on the 8th of Novem^ 
ber laft, in \vhicb I ftated a variety of important points, to which your Highnefs would no 
doubt perceive the propriety and neceflity of giving your earlieftand moft ferious confidera-* 
tion. I particularly hope that your Highnefs will have been fenfible of the advantages likely 
^o refuir, to all parties, from the conciliatory meafure of my deputing Major Doveton to 

I expca to have the pleafurc of finding your ?nfwer to that letter on my arrival at Madras^ 
forwhich plate ram (yri 'tlie p'oint of fettihg out from Calcutta/ I hope tb ?rriVe at Madras 
about the fame time that this letter reaches you, and fhould any drcuitiftance^ hitherto have 
prevcntc4yo[yr^.^nfwc^ laft letter of the 8ih November, laffure myfelf that yoM will 
v^mmediaiQly, on jouc r^cj^ oif tbi5,.difpatcfara fatisfa£kory.xcply to ^, addrefled tome at 


;'.'.'■'* A Tirue C6py, ' r • •• • 


?• T. to the Government. 


Dated 11th Jemaudy ooffaunce (or 20th November, 1798O 

Received i^/& December, 1798. 

IT lias lately coi^e to my eaVs from report, that in confequence of the talk of interefted 
perfons, military preparations are on foot, {leport is equally fubjeft to the likelihood of be- 
ing true or falfe. I have the fulled confidence that the prefent is without foundation. By the 
favcr of Cod, the conditions (or obligations^ of peace eftabliihed (between us) have obtain- 

i*:' -? 

\ji^<'^ • / " 


cd the utmpft degree of ftrqngth and f'rmnefs; under, the circumftanccs of their haying b«fn- 
firmly obferved and adhered to» of the 4aily increafing union and friehdfhip, and of the con- 
Hant intercouffe ofi correfpondeince, it (the report) cannot poflibly be entitled to credit,, but 
the prornulgation of fucH repcirfc excites my furprize — my friendly pen writes this •?— I hope 
your Lordfhip will be pleafed -to.gxaiify me by writing of it. From axiefire to maintain the- 
obligations of Cfdaty ih'd ^ngUgement, I have no otiier intention (or thought) than to give 
jqcrqiafe to friendftiip^.and my friendly heart is to the laft degree bene on endeavours. to con- 
firm and (Irengthen the foundations of harmony and union. . . 

Let your Lordfhip. always continue to gratify me by gladdening letters,^ notifying your 

A True Tranflation^ 

. P.. T# to the Coveroment« 


Received at Fort. St. ije&rger 2 $fb,Decm^ 

I^HAVE been made liappy by the receipt of your Lordfhip's two friendly letter«,,the coR': 
teni3 of which I clearly comprehend (vide thofe written 4th and 8jth November), ' 

The particulars which your Lordfhip has communicated to me, relattve to- Ac Tiftory bb-- 
tained by the Englifli ffeei over that of the Frehch^ near the fhores of Egypt; nine of their 
fhips having been captured and two burned, on one of which of the latter was their Admiral, 
have given rtie more plcafure than can poffiWy be conveyed by writing. Indeed I poffefs the 
firmeft hope that the leaders of theEngHfh and the Company Bahaudur, who ever adhere to 
the paths of fineerity, fricndfHip and good faith, and are the well wifhers of mankind, will at 
all times be ^ccefsful and vi6lorious; and that the French, who are of a crooked difpofition- 
fjithlefs and the enemies of mankind, may be ever depreffcd and ruined,. Your Lordfliip has 
written to me with the pen of friendihip,^ " that in- no age or country were the. baneful and in- 
** fidious arts of intrigue ever cultivated with fuch fuccefs as they are at prefent by theFrcnch' 
^^ nation. Woiild to Godthat no impreffion had been produced on my mind by that dangerous 
" people, but, that your Lordfhip'9 (ituation enables you to know, that they have reached my. 
•* Prefence, and have endeavoured to pervert the wiidom of my Councils, and to inftigate nic 
" to war againft tbofie who have given nae no provocation/' 

•* Thai it is impolSble that I Ibould fuppofe your Lordfhip ignorant of the intercourfe which. 
" fubSfts between rte and the French, whom I know to be the inveterate enemies of the Com- 
'' pany, and to be now engaged in an unjuft war with the Britifh Nation, and that 1 cannot 
" imagine your Lordjbip mdi£FereiAt to the tranfaCtions, which have pafTed between rae and the 
•• enemies of the EBgliih/*^ 

In this Sircar,^ (the gift of God) there is a mercantile tribe, who employ tfaemfelves in trad- 
ing by fea and land. Their agents purchafed a two-mafted vefiel, and, having loaded faer 

. • Kbood-a-daud-^'VWM title figuifyirtg Kterally God-given, was given by Tippoo Sultaun to hit owd Govonmemin 179*, 8a4^ 
has con ftantly b«en u fed by him fince that tine, . ' 

See the accoumt of ike iranfaSm hire defcribed ly 7ifipeo in the fubfequentlftter frm ike Gwimmnt Ctnerol^ etnd iw ihi FreweA 
etwd Pexfian papers fiund at Seringapaiam. ■ ' ' 


. • '• •> AND GO-VERNMEf|^¥;'"^ -. 155 

Viih rice, departcxi with a view to traffic. It happened that (he went to the Mauritius, from 
whence forty pcrfons, French and of a dark colour, of whom ten or twelve were artificers, and 
the reft fervantj, paying the iilre of the Ihip, catne herein fcarch of employment; fuch, as chofe 
to take fervice, were entertained, and'the remainder departed beyond the confines of this Sir- 
. car, (the gift of God) and the Trench who arc full of vice and deceit, have perhaps taken ad- 
vantage of the departure of the (hip, to put about reports, with the view to ruffle the minds of 
both Sircars. f ' ^ 

It is the wifh of my heart and jny conftant endeavours to obferve and maintain the articles of 
the agreement of peace, and 10 perpetuate and ftrengthen the bafis of friendfhip and union with 
the Sircar of the Company Bchauder, and with the Sircar of the Maha Rajah Saheb Sreemunt, 
Pe(hwah Behauder, and his Highnefs the Nabob Afuph Jah fiahauder, and I am refident at 
home, at times taking the air, and at others amufing myfelf with bunting, at a fpot, which ia 
ufed aspleafure ground. In this cafe, the allufionsto ** war," in your friendly Ittter, and the • 
following paflTage, namely : " prudence required, that both the Company and their Allies (hould • 
adopt certain meafures of precaution and felf-defence," have given me the greateft furprize. 

It was further ^^itten by your friendly pen, that *^ as your Lordfhip is defirous of commu- 
^* nicating to me on the behalf the Company and their Allies, a plan calculated to promote 
^^ the mutual fecuricy and welfare of all parties, your Lordihip propofes to depute Co me for 
" this purpofe. Major Doveton, who formerly waited upon me, and who will explain to me 
^' more fully and particularly, the fole means, which appear to your Lprd(hip and the Allies 
" to be effetlual for the falutary purpofe of removing all exifting diftruft and fufpicions, and 
^* of eftablifhing peace and good underftanding on the moft durable foundations: that there- 
** fore your Lordfnip trulls I will let you know at wh^t time and place it will be convenient to 
^* me to receive Major Doveton/' It has been underftood. By the bleflBng of the Almighty, at 
the conclufion of the peace, the treaties and engagements entered into among the four Sircars 
^ere (b firmly eftabtiihed and confirmed as ever to remain fixed and durable, and be an example 
to the rulers of the age ; nor are they, nor will they ever, be liable to interruption. I can- 
not imagine, tliat means more eflfeftual than thefe can be adopted for giving (lability to the 
foundations o^ friendfhip and harmony, promoting the fecurity of States, or the welfare and 
advantage of all parties. 

In the view of thofe who infpe£l narrowly into the nature of friendfhip, peace and amity 
are the firft of all objefts, as indeed your Lord(hip has yourfelf written to me, that the Allied 
"Sircars look to no other obje6l than the fecurity and tranqtullity of their own dominions, and 
the eafe and comfort of their fubjefts; Praife be to God, that the fum of my views and the . 
wifh of my heart are limited to thefe fanje points. On fuch grounds then a. juft and perma- 
nent obfervance of exifling treaties is neceflary, and |hefe» under the favor God, daily acquire 
new flrength and improvement, by means of amicable correfpondence. Your Lordfhip is a 
^reat Sirdar, and a firm Friend, who reflores juftice and order to the worlds and you pofiefs 
an enlightened judgment. I have the ftrongeft hope that the minds of the wife and intelli- 
gent, but particularly of the four States, will not be fullied by doubts and jealoufies, but 
will confider me from my heart defirous of harmony and friendfliip. 

Cpntinue to allow me the pleafure of your correfpondeDce» making meliapPT ^7 accounts 
of yQur health. 

What more (hall be written? 

Daki the ^tb of Rtdjeh 1213-1/ '^^ Higeret {xBthJ>ecmher.) 

A True Tranflation, 


P. T, to the Government. 




Wriitcn gth Jsnuary^ *79?* 

IN purfuance of the intention which I had the honor of communicating to you in my tct* 
ler of the loth December, I embarked at Calcutta on the asih of the fame month, and on 
the 31ft following arrived at this place. 

Previoufly to my departure from Calcutta, I had the honor to receive your Higbnefi's letter 
of the 1 ith Jemaudy ooflaunee («oth November.) 

(Recapitulate it.) 

My letter to your Highnefa, of the 8th November, will have explained to your Highnefa 
the objc£l of the military preparations, which have been advancing ip every part of the .do- 
minions of the Allies cve^ fince the beginning of the month of July. 

On my arrival at Madras, I had the honor to receive your letter of the ptb Redjeb (or 18th' 
of December) in anfwer to my two letters addrefled toyqur Highnefs on the ^ch and 8th 
of November. 

I am happy to find that, in thi^ letter, your Highnefs has been pleafed,tp admit^ " Thatthe 
•* Englifii Nation and the Honorable Company ever adhere to the paths of fincerity, /rjbcnd- 
" (hip, and good faith; and that thpy are the wcll-wi(hers of mankind." This dedaratioo 
is peculiarly fatisfaftory to me in the prcfent mooi^nt, becaufe I am perfuaded that a Princp 
of your Highnefs's difcernmcint, woirid not exprefs fuoh fentiments .without full deliberation. 
I therefore accept with pleafure this declaration^ as affording not only an unequivocal tefti- 
snony on the part of your Highnefs, to the juftice of that caufe in which the Englifh Natioo 
^nd the Company are engaged, but an unqualified adrnillion, that you have 00 ground of cocq-» 

plaint againft the Englifh Government, 


In anfwer to that part of my letter of the 8th of November, in which I lagn^nted the un^- 
liappy conne£lion which you had formed with the French Nation, your Highnefs is jpleafed 
to mention, *' that in the Sirkar Tthe gift of God) there is a merqantile tribe who empio/ 
** themfelves in trading by Tea and land : That .their agents purchafed a- two-mafted veiTel i 
*' and having loaded her with rice, departed with the view to traffick ; that it happened that 
*• fhe went to the Mauritius, from whence forty perfons, Freqch and of a dark colour, of 
*' whom ten or twelve were artificers and the reft fervants, paying the hire pf the (hip, came 
*' to your country in fearch of employment : That fuch as chofe to take fervice were enters 
^< tained; .and the remainder departed beyond the confines of that Sirkar (the gift of God) r 
^' and that the French who are full of vice and deceit, have perhaps taken advantage of the 
^ departure of the (hip to put about reports^ with a view, to ruffle the minds of both Sirkars/' 

I had no knowIed|[e of the tranfa&ion which your Highnefs has thus defcr^bed, until I had 
the honor to receive your Highnefs's letter. Nor was it to this tran(a£tion I ajdverted, whea 
I exprefled my eoocern at the intercourfe which your Highnefs had e{labli(hed with the 
French. whiich I referred, were of a nature entirely difiFerent from thbfe which 
your Highoefs l^as related. 1/ tl)e tranfaQions of which I tomplained had not indifputably 
proved the exiftence of a connei^tion between your Highnefa and the French', entirely incom- 
patible with your engagements to the Honprahle Company and to its Allies, neither the Allies, 
jior ], would have relbrted to tho/e meafures of precaution and defence, which have attraded 
yo\ir Highnefs's atten^io^. 

J, will how fully and explicitly fiate to your Highnefs the circumftanc^s, to which I referred 




tn my letter of the 8ih ol.Noveniber, wherein I remonftrated againft the tendency of your 
intercourfe with the French, 

Although I had been, fcfr Tome time paft» apprized, that your Highnefs had engaged with 
ft:yeral powers of AGa in various negotiations of the moft hoftile tendency towards the inter- 
eJU of the Company, and of its Allies; and although your contmued military preparations 
correfponded with the fpirit of your negotiations, I ftill hoped that a fenfe of your own in- 
tereftt and a regard to the acknowledged maxims of prudence and good faith, would have in- 
duced you to relinquifh projeds of aggreflion, fo inconfiftent with your own profcffions, with . 
your real interefts, and with the charaQer of your wifdom and difcreticn But I had fcarccly * 
formed that decifion on your Highnffs's claim to Wynaad (by which I had afforded an un- 
queftionable teftimony of my difpoQtion. to- render impartial and ample juftice to your rights, 
and to cultivate and improv^e the relations of amity and peace with your Highnefs,) when I 
received from the *Ifle of France an authentic copy. of the proclamation^ a Perfian tranflation 
of which accompanies ibis letter. 

In addition to this proclamation, I poflefs full and accurate information of all the pro- 
ceedings of your Highnefs's ambaffadors during their refidenceln the Ifle of France; of the 
whole of their condufl in exerciling the powers delegated to them by your Highnefs; and of 
your Highnefs's condufil, fiAce the return of your ambafladors* 

From the whole evidence in my pofleflion, the following fa8s are inconteftiUy proved. 

Your Highfiefs difpatched two ambaffadors from your Prefence, who embarked at Manga** 
lore, for the Ifle of France; and arrived there at the clofe of .the month of January ijgB. 
The fhip on which your ambaffadors were embarked, hoifted your Higbnefs's %3lours upon 
entering the harbour of Port Nord Oueft in the Ifle of France; yqiir ambaffadors were re- 
ceived publicly and formally by the French Government under .^ falute of cannon, and every 
circumftance of di(lin€lion and refpe6l; and they were entertained during their continuance 
on the Ifland by the French Government at the public expence. 

Previoufly to the s|rrival of your amba0adors on the Ifland, no idea or rumour exifted 
there of any aid to be.fqrniflied to your Highnefs by the French; or of any profpeS of a 
war between your Highnefs and the Company. But within two days after the arrival of your 
ambaffadors, the proclamation, of which I now forward to you a tranflation, was fixed up, in 
ihe moft pirblic places, and circulated through the town of Port Nord Ojueff. 

Your ambaffadors, far from protefting agair\ft the matter or ftyle .of ^he proclamation, held 
without referve in the moft public manper the fame language, which it contains, with rcfpcQ; 
to the offenfive war to be commenced by your Highnefs againft the Britifli poffeflions in In- 
'dia : and they even fuflPered the proclamation to be publicly diftributed at their own houfes. 

In confequence of thefeeircumftances^ an univerfal belief prevailed in the ifland, that your 
Highnefs would makean.ioinicdUte attack Jiponjthe Britifli poffeffions in Ijndia. 

Your ambaffadors were prefent in the ifland when the French Government proceeded to a6l 
under the proclamation riiKfueftion; and your ambaffadors aided and affifted the execution of 
|he proclamation by making proaiifes, in the name of your Highnefs, for the purpofe of in- 
ducing recruits to enlift in your fervice. Your ambaffadors propofed to levy men to any prac* 
ticable extent, flating. their powers lo .be Ainltntiited, with retpeft to the numbers of the forces 
Ip be raifed in your Highnefs s jname for the pijirpofe of making war on the Company. 

The Ambaffadors entered into certain ftipulations and engagements in the name of your 
|;Iighnefs, according to the tenor, of the proclamation (fee the note*) with fcveral Frenchmen, 
and others who entered into your fervice, particularly with Monfieur Du Buc, whom the am* 

,^ N^l pouTons afforer toos lea Citoyens, qui fc fcront infcrire, que Ti,'poo leor fera des (raitementti avant»g«ax q'li ieront fixes 
Bvec in Ambafladcurs, qui s'eogageront en oofre au nqm de leur Ibuverain, a ce |^e Ut FianfoU. qui aui'ont prit pirti daoi Tea 
^iineet, ac putflent jamais y itte reteous qaand ils vpudroot rentrcr dans ieui Patric. 




baffadors qngagcd in your'Highnefs'^ name, for the exprreft -pwpoffe of affifting in tjic war to 
be commenced by your Higbnefs againft the Englifli in India. , - ' 

The proclamation, therefore, is proved to have been the aft of your ambaffadors. It ori- 
ginated in their arrival at the Ifle of France ; it vras diftributed by their agents ; it was avow- 
ed'in every part by their own public declarations,. and iinally it was executed according to-^U 
tenor, by their perfonal affiftance aadxro-operatioa, ^ ^ 

On (he 7th of March, 1798, the ambaffaSors criibarked -at Port Noi'd Oueft, on board dte 
.Frenchi frigate La Prencufe, together with the fol^ce thus raifed in your Highnefs's name. 

This French frigale, with your ambaTradors,^nd with the troops raifed in the enemy's coun- 
try for your fervice, arrived at Mangalore, on or about the 26th of April 1798. Your High- 
ncfs permitted this force to land in your dominions, and far from manifefting the leaft fyojp- 
tom of difapprobaiion of the conduft of your ambaffadors in any part of this tranfaSion, you 
formally received them, and the French officers, and principal perfons who accompanied them^ 
with public marks of honor and diltinftion, and you now entertain in your ferv^ce a large 
part of the force thus raifed for thepurpofe of making war Aipon the Honourable Company. 

jFrom thefe feveral fa£b the following conclufions refult. 

Firft. Tjhat the ambaffadors, difpatched by your Highnefs to the Ifle of France, did pro- 
pofc and aftually did conclude an offenfive alliapc^ with the French, for the exprefs* purpofe 
. of commencing a war of aggreffion againft the Company, and confequently againft the Allie^^ 
. the Paifliwa and the Nizam. 

Secondly. That your Highnefs's ambaffadors demanded military fuccours from the French, 
^for the purpofe of profecuting the faid war; and declared that your Highnefs had already 
.completed your hoftile preparations againft the Company, (and confequently againft the Al- 
lies) and that you only waited the arrival of ^ffeftual aid from the French to break out into 
open boftilities. 

Thirdly. That your Highnefs's ambaffadors levied a military force in the Ifle of France^ 
tUnd^r.the conditions of the proclamation, and for the avowed purpofe of carrying into effe£t 
the offenfive alliance, contrafted in the name of your Highnefs, with the enemy of the Cona* 
pany, and of the Allies. 

Fourthly. That your Highnefs approved theconduft of your ambaffadors; fuffered the 
French force raifed for the purpofe of making war upon the Company and tbge Allies, to be 
.landed in your country ; and finally, admitted the faid force into your army. * 

Fifthly. That your Highnefs, by thefe feveral perfonal and unequivocal afts, has ratified 
.the engagements contained in the proclamation publiQied in the IQe of France, and has taken 
the preliminary fteps for fulfilling thofe engagements, according to the tenor of that procla- 
mation; and that you havB thereby precluded whatever hope might otherwife have been cn- 
,tertkined, that the proceedings of your Highnefs'^ ambaffadoi;s wece unauthorized by yoi» 

Sixthly. That your Highnefs has, tor fome time paft, been employed in military prepa- 
rations, conformably to the hoftile fpirit of your engagements, oontrafted with the enemy of 
'the Company and of the Allies. 

Seventhly. That your Highnefs was prepared to make an unprovoked attack upon the 
Company's potfeffions, if you had obtained from the French the effe^ual fuccour which you 
iiad folicited> through your ambaffadors. ^ 

Eighthly. That your Highnefs by thefe feveral aSs has violated the treaties of peace and 
ifriendfliip fubfifting between your Highnefs and the Allies. 

Such are the grounds on which I founded my complaint in my letter of the 8th of No- 
vvember, and fuch ate the motives which now compel the Allies to feek relief from that ambi- 
j^MO\xs and i^nxious ftate^ in which they have been placed for Tome years paft by the condu6t 




L- ^^ailala 



of yOOT Hfjghnefs. The Allies complain, that your frequent pfej^ttlon's for war, together 
^iih your hoilile negotiations and ofFenfive alliances with the enemy, contlnilaUy. expofe them 
during a period oF fuppofed peace, to all the foltcitude and hazard^ and mucb of ^>4a& 
pence of wan • 

Even under all thefe circumftances of provocatioii^the Allies fentertain the moft earneft 
dcGre to eftablifh with your Highne.fs a xeal and fubftantial Peace, accompanied by the 
intercourfe and goodoflSces, ufual among friendly: and contiguous States: We are therefore 
ready to renew and confirm the bonds of amity with your Highnefs, onfuch conditions, as 
fball preclude the continuance of thofe jcaloufiesi which mad fuofiftfalong as a final and fatis« 
faftory adjuftment of all caufes ofyiurpicion.fhail be deiayed.i 

I your Highnefs is pleafed' to f ly " that you cannot-imaffine how means more effeQual, than 
V tbcexifttog Treaties, can be adopted for- giving ftability »to the foundacibofc^'oTfriendfliip 
*\ and harniony^ or for promoting t^he fecurky of the States, and ihe welfare andL advismtages of 
^ all parties/' . " " 

In this fentiment I entirely concur with your Higliners; and if ybiir Highiiefs's wifdom had 
liot been perverted by evil Councils, from a , due obfervance of your engagements with the 
Allies, no new or more effbdual means would now be neceffary '*for giving liability to the 
found'ationsof fri^ndChip and harmony, or for promoting the fecurity of the States, ind the 
welfare and advantage of all parties." But a new arrangement is >become itM}irpenfible> ib 
confequcnceof.your Higbnefs's'^ew engagements with the common enemy^f the AUies; 
and I again entreat your Highnefs to meet, with cordiality, the friendly and ltiddd#ate advance 
of the Allies, towards an amicable (ettlementof every: ground ^pfjealopfy and, ^an^er. 

Had yoor Highnefe received 'Majof^Dbvetoti, that gentlenian would have explained to your 
Highnefs, on the part of the Company and of the Allies, bow this^ advantageoxts:arrarigenient 
i#.tobe obtained. . . . . : 

The Allies being atwaya anxious^ to ent^r into this friendly explanation with your Highficfs, 
I once more call upon your Highnefs, in the moll fcrious and folemn manner, to afTent to the 
admiflion of Major Dbveton, asameafuce, which^I am- confident, would be prodp^ive of the 
moft lading advantages to all. parties* . ' \ . 

I truft that your Highnefs will favor tnc^with-ir friendly letter in reply to this; and I moft 
carneftly ' requeft that your reply may not be deferred for more than one day after this letter, 
fcall reach yoj^r.pirefence; dangerous confe^uences rcfult from ttie delay of arduous a ffitirs. ^ 

(Si^d)^ .'MORNINGTON. 

ATrafrCopy, . 
• / N. B. EDMONtONE, 

P.rT- to thc-Govcrnmeni. 






Une & Indtyifible* 

ANNE-JOSEPH HYPPOLITE MALARTIC, General en Chef, Gwmmeur^generat 
des tfles de France (S de la Reunion, & Commandant-general des Etahlfffements 
Franfois^ a tEfi du Cap de Bonne Efperance^ 


OONNAISSANT depuis plufieurs annies voire aele & votre aitacliment pour los interets & 
1^ gloire de notre Republique^ nous fommes tres emprefles & nous nous faUbns undeviwr de 
vous donner. connaiflaoce de toutes les propofitions que nous fait Tipoo Sultan, ^ pai^ dei»x 
Ambafls^deun qu'il nous a d£pech6s«, 

Ce prince a ecrit des lettres paiticulieres a TAflembl^S cdlonlalcj 3i tous les Gen^iratixqui 
ibiit employes dans ce gouvemement, & nous a adreOS un paquet pour le Direftoire executif • 
Li\ II demande afaire une alliance oJBPenfive et defenfive avec les Fran^ais, en propofantd'en- 
trietenir si fes frais, tant que la guerre durera dans Tlnde, les troupes qu'on pourra lui envoyer. 

9r. II promet de fournir toutes les chofes neceffaires poUE faire cette guerre^ except^ ie vin 
tc Teau de vie dont 11 fe trouve abfolument demi6«. 

3*. IlafTureque tousles prcparatifs font farts poar rccevoir les fecours qu'on fai donnera, 
& qu'a Tarrivee des troupes, les Chefs & Officiers trouveront toutes les chofts neceflaires 
pour faire une guerre a laquclle les Europeem^lbni pea accoutuines. 

4\ EnBn it n attend plus que Ie moment ou tes Franr^ais viendront a fon fecours, pour de- 
clarer la guerre aux Anglais, defiranc avec ardeur pouv6tr les. cfaaiTer de I'lnde* 

Comme il nous eft impoflible de diminuer le nombre des foldats des lo/e. & to8e. regimens, 
& de la garde foldee du Port de la Fraternite, a caufe des fecours que nous avons enyoyes a nos 
allies les Hollandais; nous invitons.tous les Citoyens de bonne volonte,.^ fe faire infcrire dans 
leurs municipalit6s refpeQives^pour aller fervir fous les drapeauxde Tipoa. 

Ce prince defir^ auffi avpir des citoyens de couleur, libres, &jaous invitons tous ccux 
qui voudront aHer fervir fous (es drapeaux, a fe faire auffi infcrire^ 

Nous pouvons affbrer tous }es citoyens qui fe feront infcrire^ que Tipoo Icur fera des traite- 
ments advantageux qui feront fixes avec fes Ambalfadeurs qui s'engageront en outre, au nam 
de leur fouverain, a ce que les Fran^ais qui auront pris parti dans fes armees^ ne puiffent jamais 
y etre retenus quand ils voudront rentrer dans leur patrie. 

Fait au Pen Nord- Oucft» le lo Pluviofe, Tan £x de la Republique Fran^aife^ une & indivifibli?^ 





Written ^h January^ i^f^g^ 

UN addition to my letter of this date» it has occurred to me totranfmit for your Highne&'s 
Notice* a Berfian'Tranflation of the Manifeft9, which accompanied the Declaration of Wai;» 
made by the Ottoman Porte againft the French, in confequence of their unprovoked invafipn 
of £gypt» as being a Paper of importance, in as much as it cievelopes with truth and accuracy, 
the atrocious views and faithlefs conduft of the French, not only towards other nations in 
general, but even when it ferves their own ambitious purpofes, towards thofe with whom they 
are connefted by the ftrongeft ties of friendihip and alliance, and as it Ihews the grounds upon 
which the Ottoman Pq^te has been compelled to declare War againft them. I mall only add, 
that the original of the paper in queftion, has been circulated throughout Europe, and pub- 
liihcd in all the Gazettes^ both there and in India. 


A True Copy, ^ 


Perfian Tranflator to the Government. 


Dated 24tH Rejib, 1213, or 2d January, 1799. 

Received I lib January 9 1799. 

THE agreeable arrival of your Lordihip's two * letters* denoting your welfare, rejoiced and 
gratified me. A Khereeta, in reply to your Lordfhip's former friendly letter* has been written 
and difpatched. It will no doubt by this time have been received^ an^ the fincerity of my 
friendmip and regard^ together with proofs of my folicitude for tranquillity and peace (my 
friendly heart being bent upon their increafe) will have been made apparent. Continue to 
rejoice me with happy letters* 

A True Tranflation, ^ 


P. T. to the Government. 

* Ongnal ard Duplicate of tlut written loth Dvcember, 179$. 





JFritten i6tb January^ ^799* 

YOUR Highneft has already been rurmflic*lly Lord Give, with a tranflation of the de^ 
^laratlon of War, iffucd by the Sublime Pone againft the French, in confeq^uence of their 
having violated the (kcred obligation of Treaty with the Grand Signior, and of their having 
rnvaded Egypt, in. contempt of every principle of good faith, and of the law of Nations. Yoa 
have alfo received from me a tranflation of the Mtoifefto, publifhed by the Porte on the fame 
occafion, expofing, in juft colour^, the overbearing and arrogant fpirit, as well as the treachery 
ind falfehoodj which the French have difclofed in their conduft towards all mankind, and 
cfp^cially towards the Sublime Porte. ' 

The Porte, juftly outraged by an aggreflion fo atrocious and unprecedented as the invafion 
of Egypt, has now united in a common caufe with the Briti(h Nation, for the purpofc of curb- 
ing the intemperance of the French, and the Grand Signior having learnt" the unfortunate 
alliance, which your Higl;incfs has cpntrafted with his enemies the French, againft his friends 
and AUies the Britiih Nation, hxB Highnefs^refolved, from motives of friendfhip towards you, 
as well as towards cbc Biritiih Nation, t& warn you, in an amicable letter, of the dangers of this 
fatal connexion, and to exhort you to manifcft your zeal for the Muflulman faith, by renoun- 
cing all intercourfc with the common enemy of every religion, and the aggreffor of the Bfead 
of the Mahomedan Church, / 

Accordingly this letter, (the teftimony of friendfhip, and the fruit of wifdom, piety, and 
faithful zeal,) was delivered by the minifters of the Porte, under the Grand Signior's orders, to 
Mr. Spencer Smith, the BritiQi minifter,refident at Conftantinople, by whom it was tranfmitted 
to the Honorable Mr IJuncan, Governor of Bombay, who has forwarded it to Lord Clive; the 
day before ye%rday, this letter reached Madras, and a tranflation accompanied it, by which. 
I learnt the valuable leflbns of prudence and truth which it contains. I now forward it to 
your Highnei^ ; you will read and confider it with the rerpe6lful attention, which it demands; 
there you will find the fame friendly admonitions refpefting the dangerous views of the French * 
natioR, which I have already fubmitted to your confideration. 

When yourdifccming mind Qiall have duFy 'eacamined this.refpcQcd letter, you will no doubt 
draw the following conclufions from it. 

Firftr That all the maxims of public law, honor and religion, are defpifed and profaned 
by the French Nation^ who confider all the thrones of the world, and every fyftcm of civil order * 
and religious faith, as the fpoct and prey^of their boundlefs ambition, infatiaSle rapine^ and 
indiCerihiihnate facrilege. 

Secondly. That the French have infulted knd afiaulted the ^knowlcdged head of the Ma* 
homfidaa Churchy and that they have wantonly raifed an unprovoked and cruel war ia the 
heart of that country, which is revered by every Muflulman, as t^e repofitary of the moft fa^ 
cred Miofiumenis of the Mahomedan Faith. 

Thirdly. That a firm, honorable^ and intimate alliance and friendfhip now fubGfls between 
the Grand Signior and the Britifli Nation^ for the exprefs purpofe of oppofi^ng a barrier to the 
exccfles of the French. 

Fourthly. That- the Grand Signior is fully apprised of the intercourfe and conne^'on-, un- 
happily eftablifhed between your Highricfs and the French, for purpofes hoflite to the Britifli 
Nation; that he offers to your Highnefs the falutary fruit of that experience, which he has aU 
icady acquired, of the ruinous cffcfts of French intrigue^ treachery and deceit; and that he 



adtnonithe« you, not to flatter yourfdF with' the vaiii hope of friendly aid from tHofe, who, (even 
if they had efcaped from the valour and (kill of the ftritifh forces^) could never have reached 
you, until they had profaned the tomh of your Prophet^ and overthrown the foundation of your 
R«figiofl. "^ * 

May the admonition^^f the head of your own faith, difpofe yonr mind to the pacific propofi« 
}|ion$, which I have repeatedly, but in vain, fubmitted to your wifdom f andmay you at ienph 
receive the Ambaflador, who will be empowered to conclude the definite arrangement of all 
idiflferences between you and. the AUie«, and to fecure the traac^uillity of India againft the dif« 
lUrber« of the world ! 

A True Copy, {Sig^td) MORNINGTON. 


P- T, to ttw Government. 

^ Letterfnm SULTAUN SELIM, to the Indian Swerttgn, TIPPOO SULTAUN, 
datedVonfiantinople,%oth September, f ygS, de/ivenrd to Mr. SPEHCEK SMITH ^ 
iHsBiit'afinic Majejifs Minifier PlenipAentmry^ fife. 

WE takje this opportunity to acquaint your Majefty, when the French Rtpublic was enga* 
ged'Jn a war with moft of the powers of Europe within this latter period, our Sublime Porte; 
not only took no part againft them, but, regardful of the ancient amity exifting with that Na« 
lion, adopteda fyftef)[i of the ftrifteft neutrality, and fhewed them even fuch a£ls of countenance 
as have giveti^rife to complaints on the part of other Courts. 

Thus friendly difpofed towards them, and repofing a confidence in thofe fentrments of 
friendihip, which they appeared to profefs for us, we gave no ear to many propofitions and ad- 
vantageou&offers, wHich bad been made to us to fide with the belligerent powers, but ^urfuant 
to our maxims of moderation and juftice, we abftained from breaking with them without di- 
rcfl motive and firmly obferved the line of neutrality ; all which is notorious to the world. 

In this pofture of things, when, the French having witneffed the greateft marks of attention 
from our Sublime Porte, a perfeft reciprocity was hatyrally expefcled on their fide> when no 
caufe exiftcd to interrupt the continuance of the peace betwixt the two nations, they all of a 
fudden, have exhibited the unprovoked and treacherous proceedings, of which the following is 
aiketch. » 

They began to prepare^a Fleet intone of their harbours, called Toulon, with moft extraordi- 
nary myftery, and when completely fitted out and ready for Sea, embarked a large body of 
Troops, and they ptR alfo on board feveral people, verfed in the Arabic Language, and who 
had been in Egypt before ; they gave the command of that armament to one of their Generals, 
named Buonaparte, who firft went to the Idand of Malta, of which Jie took pofleflion, and thence 
proceeded direft for Alexandria, where being arrived the 17th Muharem, all of a fuddfn land- 
ed his Troops, and entered the town by open force, publifliing foon after manifeftoes in 
Arabifck amOng the difiFerent tribes, ilating in fubftance that the objeft of their enterprize 
was not to declare war againd the Ottoman Porte, but to attack the Beys of Egypt, for infults 
and injuries they had committed againft the French Merchants in time pad ; that peace with 
the Ottoman Empire was pernrian'ik>t,that thofe of the Arabs, who Ihould join, would meet with 
ibe belt treatments but fuch^ as Ihcwed oppofition, would fufier death : with this further infi- 




\ .. 





imatioiH' imde m dMKrent qnarters, but more particoUrly to certain Courts at amity with nsl^ 
thit theexpedftioiv againft the Bbys was with the privity and conreni of our Sublime Porte ; 
which is a horrible folfity. After this theyalfo took pofleffiorr of Roferta^ not . hefitating to 
qngagein a pitched battle with the Ottoman Troops,, who had been detached from Oairo to 
affift the iavaded*. - . 

It is a ftanding law amongft all'^Nations, not to encroach upon each other's territories, wliilS 
the/ are fuppofed to be at peace. When any fuch events take place as lead to a rupture, the 
motives, fo tending, areprevioufly made known between the parties, nor are any open aggrcf- 
fions attempted againft their refpe£live dominions, until a formal declaration of war^ takes 

Whilft therefore no interruption of the peace, nor the fmalleft fymptom ormtfunderftandtn^: 
appeared between our Sublime Porte an^ the French Ri^public, a.conduft, fo audacious, - fo 
unprovoked, and fo deceitfully fuddenon their part,,is an undeniablcUrait of ;the moft extreme 
infult and treachery* 

The province of Egypt is conGdercd' as a region of general veneration^ from theimmedi-* 
ate proximity of the noble city of-Mecea» tbeX^/M-of the MuSulttitn^ {t be point cf the comfa/k 
ip wkfch all Turks turn their Jacc in pcrjorming their prayers) and the facred town of Medina^ 
where the tomb of our bfefled Prophet is fixed.; the inhabitants of both thefe> {acred Cities*- 
deriving from thence 'their fubfiftence« 

. Thdependent of (Bis, it has been a6fually difcovered'from feveral letters, which have been 
intercepted, that the further projeft of the French is to divide Arabia into various Republics j 
to attack the whole Mahometan feB, in its religion and country ; and by a gradual progreffioni^ 
to extirpate all Muflulmans from the face of the Earth. 

It is for thefe cogent motives and confiderations, that we have determined to repel this ]^ne^ 
my, and to adopt every vigorous meafure againft thefe perfecutors'of the faith ; , we placing alC 
confidence in the Omnipotent God,, the fource of all fuccour, and in the interceflion of hinii^ 
whb is the glory of Prophets. 

l^ow it being certain, that in addition to the gei>erarties ofReligion,. the bonds qf amityand 
go?^d undcrftandtng ^ve ever been firm and permanent with your Majefty, fo juftly famed fos* 
ydwv zeal and attachment to our ftiith ; and that rooie than once fuch public afts of friendly 
attention Xnv^ been praftifed between us, as to have cemented the conneftion fgbfifting be- 
it^eennhe two countries,- we therefore fincerely hope, from your Majefty's dignified difpoGtion,. 
that you will not refufe entering into concert with us, and giving our Sublime Force every pof- 
' fible afl} (lance, by fuch an exertion of zeal, as your firmnefs and natural attachment to fuch a 
caufe cannot fail to excite* 

We underftand, that in confcqtiente of certain fecret intrigues, carried on by the French in. 
Ii\dia,' (af^€r theiPaccuRomedfyflem) in order to deftioy the Settlements, and to fow diffen- 
fions in the provinces of the Englifti there, a ftriQ conneftion is expefted to take eflfeQ between 
them, and your Majefty, for whofe fervice they are to fend over a. corps of Troops, by the way 
of. Egypt. 

We are perfuad^d, that the tendency of the French plans cannot in the prefcnt days efcapc 
your Majefty's penetration and notice, and that nomanncr of regard will be given to their de- 
ceitful infinuations on your fide : and'whcreas the Court of Great Britain is aQually at war with 
them and our SubHme Porte engaged on the other hand in repelling' their aggreffions, confc- 
quently the French arc'enemies to both ; and fuch a reciprocity of 'interefts mutt exift betweea 
thofe Courts; as-©ught to'makc both parties eageri to aJSford every mutual fuccoar, which a 
cumnion caufe requires. •• 

It is notorious, that the French, ben* upon the overthrow ^ all Sefts and Religions, have in- 
vented a new doftrine, under ilie name of Liberty; they lhemi« belief bui 




ihzloiDebreis I {EpicuriMs, or PytbagW4Ms) thai they have not even fpared the iTerritories of 
the Pope of Rome, a country, fince time immemorial held in peat reverence by all the Euro- 
pean Nations; that they have wrefted and Ihared^ with others^ the whole Vienitian State, notwith- 
flanding that fellow Republic had not only abftained from taking part againft them, but had 
rendered them fervice daring the courfe of the war, thdft eflFacingtbe naiAe of the Republic 
of Venice from the annals of Hiftory. 

There is no doubt that their prefent attempt againft the Ottomans, as well as their ulterior 
' defigns, (dilated by their avaricious view towards Oriental riches) tend to make a general 
cohqueft of that country, (which may God never fuffer to take efit^ !) and to expel e very. Muf« 
fulmati from ir, under pretence of annoying the Englifh. Their end is to be once admitted 
in India, and then to develope, what really lies in their hearts, juft as they have done in^evcry 

place, wfiere they have been able to acquire a footing* 

* , ■* ^ \ . ■ 

In a word» they are a Nation, whofe deceitful intrigues and perfidious purfuits know no bounds. 
They are intent on nothing, but on depriving people of their lives and properties, and on p^rfc- 
cuting Religion, wherever their arms can reach. 

Upon all this, therefore, coming toyoor Majefty*s knowledge, it is fincerely hoped, that you 
will not refufe every' needful exertion towards affifting your Brethren Muflelmans, according to 
the obligations of Religion, and towards defending Hinduftan itfelf, againft the effe£l of French 
machinations. .Should it be true, as we hear, that an intimate connexion has taken place be- 
tween your Court and that Nation, we hope, that by weighing prefent circumftances as well 
as every future inconvenience, which woutd refult from fuch a meafure, your Majefty will be- 
ware againft it, and in the event of your having harboured any idea of joining with them, or 
of moving againft Great Britain, yon will lay fuch refolution afide. We make it our efpecial 
rcqueft, that your Majefty will pleafe to refrain from entering into any meafures againft the Eng- 
lifh, or lending any compliant ear to the French. Should there exiid any fubje8 of complaint 
with the former, pleafe to communicate it, certain as you may be, of the employment of every 
good office on our Side, to compromife the fame; we wifli to fee the connexion above- allud- 
ed to, exchanged in favor of Great Britain. 

We confidently exped, that upon confideration of all that is ftated in this communication, 
and of the neceffity of affifting your Brethren Muftulmans in this general caufe of Religion, as* 
well as of co-operating towards the above precious Province being delivered from the hands 
of the Enemy, your Majefty will employ every means, which your natural zeal will point out, 
to ^ft the common cauie, and to corroborate, by that means, the ancient good underftanding , 
fo happily exifting between our Empires. 

Certified Tranflation and Copy, 

' {Signed) SPENCER SMITH, 

A True Copy, 

{Signed) J. Ar GRANT, Sub-Sccretarjf. 



P. T. to the Government. 




JReMved^ l%tb February^ 1759. 

I HAVE been uracil gialificd by the agreeable receipt ofyour I;^rd(hip's two friendly 
letters^ the firft broagbt by a Camel-man^ the laft by Hircarrahs, and tinderftood their contenvs. 
The letter of the Prince, In ftation like Juralheid ; with Angels a« his guards^; with troops 
" ffiumerons as the ftars; the fun illumining the world of the heaven of empire and don^inion ; 
tbe luminary giving fplendor to the univerfe of the firmament of glory ^nd power; the SuUaun 
of the fea ai>d the land; the King of Rome; (u e. the Grand Signsor) be his empire and his 
power perpetual! addrefled to me^. which reached you through the Britifh envoy, and which 
^ you tranimitted, has arrived. Being frequently diip6fed to make excurfions and hunt, I am 
accordingly proceeding upon a hunting excurfion ; you will be pleafed to difpatch Major 
Dpvetoji (about whofe coming your friendly pen has repeatedly written) (lightly attended, for 

AlwiyB cootinvc to gratify me by friendly letters^ notifying your welfare. 

A Tfue Tranfiaiion^ 

* % P, T. to the Governmenc. 


ff\ 0" U pv ^i^^jf^ C^>»T ^ly. j/> L«^.U /1^ ji^, cr^h j?:^^} ^^y^X"' ^U 

, A True Copy of the Original of the foregoing Tranflation* 

?• T. to the Government. 

•On Ae Tib of February, Dubiip, the Agent of Tippoo Sahaun, enbarked at Trinqucbar, to^ proceed on bit fimbafly t» 
France* fidiFnuCbandPcrJianfranJlgudfatcnf^udhltcFalaico/SmfiMajfiti^^^ '. . .^^^.- 




1)ECLAR /i^LO^ of the Right HovovLKBLJi /Ar Cover koh GEi^TitAi. 
in CouNPiL, for all the Forces and Affairs of the Britijb Nation in tbe^Eafi Indies^ 
on behalf of the Htmorablc the East India Company, and the Allies of the f aid 
Company^ their HigbneJ/es the Nizam and the FzsKVf ah. 

A SOLEMN Treaty of peace and friendfhip was concluded at 'Seringapatam between the 
Honorable Company and the Nabob Afoph Jah and the Pefliwa on the one part» anct 
the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun^ on the other part, and from that day all commotion and hq||lility 
ceafed. Since thaf day» the three AUied'States have invariably manifefted a facred regard for 
the obligations, contraBed Under that Treaty with the Nabob Tippoo Sultauni of this uniForia 
difpofition, abundant proofs have been afiFordId by each of the Allies ; whatever differencea 
have arifen, wuh regard to the limits of the territory of Myfore, have been amicably adjufted^ 
without difficulty, and with the moid exa£t attention to the principles of equity, and to the 
ftipulations of Treaty; fuch has been the folicitude of the Allies for^h^prefervation of tranquil- 
lity, that they have viewed with forbearance, for fome years paft, various embaflies and mili* 
tary preparations on the part of Tippoo Sultaun, of a tendency fo evidently hoftile to the 
interefts of the Allies, as would have juftified them, not only in ^hc mod feriousTemonRrances^ 
but even in an appeal to arms* On the part of the Britifli Government, every endeavour has 
been employed to conciliate the confidence of the Sultaun,andtomiti^te his vindictive fpirit^ 
by the moil unequivocal acknowledgement <and confirmation of his juft Tights, and by the 
removal of every caufe of jealoufy, which might tend to interrupt ^th« continuance of peace. , 
Thefe pacific fentiments have been moft particularly manifefted in the Governor GeneraKa 
recent decifion on Tippoo Sultaun's claim to the diftrift of Wynaad, and in the hegociation^ 
opened by his Lordfhip, witH regard to the diHrifts of Ameraltand Souleah. Jnp.every inftance» 
the condu6t of the Britifli Government in India towards Tippoo Sultaun, has been the natural 
refult of thofe principles of moderation, juftice and good faith, -which the legiflature of Grfeat 
Britain, and (he Honorable the £a(l India Company have. firmly eftabliflied as the unalterable 
rule of their intercourfe with the Native Princes aad States of India* 

The exemplary good faith and the pacific difpofition of the Allies, fince the conclufion tsF 
the Treaty of Seringapacam, have never been difputed even by Tipp'oo Sultaun. Far Rom, 
having attempted to allege even the pretext of a complaint* again (I their conduSt,* he has con« 
ftantly acknowledged their juftice, fincerity and good faith, and has profefied, in the molli 
cordial terms, hit defire to maintain and ftrengthen the foundations of harmony and concordk 
^ with them. 

In the roidft of thefe amicable profeffions, on the part of Tippoo Sultaun, and at the tnomei^ 
when the Britifli Government had iffucd orders for the confirmation of his claim to Wynaad^ 
it was with afl:oniftimcnt and indignation that the Allies difcovered the engagements, which he 
had contrafted with the French nation, in dircft violation of the Treaty of Seringapatam, as. ^ 
well as of his own moft Iblemn and recent protefl:aiions of friendfliip towards the Allies. 

Under the mafk of thefe fpecious profeffions, and of a pretended veneration for the obliga- 
tions of Treaty, Tippoo Sultaun difpatched Ambafladors to the Ifle of France, who, in a period 
of profound peace in India, propofedand coAcluded, in his name, an offenfive alliance with' 
the French, for the avowed purpofe of commencing a War of aggreflion againft the Company^, 
and confequenrty againft the Pefliwa, and the Nizam, the Allies of the ^Company. 

The Ambafladors,. in the Jiamc of Tippoo Sultaun, demanded military fuccoors from the 
French, and aSually levied a miKtary force in tb6 Ifle of France> with, the declared- view of 
i.profecuting the intended war. 

When the Ambafladors returned in a French fliip of war from the Ifle of France, Tippoi> 
rSultaun fuffered the military force, which they had levied, for the avowed purpofe of .making 
iwar upon the Allies, to land in his country, and finally he admitted it into his army ; by 
ilhefe perfiwial a6is ratifying^and confirming the proceedings of his Ambafladors 



This Military force, however, was not fuffidently powerful to enable him irtiinediately t« 
attempt his declared purpofe, of attacking the Company's pofieflions ; but irf the mean while, 
he advanced his hoftile preparations, conformably to his^ engagements with the French, and 
he w&$ ready to move his army into the Company's lerritories, whenever he might obtain 
from France the effeflual fuccburs, whi^h he bad aflSduoufly folicited from that nation^ . 

' But the pirovidence of God, and the viSorious arms of the Britilh Nation fruft rated lils 
vain hopes,' and checked the prffumptuous career of the French in Egypt, at the moment wbca 
he an^ioufly expe£ied their arrival on the Coaft' of Malabar. 

The Britilh Government, the Nizam, and the Pcfhwa/had not omitted the'neccflfary pre- 
caution of affembling their forces, for the joint proteQion of thfeir refpefti ve domitiions. The 
ft rift principles of fclf-defencc would have juftified the.Allies,atthat period of time, in making 

^ an immediate attack upon the territories of Tippoo Sultaun; ^utieven the haplpy intelligence of 
the glorious *fuccefs of the Britiih fleet at the mouths tffthe Nile, did not abate the anxious 
defire df the Allies to maintain the relations of amity and peace witli Tippoo Sultaun > they 
attempted, by a moderate reprefentation, to recall him to a fenfc of his obligations, and of the 
genuine principles of prudence and poliqy ; and they employed every effort, to open the chan- 
nels of negotiation, and to facilitate the means ot annicable accommodation. With thefe 
falutary views, the Governor General, on the 8th November 1798, in the name of the Allies, 
propofed to.difpatch an AjnbaOador to Tippoo Sultaun, f<pr the purpofe of renewing the bonds 
of friendOiip, and of concluding fuch an arrangement, as i)oight afford effedual fecmity againft 

•any future interruption of the public tranquillity; and.l)is.LordfhiprepeatedHhe fame propofal 
on the 10th of December 1758. 

Tippjoo Sultaun declined, "by^vairious eva(ions and fabtef fuges, 't^is friendly and moderate 
advance on the*part of the Allies, and he manifefted an evident difpofition to rejed the means 
of pacific accommodation, by fuddehly breaking up, in the month of December, the confer- 
ences, which had commenced with refpeft to the Diftri£ls of Amerah and Soirieab, and by in- 
terrupting the intercourfe- between his fubjefts and thofe of the Company on their refpeftivc 
frontiers. On .the ,9th of January 4 799, the Governor General, being arrived at Fort St* 
George (notwithftanding thefe difcouraging circumnances in the condu6i df Tippoo Sultaun) 
renewed with increafed earneftnefs the ekpreffion of his Lordlhip's anxious defire to difpatcb 
an Ambaffador to the ^Itaun. * 

The Governor General exprcfsly^ folicited tbe Sultaun to return an anfwer within ope day to 
this letter; and as it involved no propofition either injurious to the rights, dignity, or honor of 
the Sultaun, or in any degree novel 6r complicated, cither jri form or fubftance, it could not re- 
quire a longer confideracion : the Governor General waited with the utmoft folicitude for an 
anfwer to the reafonable and diftin£t propofition containedinhisletter of the 9th January 1799. 
Tippoo Sultaun however, who mud have received this letter before the 17th of January, . rte- 
mained filent, although the Governor General had plainly apprifed that Prince, that dange- 
rous confequences would refult from delay. In the mean while thefeafon for military opera-, 
tions had already advanced to To late a period, as to render a fpeedy>decifion indifpenfible to 
the fepurity of the Allies: under thefe circumftances On the 3d.of February (♦ twelve days hav-' 
ing elapfed from the period, when an anfwer might have been received from Seringapatam 
to the Governor GeneraKs letter of the 9th of January), his Lordfliip declared to the Allies, 
that the neceffary meafures mud now be adopted without delay for fecuring fuch advanta- 
ges, as fhould place the common fafety of the Allies beyond the reach of the infincerity of 
Tippoo Sultaun, and of the violence of the French. With this view, the Governor General, 
on,the 3d of February, iffued orders to the Britiih Armies to match, and fignified to the 
Commander of his Majefty's fquadron, th^t the.obltinate filence of the Siiltaun muft be coo- . 
fidcred as a rejeftion of the propbfed negotiation. 

At length, on the T3th of Febrtiary, a letter from Tippoo Sultaun. reached the Governor 
General, III which the Sultaun fignifies to his Lordfhip *^ that being frequently difpofed to-hunt, 

• Utttrsfrom SerhgafatOfaf haxu bten rtHived at M.^cL-as in four dayu , 

• ♦ 

WyiTc^ afccorfiin^y pTOccetJingtipon tlwifitirog cxcttr&m^** mddlng *^ tfcat^flic Clw«rB•^'©t^ne- 
f «:I would be plcafed to difpatch Mzpr Doveton t^ ki«» unatteitdcd.- 

The JVUies.wUl ixHdwdl on the peculiar phraT« of this letlttr ; "but k'tnaft be evTdcntto all 
tbe States of.India, that the anTwerof the Sidtaun ha8l>een dcrerred/ to tliis Jare period of the 
Stafon, witb^o other viev> than to,preclude the i^Ilies'by infidious^delays from tho'bcncfit o? 
tboJc advantage?^ which iheir combmcd milkary qpemdont ovould enable them to fec<irc ; on 
tbofe advantages alone (under tbe recent experience oF Tippoo Sultaun's violation of the Trea- 
ty of Scringapatatn, and under the peculiar circumftances of that prince*« offenfive aHiance with 
the French,) can' the Alines new vcntufe to rdy fdr the £aitWul cxecutbn of any Trebly of 
Peace concluded with Tippoo Sultaun. > 

ifhe Allies cannot fuffer Tippoo Sultaun to prcfit^by his own ftudied and fyftefwatic dday, 
nor to impede Such a diffx>fition of iboir military and naval force^ as fhall appear bell calculated 
>eo give effcft'to their juft views* 

Jiound byJtheTacred obligations ^fpuBlicTaUh^proTeffing tbe nioft an3 

4jndifti!rbed in the poffeffion dfthoTe botninions fecured tohim by Treaty, Tippoo Sultaun 
wantonly violated the relations of amity and peaice, and compdled the Allrcj to arm in defence 
-of rhehr rights, their happinefs, aod their honor. 

For a period oF three months he obftiaately rejeQed every pacific overture, in the houriy cic- 
<l>e&ation of receiving that/uccouc, which he had eagerly Solicited for the profecution of hift 
*fay.orite purpofes of ambition and revenge; difappointed in his hopes of immediate vengeance^ 
and conqucll, he -now reforts te fubterfuge and procraftination : and by a tardy, rclugtant, and 
vinfidious ac-quiefcencein a propofition, which he had folong and repeatedly deelined, he en- 
ideavours tofruftrate^the precautions of the A41tes, and to T)rotraa every cffeaual operation, 
tint1l€omeehangcofcircum^ftance and of feafon thall revive his expe£Utions ef difturbing the 
<ranguillity of India, by favouring the irruption of a JPrcnch Army, 

The Allies are equally prepared to repel his violence^ and to coupteraft his artifices and de- 
cays. The Allies arc therefore refolved to place their army in fuch a pofkion, as fhall afford 
adequate proieftlon againftany artJfice4)r mfmceiity, andfiiaH prcdude theireturn of that dan- 
ger, which has fo lately jnehaced their pofleffions. The Allies hcwever, retaining an anxioun 
fdefire to effea an adjullment with Tippoo Sultaun, Lieutcnat General Harris, Commander in 
Ohicf of bi6 Majefty's and .the Honorable Company's Forces -on the Coaft of Coromamdd and 
Malabar, is authorized te receive any Embafly, which Tippoo Sultaun may difpatch to the 
' Head Quarters of the Britifli Army, and toconc^t a treaty on fuch Conditions, as appear td 
the AlUcs io:bc indifpenfiWy neceflfaiy for the cftahlifhincotbf a iecure and permanent Peace. 

By Order of the Right Honourable the Governor General, 

EoJiT Sff. Cfioa^E, February 2«, 1^99. ^« T- to tbe Gavcrnwent. 


IVril/en aii Btruary^ 1799. 

r . . . I . 

I HADfhehonoroti Ac i3thl««ant to receive your Letter, acknowledging your Tccen* • 
ofinv iNvo letters of the 9th and 16th of January, informing mc of your intention to proceed 
^rTALl^^ZurGoo, Id dcfixin«mc d diftuuch Major Dovcton. ur«atei« you^ ^ 


A.T. . . 1. .... .. .. ' » ^, 



I lament moft fincerefyv that the frieadfy intimations containcfd in my letter of the 9th of ja^ 
nuary,' regarding the dangers of delay^ produced no effe£l on your difcerning mind ; and that 
you deferred your tt'^y to that letter to fo latea period of the feafon. Your long filence, on 
this important and preffing occafion^ compelled me to adopt the refolution of ordering the 
Britifti forces to advance in concert with the Armies of the Allied powers. You are notigno- - 
rant that the period of the feafon rendered the advance of the army abfolutely neceffary to the 
cpmmon fecurity of the Allies. This movement of the Army is to be imputed entirely to your . 

repeated rejedioii of my amicable propolal offending an Ambaflador to your Prefence. | 

Under the prefent circumftanccs lo fend Major Doveton to yon^ could not be attended with . 
tfaofe advantages which Vould bavot refulted from his miflloa at a proper feafon^. a 

The Allieshowever retaining an-anxiou*<lefirc to-jeffeft an adjuftment wit^ you^ Lieutenant- 
General Harrisi Commander of the Britiih Troops, has, been empowered to receive any Emr.- 
hafly which you (hall difpatch to hinu^ Lieutenant General Harris will alfo authorize fuchper- 
fons as he may think proper^ to concert in communicatioa/with your Ambaifadors, anewtrea-v 
ty of Friendflrip with yoqr Highnefs, founded on (uch conditions, as appear to the Allies toe^^ 
he iodifp^pnGbly neceflary; to the eftablifiimenLof it fecure and permanent Peace«. 

(^ignti) MORNINCTON,," 

. A l^me Copy,- , 


P- T; to.tbe GbvernmenLi 


Dated 10th Ramzaunr.i2i3^.(2Uifw€ring to i^^th February, iTpp.)' 

Received "^d Aprils 17991^. 

A LETTER in reply to the gracious letter of' the Sublitoe POrte* (tkles miit€d)zdditt* 
ftd to me^ >irhich reached you through the Britifh Envoy^ and which yoir. tran&nitied to me^,^ 
is fent; let it be forwarded to Conftantinopte^ b^ the road it came by^ A copy of my an^ 
fWer is encIof(rd for your perufal. Always continue to gratify 1ne by letters -notifying yom^ 
welfare. What more^need^;*! writer . 

TRjiNSLATJON ofEnchfure in the.Uttev from Tipfoq Suwik^N /(? the Right- 
Honorable the Governor General^ dated lOthRamzaun, or i6th Februa* 
ry^ 1 799> Received at Fort St. George, ^d April. 



A the Name of the Moft Merciful God / > 

PRAISE to the Supreme King of Kings ! who hath made juft and tigh'^minded prificw the- 
inftruments for exalting the ftandard of the eftablrfticd religion of Mahomed, and comniit. 
ted the governance anaprofperity of the people and dominions^f Islaum to their able ma- 
uagcmcnt and guidance, fie abundance of praifes alfo the offering at the throne of that lead* 






«r, bytlie aid of whofe prophetic miflion, the benighaftt channels of the faith retain their conrfe; 
and faiotations unnombered to that confecrated perfon whofe divine miffion is the pride of the 
' followers of HIaum/ and to his illuftrious offspring and compattions, every one ot whom Was 
the extirpator of infidels and of thofe who know not the way of the Lord* After this it is 
humbly rcprefentcd to the exalted Prefcncc, the feat^of joftice, expanded as the heavens, ref- 
plendent as the fan ; to the luminous ftar of the firmamem of dominion; the'bfight planet of 
the empyreum of glory and good fortiine;ihe bloom of the bower df greatnefs; ttie refre{h« 
er of the^fprrng -of fupremacy ; the ornamerit Of the throne of pomp and fplendor; the fup- 
port of the feat of happineis and t)rorperity ; ii^ith troops numerous as the ftars; 'with Angels 
his guards ; whofe throne is exalted as the^i'es ; whofe dignity is as ^Solomon's ; the ray of 
the benignity of God» the Sultaun of the fea and the land; may the veflels of his State continue 
to travene tlie teas of fucccTs and profpcrity unperifliable ! Arid may the effeOs of his jufiice 
continue to pervade every corner of the earth I The augull and gracious 'letter written 
the tith of Rubbce-oo-Satiny, 1213 Hegiree, (anjweringto ^^d Septmbefy ij^Z) which was 
iffued through the Britilh Envoy," conveyed tipon me boundlefs honor and diftin6iioii| the 
foundations of concord and attachment acquired new ftrengtb from its contents, and the* fa- 
bric of friendBlip obtained renovated firmnefs by the gracious expreffiohs it contains* 

The venerated pen 3M me thebonor to write of the irruption of the Prenth Nation, thofe 

-'objeds of the divine anger, by the utmoft treachery and deceit, into the venerated region of 
£gypt« notwithftanding the ftrift obfervance of long fubfifting amity and frienSfhip, on the 
part of the Sublime Porte; of the views of "that irreligious turbulent people; of -their deni- 

• al of God arid hrs prophets; of the determination of the Sublime Porte to adopt the mod vigo« 
rous meafures for the overthrow of that nation o{ Rebels ; and dedring me for the fake of the 
whole body of the faith and religious brotherhood, to afford afliftance to our Brethren Muflui* 

' mans ; (upport our holy-theology, and not withhold my power and endeavours in defending the 
region of Hinduftan from the machinations and evils of thefe enemies; that I will explain* to 

''the Sublime Porte, whatever ground of uneafinefs and complaint the Etiglifh may have given 
roe, when b/ the divine aid and the intervention of your good offices all differences will be com- 

^promifed, andoppofition^and^ftrangement be converted into<0Fdiaiity and union. ^Tbis gra- 
cious communication/ 1 have underftood. 

Through the divine favour and* prophetic grace, all th> vbtairies of Illaum, are uriited in 
brofbprhood by the ties of Religion; efpecially the Sublime Porte and this State, the good gift 
of God ; for the foundations oftriendfliip and attachment are firnily cemented between thera, 
and repeated tokens of mutual regard Rave been manifcfted ; both in word and deed are they 
' aiding and affifting to each other. This labourer in the way of the Lord [I) am obedient to 
yoiir Highnefs's world- fubjefliog will. There is abfolutely no difference between tis. Let me 
DC informed of and employed to promote, that which your exalted mind propofes for the prof- 
perity and due ordinance of the faith and its followers, and the aid of God will alone enfure 
^fuccefs. As the French nation areeftranged from/and-are become the opponents of the Sublime 
Porte, they may be faid to have rendered tbemfelves the enemy of all the foHowers of the faith, 
-all Muffulmans (hould renounce friendQiip with them, (Rotation from the Koraun) '* confider 
not infidels as friends, confider none fiich but Miiffulmans." — ^I confidently hope that the 
^tesoffrieqdly correfpondence between the two States may be always Open, and the fentiments 
of our friendly minds be difclofed to each other ; May the fun of dominion and profperity be 
'lefplendent in the eaft of greatnefs! 

Da/id tb^iotb of Ramzaun, the il(//id ism 3 Hegiree^ (anfwerinjg to tStb Fthrifary 1799^ 

True Traiiflations, 


P. T, to the Government. 


M - 


'•/:■> .-.^...A 





S E R I N G A P A T A M» 







?. 7 r 

' * ■ Til- 'i^ ^ 

THE Original .of Qie ToUowing Preach Taper 
was found in the l^Palace x>f Seringapatam, ivith a 
Superfcriptioir on the Cover written in the Perfian 

Tlie OriginalJFrench5*aperis attefted by Captain 



>PQfeS$^^ge^^^3e^38^a gS» ^ B 9 B>8B S^S aa i !i ^38^9gK 

Tranfldtion of the Verjtart writing on tie Cover vffbe Original. ' 

•^ THE Agreement written on oath by Dlitnpar &:c. Europeans, on the- fubjed of making^^ 
**^'war>' and of their (firm) attachment to the governm^at of Rhoodadaud.* ' 

Sefingapatam, Juneiotb^ 1799. 

(Signed) W. MACLEOD. 

Lei Sextidide'laifieme Decade *de Florcale L'an - May sth^ 1797, (5th Year of the ^ French* Ref ' 
5eme de la'Reptfbliquc Fran9aire une et in^ pubKc.) 


LES citoyenr Franks qui font fous les ordres 
do ciioyen Domparda la Solde du citoyen Ti- 
pou.le Viftoricux L*Alli6 de la Republique 
i;i*an(aife; d^Xlomm^e ci deffoiis. 
Salvadoflfe; . Contoir, Queftin^ 

imien^ Orchard, . Kerodique, 

f adin, ' Manuel, Bernard, 

Marivanne, La Republique^ 
Deeegodique^ .Bcteme, 

^ean Denia^ 

i.e Grand,., 

^ Blanche,; ^ 

Gafp;ar, * ' 












THE French citizctis under the orders of ci- 
tizen Dompard, in the pay of citizen Tippoo,.. 
the vidorious, the ally of the French Repiyib* 
lie; here undernamed i 
SalvadolT^ Contoir, 


Jogcny, . 















Marc, . 





Gbarrofx, . 






Ieto Denis, 
.e Grand,' 




La Republiqjue, 

Decegodique^ ficteme. 





Lebeau, . 



Jacq V, 







Colier, . 
Com. Dugeon, 
Langle, * . 

au^nombre de 59»,etant. jaloux de concourir 
de toute leur forces, et de tout Icur pouvoir. 
auminiftre^ et a raffermifiement de la Kepub* 

Toihe number of fi&y-iHne, being anxious 
toconcuTMfithali their ftrength and with all 
their power in the adminiftration and eftablifii- 

^^h t title ,v,a$ iff umid. after tbe-ireatj of 1791, and lUifally fytufits ^« TbeGift rfibe Alaigbij.** 







pour y parvcnir fe font raffemble aprcs ch a-^ 
,VQir obfenu la permiffion du cbcf comman- 
jt%x\V\ cl^Qs V«g*5fc paroilGalc Ic die jotif ct 
.an que:Cyrd«fou0.. 

Lcckoj^B Francois tlipaui9» Lietitenanf dea 
Vaiffeux dc la Rcpublique Fan^aifiei, a pris Jg 
j^arole, et nous a dh* 

*'* .ClT0YEN«. 

^' Vow tites tous Franijai^, l^cloignement 

•^* ,dc vptr« mere patrie vous a prive jufqu a 

•** ce jour dc comiokrc ^os droits des citoy- 

'^^ ens libre vous' avez.c6nimenc6 a Us con- 

'' rpitat, .eo abatant Tindigne pavilion blaric 

*' que la nation avoit -cp execration ^et qui 

•" ^toit en app^rence J'idole dc vos erreurs. 

^^ II ycus refte un devoir a remplir, ceft d'ar- 

*• Kwcr He pavillion nati^nelle. et dcs vous 

^' inllruire furvvos droits, de fcavoir ce que 

/*' vous devez et-cc qui vous eft du. II eft 

*^ jip dtvoir ^'un Republiqaiij d'inflruirc 

** de fes foible luraier^e^ fcs concitoyens. Je 

^* vous prcfcnte Ics droits de rhomme, ceft 

** dans ce droits que vous puiflerez les ver- 

" lus Rcpablicains, qui vous aider^ont a fur- 

'** mooter les defautes de vos anciennes ha- 

" »biLudes, "^erpowr vous aider a y parvenjr, 

'* je vous foumcts^es conftituiionales^ 

'^' et comtme vous vive;c dans une anarchic 

'*' qui 4ois fair<c borrei^r a lout Jiomme de l>ien 

*^ qui aime a refpcScr les loix je vous foumiets 

'* ,Ain projet de loi pour cue difcuc£ arude^ 

*' par article, et que .^prcs la.promulzation de U 

. -*' loi, vps arrete auroiU force de loi ; je yo^^ 

** cbfcrverc feulcmenc ggie vous ne d^vez nul- 

^* lement vous .ecarter,de la loi Republip?iinfe, 

*' n'y lc;s afFoibUr, ni ks tranfgreifcr. 

" II eft d'ufage quand \p pcuple fe ralfcmble 
^ en affemirfce primaire que le citoyen Ic 
^.^ pUs ancien dois etre noninaee prefident pro- 
^« vifoircjloanommedeux fecretaires, et «ux 
^' ipaitres de fcremonies. Le prefident vous 
•• direz Ip morif de la convocation, oi vpus prie 
'< de nommer un prefident, ainfique les offi- 
'• cicrsqueje vous a defign6, pour vous 6clair« 
••* cr fur vos droits ^t voiis rappelier au rcfpcQe 
** du auSouverain <dtiq<ici vous faites Pariie ; 
f^ a vous rappelier a I'ordre, pour qu'un chacun 
^ a foD tour ai la paroie, et puifle parler libre- 
f< mbnt fans etre ifiterrompu fur la queftton 
^* (eulement qui eft prefenXe a la difcytion, jci vn 
V f ipveo ^ayojl i^ne ^dec j^eurcufe il demande- 

.Ment .of the J^nench ReptAKe, %xJk to atTcetttia 
iheir own Tights i alTenibled for the atiaJn- 
ment of that objcft, after liaving obtained the 
permillion of ^iieir commander, in tbe pariik 
4:hurch, on the day and year aboveBMndoncd. 

<:;itizen Francis tlipaud, a Lieutenant in the 
mvy of the French JBLepubliCj made tiie fol- 
lowing fpcech 1 , 

••' CiorizENsT 

^ Ye arc all Frenchmen; your Teparatioi 

*' froia your mother country hat depnvel 

** you till jthis .day, of tbe knowledge of your 

** rights as free citizens. You tiave begua 

<* <o know them io ftriking the white flag, 

^< y^hich the nation held in execration, but 

** whitli wa^ tlie idol of your errors. There 

^^ ftillTemaiosa duty for you to fulfill^ that i% 

^' to hoift the national colours ; and to inftruft 

** yourfclves in your rights. To learn what 

-^ you owe, and what is owing to yo«« It is tbe 

'* duty of a Rcpujblican to inftrad his fellow 

•« citizens from his own feeWe lights'; I we> 

•• Tent to you, the rights oftnan. li ifi tram 

*^ thofe rights that you will draw the RepuUi- 

" can virtues which are io aid you in fub4u- 

^* 4ng the d^fcQs of your former habits ; to 

^' a^fift you in accompli(bing this end, I (hall 

** fubmit to you fome conftitutional ideas: 

^* And as you live in an anarchy which muft fill ^ 

^* with JborroT every worthy man -who loves' 

*^ and rcfpcQs xhe laws ; I fubmit to ypu, a 

^* plan of laws, to be difcuQed article; 

^^and which, after being promulgated by your 

^* dccrep, Ihall have the full force of law. \ 

'« have .Ojply to obferve, that you Ihould oevcf 

^ depart from t^e Repohlican laws^ nor weai^- 

^ en them, nortranfgtefs them. 

** Ic is cuftomary, w|>jen the people ane met 
in a primary affembly, \o oominaie the eldeft 
citjeen, provifional prefident; to appoint two 
fcrutineers; two fecrec/^ries ; and two maf- 
teis of tlie eeremonica. The prefident then 
explains the motivea for the meeting and de« 
fires that a prefident may be appointed, with 
the fpfreral officers alre;»dy mentioned, to en- 
lighten ^ott as to yoj^r rights, and to recali 
you to the refped due to the fovercigpty of 
which yoocompofea part; topreferyis orifor, 
ihat each may fpe^^ in his tup» freely and 
without int.erruption, on tbe fubjeft only 
which is oQcred for de|[>ate. If a citizen has 
a happy thought, hie wjiil a{^ jcj^vp U> fpeak. 




fORIil&D 4t SlaUNGAfATAM.- /^ 


*•: Toh fa parpfe^ p6tir' im motiom' d'ardrc toat- 
" dffcutioTi ceffe aprc« qacleoiidycn qai'ala ' 
•• parole a'flrti ci f on ecoute le tooiifd^ la in6^ 
^* taon, ft el^e «ft hers de fa queftioif le {>refi- 

VotK t t?omttKnc€ par fonn6f ' Tafei^^ 
pntMire^ le cftay«n Cor>toif, comioe plos art- 
cieti d'ajgc^ aiJteiiominee'prrfideht proviffoire;' 
ct le's cTtoyena Vi^i>ietc ct Dachirci ont ct4 nom* • 
mis' fec^etaires^ prcfviloirc,- et IcA citoycns 
Z>6mpard et' Provot, fclrutatcurs provifoi«, ct 
lek chbyenai ivon et At>fadiam, maitres de ce- 
remonies. Le prefid^nt a dit qtie la mottf de la 
convocation du^peuple, etoit pour Vinftrtiire 
fur Ics principes conftitntionelles, ct pour fe 
ddonerdesloixcohlormeauloy Republiqtiame» ^ 
que Ton alloit commencer par la nomination 
d'jon prefident: en fa^anl I'appel nominal, Le 
Ciioyen ''Francois Ripaud a ete Dammee a la 
pluralite^ prefident ; il a pris pbce* et a dpnne 
le baiflerde paiv et d^ fratemrte an ci toy en 
Obntoy* On apafli^'a la nomination de deux '^ 
Secretaries Lqs Citoyem. V^tnniere et Dacbi* 
ret oni iii <lus, de Aiite on a pafle a la nomi- 
naiion de deux Icraiateurs» les^ dtoyens Quet- 
tin el Tulien, ont obtenu \t% fufirages et ont ^te 
dtt^ de fuite oa apafl£a la nomination des ' 
«d«sax Maitres de ceremonie, les citoyens Oom- * 
pard eft Cha^rier ontobtepaies SttSrage;r^ et ont < 
et6 elu9^ 

Le Prefident a tmvert la Sceance par ttour » 
fappeller a nos xlcyorrsv a Tamour que nous 
devions a la Pi^tri^ et a une reforme prompte 
fyrnqa anciesine hjabit^et^ et par la ledure-^ 
des droits de llioaime^ et fuivi par la leAut'e 
despriticipes Republiquames, etun^prqed de * 
loy ; les un et lesaulres oAttte' acceptd avec 
joie et avec acdamaitom A \^ i^ojet de loix. -^ 
1^ on a arrets V ajoumemeR de ta prcfetite aflem* 
blfe au O^odi'de la^prcfeate decade demois 
de Floreale a 3 Heurea apria^midi/ pou^ retire 
les prindpes eonftitutiondlesi et difcuter le 
Projct de loix article^ par arude^.-fcrc^t V or* 
dre du Jouir* 

Le Citoyen* Thouiienir «^ demattdi'U^Patole» 
€1 a dit. 


^ Je parlc au nom de roes freres^ ouiCito* 
*' jrcnsy nousetions dans Terreur nous ne-con*- 
<* i^lffiofis pas hois devoira et nos droits n*y le 
** paviUioa que: la nation portoit^ nos avions fait ' 
'<* .Aoa (cclMM^i.oa et wWreftc ,90s dpl^ancc au ^ 

•* dioycft- 

^ on a .iiioti<^ for order, fttt debate will ceafe ; 
'• aftcrt!he^iz«nfhiiUhavx:finiftedl)isfpeedi, 
^ and the.|^dtthd of the motion (hall have been 
'^ lleard, if it is fioreignio the queftion, the pie- 
« Adcm will tdl him fa» andihedidoffiM will 
•• be reocwe^*" 

Bufinefiwas begon^by fpnungftfaftpristtry 
afienbly. Citizen Contoir/as theddcAwaa 
AstroedproviiioBd prefident; the dliaeiiaVre* 
iiTere» and Dadiiret» iecretariet; cttizeteDani« 
pard, and Provd^^'telldrai and cictzens Iv6n» 
and Abraham^ inaftete dF the ceremonies. 

The prefident aittwmiced the motive ibi-' af* 
fembling the people^ to be, for inftniding t^etn- 
felves in eoitftitutional principles, and for fram* 
tng laws ccMiibrmable 10 tb6 laws trf* theRepub* 
lie ; and^tbat i% Was neceflary to begin by the 
nomi nation of A prefident b)^ vote. 

Citizen Francfs Ripaud^ having been chofen ^ 
prefident by a inajority,^ took hir place^ and 
gave the kifsofpeaceand fratemityt to citi-* 
zenConcoir; The eleflioir of fecretaries thea 
followed ; and cltizens^reniercy andDadiiret^ 
were chofen. The chdce of tellers,' fell on 
citizens Queftin and Julian, thence proceed- 
ing to theelefttonof mafters of the ceremonies, 
citizens Dompard and Cb^er were chofen. 

The prefident :op(ned the fitting, by remind- 
ing us of our duties; of the love we owed to our 
country; and recommending a fpeedy reform 
of our old habits. He then read the rights of- 
man, which was followed by a IcQure on Re- 
publican principles, and by a plan of iaws j all 
which was received with joy and acclam^ioQ. 
It was rcfolved to adjourn the prefent afferobly, 
to the 7th inftant, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon) 
in order to read again the principles of the con- 
jlitutioa; and the difcuffion of the plan of laws, 
article by article ; thefe to be tbe order of the 

Citizen Tbouvenir haviriigrequefted leave to 
ipeak, faid : — 

" ClTll^KNS ! 

*^ I fpeak in the ttaniet>f my brethren; Yes> 
^* citizens, wc have been in error! We knew 
*' hot our duties^ nor our rights, nor the ftand* 
** ards. which our nation difplayed^' we have 
** made our recantation, and acprefficd 6ur ior-- 



** cito;fen^L'E{rtaIie.qiis jie nom-a pa rendre 
** de Tqptonfe^ lesinter^fts polttiqoei du citojr-^ 
V.cA Tipou nt noosa pas percnia auffi de 
** chaoger-de toiilicttrs» voila le moiif decette 
^* erreur^quine pourrapas paroitre critnjiiei 
'* aux yeux de la nation mai^ prefentemeitt 
'** nausyfertoos bicn .criminal sy nous arbo- 
••' rions d'Autre .couicurs que ccUcs »de notre 
'* cher patrie, nos coetm lui font cntierment 
" voud, et nous jurpna de mourirpour la 
•** foutenir en defendant les droits faeces des 
** citoyens, et de la conftitution» nous de- 
** mandoRs a bruler tous ce qui a rapport 
'• a k royaute, et a Tancien Regime, c eft 
*' Je vea de tous mes Freces d'armes." 

L'Affemblee a arrete que tout ce qiii a 
irapport a la Royauce et a I'ancien Regime 
(eroit brule^ le Jqur que Ton arboroit Ic pa- 
villion Nationale, et que Ton pretcroit les 
fermant.a la Nation. J^e Prefident a re- 
mercje le frere Thouvenir de Ton ardeur 
patrjotique^ ct.ra engage a continuer ce zele 
qui fait gloire a tout homme librc, et avons 
levi la Sceance, la dit Jour ct.An, et Vavons 
termine par des Hyoine a la pattie, en foi d/5 
quoi, avons figne le preTent pour fervir ce 
que de raifon apres ledure fait. 

CSigne) , 

da Hexias, 
F. Mariano^ 

F. Ripaud, Prefident^ 
Vrenierc, Secretaire, 

Chartoix, }M.dtCeremoii!<i 

Dompart^ i ^ 


Le Grand^ 




H. ^hubeRji 





Le OBody dc la 2me decade de Frortal Tdn 
5me de la Republique Fran^aife une et indi- 
vifi^le 9t rilfue de la Mefle parocbiale, I^es 
citoyens compofans le Partie Fran^aire pres 











row to citizen L'Efcalie, who was ttna:bl&^ 
toanfwerus: and •the political interefts of 
citizen Tippoo, did not admit of chang- 
ing, our dandard ; this is the real caufe of 
our; error, which cannot therefore appear 
criminal in the eyes of the nation; but it 
Woald now be iiighly culpable .to difpt^ 
any*CQlounsJ)ut thofe of ourdearcountry^; . 
to which bur hearts are entirely devoted, 
'Which we fwear we will die to Xupporf, ^ 
and to defend ;he facred rights of citi* 
zens, and of the Conftitution. We call 
for the burning of every thing that re* 
lates to 'royalty an(i to -the ancient Go* 
vernment; thi^ is alfo the defire of our 
Brethren in Arms. 

The AfTembly decreed tliat every thing 
Avhlch related to Royalty, and to the ancient 
TJovcrnmcnt, (hould be'burned on the day on ' 
which the Nationd Flag (hocild be displayed, 
ana the dath toihe Nation taken. 

The Prefident thanked Brother Thouvenir 
"for his patriotic ardor, and requeued hira to 
maintain that zeal which formed the glory of 
every Freeman* 

The Aflcmbly then roTe, and was clofed 

on the day, and year before mentioned, with 

"Hymns to our Country. In atteftatlon of 

which we have figned thefc Prefents after 

having beard the fame read. 

{Signed) F. Ripaudi Prefident, c 

«Ca(lel, Vreniere, Secretary, 

D'yvon^ Julian, ?rp n 

Oebay, Queftin, }™»«"> 

Ledale;^ Charroix, 7 Matters of the Cc* 
" Pombart, Dompart,^ remooies^ 
* Salvador Gaudroq, 
da Hexias, Le Gran4» 

Aure, Kbodic* ^ 

Denis> Bernaird, 

Menau, Vincent 

F. Mariano, H. Shuhei^ 

Etienne, Fryt, 

A. MfiNcal, Collier, 

JLah^y<yj Jame^, / 

.^Fouquer^ Thouvenir.. 

KTn the 8th May, 1797, (the 5t1i Year oF * 
the French Republic,) after having heard 
Mafs, the Cttizehs compofing the E^renck 
partygi n^ar Seringapatam, affemWed pcacc- 



JAttane^ ec font reunM paiffiblement ec fans 
Arrfits dans X'£gli(c> fuivant la conirocation 
de Pafiemblee pirimatre^ de Sextidi de la pre^ . 
fence deeade, tit^e meme mois, Le Prefix 
deni a ouvert le Sccancepar la lefturedtt 
pToitB verbal qucnousavoRS tous.(igne» urr 
citoyen ademaiid^Ja^ptfrole et a dtt. 

** Citoyea Rlpaud; rious fommes penetr^ 
*^ de reconnoi(fan<*e* des bonnes infini£Uonr 
^* que vous notis d6nhe; vous combl^ nos 
*' cents de fati$£a6liaA, receve . les remercie- 
** mens et faites nbu$ pretcr les fermeos ci- 
*' viques que tous,»no$ Freres les Republic 
** cain$^Fran^pi3 ont p.rQnonce» nous venir 
*\ de nous . cclairer fur nos droits, mais helas. 
** nous navons rien. promjis a notre mere, 
*' pairie depuis la Revolution, comipe no;s, 
^ coeure font entierement pour elle, nous. . 
•• VQulons-lejurc/' . ' 

Tous Ics citoyens fe font leve avec aecla'^ 
mation.etontappuyeJa motion^avecun elans 
de coeur vrairoentipauiotique. . 

Un autre Citoyen^udemande la^parole et:* 
a prie ie citoyen Ripaud de leur donner un 
mode pour^ des. loix de i'egalite qtji. a utille^ 
dit ** nous alldns 'j)irez Ic refpeft ad. loix iU 
•^ faut- en avoir pour las refpefte nous vi-» 
•' yons dans une anarchie qiie faite fremir. 
'^.rhoimne de bit^n, .il nous faut des loix. 
•* ppur.nous gouvernei;." 

^!citoyt;nr Ripaud a quitte le; Fauteuil, . etr 
a-r^U le bonnet au.citoyen Contoir comme 
];4us^cien d age, a. demands la, parole, et at 

*! Citoyen,^ 
•^ Le zele patriotique que vous manifefter 
*^ oomble niop cceur d'un fentiment de joye 
'<'bien difficile a exprin^d, rien Tub- 
*^ lime que ce fentiiDentde joye que vous 
"• roanifcfte^cy vous, etes. les derniers Fran-' 
*^ ^aifes k jurer a la pairie de la defendre, 
•• lardeurque vousmontre me fait paroitre . 
" capeale que voi^ne ferez-pas les dernieres 
" a porter des coups aflurc a fesennemies,vo • 
•«tfc demande eft^auffijufte que lAgitimei pour 
•• -vous fairc gouverner par des loix il en faut • 
*^ au Francois qui ont jure^de n'avoir d'autre* 
*** maitre que la Loi qu ils ont fait eux memes 
*** te vois travailler a vous. fatisfaire,. per- 
^^fuade queje n'aurez pas affair a des 
*• iogT/^ts, qui obferverent ponaucUcment 
' ■ . ^ " ce- 

ably and vritbou^ ar-ms ii>> the Churcbf 
in conformity- to* the refolutions of. the Pri<* 
mafy A^mbly» of the6ih infant; The Pre- 
fident opened the Sitting, by. reading, tho 
proceedings of the • laft, which we had all 
figned, and a Citizen having aflied leave, to 
ipeak^ faid:— » 

•* Citizen Ripavd! 
^ We are filled with gratitude for the 
good inftru&ion which you have given us. 
You have filled us. with fatisfa£iion. Re- 
ceive our acknowledgements, and admi- 
nifter to us the Civic oaths which our 
Briethren the French Republicans, have 
pronounced ; you have enlightened us re- 
garding, our Rights, but aUs! we have 
prpmii^d nothing to our Mother Country 
lince the Revolution; as oiir hearts are 
devoted to Kcr, we wifh to fwear it. 

All th^ Citizens arofe with* acclamation/ 
and fupported the . motion with a burfi of 
feeling truly patriotic. 

Another Citizen- then dema^ided to be 
heard, and requefted Citizen Ripaud to give 
them fome form, of the laws of Equality. 
** Of what ufe is it; faid he, .to fwcar to ref^ 
•* pe£t the laws. It is neceflkry to have' 
•* Taws, in order to refpeft' them. We live 
*'• in au anarchy that, mud make* a man of 
*' worth fli udder, we muft.have Uws to 
^ controul us.^*' 

Citizen Ripaud having quitted -the Chair^ . 
ajid returned the Cap to Citizen Contpir, as 
the eldelt ; demanded to be heard, and. 














"' Citizens; 
The patriotic *:&eal 

which you have 
fhewn, fills me with a joy difficult to be 
efxprefl^d. Nothing.can be more fiiblime 
than the fehtimentsoFjpy which you hive 
raanifefted. Though you are, the lafl 
Frenchmen who have fwom to defend 
y^ur country^ the . ardour you havclhcwn 
convinces me,ihat you will not be the laft 
to ftrike home at her enemies. Your re- 
'queft is as ju(t, as it is lawful ; it is n^cffa- 
ry that laws fhould be eftablifhed, for 
Frenchman to govern tbemfelves by, who 
have fwom to acknowledge no other maf* 
ter, but the law they have made to .bind 
themfelvcs^ 1 am about to ufe my endea* 
'vours tofatisfy you, being perfuaded that 

« I have 



•* -ee qtfifi'Vont jurfcr,v:n»s to«!cp'fsiire;¥5- 
^' tre bcnhieut pun j(^ vdtt^ It itAlftf, pittfi:}ue 
^ je Yous tfDitie'et Vous aiirie fi vuU .tlMkt 

II a repris leTattituit et a prdnoiice de« 
vatitThotel ec fous le Draji^au National^ 
Le Serihent 

*' Jie Jure .^evant la portion /dti pcuple 
Francpife qui eft afiemolee de foutenif La 
Conftitution RepiibliquaiQe de la defendre 
unCi que la pairie de toutes mes forces de 
tout Qion pouvoir e^de me foumeitre aux 
IqHx decrete par la cohyention et telle que 
nous ferons de legatue^ 6a .d^ inourir.a 
mon Po&c, ies armes ala inain en defen- 
daniles Droits faci£ du Citoyt$Dj4^ vivic 
libre Ott siourin" 


Ct de (iiite faite venir les Citby^nsles un 
apr^s les autres, et ont prononce individua- 
-lemefit cbaciin le S^rment, luivant^rappel 

. Les Citi9yeas Dompard^ Contoir, FrovQU 
Jean« Denit, Glode, Denis, Colie, Theri^ 
Paixi Natt» Charles. Qoye» Douarette, Berto- 
,diere» Fiee» Millet, Thiboi), , Roufiellf, Le 
Heritier, Eyre, Moitie, ChenHle, Vcroxe, Le 
Cerge, Ouibe, LaMH, Queftin, Colin, Jew- 
not, Manuelle, GaCpar, Charriert Kerodique, 
Lebeapi J^an, YvchIj Dezonnair, I>acbtre(, 
Madrie, Vreniere, Leb«uf,.Lebaifle, Leroy, 
Thouvenir, Quelicque, Daine, Andri, Go« 
vitte, Francagre, Chriftian, Philippe, Abra- 
ham, Marc, D'Etienne, Mainuc, Ouyne, 
Dele, Le Gran^ Dhegodique, OuillefaQie, 
J^fec^i^c, Ouillieme, Gaine, Beteni^, AleffoQ, 
Jacquc, L' Aigle, Pierre, Chenille, Fran- 
cois, Gredin^ Eftienne, Juddicque» Couiffp, 
Cboltefie, Vincent, F. Manuelle, Francifque, 
Bernard, Joaquira, Godron, Blancher, Ma- 
nuelle, Joquy, Caftelle, Manuelle, Gcrron, 
Bburde, Chaoiitz, Marc, Jofephe, Jeune, Du- 
joh, Lambert, Ouchard, Marianne. 

Apres que tons le^Cttoyeiis ont «u pro- 
nonccs^e ferment, les uns aprea les autres, et 
quele Prefident . leur a donnS Je Ba^Qer 
J'rateriielle ; Il^oqs a 4^t. 

^ ^Ifi S^ipcnt qut vo;us ycner de proiionc^r 

' ^'- i have not'td daal with iiDgfat«fiil perlbfv^ 
«* but with nieft» wbt>^4r31 obCerve punftiU- 
•<< ouOy, tdut they tie Jtboui lo ftoftioa 
(< with their oatk « YiM wi&'to lay thift 
^ foundafioh ofyoiirAiappiiier8> Can X reltife 
^ you ? As I eftecot'^iMi^ove you, I am 
" ready .10 affift yo«i with my feeble lights.'^ 

He then refumed the: chair *auid pronoun* 
<ed before 4he altar, ^and under the Na- 
tional Standard^ thia .pi|th« 

*• i SWEAR rbeTore the portion oF the 
^ French people here 'itfembled, to fapport 
^ the R«[^blicanCottftitiition, to defend i^ 

• •• and iby countr/, with^ll ray ftrength ana 
♦^' whh all my pcwers ; to fubmit to the hw$ 

** detreed by the Cbnvenltoo, and to thofe 
-^ of equ&lity which we fiiall frame, or to die 

• ^ in arms at tny poft, rn the defence of the 
-^ facred right ^r^citizen^.^tb' live £cee, or 
^ perifllr 
tJpon this ihe^if i«ha%ere edled^ponla 

fuccelfion, and prbnohincfl^ individually^ the 
oath aODpfdifl^ «o the rolL 

Citiz(^osrI)ompard, Goiitobr,l^ar6i, J6a«^ 
Denis, Olode, Denis, Colic* therie, Pais^ 
Nait, Charles, Goye, Douaxette, Berto- 
ndiere, Piae, MlRet, Thibou, Rouflelle, Le 
Heritier, Eyre, Moitic, Chenille, -Vcro«e;^ 
ri^e Cerge, Outbe, Lafeuii, ^ueftin, Co^* 
Jin, Jeannot, Manuelle, Garpar, Charriert 
'Kerodique,:Lebe«ii, Jean, Yvdn, Desonaair^ 
Dachirejt, MaArie^ Vreniere, Leboeufi Le- 
J>aiffe, X«roy, Tbottvenir,^uelicqu9, Daio;; 
Andr^, Govittc, Francsigre, Chriftian, Phi<^ 
IJppe, Abrahan), Marc, D'Etienne, Mainu(, 
'Ouyns, Dele, LeQran, dbe^d^ur, Outl* 
Jefame, Mecrife, Ouillieme, Oaihe, Beteme; 
Alcflbn, Jacique, l«'Aig]e, Pierr^ (^enillc, 
Francois, Gredin, Eftienne, |uddicque, Cou- 
iffe, CholleHe, VMicent; F. Manudlle, Fran- 
cift^ue, Bernard, Joa^qUitP, Godron, Blanciketp 
Manuelle, Joquy, Gaftelle, ' Manuelle, Ge- 
vron, Bouroe, Chamite, Marc, Jpfephe^ Jeu- 
ne, Dujon, Lambert, Oucbard,Mar}antie. 

A&er adl the citiaena had taken ihe oath, 
and the. prefident had pvtn .ibepa the fcatac'* 
nal cftfbrlce,; befiUil:'~ 

^ !tbf^(^ih wbichybu havjHuft pr6n0iktdid« 
^ «and 




«ttQ. Btifler^tie je voat ai db^nc,^t /celrn 
de tout la France entierci iiialbeur«<e1iii 
quo feroct parjtire. Vous vous etes repairy 
et rallies a tous vbut freres Ics Francoisy 
comme ils cefont lies 4 vdus ^ar men or- 
gane. Vous etes iedrs foutten comme its 
u>iit )e voire, rapelle vous que votre union 
(era votrefbrcci que toute haihe^^uetontc 
reflentimen foit aneanty — Vous fie t)ev6s 
dorenavant ne fait plus qii' utie familk Ae% 
fretts — L'amour de la patrfe doit etre le 
mobHe de toutes vos aAions — alors vous 
ferez vraimeilt digne du ferihent que vbut 
ttntL de prononcer. Vous tA' avez de- 
mander un projec de Loi Le voici. Vous 
ferte libre d' accepter ou de rqetter les 
Articles qui vous convieDdron9i» mats ra* 
pdlez vous* que les Articles que vous 
aurez accepte, que vous ne pourrer les 
ehfriendret parccque par voire adeflione 
vous leura avez (ionne force de loi» comme 
elle n' a rien au ddOfus d'etle vous ne devez 
avoir au deflbus de vous/ que vice et 
crime» et audefTus, que la Loy, qui cara£le« 
rife vos vertus ! Attendu qu'il eft midi, 
avons ajourne la prefeme fceance a deux 
heures apres midi dece jour^ pour difcater 
les Artides^de la I^oi jpmpoSL 

A deux heures etmrT9(lIemble,le Prefideift 
a annonce que Ton allort commencer par 
1*article premier, qui cii accepte a Tunam- 
mite de voix par concert oa de couvck* 



JL prononcer parte Confeil de dilciplinc. 
Leconfeilde Difcipline eft compo(i6 de fept 
"Citoyena deatous grades, quatre Voix contre 
/^rois, fuSr pour faire mettre le lot a execu- 
>4ion foit qudle protege ou Quelle puniflfent. 

Art IOC a /I. 
Toot Chef qui ne fait pas 6i^eouterIa Lot 
a la lettre, qui voudroit reltider ou le tranf* 
crdfler^Ott )|ilt ne metlroit pas.a exeeution la 
&ntence rendu par le Confeil, de difcipUnei; 
eft iodigne de xotnmander; il eft Gaffe et 
fufpendu de.fes Choyen peiv 
dant dettx Ans. . En cas de reGdlve iJs^^a- 
bira cinq ana .de fer^ el eft itidigne d' pccufMpr. 
jancuo charge* 








«^ and the luft which I hscvti giveii« aire ihofe 
"^ of the whde French NtlioA* Evil tdhim 
^ who Ihall be perjured! You are now re- 
^ turned to and recohne^ed with jrour 6re- 
* thrcn the French, as thcy\ai;e iinitc3 to 
^ you through my. tnftrumentality ; .y oa are 
** tbeirftipport,astbey are yours, l^en^ember 
^ that y our Arength wUiconfift in* your urn* 
** on. That all hitredand anger muft^e 
^ annihiUted. , Henfbdfofward you muft be- 
^ come a family oJF Brethren. The love of 
*" your country fliiuft oe the firft principle of 
** all your anions, then will you be truly wor- 
^ thy of the oath which you have taken." 

You have rcquefled oF me a form of laws— ' 
Behold it here.— Vou are at 4tber(y id adopt 
orio rejeft the articles as you ttiay deem pro^ 
per; but remember^ that thofe articles once 
adopted* it will not be allowable to infringe, 
becaufe, by your adoption, you will have giv« 
en them the Force of laws. As the law has 
' nothing aboVe it, you ought to deem nothing 
below you but vice and crime, and nothing a« 
tove you but the law which is the charafter- 
iftic of your virtties. Seeing that it is now 
noon, we adjourn the fitting until two o'clock 
in the afternoon of thit day, for the propofed 
ilifcuffion of the articles oJt the law. 

Being reafliftaihled at two o'clock, the prefi-. 
dent announced that he fliould open the buft* 
nefsy by propofing the ift article, which was 
4inanimouQy agreed to. 



Toheinflifted by the Council of difcipline. 
The Council of difcipline is to be compofed 
of feveti citizens of all ranks. Four votes 
«gainft three are fuffictent to warrant the ex« 
ecution of the law,, whether it be for pro tec- 
tion^orforpufti^ment. ^ 

. . THE LAW, 
AaTtCLc tft. 
Every Chief who ihatf Mi ^xetrate tfae^ law 
ftriQly according to the teller; who (hall e- 
vadc or iranfgrefs it; or, who (hall nc^t exe* 
cute th^ fentence pronounced by the Council 
oF difcipline; is unworthy of command. He 
^all be caCtiiered, and fuFpended from all the 
fun£tio:ns of a.ciciaen for twp years* . For a 
repetition.of this offence, he fball fuffer five 
years confinement in irons^ and be hcid un* 
worthy^ of any employ. 



De ftiite pftffiS a rAiticIe ttxfn a£t€a€< 
cept^ a rttnanfamif deii voixi 

Articlx «. 
Tout Citoyen de quel grade qu'il puifle etre 
appelle au nom de la loy^ doit obeir fiir le 
Champ; ou faute de ce» fl Aibit 48 heures 
d'arret, fans poiir cela Texcepte de la puniffi- 
oi^qu'il auroit du fubire» pour le, delit qu'il 
auroit commit, et fyil refdoic, hiiii jours de 
fersy et en quas de la mbindre rebellion, fans 
voy de faitte a la loi trpis mois de fers. 

De fuite paflS a rAnicIe geme qui a ete 
accept6 a ruftammit^ des voix. 

Article 3. 

Nul Choyen ne peut etrejugi que par ua 
Confeil de Difcipline eftablis*; et/ que deux 

Temoins n'^yent conftate le delit duquel 

De fuitte pafl^ a TArticIe 4eaie qui a ete 
accepte a rcinanimitedes voix. 


Clpm^iiie'les.loix n'a que des.peifies.ftrifte* 
mens neceflaires, tous Citoyens dans n' im^ 
porte quels pofitions qu'ils fe (rouvent, doit 
obeir a fon fuperieur fans replrque, ou fautc 
dece, il fera punis fuivant la rigiieurdes loix; 

De fuite paflc a TArude 5cm^ qui a ML 
accepte a Tunaniroite des voix. 

Article 5. 
Toute fuperieure qui maltraitera forx in- 
ferieur a mauvais prop'os, fera punis pour Ik 
pj-emiere fois de huit jours d'anet ; pour une 
feconde dequinze jours; et pour une troi^J 
fieme * de deux mois d'exemtion d'aucun 
fervice^ pendant laquel peine il iera prive> 
Premierei de commandemant^ Seconde de 

De fuitte pafle a TArticle 6e qui a ete bx> 
cept6 a runanimite de voix% 

AitTlCLE 6i 

Tout inferieur qui n'obeira pas fiir le 
champ a fon fuperieur» quand U Tuperieur \iit 
parlera au Nom de la Loi^ fera» Pk<emi.ere» 
punipouple delit qu^il aura- commit/ Sl^con^ 
de pour la defobeiflance a la loi de 48 heurs 
de fers au pied. Si le' defobtilHince et ac^ 
compdgn£<le -murmure, injute, ou . menace/ 

.*.Cct loi • M modifi^j m lite dt denx tnois d^exbutioD 
dff fervice ct 4c payc» 8 jours de fen. 


The ftcond article was then confidere d-aiifi 
unanifhoufly adopted. 

Article ad; 
Every citizen of whatever rank» muft pay 
immediate obedience when called upon by 
the law, or be fubje£l to forty-eight hours im^ 
prifonment, over and above the punilhmeat 
which he may be liable to for the crime comr him. If he per&ft in his contumacy^ 
he. (hall ne punilhed,. by eight days confine-' 
ment in irons ; and any rebellion agalnft the 
law, if unaccompanied by open a£k oi via* 
lence/Ihall be punifhed with a confinement 
of three months*. 

The third article was then Gon£klered, and \ 
^unanimoufly adopted^ 

AnTItJlE 3d.' 

No citizen can be tried but by a regular 
Goupcil of difcipline, and there muft be two ^ 
witnefles to eftablifii the crime fetforth. 

The foucth article wa& then confidered^ and^ 
unanimoufly adopted.. 

Article 4th% , 
As the law lays no impofitions but what: 
are abfolutely neceflary, every citizen irf 
whajtever fituation, muft obey hii fuperibr 
without reply, or incur the penalty ©rthe:: 


Thcn fifth article was then.cbnlidered andi^ 
unanimously adopted. 

Article 5th. 
A fuperior who ftt^all tnake ufe of injurious < 
language to his inferior, fliaH'for the fihft of- 
fence be put in arreft eight days — for the 
fecond/fifteen diys— for the third, ♦Tie (halt; 
be fufpended tfce fervice f6r two months withj; 
privation of his rank; and lofi of pay.. 


The fix th article WAS next confidcred aiwfc 
adopted ..unanimoufly . 

Article 6tlK 
Every inferior who (hall not inftantly obey 
his fuperior when commanded by him in the 
name of the law, Ihall firft be puniflied'for the 
^rime of which h* may be guiky ; and fecopd^ 
ly, be put in- iwn« forty-eight hour*, for hit 
dtfobcdienc^J to^the laHik Should bt«difobedi* 
ence be attended by murmurs, abu(eJor tht«atv 

• This Uw has bfcn modified^ from tvo months fufipenfion, 
to eight days io ironi.. 





1e ddinquani fubira (roU moU dc fee 

De fuitte^pade a rAnkle 'jt qui a etc a€« 
xepte a runanhnite de voix. 

Article 7. 
. Tout Superieur qui oienMeroit de frapper 
f^n Inferieur^ et que {'execution n aura pas 
lieu, le fuperieur fera Cafle et privee du 
droito de Citoyen pendant un An teulment. 

',De firitte pafle a TArticIe Seme qui a ete 
accejpte a i'iinanimtte des voix* 

AUtTICLE 8. ^ 

♦ Tout Infericur qui menaceroit fon fupe- 
rieur de le frapper et que le menace n'aufoit 
pas lieu, fubira tin An de fers. 

De fuUte piflc a TArticle gc, qui a 6ii ac- 
cept£ a runanimicc des voix« 

Artccle 9. 
♦• Tout fupcncur aui frapperai un inferieur 
(era condamme a fubira un an de fers, et 
fera declare tndigned'ocouper aucune'Charge 
Militaire ny Civile* 

De fuitte pafle aTArticle loe, qui a et6 ^c- 
cepte a Tufianiraite des voix. 

Articls io. 
Tout inferieur que frapperoit ou levroit la 
ttnain fur fon fuperieur fera condamn^ a'tnort. 

• ^ " 
De fttttte paJTe a T Article 1 le, qui a £te arc- 
<€epte a I'unanimite des voix. 

' Article 11. 
Tous les delits qui ne font pas de la eoYA'- 
paitante du Confeil de difcipline, et qui font 
dans hi Claffe de la Police corredionale font 
de ia compaitance du Major Commandant 
la PJace, qui ordonne la Prifon au nom de 
ia.loi, pour les delits denonces <i apre^b 24 
heures ny plus ny moins. 

4 re. Les delits contre les bonnes moeurs, 

ae« Le trouble apporte publiquemen a Tex- 
ercife d'une culte religieux quetcon<|ues, ou 
infultes faite a ces itiiniftres. 

^eine. Les infulteii, et la violence grave en^* 
tte les perfonnes, telles que les coups en voi 
de fwe, que:ne punit pas le Confeil de dlf- 

^ Cette loi a<te adopi^ iftc la modifiettion ^oa An' ce 
jfera troii moit. ^. t 


the delinquent (hall be kept in irons for three 

The feventh article was next confidered 
and adopted unanimoufly* 

Article 7th, 
Every fuperiorwho (hail threaten to ftrtke 
his inferior, even though he (hould not exe* 
cute his threat, (hall be calhiered, and depriv- 
ed of the rights of a dtizc'nfor ofie year, ' 

The eighth article was next confidered 
and unapimouOy adoj^ted* 

Article 8th. 
♦ Evety inferior who (hall threaiten* t6 
ftrikehis fdperior, even thoajB^ he (honid 
not execute his threat, Ihall Tuffer one year s 
imprifonment in irons. 

The ninth article was next confidered and 
unaniipouQy adopted. 

Article $th. 
Every fuperior who (hall ftrike his inferi- 
or» (hall be confined one year in irons^ and 
(hall be held unworthy of any Oflfitc, Civil 

of Military. 

The tenth article was next confidered ancl 
tinanimoufly adopted. 

Article sotb* 
. £very inferior who ihall ftrike or lift his 
hand againft his fuperior, (hall be condemned 
to death. 

The eleventh article was next confidered 
and adopted unanimoufly. 

Article iTth. 
An crimes which are hot cognizable by 
'the Council of Difcipline, and are cia(red 
under the correfiional police, are to be un- 
der the cognizance of the Major Comman* 
dant of the place^ who may inQifi the puni(h- 
ment of 24 hours imprifonment neither morei 
nor lefs, for the crimes hereafter ftated, viz. 

ift....Ofife!nces againft good manners. 

ad. — Difturbing any religious ceremony^ / 
^r infuliing its iltainifters. 

gd.— InfuUs,and perfonal aflfaults made hf 
one individual on another, not puni(hable b^ 
the couoal af difcipline. . 

-* ThW Ltw was modified -to tkree monthti iiiAead tS ' 
•"'"• 4*. 






4eme. Lcs troubles apportc a rorcire focN 
ale^ et a la tranquiUte pubiiquc, par la raendi* 
cite, paf les lumuUcui, ou la pfovocatioi^ des^ 
tamultes, ou bruit fait a desh€ttre& ItidiMiaiU 

De £uitte{>alle ^TArtiele ifte^qpiacte 
acceptc par riuianimiic de voix. 

Article %%. 
Tout Citpyen qui tiendra des^ propos^ inde* 
cens fur la ConftitutiQn, qui aura I'air d'etre 
Fartizan de la Royaut^^ ou derancien regime, 
fera traduit Levant Ic ConJtei) de dirdplinej, 
ou il fera puoi de dix jpurs de fers pour la 
premiere foii^ la ae, il lubira fix moi»de fer% 
pour |a 3e Banni et chaffl&» comme indigne 
d'etre francait^ et ,fi fea projcts tendoit a ra- 
peller la. contre Revolution il feroit mis a 

De fuittepaffiE a TArticIe I3e qui: a ett ac* 
cepte a runanimiti de v<mx« 

Articlb 13* 
Tout Ckoyeo oui en preience de rennemi 
montroit de la toibleflcy et chercheroit par 
f(ss prbpos, a aflPoiblir le CQjurage de fes con- 
citoyens,etlesdetottrner d'en venir a TaiEkion 
feroit mis en mort. 

De fuitte pafli a ^Article »4ei«e qui a i\k 
accept^ a I'lmammiti des voix. 

Articlx 14* 
Tout Confpirateur. ou traitre a fa P»trfe> 
fera condamn^ a mort* 

De fuitte pafl£ a T Article iserae, qui a (16 
accepie a runanimiti des voix5 

Articlx 15* 
Toua Suborneurs, Debaochettfi EmroKeiir^ 
Delerteur, et qui auroit liafoil avec les Enne- 
misde laRcpubliquCj qui feroil avreti> ft- 
roit mis a mort* 

De fuitte pafle a rArtitle i6e qui a €t£ ac- 
cepti a I'lmaniffliti des yoix. 

Articlx i6« 
Toute laeh^td, foiblefle, qui feroit commis 
en prefence de Tennemie, et qui porteroit 
prejudice a la gioire de la Patrie> leroit ponis 
par dix Ans de Chaines fur les Travaux PulH 
liques. Cette loi tX applicable au Comman* 
dant, Officiers^ Sous 0$cicri> Soldau^Vo- 
lontairei, et Matelots. 


4tb.-»Difturbance oF^ood order aHdf t%e 
public tranauillity; raifing tumultSi ao<f 
makiog a noifie ^ ac unicafonablc bouia with- 
out penniflBon« 

The tiNPcIftfa article was next coo^ered^ 
and adopted ananimouOy. 

Every Citixen wbo (hall.uaer any cxpref* 
fion derogatory to the condituiion^. or vho- 
ihall fhow a diipofition favorable to the 
jcaufe of royakv or the ancicAt fyfiem^. 
fiiall be cited before the Council of dif- 
cipliae, and for the firft offenci^ b« put in 
kroh^ for ten days; for the fecond (in 
months; and for the thirds banifiied a# un» 
worthy of being a Frenchman. Should bis 
defigns be Countcr*rcvolutionary», he ftaU 
be put to death. 

The thirteenth arttctc waf next confidercd 
and adopted unanimpufly. 

Articlx X3jh. 
Every Citizen who (h^ll betray 9Ay^%Mk- 
nefs betore the Enemy, 0)r who fl^l) ^ma^ 
vour to difpirit his fellow Cttiaeps^ and deter 
them from coming to j)6iQf^ fl)»ll he put k^ 

The fourteenth article ifaf iiejtt confider-^ 
ed and adopted unanifnouQy.. 

Articlx 14th. 
All Con&irators Mid Traitors to. H^w 
countfy (baU be put 10 dieatb. \ 

The fifteenth article was next confidercd 
and imanimoufly adopted*. 

AariCLx 15th. 
Atr perfbns guihy of fuixMnattion^ feduc* 
tion^ iefnlifting men for foreign fervicCj^ en- 
couraging deferters, or maintainti^a corref^ 
pondence i*itfa an cneniy» flial!* when fid^c^ 
fuffer deaths 

The fixtccntfa article was next cmfidered 
and ad^cd uiianimouOy. 

Articlx i6tfa/ 
Air cowardice or weaknefs in the prelbiee 
of the enemy^ which may tend to tarniA ^e 
national glory, fliall be puniflicd ftr ten years 
confinement in ^ chainsA)n the pumic workai 
This law applies to the Commander in CXr^y 
to Ofllcerp, SflbaUei«»i Spl4krii Voliimecrsj 
and Sailors* 




Dc fuitte paflc a I'Articlc 17c qui a ele 
^ccepte a I'un'animite des voix. 

Article 17. 
Tout Ckoyen en temps dc Guerre, qui 
deferte fon Pavillbn pour aller dans un Na- 
tion Enemi, et qui eft arreie, feroit mis a 

De fuitte paflc a TArticle iSeme qui a ete 
• accepte a runanimit6 des voix. 

Article 18. 
Tout Citoyen qui s'6migre avec fon bicn, 
qui eft arrete, eft en^chaine pour vingt ans fur 
les travaux pubiiques* 

De fuitte paflc a r Article ige qui a ct6 
-Accepte a Tunanimite des voix. 

Article 19. 
Tout fuperieur qui commanderoit dea^ Re- 
publiquain Fran9ais, qui ce rendroit lache- 
inent a une Ennemies memeplus fort que lui, 
ferpit mis a mort, et tolls ceux qui feroit fous 
fes otdres, feroit punis fuivant les rigucurs 
*de la loi. 

Defuite pafle a P Article 2oe qui aeteac*- 
<^cepte a I'unanimit^ des voix. 

Tout Citoyen ont la droit deTaire convo- 
^querpar les Citoyen Commandans, le Con- 
feil de Difcipliae, fans etre oblige de leur 
dire le*motif de la convocation, et les Com- 
ihandan font oblige fur la requifition d'un 
feul Citoyen de convoquer le Confeil fur le 
Champ ou il encoura la rigueur de la loi lui 

De fuitte paflc a TAmcle 21 qui a 6tc ac- 
cepte a I'unanimite des voix. 

Article 21. 
Tout Citoyen qui convoqueroit le Con- 
feil de difcipline, et qui n'auroit pas dc 
preuve, n'y de Temoiri a alleguer a la loy, 
fcroi^puni de huit jours de fcrs au pied. 

De fuite pafle a TArticle 22e, qui a etc 
accepte a I'uitanimite des voix. 

Article 22. 
Tout Citoyen qui traiteroit un autre Ci- 
toyen de Lache ou de Coquin, et qui n'aura 
pas de preuve, feroit puni de Trente Jours 
de fers au pieck 


The feventeenth Article was next confidcr« 
ed and adopted unanimoufly. 

Article 17th. 
Every citizen who in time of war £ball 
defert bis colours, and go over to the enemy, 
(hall, when apprehended, be put to death. 

^ The eighteenth article was next confidered 
and adopted unanimoufly. 

Article i^th. 
Every citizen who Qiall be apprehended 
in an attempt to emigrate and carry off his 
property, fhall be condemned to labour on 
the public works, in chains, for the term of 
twenty years. 

. The nineteenth article was next confider- 
ed and unanimoufly adopted. ' 

Article 19th. 
Every officer commanding French Re- 
publicans, who ihall bafely furrender to an 
enemy, though of fuperior force, fcall be 
put to death ; and all under his command, 
fliall be puniflied according to the rigour of 
the law. 

The twentieth article was next confidered 
and unanimoufly adopted. 

Article 20th. 

Every citizen has the right of convoking 
the Council of Difcipline, on application to 
the citizen Commahdant, without being ob- 
liged to aflign to him the motive for fuch 
convocation, and the Commandant is bound 
on the requifition of any individual citizen 
immediately to convoke the Council, or he 
fliall incur^the penalty of the law hirafelf. 

The twenty- firft article avs^j next confider- 
ed and adopted unanimoufly. 

Article 21ft. 
Every citizen who ftiall convoke the Coun- 
cil of Difcipline, and who fiiall have no 
proof nor teftimony to alledge to the law, 
fhall be confined eight days in irons. 

The twenty-fecpnd article was next con- 
fidered and adopted unanimoufly. 

Article 22d. 
Every citizen who Ihall refleft upon the 
courage or honour of another, without being 
able to. prove his allegation, fliall be puniflied 
with thirty days confinement in irons. 




Quand le confcil de DKcipline a forme 
fon refaltat, il en previcnne le Commandant 
(qui ncft j'amais prcfentau jugement) et qui 
fait metirc fur le champ, la Sentence a Exe- 
cution, et rentrer avec lui dans la Salle 
d'Audience, la, tous les Citoyens compofant 
le Confeil de difcipline fe leve debout, et a 
decouvcrs, leve la main, et le Prefident dit. 
** Nous jurons fur notre confcience et notre 
" honneur, que apres ayois obfervc fcrupy- 
** leufement dansnos deliberations, les Reg- 
** les qui nous etoit prefcrite par la loy, 
" nous avons trouvc qu'un telle accu(e de 
"teHe fait, n'en etoit pas coupable. — Ou 
" bien, Qu'un telle accufe de telle fait, en 
** etoit coupable, mais excufable, ou qu'un 
*• telle accule de telle fait, en etoit convaincu 
•* mais non criminel. Ou, qu'un telle en 
etant convaincu de telle crime la loi le 
condamne a------- -" 


Les Jugcmcns du Confeil de difcipline fe 
font publiquement. Tout Citoyen a le droit 
d'y aOifler, la decence y eft maintenu comme 
le refpefte au loix. 

Tous MilitaiVcs, de tous grades meme des 
Troupes de ligne et de marine, fans etre du 
corps du delinquant, a la loy, peut etre 
membre du Confeil de difcipline* 

Le Confcil de Difcipline fe forme auffitot 
14 loi promulgue par les Citoyens qui fe font 
foumis la majoritedes fufFragesdes Citoyens, 
fait et donne force de loi, tout le monde doit 
y etre foumis fans exception. Le Confeil fe 
rcleve tous les Six mois, c'eft au Citoyens a 
bien choifer levrrs Juges. 

Defuiteon a paffe a la. nomination des 
tnembres compofans le confeil de Difcipline, 
le Sorutain dcpoville Ripaud, Vreniere, 
Queftin, Jullian, Dachiret, Thouvenir, et 
Kerodic on etfe nomme a la majorite abfolu 
ont acccpte. 

Nous Citoyens et RepuWiquains Franjais 
compofant le Parti qui eft fous les ordres du 
Citoyen Dompard, apres avoir entendu les 
prefcnte Lojx nous nous y fommes foumis 


When the Council of Difcipline have forn*^ 
ed their refolution on the cafe, they are to n(>> 
tify the fame to the Commandant, (who ia^ 
never to be prefent at their deliberations, anct* 
who is always to caufe the fentence to be cai^ 
ried into immediate execution,) they are 
then to return into the' Hall of Audience to- 
gether with the Commandant ; there all the 
members of the Council of Difcipline are tcr 
ftand up uncovered, with their h^nds raifecf^ 
and the Prefident ftiall fay, " We fwcar by 
" our confcience and our honor, that having. 
** fcrupuloufly obfef ved the rules prefcwbed 
" by the law in our deliberations, we have 
** found fuch a one, accufed of fuch acrime^ 
" not guilty ; or, fuch a one, accufed of fuch* 
** a crime, is guilty, but excufable ; or fuch 
^. a one, accufed of fuch a crime, 4ia$ been 
*' convifted of the faQ, but not of a criminal 
" (intention ; ) or, fuch a one having beer* 
" convifted of fuch a crime, the law con-' 
** demns him to——" 

The judgments of the Council of Difcipline* 
are to be given publickly ; every Citizen has> 
a right to be prefent : decorum, and a due ref-- 
pe£l to the law are to be obferved in Court. 

Every miPitary man of what ranlc foevcr, 
whether belonging to the troops of the Line,, 
or to the Marine, though not of the fame 
Corps as ^he delinquent, may be made a 
member of the Council of Difcipline. 

The Council of Difcipline fliall be formed^ 
immediately upon the fa^^, ratiBed by the 
confent of the Citizens, being, promulgated. 
The law being conftituted by a nrajprity of 
votes, all perfons, without exception, are 
bound to yield obedience to it. The Council 
is to be rechofen every fix months ; it be- 
hoves the ciiizens to be careful in the choice 
of their judges 

The Affembly next proceeded to the no** 
mination of the members of the Council of 
Difcipline ; on cafting up the numbers, there 
appeared a great majority of votes in favour 
of Ripaud, Vreniere, Queftin, Jullian, Da- 
chiret; Thouvenir^ and Kerodic, who accept* 
ed the office. 

We the Citizenrand French Republicans 
forming the party under the orders of Citi- 
zen Dompard; having heard the prefent law* 
read^ da voluntarily fubmit oorfelves to their 




•volontaircmentyourctre Jugc; rcgje, doren- 
avant par Ics principes et les Loix deTegalitc 
que nous avons fait ; en foi de quoi avons 
figne Ic prcfcnt rcglemcnt pour fervir tn Va- 
loirc ce que de raifon. Au camfj Fran^ais, 
pres Patta^e, le ♦ JJecadi de la premiere De- 
cade de'FJorcal le an 56. de la Republique 
J^ranjaife une ct iadivifible. 

Un Citoyen a demandc la Parole et a dit. 

*' Pour terminer une Ji glorieu/e Joumieje 
••* demands que Vinfame Pavilion Blanc foit 
'^* brule^ et que nous chantons la Hymtie a la Pa- 
^ /r/V, en figne de joie dii bcnheur que nous 
^* rejenions aujourdhui." 

Tous d^une vix unanirhe on^ dit, Oui i jilon 
Je Prcfident a leve la Sceance, et a aJQurnee a 
JDimanche prochaine, Quintidi de la ^e. Decade 
4u mots de Floreal, L an sernc, apres nffu de la 
^c[}e Partiffielle. 

Ripaud, Vreniere, Queftin, Dachiret, Jul- 
^lian, Kerodicq, Thibeau, Vizer, Thouvenir, 
X)onipard, Bertodiere, Pilardt> Cliarroix, 
JMoiiie, Milletot, Heritier, La Vueille, Di- 
elle, Windell; James, Marc» Mich. Dunn^ 
Jacques, Deb^y, Mqn^ud^' Gaudron, Col- 
lier, Vincent, W. Graham, Barnard, Huite^ 
De Souza Le Dalle, Denis, Caftel, A. Mc. 
;Neil, Pomfeart, Legrand. 

^e quintidi de la 3eme. Decade du mois 
^e Floreale, L'an 5eme. de la Republique 
;Fran5aife une et indivifiblc. 

Jour mernorahle pour tous les Citoyens qui 

fompoferex le Parti Pranfais ccmmandi par le 

^Citoyen Dompard, chez le Prince Tippoo, 

JJ Allii de la Republique, d* apres av.oir recufcs 

ordres obtenu a la Jolicilation de tous les Cito^ 

yens ccmpofans le Parti, d'arborer le Pavillou 

Nationale, il a ete (irbori a fix Beures du matin 

au fon de ioute i'artillerie et moufquetrie du 

camp ; apres Qctte augujle ceremonie, L^e Citoyen 

Ripaud, Reprefentant du Peuple Fran^aife au^^ 

pres du Prince Tippoo^ et le Citoyen Vreniere^ 

Officier, avec huit Citoyens de L Artillerie, Je 

font tranfporte fur la place d*armes dt la Villc 

• de Pattane, ou le Citoyen Prince les attendoit, 

avjfitot leur arrivi^ il fait /aire un Salve de 

authority, henceforth to be governed by the 
principles and laws of equality which we have 
ellablifhed. In confirmation whereof we 
have figned thefe prefenta. At the French 
Camp near Seringapatam, * Decadi of the 
firft Decade of Floreal, the fifth year of the 
French Republic, one and indivifible, ( an- 
fwering to May 7th, 1797.) 

A Citizen demanded lo be heard, and faid. 


" To conclude this glorious day^ I move that 
" the infamous ^bite F,iag be burnt, and that we 
** chant the Hymn to our Country ^ in teflimony 
^ of thejcy we feel this day." 

All with one acclamation gave their affent to 
this motion ; after which the Prejident broke up 
the meeting, and appointed the next to be held on 
Sunday, Quintidi of the third Decade, of the 
month Floreal,' the fifth year, after the celehra* 
lion oj Majsy (anjwering to May 14th, 1797.^ 

Ripaud, Vreniere, Quellin, Dachiret, Jul- 
lian, Kerodicq, Thibeau, Vizer, Thouve- 
nir, Dompard, Bertodiere, Pilardt, Char- 
roix, Moitie, Milletot, Heritier, La Vueille, 
Dielle, Windell, James, Marc, Mich. Dunn, 
Jacques, Debay, Menaud, Gaudron, Collier, 
Vincent, W. Graham, Bernard, Huite, De 
Souia, Le Dalle, Denis, Caftel, A. Mc. 
l^Ieil, Pombart, Legrand. 

The ^intidi of the ^d Decade of the month • 
of Floreal, the fifth year of the French Republic, 
one and indivifible, (anfwering to May \\th, 
1 7 97, J a day ever memorable by all the citizens 
of the party of French, commanded ly citizen Dom^ 
pard, fervingwith Prince Tippoo the Ally of the 
Republic. Having by the united folicitaticns of 
the whole party of French citizens obtained Tip- 
pods orders for difplaying the nationalflag^ it was 
boijied at fik o'clock in the mornings under a dif- 
/charge of all the artillery and mufquetry of the 
camp. After this auguji ceremony^ citizen Ripaud 
as reprefentative of the French Nation with Tip- 
poo, citizen Vreniere, an officer, and eight citizens 
artHlerifs, repaired to the Parade in the cit^ of 
Seringapatam, where the citizen Prince waited 
for them. On their arrival he ordered a fa^ 
lute to be fired of two thou/and three hundred 

* Thi« date is wrong $ the meeting was held on OBodi de lafecondi Dicade de Floreal^ (7. page 178, French column,) and there 
dors not appear to have heen any adjournment, except from noon to two o'clock of the fame day (v. page 181} ; t^e above date there- 
fore (hottld be Oaodi de tafecQnde Decade de Ft^'eal'g the Englifb date is correacd accordingly. 

Dewc pieces 




Deux mint trots cens coups dt Canon$, et cinq 
ccns fou^utttts, de tout fa moufquetrie, it 
Le Fort de Pattane a tiri cinq cens coups dt 
cannon. Le Prince a dit a Citoyen Ripaud. 

•* Voila Vajfurance du Pavilion de voire Pa- 
•* trie que rneji chere, fen Juts I'aUi}^ it Jera 
*^ toujonrs Joutenu dans mon pays aujji qu 'il a 
^^ etc dans la Republique tna Seur; allez Jinir 
•• votre Feter 

Le Citoyen Ripaud urepondu tout <e que Jon 
eceur lui fuggeroit de la vive reconnoijfance qu'il 
rejfentoitau tcmoignage de I'amitie qu iprouvoit 
le Priijce a la Republique. Le Citoyen Dompard 
lui a fait part des fentimens dc Jon cceur et de 
Vajjurance de Vamitii que tous les Ci toy ens du 
Camp lui portoit, et Us fe Jont retire^ a leur 
arrive au cc^mp; la ^Troupe, et la Garde Natio- 
nale^ les attendoit Jur la place d'armes ou Us fe 
Jontrendu^ I' on a envoy e cbercber trois Drapeaux 
Nationels qui etoit a la Hotel de la Place, gar- 
de pat un Piquet. Les Drapeaux etant arri- 
vie le Jilence a regne Von a planti Carbre de la 
Liberte Jurmonte du Bonnet de L'egaliti, et le 
Citoyen Ripaud a prononc'e le dijcoursjuivant. 

" Citoyens Frangais, Hommes libres,.me5 
•* freres, mes amis. ' 

'^ Cet bien aujourdhui que vous devez re- 
•* mercier la Providence et Y Etre beinfal- 
** fantde la grace de vous avoir faite vol le 
** Pavilion Nationale et Tarbre de \% Liber- 
•' te, furmontS da bonnet de legalite, cheri 
" et adopte de toqs les hommes libres, les 
" Republiquains Fran^ais, vos freres vosap- 
'" puy, et vos amis^que ceft gloire pour vous 
" O! Fran^ais de la voir arbore affure, et 
*• jure de la foutenir ou de mourir les armes 
" a la main p>ur le defendre et foutenir vo- 
*^ tre liberte et vos droits, enfin ce <|ue vous 
" avez de plus cher, votre Patrie — O! Fran- 
** ^ais mes freres, mes amis, ne fentez vous pas 
" comme moi cette joie qui fempare de vos 
" cceurs et qui vous entraine vers ce Dra- 
** peau, et cette arbre cheri que 25 Millions 
** d'hommes ont jure comme vous de main- 
" tenir, ne featez vous. pas dis je, ce pen- 
" chant de la VcrtU qui n'eft connu que par 
" les Hommes libres qui Vous porle a lui ju- 
" rer cette amour ardente«qui caraQerife les 
** Guerricrs Republiquains^ oui^ cber, mille 


pieces of cannon, and Jive hundred vollies ef 
Jmall arms. 2 be fort of Seringapatam aljo fired 
a falute of five hundred cannon.. The Prince 
then Jaid to citizen Ripaud. 

" By this public acknowledgement tf your 
** national flandard, I give^you a proof of my 
** affeSionfor it. I declare myfef its Mly^ ^ 
" and promife yjou that it fhall be as firmly Jup- 
**. ported throughout my dominions, as it has ever 
** been in thofe of the Republic , my Sijler. Go, , 
*' and conclude your fefiival r 

Citizen Ripaud returned an anfwer full of 
thofe grateful acknowledgements which his heart 
Juggefted for this proof of the Prince s friend^ 
fhip for the Republic. Citizen Dompard made 
a profeffion of the feniiments of his hearty, and in 
' the name of all the citizens cf the ccunp ajfured 
the J^r nee of their devotion to him ; after which 
they retired. U^on their return to the -camp, 
where the trcrfs and the naional guard were 

drawn up on the parade to receive tbem^ three 

national colour's were fnt for -from Head ^ar* 
ters, where they were kept under a» piquet guard. 

Upon the arrival of the colours^^^imidfi afrO" 
found ftiencc^ the Tree of Liberty w as planted^ 
Jurmounted with the Cap of Equality. After 
^hicb citizen Ripaud pronounced the following 


'* French Citizens ! Free Men ! Bretbrcn I 
• Friends! 

•* Juftly are your thanks due to Provi* 
dence, and to that beneficent Being, who 
on this day has given you to behold the 
National Flag, and die Tree of Liberty 
furmounted with the Cap of Equality, 
cheriflied and adopted by all freemen, byv 
French Republicans, by your brethren, 
your ftjpporters and your friends. What 
a glory is it to you, O Frenchmen! to- 
behold it thus triumphantly difplayed; 
to fwear to maintain it by your arms, or to , 
lay down your lives in its defence; \n 
defence of your Liberty and your Rights; 
and above all, in defence of your Country, , 
the deareft objeS of your affeftions. Oh 
Frenchmen, brethren, and friends ! do you^ 
not feel with me, that pure joy which takes 
poflfelfion of the heart, attrading you to 
that ftandard and that cheriilicd Tre^, 
which twenty-five millions of men have,, 
like you, fworn -to maintain? Do yotL 
not feel, I fay, that atiraflive force of 
▼irtue> known to free men alone, which. 










• cc 













•* foii cher a tnpn coeur, je te fouticndrai 
•' Drapeau et arbre cheri, jufqu* a la dcrni- 
•' ere gouttc de roon fang, tt fi je fuis parjure 
" a mon Serment je prie la Divinitc de me 
** reduire en cendre de m' aneandr meme 
** f y j*en avoit la pensec, comme tu. es 1' ob- 
*' jet de mes plus chers fentinnens je jure de 
'' te defendre ou de mourir pou toi oui, je, . 
* le jure! * apres t'avoir promis tout ce que 
*' je te dois, pardohne, cher digne gloire *de ' 
**■ mes fentimens* f'y je vaU rendre hommage * 
" au manes de vos freres qui ont peris pQur " 
•* te defendre. Que dis je? Pour foutenur ^ 
•* ta Gloire ! 

' *^ Quel fcnfible horreur fempare de moil 
"Une religieufefcnfibilitemc domine! Quoi! 
•' Je tombe a genoux, mbn fang fe glace, et 
•* j'entrevoi dans I'ombre milles guerrieres 
" magnanime les pcrs Defcnfcurs de nos 
••" Droits, qui crient a nos cceur de les ven- 
-get/' ^ 


e vols le comble' do la barbarie et celui ' 
atrocite— Dieu I J'cn lemis d'horreur ! 
Quoi !. Je vois cce Viftime de la ferocite 
anglois qui.Qnfeetc fcic entre deux Planches! 
des femmer viftimes de leur brutale eft afTaf- 
firte au nrieme moment. ' Oh! comble d' hor- 
reuir! mes cheveux fe redrefle! Que vois je! 
Des Ejifans encore a la nlamelles, je les voi 
teint du fangde leurs meres infortunes. Je 
vois ces malheureux enfans expire de la 
mfcme mortque leur malheureufe meres. Oh! 
Conble d' horreur et de fcelerateffe que d' 
indignation tu infpire. Soye perfuade, ame 
infortun, que nous vous Vengerons* O per- 
fide et cruelle Anglais tremble. If eft un 
dicu veng^ur du crime qui nous infpire de la- ' 
ver dans ton fang les atrocites que tu as ^om- * 
mis envcrs nos peres et leur malhetireufe 
compagne* Apaiffer vous, aific plaintif, de 
r innocence; nous jurons de- vous venger. 

Gitoyens, mes freres que d' horreur doit 
voua infpirer tous les fupports de la tyrannic. 
Cc fonteux, ce laches, ce faux Frangais, qui 
avoit infpir6 tout ces fcelerateffes. En 
France L' Armee de la Vcnde etc celle de 
Jefur, le Pavilion Blanc, les Fleurs de Lys, 

^Et loot les Gcoyeni ont rt^ttt, oui nout le jaront. 

" prompts you to devote yourfel ves to it with 
" that ardent love, charaQeriftic of RepUbli- 
** can warriors. Yes, beloved Standard! and 
" thou ever cheriflied Tree ! Dear, a thoufand 
•* timtv? dear to my heart f I fwear to Ihed the 
'^ laft drop of my blood, in thy defence, and if' 
" I falfifythis oath, may the-Divinityconfume 
" me ; may he annihilate me, if I even har- 
•* hour fuch a thought. As thou art the ob- 
** jeft of my deareft afFeftions, I fwear to 
** defend thee or to die for thee. Yts, I 
** fwear it.* Having thus pledged myfelf to 
" the performance of the duties I owe you, 
" pardon me, glorious objeft, if I proceed to 
" pay my homage to the manes of our bre- 
** thren, who have peiiflied — in thy defence ? 
" — let me rather fay — toeftablifti thy renown. 

"'What horror feizes me! A' religious 
V fcnfibility overpowers me ! My knees fail ! 
" My blood freezes! The fhadowy form 
** of thoufahds of gallant warriors, the high- 
** fpirited defenders of their country's rights, 
" prefent thehifelves to my fight, appealing 
" to our hearts for vengeance. 

" I fu the rmaf an of barbarity and firocity filled up. - 
^* Ob Godf I tremble mtb horror f— Behold ibofe 
^^vi&im$ ofthefavage Engltjh^ bound between plants 
•* and fawn af under. See thu/e ff^omenj the vs£lims 
•* 0/ their brutal ravijhers, dijhomured and murdered 
« in the fame injiant. Oh fuperlative horror ! Behold 
** infants at the breaft bathed in the blood of their un^ 
^^ fortunate mother Sy and involved in the fame fate. 
*' Oh ! extreme of horror and villainy^ how it roufes 
^^ one's indignation! TeSy perfidious and cruel En-- 
" glifh f there is a God^ the avenger of guilty who in*' 
^ fpires us to wafh out in your blood the cruelties you 
^^ have exercifed on our brethrenj and their unhappy 
*^ partners ! Peace^^ peace^ thou plaintive foul efinno* 
^^ cence^ we fwear to avenge you: Tes^d fwear it. 

<< Citizens ! Brethren ! mitb what horror ought all 
** the abetters of tyranny to infpire you ! It is they^ 
*« it is thofe cowardly and perfidious Frenchmeny at 
« whofe injiigatiim all thefe fl(igitious crimes have been 
*^ perpetrated. In Prance^ the Army of La Vendee 
« was that of Jefur j the white Plagt the flowers de 

* HerMdl the Ciitcent repeated, Yer, we fwear it I 





Ic chrctte a k main et le Poignard a Tautre, 
ont aflaffiine, roaflacre^ comme les infame 
Anglais, vos plus fiers defenfeurs de vos 
dhoits. Vengc nos feres, viftimes de leur 
patriotifme. Que tout ce qui a rapport a 
Tancicn regime foit fur le champ, brule fi 
nous ne fommes pas a nncme de nous venger 
fureux, que ce foit fur leur Idole cheri, leur 
Pavilion, et quils tremble en apprehant que 
dansL'Inde, dans le milieu du terre, quil 
y a lies Republjqualns qui ont jure de le^ ex- 
terminer. ' lis fremirons n' ^n douttc pas, 
ces laches, au feul nom dcs Frangais. Pa- 
I'ife de terreur, et auflitot qu'ils les voyent, 
lis font a trois quarts vaincus. Pouy y par- 
venir il faut avoir ce verru Republiquain il 
faut fcavoir vaincre ou perir pour la Patrie,. 
II faut avoir ce maintien d'homme jibre. 

Je parle au Commandant. Vous etes notre 
Chef, votre devoir et de vieller a notre fure- 
ic, a notre bonheur, et au maintien de nos 
droits. Vous n'etes plus faites pour vivre 
dans un apathie qui ne convien nuUemen a 
la nouvdle charge que vous occup^. II faut 
furmonter vos anciens habitudes, et fi vous 
aviez des differences il faut les aneantir, et 
fait votre bonheur du maintien du au Loi. 
Par qette amenite qui eft dans votre coeur, ^ 
par la bonte de votre anie^ vous avez des 
riches qualites, vous etes digne d'etrjC Re« 
publiquaine. Votre bravoure eft connu. 
Mais vous avez de la foibleffe, defaite vos 
de cet ennemi de vps meme, attache vous a 
connoitre vos droits, et vous fentire qu'il eft 
bien glorieux de commander a vos Egaux e( 
de braves Republiquains. 

Je parle aux Officiers et au fous Ofliciers. 
Ce n'eft pas le tout d'etre brave, il faut de 
I'amenite, et tenir fon Rang, quoique vous 
avez le bonheur de commander a vos Egaux, 
il faut toujours que le maintien foit obferve^ 
les loix vous la prefcrivent impericufement. 
H faut vous inftruire, et inftruire nos freres 
d'armes, les plus.qu'il eft poQible, pour les 
mettre a meme de defendre leur droits, leur 
liberte, notre patrie, ii faut vous vaincre, fi 
vous avez des defauts ; alors vous deviendre^ 
de vrais Republiquains digne de nous com- 

Je parle au defenfeurs dcla patfie. Cito- 
yens, fi vos fuperieur a des devoirs a tem- 

^ Lucij tbi Chrette in one bandj and a poniard in ih 
<* other^ hate^ like the infamous Englilby ajfajfmated^ 
^ majfacred^ the holdeft defenders of your rights » Re^ 
** venge your brethren who have fallen viffims to their 
** patriotifnu Let every thing that hears t 'h leafi r/- 
^* lation to the old conftitution be burnt on the fpot. If 
" tve cannot he revenged on theniy let our vengeance 
^^ fall upon their beloved idoly on their white F.agp 
^ h^t them know^ and tremhUj that in Jndia^ in the * 
** midfi of the earthy there are Republicansy p/bo have 
^^fworn their deJlruStion. They will tremhUj no 
** doubt J the cowards^ at the very name of Prenchmeny 
** aud palfied tcith terror^ will, be more than halfcon-* 
*' quired at the very fight. 7o attain to this preemi- 
** nenccy however^you mujl pojjefs thut Republican rftr- 
*' tucy that^ refolves to conquery or to die fo* your 
<* country > thirfirfi duty $f freemen muft be deeply imr 
*< planted in your hreafiu 

'* / now addrefs myfelf to the Commandant. Ofou 
^« are our Chief \ it is your duty to watch over our 
^^Jafety and our happinefs\ and JlriSlly to maintain 
** our rights. It is not allowable in you to entertain a 
^^ frigid indifferenccy incompatible with the new office 
" you are invefted with. You muft rift above your 
*' former prepoffefjeonsy you muft fufprefs your ancient 
*' animoftties if any remainy and place your fupreme 
•' happinefst in maintaining the due fupremacy of the 
'' law. An engaging difpoftion and goodnffs of hearty 
<* are qualities with which you ar/e richly endowed, 
** and render you worthy of being a Republican. Your 
«' bravery is acknowledgedy hut you want energy. Over^ 
*« come a weatnefsy which is an enemy to your f elf \ apply 
^^ yourfelfto know your right Sy and you will become fen- 
**Jible how glorious it is $0 command your equals und 
^^ brave Republicans^ ^ 

^* I addrefs myfelf next to you Officers, 
** and Subalterns. Courage alone is not fufr 
^' ficiervt ; mildnefs muft be united to a ref- 
^^ pe6k for your rank. Though you have the 
" happinefsto command your equals, difcip- 
^* line muft be ftriflly maintained : the law5 
^' imperioufly demand it. You muft per- 
^^ fe£l yooirfelycs, and ufe your utmoft di- 
" ligence to inftruft our comrades, ths^t 
** ihey may be (jualified to defend their 
** rights, their liberty, and our country. 
" The faults you have you muft correa; 
" then vill you become real Republicans, 
'* and worthy to command us." 

** I am now to fpeak 10 the defenders of 
** our country : Citizens, if your fuperiors 

•• havp 



pi\t ^nvers vous, vous n'en avez pas moins a 
femplir envers euxj vous leur deve? obeif- 
fance a refpeftq, fi vous voulez, Citoyens, 
devenir toujours viflorieux, ce n'eft que par 
CQS moyens que vous y parviendra. L'obeif- 
fance fait la glaire des Republiquains Fran?ais 
vous avez un grand devoir a obferver. do- 
rieux d'etre I'egali de ceux qui vous com- 
^ande', glorieux i^'circ libre, giorieux d'avoir 
un Drapeau et un arbre qui a toujours ter- 
rafse les ennemies qgil, attaque» ou qui onC 
•ofe i'altaquer,, je le remets pur el fans cache 
entre' vos mais, votre gloire eft de le mainte- 
nir auffi pure qu'il a toujours dte, vous vene2^ 
tie jurer de mourir pour lui, Rapeller vous 
fans ccffe qu'il et la trace dc votre bonheur Ife 
plusparfait, que cet le Drapeau dela Nation 
le plus viBorieuK, qui commande et donne 
desloixraenie a fes ennemies* Treize Na- 
tions Tone ost attaqci^, onze ont recu fes loix 
oii fa prote6Uon — Les deux autres nc tarde- 
rofit pas a fuccomber delfous fon pouvoir 
France la jure, cela feul 
obci, fes fiers defenfeurs 
fourds a fa voix» etant 
tres refpeSueux a fa vo- 
lonte, e?le commande, elle fera deja f^tis- 
fait — je vois deja Tardeur qui me do- 
mine paffer dans tous vos coeurs — que le 
voix de la patrie eft fublime, que Tamour ar- 
dent quil infpire eft graride — Dieu puiffant— • 
Cher Divinize — Ou tu lis dan» mon cccur, tu 
le vois bien glorieux de cet journee, je me 
fatisfais dans tous les points. O Fran^ais t 
Que vous me rendcz heurcux, votre amour 
pour ce que j'ai de plus ther, notre patrie, fe 
itianifefte dans tous votre contenances ; venir 
aveq moi planter L'arbre cheri de nolis et de 
tous nos forces, c'eft le fymbole de la confti- 
tution, de nos devoirs, denos droits; qu'il 
foit ceffe prefente a votre memoire, et vous ne 
vous ecartefez jamais de ce que vous deyez 
a vous meme, et vous fera refTouvenir ce que 
v<^us devez a vos freres ! ! 

irrefiftible. La 
fuffit, elle fera 
ne font jamais 
ires foUmis et 

De fuite a fait prononcer a Chaque Citoy- 
cn individu, les uni aupres \c$ autres, Le 



have duties it> fulfill to you, you have others 
of no lefs obligatioii to difcharge to them. 
You owe them obedience and refpeft. 
Obedience conftitutes the glory^f French 
Republicans : You have an important duty 
to obferve. Glorious by your equality 
with your commanders, glorious by your "^ 
freedom, glorious by your banner, and 
Tree; that banner, which has proftrated e- 
very en^my it has been raifed againft, and 
every one that has ventured tb attack it, 
I now place pure and unfullied in your 
hands: be it your glory to maintain it in 
fpotlefs purity ; you have fworn to die for 
itr Conftantiy bear in mind that it traces 
out to you the fureft path to perfcft hap- 
pinefs ; that it is the ftandard of the moft 
vi^orious nation, which fubdues and im- 
pofes her laws upon her enemies. Thir- 
teen nations have ventured to attack her ; 
eleven have fubmitted to her laws, or 
courted herprotcftion : the other two will 
not long maintain themfelves againft her 
irrefiftible power. France has fworn it, 
that is fufficient, fhe will be obeyed. Her 
high-fpirited defenders are never deaf to 
Jier voice; but refpeftful and fubmifiGve 
to her will, Ihe has only to iffue her com- 
mands, fhe fhall be ihftantly obeyed. I 
fee your hearts inflamed with the fame ar- 
dour that poffefles mine. How fublime is 
' the voice of our country! What vehe- 
ment affeflion it infpires! Great God! 
Adored Divinity ! Thou, who readcft my 
heart, thou beholdeft how it fwells to the 
' triumphs of this glorious day : my fatis- 
fadlion is complete in every point. Oh 
Frenchmen ! how happy ye make me ! . 
*• Your love for, what' is above all things 
" moft precious to fne, our Country, is ma- 
" nifeftly difplayed in your countenance^ 
*' Come with me, come, and let us plant that 
•* Tree, beloved by us all to the utmoft 
" ftreich of our faculties, the fymbol of our 
" conftitution, of our duties, of our rights. 
" Let it be ever prefent to your minds, and 
" you will never overftep the bounds of that 
" duty you owe yourfelves, you will always* 
*' keep in remembrance that which you owe * 
" your brethren." ^ 

Ciiizen Ripaud next fYopofed the Jollowing 
catb, which was taken by every citizen Juccef^ 

" Citizens, 




Citoyens, jurer vous haine aux Rois, ex- 
ceptant, Tippoo Sultan le viaorieux, L'allie 
de la Republiquc Franjaife. Guerre aux ti- 
rans ; et amour pour la patrie et celle de Ci- 
toyen Tippoo ! ! ! ! ! 

Tous a runanimite ont crie Qui! Nous 
jurons de vivre libre ou mourirl 

Pendant le ferment on a falve du toute T- 
artillerie S 4 coups de cannon; et apres le 
ferment on fe remis avec cipailles qui avoit 
prette le ferment, deux Drapeaux a leur garde 
par un Garde d'honneur. De Suite Ton a 
figne le Procef? Verbal duOQodi de la 2eme. 
decade du prefente mois. De fuite Ton a ete 
fur la place d'Armes> ou Ton chante alentour 
de Karbre et du Pavilion, des Hymnes a la 
patrie; Quand Ton eft vena a chanter ** A- 
" 'mour facre de la patrie" L'on a fait un 
falut de tout TArtillerie, et la journee feft 
pafse en joie, et par un Bal, qui a dure tout 
la nuit. £n foi du quoi nous avons figne Ic 
prefente le dit jour et an iquejdeflus. 

*' Citizens, do you /wear haired to all Kingi^ 
" except Tippoo Sultaun the ViSforious^ the Ally 
" of the French Republic. • War againji Tyrants; 
** and Love to our Country, and thai of citizen 
« Tippoo." 

All exclaimed unanimoufly, " Yes^ we /wear U 
^ live firee, or to die." 

While the oath was odminifiering, a /aluSe 
was fired from 84 pieces of cannon, and a/- 
ter every one bad taken the oath, two /land 0/ 
colours were /tnt back to Head S^uarters, by a 
party of/epoys who had taken the oath, and lodg^ 
ed under a guard of honor. The proceedings of 
OBodi of the 2d Decade of tht.pre/ent month, 
(an/wering to May yth 1797) xvere figned. 
The party then proceeded to the parade, where, 
encircling the Tree and the Colours, they chanted 
hymns to their country. At thepaf/age^ " Holy 
** Patriotic Lovt," a Jalutt of all the artillery 
was fired. The day was pajea in rejoicing, and 
the night concluded with a Ball. 

In atteflation whereof, we have figned thefe 
fre/ents, the day and year before mentioned. 

{^igne) Vreniere, 


f J- -# — J J — 
[Signed) Vrenierc, 

\j ' • - --- 





Queftio^ j 

Major, . 







Scute, ^ 





Dachiret, ' 











Pe rat) art. 



♦ Dibay, 







A. De Soufa, 


A, De Sou(a, 


Le Grand, 


Le" Grand, 


. Caftel, 




Etiene Xabiere, 


Etiene Tabiere. 


Le Duodi de la premiere Decade du Mois 
Pr-airial Tan 5e. de la Republique Fran9aife, 
une et indivifible, a dix hcurs du Matin, les 
Citoyens Dompard, et Francois Ripaud, La- 
dale, Bompard, Debay, Menaud, Citoyens 
Gardes Nationneaux, tous fe font affembiees, 
dans rfiglife Paronfeille, a Tiflu de la grande 
mefle, pour finftruire fur les princjpes Re- 
publiquains et deliberer fur nos droits.- La 

The Duodi of the firft Decade of the 
month of Prairial, the fifth year of the French 
Republic, one and indivifible, (anfwering to 
May 2ift, 1797,) at ten o'clock in the morn- 
ing, Citizen Dompard, Francis Ripaud, Lc 
Dalle, Bompart, Dehay*, Minaud, Citizen* 
belonging to the National Guard, all met 
in the' Parifh Church after the celebra- 
tion of- High Mafs, for the purpofe of in- 

• T^bis perf on accompanied the Sultaun* s Ambajfadors^ to the Mauritius ^ in- January jj^'i^ in the cbaraQer of Interpreter^ re" 
ference is made to bint in Na. i8, Di'vjion A, as having been a fTitnefs tg tbc Suliau/i's cdndiUt, at tbt uremoHjofiteSusa tbe 
national Flag, at Seringapatam, gn tte i^tb May, 1797., t^'page 59. ^ r« 










'vu.'.-'/'V flc/ 

tf-v* • , i ' 

> I 



Sccancc ctant ouvcrtc, Ton a comroetice la 
i leftare du Procefs Verbal de )a dernierc 
Sccance, apres qu'il a tie finis; le Prefidcnt a 
demande fiTon avoit rien a dire furies con- 
tenus. La filence ayant ete pris pour con* 
fcntcment, il a ete claux, ctchacun Individ^* 
merit 1 one figne oii ont fait leur Marque 
ordinaire. Un Citoyen a dcmlnde la Parole, 
et a dit. Qu'il y avoit un Drapeau qui etoit 
dit dans la Dernier Proces verbal qu' il etoit 
gard^ par un garde d'honneufj que cela 
n'etoit paSj et qu'il demandoic que cela-fus. 
. ToQs les Citoyens a Tunaninitte et a I'envie 
tes uns dts autres ont tous appuyc la Motion, 
et fur Ic champ le Commandant a ordonne 
unc Garde- Un autre Citoyen a demands 
la parole potir prefcnter deux nouveaux Ci- 
toycns aetre admisaufermens, Le Prefident 
3 fait obfcrver que ces propofes ne connoif* 
fait pas I'ufage Republiquain, et qu'il falloit 
Ifeur donner le temps pour f'inflruire, L'Af- 
femblee a arret que Von leur donne le temps- 
dc huit jours— Lc- Prefident a engage toui- 
Us Frcres a Tamsnite/ eta. vivre en bon. 
union, a demande fi perfonne n'avoic rien a^ 
propofer. L'on a ajourqe la fceance a di« 
' manche prochaine. L'on T a termine pari 
des Hymnes a la p^trie^Le dit jpur* et an»4 

( S^e ) Ripaud, Vireniere, THouvenir,:, 
Etiene Fabre, D^nis, Le Dale, Pombart> 
Menaud, Debay, D6 Souza, Querodiaq. Char*- 
roix, Gaudron, Francois, Queftion, Prevon^ 
Caftel, Julian, Sentre, Defene, Marq, Arch^^ 
McNeil, Jacques .Colliery Lcr Grand^ Vio^- 

ftrudling themfelvcsin Republican principles, 
and deliberating on our rights. The bufinefs 
opened by reading the proceedings of tho 
former meeting ; when that was finiihed, ther 
Prefident aflced if any perfon had any obfer- 
vations to make thereon, to which no an-' 
fwer being returned, the proceedings wercr 
clofedjr and attefted by^ the Signature, or «uf« 
ternary mark of every member prefent. 

A Citizen defired to {peak, and obfervedj^ 
that in the proceedings of the laft meeting, it 
was mentioned; that one of the colours war 
lodged under a guard of honor, but that 
had not bee» done, and therefore he propo- 
fed that the order might be enforced^ All the 
Citizens unanimoufly and' emulatively fup- 
ported this - motion; and the Commandant 
thereupon imme<iidtelf- oi*dered a guardj 
Another Citizen rofe to pjropofe, two new 
Citizens to be admitted to take the oath* 
The prefident obftrved that the perfons pro- 
pofed were not fufficiently inftrudted in Re- 
publican duties, andthat-lbme'time ought to 
be allowed for rfiai purpofe. The aflembly 
thereupon refolved that eight days fhould be 
granted them.^ The prefident then recom- 
mended to the brethren to live together in 
friendfliip and harmony » and aiked if any one 
batl a motion tamake. The next meeting was 
appointed to be held the Sunday following; 
ai)(i the prefent one concluded with iPatriotic 
Hymns. The day and year above mentioned*^ 

(Siffud) Ripaod,^ Vfeniere, Thouvenir, E- 
trenne Fabre, Ddnis, Le Dale, Pombart, Me- 
naud, Debay, De Souza, Querodicq, Char- 
Toix> Gaudron, Franjois, Queftion, Pre von j, 
Oaftel, Julian, Sentre, Defene, Marq, Arch.- 
McNeil, Jacques, Collier, J-»c Grand, N» Vin-- 

Proves virhal de TAffemhUe Pfimaire aiip 
jours dhiuNonodi le Decade du mois Prairial 
i'an 5eme de la Republique Fran^aifeune et? 
indivifible, a lo heures du- Matin, les Citoy- 
ens compofans le party Republiquain Fran ^ 
^ife a Pattane, fe font tous affemble au lieu^ 
ordinaire de leur fceance a I'ifluide la grande 
Mefle dans rfiglifle Paroifliale, paifiblemenfr. 
et fans armes, pour dcliberer et connoitre 
ieur droits, le Prefident a fait ouvrir la fce- 
ance par la le£iure da proces verbal de duodi 

I9ciiediMg$ of the Primary AJfemhIy/htW. 
thiffday Nonodi of the firft Decade of the 
nfontb of Frairial, the ^th year of the French ^ 
Republic^ one and indivifible, (anfwering tcK 
May 28/ 1797) at tcno'^clbck. in the morn- 
ing. Th^ Citizens compofiiig the French 
Republican party,. at Pattane^ afiembled at 
their ufual place of ^meeting after the cele- 
bration of high mafs in the parifb church,, 
peaceably > and without arms, to deliberate 
and. make themfelves acqiiainiedA^ith their 




;]i ere Decade deprefente niois, apres Ie6lare 
fini, Ic Prefident a mis au voix fr il fcroit 
claux, et ca ete. Vn Citoyen a demande la 
parole, difant qu il ne parleroit que pour 
f 'inftruire. " Mais," dit il " Citoyen*! ^ ce 
que quand on fait la benediction du Dra- 
peaux, le commandant ne droit pas Cy 
trouver ; ne devoit il pas jurer de les main- 
tenir pure et fans tache, ne devoic il pas 
etre premier a nous mont^r cctte fermetc 
Rcpubliqualn de vivre libre ou mouric. 
Eft ce par procuration que Ton fait fes de<» 
voir aujourd hui, n'eft ce pas un anden 
germe du vieax regime qui fermente cheK 
lui — eft ce par le conduite qu'il tienne^ 
qu'il veut nous mcncr a la gloirc — Ou nous 
ramener a Tanarcbie, ou il n'y a quje hler 
** que JiQus en/omroe^ foriis !*' 

' Tous les Citoyens ont applaudit et ont 
marque leur jufte indignation. . Mais tous, a 
la voix du Prefident, ont fenti leur tort de 
juger un Citoyen fans I'entendrc, il leur a dil;^ 
que, comme ecrx, il avoit etc indigne de la 
conduite du commandant, que perfuade de 
leur reclamation, il f 'etoit affure du motiO 
<t qu'il Vavoil vue couchc dans foif^ lit. 
Alors le« efpriti font rcvvcnus dans leur affief- 
it ordinaire. 

Le Prefident a fait un difcours fur les 
mocurs Republiquain^ fur le relachmen au 
principe, fur le defordrc et Tanarchie qui a- 
voit I'air de vouloi^ ^lominer les principer 

" Chacque Citoyen a applaudi a fon dif- 
•cours, Ton a faite preter le ferment au deux 
Citoyens, Antonie Jofeph, et Francilque 
Efcavaille, et ils ontpris places — Le Citoyca 
Marc eft venu, pour preter le ferment L'alTem- 
blce I'a renvoye a I'huitaine pOMr faire re*- 
iledion f 'y il feroit admiffible. 

Sur un rapelle au devoir, que le Pcefident 
a fait a des Citoyens d'avoir delibre etant 
fous^ les armes, et d'avoir eutrave I'ordre 
d'ua des Chefs fuperieures, et qu'il n'avoit 
^ue des Citoyens que ne (avoit pas leurs 


rights. The Prefident opened the bufinefc 
by reading the proceedings of Duodi of tbe 
firft Decade of the prefent month (2 1 ft May) 
vhich being gone through, and the Prefident 
having put the queftion if the famefliould be 
clofed, it vas agreed to. A Citizen rofe to 
fpeak, profefling that fais aim was only to^ 
inform himfelf — •'But, Citizens,^ iaid he, 
V ought not the Commandant to give his 
^' attendance at the confecration of the<:o^ 
^* loursF o<^^t he not to take an oaih to pi;c« 
^ fervetheoi pure and unblemi§ied? ought 
^* he not to be tbe firft to fet us the example 
^* of the Republican re(bIution« to live free 
*^ or to die ? Ought the duty of a day like. 
^ this to be performed by proxy, and doe« 
''^ not this condu£l exhibit a proof that the 
^' root of the old Conftitotion has yet hold 
^' of his mind ? Is this a conduft calculated 
** to fliew us, the path to glory, or to throw 
*' us back again into that ftate of anarchy 
** from which we have fcarcely emerged." 

All the Citizens teftified their approbation 
of this difcourfe and their indignation, ( at 
the objeft of iu) But at the voice of the Pre- 
fident all were Toon made fenfible of their 
injuftice, in condemning a Citizen unheard. 
He told them, that his indighation, as well as 
cheirs, had been roufed at this conduS of the 
Commandant, and being perfuaded that the 
public voice would be raifed againft him, be 
had taken pains to fati^fy himfelf of the caufe 
of hb abfence,and that he had found him con- 
iined to his bed. Upon this explanation eve- 
jy mind returned its former tranquillity. 

The Prefideiit made a difcourfe on Re- 
publican mannas; and on that fpirit of re- 
laxation, diforder and anar<;hy^ which feem- 
fed to be too xeady to ihew itfel^ to the fub- 
^erfion of all the true principles of Repub- 
licanilm: this was^received with ^pplaufe 
hy all prefent. The oath was then admi- 
sniftered to two Citizens, Antony Jofeph, 
and Francifco Efcavaille, who thereupon 
took their feats. . The Citizen Marck next 
4>ffering himfelf to take the oath, the aflem- 
hly put off his reception for eight ;days, to 
xxamineinto bis qualification to be admitted. 

The Prefident then animadverted on the 
<liforderly conduft of fome Citizens, \vho had 
come to the aflTembly armed, and had failed in 
their obedience to one of the fuperior officers, 
ohferving that none but Citizens who were 






clroits qui fe fut permis de pareil forti — Le 

Citoyen Thouvenir a avoue ce tout, a dit 

<]ue fon ignorance etoit la caufe de fon delit, 

fi il y en avoit un que cela ne lui arriveroit 

plus — Toute U^flemblee fentant la beaute 

fde^xette a£lion, d'avourer ce lort, pour fen 

corriger, et de donner des lecons des vertu a 

fes concitoyens. Ton a applaudi vivement a 

cedevouementv^ralmencde Republiquain La 

Sceance a termine par des Hymnes a la 

Pacrie et Ton Tagourne a dimanche prochaine 

pour faire le6);ure des loix et des principes 

•conftitutionelles et des interets general pour 

ameliorer le fort des indigens f y il y en 

;a\oit. Arrete le dit joqr et an que ci deflus. 

Cloture du Procefs Verbal contenus en 

9'aui(e pa«t. 



Collier, ' 



Collier, ' 



A. McNicl, 



A. McNiell, 

3Le Grand, 


Le Dale, 

Le Grand, 







M- Dunn, 



M. Dunn, 












W. Graham, 


W. Graham^ 

Lc ^intidi dt la zeme Decade du , mots ie 
Prairiate Van ^eme de la Repuhlique Frant^aife 
(Wie et indivifihU. A la requrtition du Citoy- 
en Le Grand le Confeil feft afTemble a fept • 
iieures et demi du matin, le PrcGdent ayant 
4e motifde la convocation en a fait fon fap- 
port au Cgnfeil qui a delibere a renvoye le 
Citoyen le Grand a fe pourvoir au benefice 
de r Article iiemede la loi^ que le ddit 
dont il etoit mention n' etoit nullement de 
Ja Corapatence du Confeil, qui fe diffout fur 
r heure define avous iigne le pcefcnt, le dit 

.A Triie Copy, 

Perfiaii Tranflator. 

ignorant of their duty could be capable of 
fuch behaviour. Citizen Thouvenir acknow- 
ledged himfelf to have juftly fallen under 
this cenfure, imputing his mifcondud to his 
ignorance, and promifed that he would avoid 
in future giving ^ny ground for oflPence.' £- 
very body was charmed at this frank confcf- 
lion of an error, which furnifhed fo ftriking 
a lelfon of viltue to his fellow Citizens, and 
bellowed the higheft praifes on an adion fo 
truly Republican. The meeting then con- 
cluded with a patriotic hymn, and the follow- 
ing Sunday was appointed for holding the 
next aflembly, to hear the laws read, and 
conftitutional principles and the general 
interefts, to amend the condition of the 
poor, if there were any. 

Refolved,ihat the proceedings of this meet* 
ing as above ftated, be clofed, the day and 
year before mentioned. 

Le Dale, 

The Quintidi of the 2d Decade of the 
month Prairial, the 5th year of the French 
Republic, one and indivifible f anfwering to the 
3d June, 1799,) at half paft feven o'clock in 
the morning, a Council having been fummon- 
ed at the requilition of citizen Le Grand ; the 
Prefident having heard the ground for caU 
ling the Council together and made his report 
thereupon ; the Councili^after due deliberati- 
on refers Citizen Le Grand to article nth of 
of the law, declaring the fubjeft of his com- 
plaint not to belong to their jurifdiftion; 
and immediately afterward broke up. 

Signed the day and year above mentioned. 

A True Tranflation, 

French Tranflator. 





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